North China

Northern China (a much broader area named Beifang)

Geographical region of China, consisting of the provinces of Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi and Inner Mongolia.

- North China

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Inner Mongolia

Landlocked autonomous region of the People's Republic of China.

Landlocked autonomous region of the People's Republic of China.

Persian miniature depicting Genghis Khan entering Beijing
The Northern Yuan at its greatest extent
Mongolia plateau during early 17th century
Inner Mongolia and Outer Mongolia within the Qing dynasty, c. 1820
Mongols stand in front of a yurt, 1912
Delegates of Inner Mongolia People's Congress shouting slogans
Inner Mongolian steppes
Topography of Inner Mongolia in China
Winter in Ulanbutan Grassland, Hexigten Banner
Theater in Hohhot
Inner Mongolia Gymnasium
Muslim-themed Street in Hohhot
A KFC in Hohhot, the capital, with a bilingual street sign in Chinese and Mongolian
Inner Mongolian carpet c. 1870
Temple of the White Sulde of Genghis Khan in the town of Uxin in Inner Mongolia, in the Mu Us Desert. The worship of Genghis is shared by Chinese and Mongolian folk religion.
Sign of the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center
Jade dragon of the Hongshan culture (4700 BC – 2900 BC) found in Ongniud, Chifeng
Ulaanbutan grassland
Inner Mongolian grassland
Honorary tomb of Wang Zhaojun (born c. 50BC) in Hohhot
Fresco from the Liao dynasty (907–1125) tomb at Baoshan, Ar Horqin
Khitan people cooking. Fresco from the Liao dynasty (907–1125) tomb at Aohan
Remains of the city Khara-Khoto built in 1032. Located in Ejin Khoshuu, Alxa Aimag
Maidari Juu temple fortress ({{zh|labels=no |c=美岱召 |p=měidài zhào}}) built by Altan Khan in 1575 near Baotou
Newly built arch in front of the Maidari Juu temple fortress (1575)
Da Zhao temple (also called Ikh Zuu) built by Altan Khan in 1579
Badekar Monastery (1749) near Baotou, Inner Mongolia. Called Badgar Zuu in Mongolian
Five Pagoda temple (1727) in Hohhot
Badain Jaran temple (1868) in western Inner Mongolia
Genghis Khan Mausoleum (1954)
Genghis Khan Mausoleum (1954)
Alshaa mountain scenery
Alxa Western Monastery (Alshaa Baruun Hiid) built in 1756

The western division is included in North China, with major cities including Baotou, Hohhot.

Hebei

Nearly 1100-year-old Iron Lion of Cangzhou
Tricolor Duck-Shaped Cup, Tang Dynasty, unearthed from Anxin County
The Putuo Zongcheng Temple of Chengde, Hebei, built in 1771 during the reign of the Qianlong Emperor.
Hebei in 1936
Langyashan (Wolf Tooth Mountain), in Yi County
Section of the Great Wall of China at Jinshanling
Bashang Meadows in Fengning County
Downtown Shijiazhuang.
A building in downtown Zhangjiakou.
The Lingxiao Pagoda of Zhengding, Hebei Province, built in AD 1045 during the Song dynasty
Hejian-styled donkey burger
A Ding ware bowl
The Xumi Pagoda of Zhengding, Hebei province, built in 636 AD during the Tang dynasty
View of the Chengde Mountain Resort

Hebei or, (alternately Hopeh) is a northern province of China.

