North Korea

🇰🇵NorthDemocratic People's Republic of KoreaNorth KoreanNorth Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)DPRKPRKKorea, NorthDPR KoreaKorea (Democratic People's Republic of)
North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK or DPR Korea) (Korean: 조선민주주의인민공화국, Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula, with Pyongyang the capital and the largest city in the country.wikipedia
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China–North Korea border

Manchurian borderNorth Korean borderborder
To the north and northwest, the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok (known as the Yalu in Chinese) and Tumen rivers; it is bordered to the south by South Korea, with the heavily fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating the two.
The China–North Korea border is the international border separating the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea).

East Asia

Easteastern AsiaEastern
North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK or DPR Korea) (Korean: 조선민주주의인민공화국, Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula, with Pyongyang the capital and the largest city in the country. The name Korea is derived from Goguryeo which was one of the great powers in East Asia during its time, ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, Manchuria, parts of the Russian Far East and Inner Mongolia, under Gwanggaeto the Great.
Geographically and geopolitically, the region constitutes China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, Japan, Mongolia, North Korea, and South Korea.

Yalu River

YaluAmnok RiverAmnok
To the north and northwest, the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok (known as the Yalu in Chinese) and Tumen rivers; it is bordered to the south by South Korea, with the heavily fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating the two.
The Yalu River, also called the Amrok River or Amnok River, is a river on the border between North Korea and China.

North Korea–Russia border

border with North Koreabetween Russia and North Koreaborder
To the north and northwest, the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok (known as the Yalu in Chinese) and Tumen rivers; it is bordered to the south by South Korea, with the heavily fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating the two.
The border between Russia and North Korea, according to the official Russian definition, consists of 17 km of "terrestrial border" and 22.1 km (12 nautical miles) of "maritime border".

South Korea

🇰🇷KoreaKOR
To the north and northwest, the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok (known as the Yalu in Chinese) and Tumen rivers; it is bordered to the south by South Korea, with the heavily fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating the two.
A separate election was held in the U.S. zone in 1948 which led to the creation of the Republic of Korea (ROK), while the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) was established in the Soviet zone.

Korean Demilitarized Zone

Demilitarized ZoneDMZKorean DMZ
To the north and northwest, the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok (known as the Yalu in Chinese) and Tumen rivers; it is bordered to the south by South Korea, with the heavily fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating the two.
It is established by the provisions of the Korean Armistice Agreement to serve as a buffer zone between North Korea and South Korea.

Korean War

KoreaKoreanthe Korean War
An invasion initiated by North Korea led to the Korean War (1950–1953).
The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).

Tumen River

TumenDumanDuman River
To the north and northwest, the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok (known as the Yalu in Chinese) and Tumen rivers; it is bordered to the south by South Korea, with the heavily fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating the two.
The Tumen River, also known as the Tuman or Duman River, is a 521 km long river that serves as part of the boundary between China, North Korea and Russia, rising on the slopes of Mount Paektu and flowing into the East Sea (Sea of Japan).

Russian Far East

Far EastSoviet Far EastFar Eastern
The name Korea is derived from Goguryeo which was one of the great powers in East Asia during its time, ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, Manchuria, parts of the Russian Far East and Inner Mongolia, under Gwanggaeto the Great.
The Far Eastern Federal District has land borders with the People's Republic of China, Mongolia and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to the south west.

Juche

Juche'' ideaGreat LeaderGreat Leader theory
North Korea officially describes itself as a "self-reliant" socialist state, and formally holds elections, though said elections have been described by outside observers as sham elections.
Juche (주체/主體; ; usually left untranslated or translated as "self-reliance") is the official state ideology of North Korea, described by the government as "Kim Il-sung's original, brilliant and revolutionary contribution to national and international thought".

Kim dynasty (North Korea)

Kim familyKim dynastyruling Kim family
Various media outlets have called it Stalinist, particularly noting the elaborate cult of personality around Kim Il-sung and his family.
The Kim dynasty, referred to in North Korea as the Mount Paektu Bloodline, is a three-generation lineage of North Korean leadership descended from the country's first leader, Kim Il-sung, in 1948.

North Korean cult of personality

personality cultcult of personalitycult of personality of Kim Il-sung
Various media outlets have called it Stalinist, particularly noting the elaborate cult of personality around Kim Il-sung and his family.
The North Korean cult of personality surrounding its ruling family, the Kim family, has existed in North Korea for decades and can be found in many examples of North Korean culture.

Korea under Japanese rule

KoreaJapanese occupationJapanese rule
In 1910, Korea was annexed by Imperial Japan.
The manner of the acceleration of industrialization under Japanese occupation, especially the use of industrialization solely for the purposes of benefiting Japan, the exploitation of the Korean people in their own country, the marginalization of Korean history and culture, the environmental exploitation of the Korean Peninsula, and its long-term negative repercussions for modern-day North and South Koreas are among the most provocative aspects of the controversy.

Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland

North Korean Fatherland United Democratic FrontDemocratic FrontDemocratic National United Front
The Workers' Party of Korea (WPK), led by a member of the ruling family, holds power in the state and leads the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland of which all political officers are required to be members.
The Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland (DFRF; also known as the Fatherland Front), formed on 22 July 1946, is a North Korean united front led by the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK).

Goguryeo

KoguryŏGoguryeo KingdomGoguryeo Koreans
The name Korea is derived from Goguryeo which was one of the great powers in East Asia during its time, ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, Manchuria, parts of the Russian Far East and Inner Mongolia, under Gwanggaeto the Great.
According to the 12th-century Samguk sagi and the 13th-century Samgungnyusa, a prince from the Buyeo kingdom named Jumong fled after a power struggle with other princes of the court and founded Goguryeo in 37 BCE in a region called Jolbon Buyeo, usually thought to be located in the middle Yalu and Tongjia River basin, overlapping the current China-North Korea border.

North Korean famine

famine1990s famineeconomic crisis
From 1994 to 1998, North Korea suffered a famine that resulted in the deaths of between 240,000 and 420,000 people, and the population continues to suffer malnutrition.
The North Korean famine, which together with the accompanying general economic crisis are known as the Arduous March or The March of Suffering in North Korea, occurred in North Korea from 1994 to 1998.

Korean Armistice Agreement

armisticeArmistice Agreement1953 Armistice
The Korean Armistice Agreement brought about a ceasefire, but no peace treaty was signed.
It was signed by U.S. Army Lieutenant General William Harrison, Jr. representing the United Nations Command (UNC), North Korean General Nam Il representing the Korean People's Army (KPA), and the Chinese People's Volunteer Army (PVA).

Kim Il-sung

Kim Il SungKimhis father
One of the guerrilla leaders was the communist Kim Il-sung, who later became the first leader of North Korea.
Kim Il-sung (officially transcribed Kim Il Sung; English pronunciation: ; ; ; born Kim Sŏng-ju ; 15 April 1912 – 8 July 1994) was the first leader of North Korea which he ruled from the country's establishment in 1948 until his death in 1994.

Songun

military-first policySongun policySŏngun
North Korea follows Songun, or "military-first" policy.
Songun is the "military first" policy of North Korea, prioritizing the Korean People's Army in the affairs of state and allocation of resources.

Korea

KoreanKorean PeninsulaSouth Korea
Both governments consider themselves to be the legitimate government of the whole of Korea.
Since 1948, it has been divided between two distinct sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea.

Blue House raid

assassinate Parkattack the South Korean Blue Houseattacked the Blue House Presidential residence
The North failed in several assassination attempts on South Korean leaders, such as in 1968, 1974 and the Rangoon bombing in 1983; tunnels were found under the DMZ and tensions flared over the axe murder incident at Panmunjom in 1976.
The Blue House raid (also known in South Korea as the January 21 Incident) was an unsuccessful attempt by North Korean commandos to assassinate the South Korean president, Park Chung-hee, in his residence at the Blue House, on January 21, 1968.

Kim Jong-il

Kim Jong Ilhis fatherKim Jong‑il
In 1992, as Kim Il-sung's health began deteriorating, Kim Jong-il slowly began taking over various state tasks.
Kim Jong-il (officially transcribed Kim Jong Il; ; ; 16 February 1941 – 17 December 2011) was the second Supreme Leader of North Korea.

Agreed Framework

1994 Agreed Framework1994 by Agreed Framework1994 U.S.-North Korea Agreed Framework
North Korea promised to halt its development of nuclear weapons under the Agreed Framework, negotiated with U.S. president Bill Clinton and signed in 1994.
The Agreed Framework between the United States of America and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea was signed on October 21, 1994, between North Korea (DPRK) and the United States.

Workers' Party of North Korea

SovietSoviet KoreansWorkers' Party
During the 1956 August Faction Incident, Kim Il-sung successfully resisted efforts by the Soviet Union and China to depose him in favor of Soviet Koreans or the pro-Chinese Yan'an faction.
The Workers' Party of North Korea was a communist party in North Korea from 1946 to 1949 and was a predecessor of the current Workers' Party of Korea.

38th parallel north

38th parallel38° N38 degrees North
At the end of World War II in 1945, the Korean Peninsula was divided into two zones along the 38th parallel, with the northern half of the peninsula occupied by the Soviet Union and the southern half by the United States.
The 38th parallel north formed the border between North and South Korea prior to the Korean War.