North-West Rebellion

Northwest RebellionRiel RebellionNorth West RebellionSecond Riel Rebellion1885North-West ResistanceSaskatchewan RebellionNorth West ResistanceNorth West Canada 1885North-West
The North-West Rebellion of 1885 was a rebellion by the Métis people under Louis Riel and an associated uprising by First Nations Cree and Assiniboine of the District of Saskatchewan against the government of Canada.wikipedia
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Manitoba

MBManitoba, CanadaProvince of Manitoba
After the Red River Rebellion of 1869–1870, many of the Métis moved from Manitoba to the Fort Carlton region of the Northwest Territories, where they founded the Southbranch settlements of Fish Creek, Batoche, St. Laurent, St. Louis, and Duck Lake on or near the South Saskatchewan River.

Fort Carlton

CarletonCarleton HouseCarlton House
After the Red River Rebellion of 1869–1870, many of the Métis moved from Manitoba to the Fort Carlton region of the Northwest Territories, where they founded the Southbranch settlements of Fish Creek, Batoche, St. Laurent, St. Louis, and Duck Lake on or near the South Saskatchewan River.

Districts of the Northwest Territories

Northwest TerritoriesNorth-West Territoriesdistrict
After the Red River Rebellion of 1869–1870, many of the Métis moved from Manitoba to the Fort Carlton region of the Northwest Territories, where they founded the Southbranch settlements of Fish Creek, Batoche, St. Laurent, St. Louis, and Duck Lake on or near the South Saskatchewan River.

St. Louis, Saskatchewan

St. LouisSaint Louis, SaskatchewanSt. Louis, Northwest Territories
After the Red River Rebellion of 1869–1870, many of the Métis moved from Manitoba to the Fort Carlton region of the Northwest Territories, where they founded the Southbranch settlements of Fish Creek, Batoche, St. Laurent, St. Louis, and Duck Lake on or near the South Saskatchewan River.

South Saskatchewan River

South SaskatchewanriverSouth
After the Red River Rebellion of 1869–1870, many of the Métis moved from Manitoba to the Fort Carlton region of the Northwest Territories, where they founded the Southbranch settlements of Fish Creek, Batoche, St. Laurent, St. Louis, and Duck Lake on or near the South Saskatchewan River.

Seigneurial system of New France

seigneurseigneuryseigneurial system
The Métis lands were laid out in the seigneurial system of strips reaching back from a river which the Métis were familiar with in their French-Canadian culture.

United States

AmericanU.S.USA
In 1884, the Métis (including the Anglo-Métis) asked Louis Riel to return from the United States, where he had fled after the Red River Rebellion, to appeal to the government on their behalf.

Bison

buffalobuffaloesAmerican Bison
On March 30, 1885, a raiding party of Cree people, short of food due to declining bison populations, approached Battleford.

Wandering Spirit (Cree leader)

Wandering Spirit
On April 2, 1885, at Frog Lake, Saskatchewan (now in Alberta) a Cree raiding party led by Cree war chief, Wandering Spirit, attacked the small town.

Indian agent

Indian agencyagentIndian agencies
They killed Thomas Quinn, the town's Indian agent, after a disagreement broke out.

Northwest Territories

North-West TerritoriesNTNorth West Territories
The massacre prompted the Canadian government to take notice of the growing unrest in the North-West Territories.

The Royal Regiment of Canada

Royal Regiment of Canada10th Royal Grenadiers10th Battalion Royal Grenadiers
By March 30, after hasty mobilization in Toronto, two trains containing the 10th Royal Grenadiers and Queen's Own Rifles militia battalions were ready to leave Toronto.

Les Voltigeurs de Québec

Le Régiment de Québec24th Army Tank Battalion (Les Voltigeurs de Québec)Les Voltigeurs de Quebec
Other militia units, the 9th Voltigeurs from Quebec City, and the 65th Mount Royal Rifles from Montreal, were also quickly mobilized.

Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal

Fusiliers Mont-RoyalManège Henri-Julien65th Battalion, Mount Royal Rifles
Other militia units, the 9th Voltigeurs from Quebec City, and the 65th Mount Royal Rifles from Montreal, were also quickly mobilized.

Flying column

flying columnscolumncolumns
Despite its use of a gatling gun, a flying column of Canadian militia was forced to retreat.

Montana Territory

MontanaTerritory of MontanaMontana Territorial
Gabriel Dumont and other participants escaped across the border to the Montana Territory of the United States.

Calgary

Calgary, AlbertaCalgary, ABCalgary, Alberta, Canada
On May 28, 1885, Major General Thomas Bland Strange brought a NWMP detachment from Calgary, Alberta, but they were unable to defeat a Cree force under Big Bear who carried the day at Frenchman's Butte at the end of May.

District of Alberta

AlbertaProvisional District of AlbertaAlberta Provisional District
On May 28, 1885, Major General Thomas Bland Strange brought a NWMP detachment from Calgary, Alberta, but they were unable to defeat a Cree force under Big Bear who carried the day at Frenchman's Butte at the end of May.

English Canada

English CanadianEnglishRest of Canada
His trial sparked a national controversy between English and French Canada.

French Canadians

French CanadianFrench-CanadianFrench
The Métis lands were laid out in the seigneurial system of strips reaching back from a river which the Métis were familiar with in their French-Canadian culture. His trial sparked a national controversy between English and French Canada.

Manitoba Schools Question

Manitoba Schools ActManitoba school crisisdenominational schools in Manitoba
The French language and Catholic religion faced increasing marginalisation in both Saskatchewan and Manitoba, as exemplified by the emerging controversy surrounding the Manitoba Schools Question.

Indian reserve

reserveIndian reservesreserves
The Métis themselves were increasingly forced to live on undesirable land or in the shadow of Indian reserves (as they did not themselves have treaty status as Indians with a right to land).

Anthony of Padua

Saint Anthony of PaduaSt. Anthony of PaduaSaint Anthony
Batoche marks the site of Gabriel Dumont's grave site, Albert Caron’s House, Batoche school, Batoche cemetery, Letendre store, Dumont's river crossing, Gariépy's crossing, Batoche crossing, St. Antoine de Padoue Church, Métis rifle pits, and RNWMP battle camp.

Treaty 6

6Treaty SixConfederacy of Treaty Six First Nations
Big Bear (Mistahimaskwa) had used the site in his initial negotiations for Treaty Six in about 1884, and finally, the following year he surrendered here after his engagement at Steele Narrows.

Saskatchewan Highway 212

Highway 212Hwy 212
The "First Shots Cairn" was erected on Saskatchewan Highway 212 as a landmark commemorating the scene of the first shots in the Battle of Duck Lake.