1913 map of Tianjin

Tianjin

1913 map of Tianjin
Church of Our Lady's Victories, built in 1869, was the site of the Tianjin Church Massacre.
Peiyang University, established 1895
Tung Lai Bank building on Heping Road, built in 1930
Major crossing (Rue Général Foch and Rue de Chaylard) of downtown Tientsin in French concession
Asahi Street (now Heping Road) in 1939 Tianjin flood
P.R.China's 10th anniversary parade in Tianjin in 1959
Tianjin Eye
Monument of TEDA
Population density and low elevation coastal zones in the Tianjin area. Tianjin is particularly vulnerable to sea level rise.
Tianjin (labeled as T'IEN-CHIN (TIENTSIN) 天津) (1955)
Map of the Hai River Basin
2011 satellite image of Tianjin. The city center was on the left, while the smaller urban area to the right was the Binhai New Area.
Hai River in 2011
Airport Industrial Park, Dongli District
Then-Premier Wen Jiabao, himself a Tianjin native, and Klaus Schwab at the Annual Meeting of the New Champions of World Economic Forum in Tianjin, 2010
Tianjin city center
Tianjin Economic and Technological Development Area
US Congresswoman Nancy Pelosi visiting a Tianjin Qingyuan Electric Vehicle factory in 2009
Old Guanyinhao Bank
Crosstalk in Tianjin
Nankai University
Jingwei Tries to Fill the Sea, the dome mural of Tianjin railway station
Tianjin Binhai International Airport Terminal 1 and 2
Port of Tianjin pilot boat berth
The TEDA Modern Guided Rail Tram is one of the two rubber tire tram systems in Asia
The Tianjin Metro near Liuyuan station
Tianjin railway station
Tianjin West railway station
Tianjin Bus Route 606
A Mazu temple in Tianjin
House decorated by more than seven hundred million pieces of ceramic
Tianjin Museum
Tianjin Italian Town
Tianjin Olympic Center Stadium, Nankai District
Tianjin Juilliard School in Binhai,Tianjin

Tianjin ( ; Mandarin: ), alternately romanized as Tientsin, is a municipality and a coastal metropolis in Northern China on the shore of the Bohai Sea.

Shanxi

Pagoda of Fogong Temple built in 1056
Yan Xishan, warlord of Shanxi during the Republic of China.
Chinese troops marching to defend the mountain pass at Xinkou.
The Shanxi Museum located on the west bank of Fen River in downtown Taiyuan.
The Pagoda of Fogong Temple, Ying County, built in 1056.
A street in Pingyao.
Temple of Guandi in Datong.
Chenghuangshen (City God) Temple of Pingyao.
Western gate of a Temple of Heshen (River God) in Hequ, Xinzhou.

Shanxi (formerly romanised as Shansi) is a landlocked province of the People's Republic of China and is part of the North China region.

The Tianning Pagoda, built around 1120 during the Liao dynasty.

Beijing

Capital of the People's Republic of China.

Capital of the People's Republic of China.

The Tianning Pagoda, built around 1120 during the Liao dynasty.
One of the corner towers of the Forbidden City, built by the Yongle Emperor during the early Ming dynasty
Overlapping layout of Beijing during the Liao, Jin, Yuan and Ming dynasties
Summer Palace is one of the several palatial gardens built by Qing emperors in the northwest suburb area.
Chongwenmen, a gate to the inner walled city, c. 1906
A large portrait of Chiang Kai-shek was displayed above Tiananmen after WWII.
Mao Zedong proclaiming the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949
A scene from the opening ceremonies of the 2008 Summer Olympic Games.
Landsat 7 Satellite image of Beijing Municipality with the surrounding mountains in dark brown
1940s Nationalist Beijing with predominantly traditional architecture
The sign of Doujiao Hutong, one of the many traditional alleyways in the inner city
Beijing average annual temperatures from 1970 to 2019 during summer (June, July, and August) and winter (December, January, and February). Weather station data from ftp.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/noaa/. For comparison the Global Surface Temperature Anomaly rose by approximately one degree over the same time period.
Heavy air pollution has resulted in widespread smog. These photographs, taken in August 2005, show the variations in Beijing's air quality.
Houhai Lake and Drum Tower at Shichahai, in the Xicheng District
Xidan is one of the oldest and busiest shopping areas in Beijing.
Beijing products treemap, 2020
The Taikoo Li Sanlitun shopping arcade is a destination for locals and visitors.
The skyline of Beijing CBD
Zhongguancun is a technology hub in Haidian District
The Beijing Ancient Observatory
Qianmen Avenue, a traditional commercial street outside Qianmen Gate along the southern Central Axis
Inside the Forbidden City
Beijing Acrobatic Performance (10553642935)
A Temple of the Goddess in Gubeikou
Fire God Temple in Di'anmen
The tomb pagodas at Tanzhe Temple
Yonghe Temple of Tibetan Buddhism
Niujie Mosque
Church of the Saviour, also known as the Xishiku Church, built in 1703
The China Central Television Headquarters building in CBD
Fireworks above Olympic venues during the opening ceremony of the 2008 Summer Olympics
Tai chi (Taijiquan) practitioners at the Fragrant Hills Park
Beijing Workers' Stadium at night as viewed from Sanlitun
Beijing railway station, one of several rail stations in the city
Badaling Expressway overpass near the Great Wall
Typical Beijing traffic signage found at intersections
Traffic jam in the Beijing CBD
Terminal 3 of the Beijing Capital International Airport
Beijing Daxing International Airport
Two Line 1 trains on the Beijing Subway, which is among the longest and busiest rapid transit systems in the world
An articulated Beijing bus
Bicyclists during rush hour at the Chang'an Avenue, 2009
KJ-2000 and J-10s started the flypast formation on the 70th anniversary of the People's Republic of China.

