North East England

North EastNorth East of Englandnorth-eastNorth-East EnglandNortheast Englandnorth-east of EnglandNortheastNortheast of Englandthe North EastNorth East region
North East England is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.wikipedia
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Northumberland

County of NorthumberlandNorthumbrianNorthumberland, England
It covers Northumberland, County Durham, Tyne and Wear, and the area of the former county of Cleveland in North Yorkshire.
Northumberland (abbreviated Northd) is a unitary authority and a Historic County in North East England.

County Durham

DurhamCounty of DurhamCo. Durham
It covers Northumberland, County Durham, Tyne and Wear, and the area of the former county of Cleveland in North Yorkshire. It was located on the north bank of the River Wear and was the largest pit in Sunderland and one of the most important in County Durham.
County Durham (, locally ) is a county in North East England.

Tyne and Wear

Tyne & WearTWRTyne-and-Wear
It covers Northumberland, County Durham, Tyne and Wear, and the area of the former county of Cleveland in North Yorkshire.
Tyne and Wear is a metropolitan county in the North East region of England around the mouths of the rivers Tyne and Wear.

North Yorkshire

NorthNorth Yorkshire, EnglandYorkshire
It covers Northumberland, County Durham, Tyne and Wear, and the area of the former county of Cleveland in North Yorkshire.
It is located primarily in the region of Yorkshire and the Humber but partly in the region of North East England.

Newcastle upon Tyne

NewcastleNewcastle-upon-TyneNewcastle-on-Tyne
There are three cities in the region: Newcastle upon Tyne, the largest, with a population of just under 280,000; Sunderland, also in the metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear; and Durham.
Newcastle upon Tyne, commonly known as Newcastle, is a city in Tyne and Wear, North East England, 103 miles (166 km) south of Edinburgh and 277 miles (446 km) north of London on the northern bank of the River Tyne, 8.5 mi from the North Sea.

Durham, England

DurhamCity of DurhamDurham City
There are three cities in the region: Newcastle upon Tyne, the largest, with a population of just under 280,000; Sunderland, also in the metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear; and Durham.
Durham (, locally ) is a historic city and the county town of County Durham in North East England.

NUTS statistical regions of the United Kingdom

NUTS 3 codeNUTSNUTS 2 region
North East England is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.

Wearside

Sunderland Built-up area
The region is home to three large conurbations: Teesside, Wearside, and Tyneside, the last of which is the largest of the three and the eighth most populous conurbation in the United Kingdom. The region contains the urban centres of Tyneside, Wearside and Teesside, and is noted for the rich natural beauty of its coastline, Northumberland National Park, and the section of the Pennines that includes Teesdale and Weardale.
Wearside is an area of North East England centred on the continuous urban area of Sunderland by the River Wear, and in the wider sense, including separate neighbouring settlements such as Seaham.

Darlington

Darlington, EnglandDarlington, County DurhamDarlington CB
Other large towns include Darlington, Gateshead, Hartlepool, Middlesbrough, South Shields, Stockton-on-Tees and Washington.
Darlington is a large market town in County Durham, in North East England.

Tyneside

TyneTyneside Built-up Area774,891
The region is home to three large conurbations: Teesside, Wearside, and Tyneside, the last of which is the largest of the three and the eighth most populous conurbation in the United Kingdom. The region contains the urban centres of Tyneside, Wearside and Teesside, and is noted for the rich natural beauty of its coastline, Northumberland National Park, and the section of the Pennines that includes Teesdale and Weardale. Alkali works using this process opened at Tyne Dock 1822, Felling shore Tyneside 1826, Friars Goose Gateshead 1828 and again on Felling Shore in 1834.
Tyneside is a conurbation on the banks of the River Tyne in North East England which includes Newcastle upon Tyne, Gateshead, Tynemouth, Wallsend, South Shields, and Jarrow.

Pennines

PenninePennine hillsthe Pennines
The region contains the urban centres of Tyneside, Wearside and Teesside, and is noted for the rich natural beauty of its coastline, Northumberland National Park, and the section of the Pennines that includes Teesdale and Weardale.
The Pennines, also known as the Pennine Chain or Pennine Hills, are a range of mountains and hills in England separating North West England from Yorkshire and North East England.

Teesside

TeesideMiddlesbroughT'''ees'''s'''ide
The region is home to three large conurbations: Teesside, Wearside, and Tyneside, the last of which is the largest of the three and the eighth most populous conurbation in the United Kingdom. The region contains the urban centres of Tyneside, Wearside and Teesside, and is noted for the rich natural beauty of its coastline, Northumberland National Park, and the section of the Pennines that includes Teesdale and Weardale.
Teesside is a conurbation around Middlesbrough on the River Tees in North East England which also includes Billingham, Redcar, Stockton-on-Tees and Thornaby.

