North Col

The North Col refers to the sharp-edged pass carved by glaciers in the ridge connecting Mount Everest and Changtse in Tibet, It forms the head of the East Rongbuk Glacier.wikipedia
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Mount Everest

EverestMt. EverestSagarmartha (Mount Everest)
The North Col refers to the sharp-edged pass carved by glaciers in the ridge connecting Mount Everest and Changtse in Tibet, It forms the head of the East Rongbuk Glacier.
From the summit of Mount Everest to its base these rock units are the Qomolangma Formation, the North Col Formation, and the Rongbuk Formation.

Changtse

4Changtse GlacierNorth Peak
The North Col refers to the sharp-edged pass carved by glaciers in the ridge connecting Mount Everest and Changtse in Tibet, It forms the head of the East Rongbuk Glacier.
It is connected to Mount Everest via the North Col.

Oliver Wheeler

E. O. WheelerEdward Oliver WheelerEdward Wheeler
The North Col was first climbed by George Mallory, Edward Oliver Wheeler and Guy Bullock on 23 September 1921 during the British reconnaissance expedition.
He was an accomplished mountain climber and on the 1921 expedition was one of the team to reach the 7000-metre North Col.

Guy Bullock

Guy Henry Bullock
The North Col was first climbed by George Mallory, Edward Oliver Wheeler and Guy Bullock on 23 September 1921 during the British reconnaissance expedition.
As expedition mountaineers, he and George Mallory found a northern access route to Everest by climbing the 6849 m Lhakpa La col above the East Rongbuk Glacier and by going on to reach the North Col at 7020 m. They did not, however, reach the summit of Mount Everest.

1921 British Mount Everest reconnaissance expedition

1921 British Reconnaissance Expedition1921 reconnaissance1921
The North Col was first climbed by George Mallory, Edward Oliver Wheeler and Guy Bullock on 23 September 1921 during the British reconnaissance expedition.
It was then necessary to descend to the East Rongbuk Glacier before climbing again to Everest's North Col.

George Mallory

MalloryGeorge H. Leigh MalloryGeorge Leigh Mallory
The North Col was first climbed by George Mallory, Edward Oliver Wheeler and Guy Bullock on 23 September 1921 during the British reconnaissance expedition.
Mallory participated in the initial 1921 British Reconnaissance Expedition, organised and financed by the Mount Everest Committee, that explored routes up to the North Col of Mount Everest.

South Col

Camp IV
The North Col is lower than South Col, and farther from the Everest peak.
North Col

Col

saddlenotcha saddle
The North Col refers to the sharp-edged pass carved by glaciers in the ridge connecting Mount Everest and Changtse in Tibet, It forms the head of the East Rongbuk Glacier.

Tibet

TibetanThibetethno-cultural Tibet
The North Col refers to the sharp-edged pass carved by glaciers in the ridge connecting Mount Everest and Changtse in Tibet, It forms the head of the East Rongbuk Glacier.

Sea level

mean sea levelMSLAMSL
When climbers attempt to climb Everest via the North ridge (Tibet), the first camp on the mountain itself (traditional Camp IV, modern Camp I) is established on the North Col. From this point at approximately 7020 m above sea level, climbers ascend the North Ridge to reach a series of progressively higher camps along the North Face of Everest.

North Face (Everest)

North FaceEverest's North FaceMount Everest's north face
When climbers attempt to climb Everest via the North ridge (Tibet), the first camp on the mountain itself (traditional Camp IV, modern Camp I) is established on the North Col. From this point at approximately 7020 m above sea level, climbers ascend the North Ridge to reach a series of progressively higher camps along the North Face of Everest.

Geology of the Himalaya

Himalayan orogenycollisionTethys Himalaya
Geology of the Himalaya

Geography of China

ChinageographyChina's geography
Geography of China

Timeline of Mount Everest expeditions

1921 British Reconnaissance Expedition1924 British ExpeditionBritish 1953 expedition
After five months of arduous climbing around the base of the mountain, Wheeler explored the hidden East Rongbuk Glacier and its route to the base of the North Col. On September 23, Mallory became the first person to set foot on the mountain and he, Bullock, and Wheeler reached the North Col at 7020 m before being forced back by strong winds.

1938 British Mount Everest expedition

1938 Everest expeditionMount Everest Expedition1938 British
The North Col was climbed for the first time from the west and an altitude of 27200 ft was reached on the North Ridge.

Tsewang Paljor

Tsewang Paljor (10 April 1968 – 10 May 1996) was a member of the first Indian team to reach the summit of Mount Everest from the North Col.

Kharta

Kama valleyKama RiverKharda-chu
The 1921 British Mount Everest reconnaissance expedition discovered Kharta when reconnoitring ways to climb Mount Everest and managed to reach the North Col via the Lhakpa La. Since that time Kharta has not been used as a way to approach the summit of Everest but the two valleys have become a popular area for trekking.

1936 British Mount Everest expedition

19361936 expedition1936 British
Led by Eric Shipton, it was a small, low-cost effort which confirmed that the best route from Tibet was up the East Rongbuk Glacier to the North Col.

Tarka L'Herpiniere

At the North Col (7,020 m) L'Herpiniere developed HACE and had to be evacuated.

Marco Siffredi

Instead, he rode down the Norton Couloir for the historic ride back to Advanced Base Camp (ABC) at the foot of the North Col.

Robert Lock Graham Irving

R. L. G. IrvingIrving, R. L. G.Graham Irving
Aside from Gibson and Mallory, who both went on the first trip in 1904, other members of the Winchester Ice Club were Guy Bullock (who reached Mount Everest's North Col in 1921) and Harry Tyndale.

Tsewang Samanla

Tsewang Smanla
He was a member of the first Indian team to reach the summit from the North Col.