It is located in Northern China, and is governed as a municipality under the direct administration of the State Council with 16 urban, suburban, and rural districts.

Mandarin Chinese

Group of Sinitic languages and dialects that are natively spoken across most of northern and southwestern China.

Group of Sinitic languages and dialects that are natively spoken across most of northern and southwestern China.

Mandarin Chinese is not listed in the UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger. It is classified as being safe from endagerment.
A page of the Menggu Ziyun, covering the syllables tsim to lim
Zhongguo Guanhua (中國官話), or Medii Regni Communis Loquela ("Middle Kingdom's Common Speech"), used on the frontispiece of an early Chinese grammar published by Étienne Fourmont (with Arcadio Huang) in 1742
Distribution of the eight subgroups of Mandarin plus Jin Chinese, which many linguists include as part of Mandarin, according to the Language Atlas of China (1987)

Because Mandarin originated in North China and most Mandarin dialects are found in the north, the group is sometimes referred to as Northern Chinese.

Yellow River

Second-longest river in China, after the Yangtze River, and the sixth-longest river system in the world at the estimated length of 5464 km. Originating in the Bayan Har Mountains in Qinghai province of Western China, it flows through nine provinces, and it empties into the Bohai Sea near the city of Dongying in Shandong province.

Second-longest river in China, after the Yangtze River, and the sixth-longest river system in the world at the estimated length of 5464 km. Originating in the Bayan Har Mountains in Qinghai province of Western China, it flows through nine provinces, and it empties into the Bohai Sea near the city of Dongying in Shandong province.

The Yellow River Breaches its Course by Ma Yuan (1160–1225, Song dynasty)
The Yellow River as depicted in a Qing dynasty illustrated map (sections)
Historical courses of the Yellow River
Historical courses of the Yellow River
Chinese Nationalist Army soldiers during the 1938 Yellow River flood.
Zoigê County, Sichuan.
Guide County, Qinghai in the Tibetan Plateau, upstream from the Loess Plateau.
Near Xunhua, Qinghai.
Liujiaxia, Gansu.
At Lanzhou, Gansu
At Shapotou, Ningxia
Qiankun bend in Yonghe County
At Luoyang, Henan
The mouth of the Daxia River (coming from bottom right), flowing into the Yellow River's Liujiaxia Reservoir in Linxia Prefecture, Gansu
Expansion of the Yellow River Delta from 1989 to 2009 in five-year intervals.
Yellow River Delta
Liujiaxia Dam, Gansu
Sanmenxia Dam, Henan
Major cities along the Yellow River
Pontoon bridge (Luokou Pontoon Bridge ) over the Yellow River in Jinan, Shandong
The paradise fish is well known in the aquarium hobby and it originates from East Asian river basins, including the Yellow River
The Chinese pond turtle (shown) and Chinese softshell turtle are both native to the Yellow River, but also farmed in large numbers
Qikou town along Yellow River in Shanxi Province

Since the development of fish ponds started in Xingyang's riverside Wangcun Town in 1986, the pond systems in Wangcun have grown to the total size of 15,000 mu (10 km2), making the town the largest aquaculture center in North China.