North East of England Process Industry Cluster

Northeast of England Process Industry ClusterNEPIC
These companies are members of the Northeast of England Process Industry Cluster (NEPIC).
This Process Industry Cluster has been created by the chemistry using industries based in North East England where more than 1,400 companies are based in the supply chain of the sector.

River Tyne

TyneRiver South TyneRiver North Tyne
The river frontage at South Shore of the River Tyne at Gateshead was one of the main locations for the chemical industry such that in the 19th century, which led to a cluster of iron, soap and alkali manufacturing.
The River Tyne is a river in North East England and its length (excluding tributaries) is 118 km.

Gateshead

Gateshead, EnglandGateshead, Tyne and WearGateshead-on-Tyne
Other large towns include Darlington, Gateshead, Hartlepool, Middlesbrough, South Shields, Stockton-on-Tees and Washington. Alkali works using this process opened at Tyne Dock 1822, Felling shore Tyneside 1826, Friars Goose Gateshead 1828 and again on Felling Shore in 1834.
The town of Gateshead is situated in the North East of England in the ceremonial county of Tyne and Wear, and within the historic boundaries of County Durham.

Tyne Dock

Alkali works using this process opened at Tyne Dock 1822, Felling shore Tyneside 1826, Friars Goose Gateshead 1828 and again on Felling Shore in 1834.
Tyne Dock is a neighbourhood within the town of South Shields, North East England, on the south bank of the River Tyne.

River Wear

WearWear ValleyGeology
It was located on the north bank of the River Wear and was the largest pit in Sunderland and one of the most important in County Durham.
The River Wear in North East England rises in the Pennines and flows eastwards, mostly through County Durham to the North Sea in the City of Sunderland.

Newcastle University

University of Newcastle upon TyneUniversity of NewcastleNewcastle
Professor Paul Younger of Newcastle University in 2011 reported that "Around 75 per cent of the coal in the North East is still underground, even though we have been mining it on an industrial scale longer than anyone else in the world. Previously a lot of this coal was too deep for conventional mining, or too far off shore. Even today this resource this could never be exploited by conventional means, but the technology to harness that resource has now become cost effective."
Newcastle University (formally the University of Newcastle upon Tyne) is a public research university in Newcastle upon Tyne in the North East of England.

Losh, Wilson and Bell

Bell BrothersLosh, Wilson & BellThomas Bell (ironmaster)
In 1798 John Losh and the Earl of Dundonald took out a lease for a rich supply of brine pumped from a nearby coal mine, the Walker pit, becoming the supplier of raw material for The Losh, Wilson & Bell Alkali works.
Losh, Wilson and Bell, later Bells, Goodman, then Bells, Lightfoot and finally Bell Brothers, was a leading Northeast England manufacturing company, founded in 1809 by the partners William Losh, Thomas Wilson, and Thomas Bell.

Eston

Eston UDEston HillsEston LGD
In 1850 iron ore was discovered in the Cleveland Hills near Eston to the south of Middlesbrough and Iron gradually replaced coal as the lifeblood of Eston.
Eston is a town in the borough of Redcar and Cleveland in the North East of England within the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire.

Bishopwearmouth

Bishop WearmouthBishopswearmouthBishop-Wearmouth
Sir Humphry Davy, after contemplating a communication he had received from Reverend Dr Robert Gray Rector of Bishopwearmouth (later Bishop of Bristol) regarding the problem of gas in mines, took up the challenge of solving the problem of providing light in "fire-damp" ridden collieries.
Bishopwearmouth is an area in Sunderland, North East England.

North Shields

ChirtonNorthChirton, Northumberland
Early closures included Smiths Dock at North Shields in 1909, which became a ship repair yard, Armstrongs of Elswick in 1921, Richardson Duck of Stockton (1925), Priestman's of Sunderland (1933) and Palmers of Jarrow and Hebburn (1933).
North Shields is a town on the north bank of the River Tyne in North East England, eight miles (13 km) north-east of Newcastle upon Tyne.

Hebburn

Hebburn-on-TyneHebburn on TyneHebburn Colliery
Early closures included Smiths Dock at North Shields in 1909, which became a ship repair yard, Armstrongs of Elswick in 1921, Richardson Duck of Stockton (1925), Priestman's of Sunderland (1933) and Palmers of Jarrow and Hebburn (1933).
Hebburn is a small town situated on the south bank of the River Tyne in North East England sandwiched between the towns of Jarrow and Gateshead and to the south of Walker.

Kielder Water

Kielder ReservoirKielder DamKielder
The county has also seen a huge investment into the creation of the UKs largest reservoir, Kielder Water, enabling the Northeast to attract more industry.
Kielder Water is a large man-made reservoir in Northumberland in North East England.

South Shields

ShieldsCounty Borough of South ShieldsHerd Groyne
Other large towns include Darlington, Gateshead, Hartlepool, Middlesbrough, South Shields, Stockton-on-Tees and Washington.
South Shields is a coastal town in the North East of England at the mouth of the River Tyne, about 3.7 mi downstream from Newcastle upon Tyne.