Roman numerals on stern of the ship showing draught in feet. The numbers range from 13 to 22, from bottom to top.

489

Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals on stern of the ship showing draught in feet. The numbers range from 13 to 22, from bottom to top.

The first Temple of Confucius is constructed in Northern China (outside the ancestral temple at Qufu).

Lion symbol used on king Aldfrith's coinage

704

Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Lion symbol used on king Aldfrith's coinage

Emperor Tridu Songtsen dies in battle and is succeeded by his mother Khri ma lod who becomes de facto ruler of the Tibetan Empire. She begins a massive expansion into the Tarim Basin and Northern China.

Global average temperatures show that the Little Ice Age was not a distinct planet-wide time period but the end of a long temperature decline, which preceded the recent global warming.

Little Ice Age

Period of regional cooling, particularly pronounced in the North Atlantic region, that occurred after the Medieval Warm Period.

Period of regional cooling, particularly pronounced in the North Atlantic region, that occurred after the Medieval Warm Period.

Global average temperatures show that the Little Ice Age was not a distinct planet-wide time period but the end of a long temperature decline, which preceded the recent global warming.
The last written records of the Norse Greenlanders are from a 1408 marriage at Hvalsey Church, which is now the best-preserved Norse ruin.
The Frozen Thames, 1677
March Across the Belts, 1658
Winter skating on the main canal of Pompenburg, Rotterdam in 1825, shortly before the minimum, by Bartholomeus Johannes van Hove
The Reverend Robert Walker Skating on Duddingston Loch, attributed to Henry Raeburn, 1790s
The Hunters in the Snow by Pieter Brueghel the Elder, 1565
Winter landscape with iceskaters, c. 1608, Hendrick Avercamp
"February" from the calendar of Les Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry, 1412–1416
mixing ratios at Law Dome
Patterdale Landscape with Cattle (1833) by John Glover depicts agricultural practices like pastoralism, which contributed to the aridification of Australia's late Little Ice Age.
Seasonal values of Central England Temperatures. The top panel shows group sunspot numbers: the grey area shows the annual values from telescopic observations, the mauve line its 11-year running means, and the green line the values deduced from the abundance of the Carbon-14 cosmogenic isotope in tree trunks. The second panel shows the winter values of Central England Temperature, being the mean for December, January and February. The third panel shows the summer values, being the mean for June, July and August. The bottom panel gives the aerosal optical depth, showing volcanic dust levels, from ice sheet cores. The vertical mauve lines are years in which frost fairs were held on the Thames in London and the vertical orange lines are the years when the ice there was reported as thick enough to walk on. The first cyan line is the date of the removal of the old London Bridge and wier and the second is the completion of the embankments: both riverine developments that increased the flow and ended Thames freezing events. All data sources are given in reference
The Maunder Minimum in a 400-year history of sunspot numbers
Sunspot number compared with Northern Hemisphere (NH) termparature anomaly. The upper panel shows 11-year smoothed group sunspot numbers from telescopic obserations and the sunspot number derived from Carbon-14 cosmogenic isotope abundances in tree trunks. The lower panel shows the northern hemisphere (NH) temperature anomaly (relative to the 1990 level) from a wide variety of paleoclimate proxies: the black line is the mean value, and the colours give the uncertainty probability distribution. The blue dots are the instrumental record. The dashed lines mark the start and end of thae Little Ice Age (LIA) defined by the (NH) temperature anomaly level -0.16 degrees Celsius. All data sources are described in references and
Thermohaline circulation or Oceanic conveyor belt illustrated

For example, rainfall in the Huabei region dropped by 11% to 47% from the historical average.