North Korea

Democratic People's Republic of KoreaNorthDPRKNorth KoreanNorth Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)DPR KoreaPRKKorea DPRKorea, NorthDemocratic People’s Republic of Korea
North Korea (Korean: ; MR: Chosŏn or literally ; MR: Pukchosŏn), officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK or DPR Korea; Korean:, Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula, with Pyongyang as its capital and the largest city in the country.wikipedia
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South Korea

Republic of KoreaKoreaKOR
To the north and northwest, the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok (known as the Yalu in Chinese) and Tumen rivers and to the south it is bordered by South Korea, with the heavily fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating the two.
South Korea (Korean: ; RR: Hanguk or literally ; RR: Namhan; officially the Republic of Korea ; RR: Daehan Minguk) is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and sharing a land border with North Korea.

China–North Korea border

Manchurian borderNorth Korean borderborder
To the north and northwest, the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok (known as the Yalu in Chinese) and Tumen rivers and to the south it is bordered by South Korea, with the heavily fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating the two.
The China–North Korea border is the international border separating the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea).

Yalu River

YaluAmnok RiverAmnok
To the north and northwest, the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok (known as the Yalu in Chinese) and Tumen rivers and to the south it is bordered by South Korea, with the heavily fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating the two.
The Yalu River, also called the Amrok River or Amnok River, is a river on the border between North Korea and China.

East Asia

East AsianEastEastern Asia
North Korea (Korean: ; MR: Chosŏn or literally ; MR: Pukchosŏn), officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK or DPR Korea; Korean:, Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula, with Pyongyang as its capital and the largest city in the country. The name Goryeo itself was first used by the ancient kingdom of Goguryeo (Koguryŏ) which was one of the great powers in East Asia during its time, ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, Manchuria, parts of the Russian Far East and parts of Inner Mongolia, under Gwanggaeto the Great.
States of East Asia include China, Japan, Mongolia, North Korea, South Korea, Taiwan, and the Chinese special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.

Korean War

KoreaKoreanKorea War
An invasion initiated by North Korea led to the Korean War (1950–1953).
The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the support of the United Nations, principally from the United States).

Korean Demilitarized Zone

Demilitarized ZoneDMZKorean DMZ
To the north and northwest, the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok (known as the Yalu in Chinese) and Tumen rivers and to the south it is bordered by South Korea, with the heavily fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating the two.
It is established by the provisions of the Korean Armistice Agreement to serve as a buffer zone between North Korea and South Korea.

Tumen River

TumenDuman RiverDuman
To the north and northwest, the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok (known as the Yalu in Chinese) and Tumen rivers and to the south it is bordered by South Korea, with the heavily fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating the two.
The Tumen River, also known as the Tuman River or Duman River, is a 521 km long river that serves as part of the boundary between China, North Korea and Russia, rising on the slopes of Mount Paektu and flowing into Sea of Japan.

Workers' Party of Korea

General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Korean Workers' PartyKorean Workers' PartyWPK
The Workers' Party of Korea (WPK), led by a member of the ruling family, holds absolute power in the state and leads the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland of which all political officers are required to be members.
The Workers' Party of Korea (WPK) is the founding and ruling political party of North Korea.

Kim dynasty (North Korea)

Kim dynastyKim familyKim
Outside observers also generally view North Korea as a Stalinist totalitarian dictatorship, particularly noting the elaborate cult of personality around the Kim dynasty.
The Kim dynasty, referred to in North Korea as the Mount Paektu Bloodline, is a three-generation lineage of North Korean leadership descended from the country's first leader, Kim Il-sung.

North Korean cult of personality

personality cultcult of personalityKim Il-sung's cult of personality
Outside observers also generally view North Korea as a Stalinist totalitarian dictatorship, particularly noting the elaborate cult of personality around the Kim dynasty.
The North Korean cult of personality surrounding its ruling family, the Kim family, has existed in North Korea for decades and can be found in many examples of North Korean culture.

Democratic Front for the Reunification of Korea

Democratic Front for the Reunification of the FatherlandNorth Korean Fatherland United Democratic FrontDemocratic Front
The Workers' Party of Korea (WPK), led by a member of the ruling family, holds absolute power in the state and leads the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland of which all political officers are required to be members.
The Democratic Front for the Reunification of Korea, also known as the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland, DFRF, or the Fatherland Front, formed on 22 July 1946, is a North Korean popular front led by the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK).

Juche

Juche'' ideaGreat LeaderKimilsungism-Kimjongilism
Juche, an ideology of national self-reliance, was introduced into the constitution in 1972.
Juche (주체/主體; ; usually left untranslated or translated as "self-reliance") is the official state ideology of North Korea, described by the government as "Kim Il-sung's original, brilliant and revolutionary contribution to national and international thought".

Korean Armistice Agreement

armisticeArmistice AgreementKorean Armistice
The Korean Armistice Agreement brought about a ceasefire, but no peace treaty was signed.
It was signed by U.S. Army Lieutenant General William Harrison, Jr. representing the United Nations Command (UNC), North Korean General Nam Il representing the Korean People's Army (KPA), and the Chinese People's Volunteer Army (PVA).

Songun

military-first policymilitaristicSongun policy
North Korea follows Songun, or "military-first" policy.
Songun is the "military first" policy of North Korea, prioritizing the Korean People's Army in the affairs of state and allocation of resources.

Korea

KoreanKorean PeninsulaSouth Korea
Both governments consider themselves to be the legitimate government of the whole of Korea.
Korea has been divided since 1948 between two distinct sovereign states, North Korea and South Korea.

Korea under Japanese rule

KoreaJapanese KoreaJapanese occupation
In 1910, Korea was annexed by Imperial Japan.
Japanese rule remains controversial in modern-day North Korea and South Korea and its negative repercussions continue to affect these countries, including the industrialization plan to solely benefit Japan, the exploitation of Korean people, the marginalization of Korean history and culture, the environmental exploitation of the Korean Peninsula, and the status of Japanese collaborators known as Chinilpa.

Kim Il-sung

Kim Il Sunghis fatherKim
One of the guerrilla leaders was the communist Kim Il-sung, who later became the first leader of North Korea.
Kim Il-sung (officially transcribed Kim Il Sung; English pronunciation: ; ; ; born Kim Sŏng-ju ; 15 April 1912 – 8 July 1994) was the first leader of North Korea which he ruled from the country's establishment in 1948 until his death in 1994.

Russian Far East

Soviet Far EastFar EastFar East Russia
The name Goryeo itself was first used by the ancient kingdom of Goguryeo (Koguryŏ) which was one of the great powers in East Asia during its time, ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, Manchuria, parts of the Russian Far East and parts of Inner Mongolia, under Gwanggaeto the Great.
The Far Eastern Federal District shares land borders with Mongolia, the People's Republic of China and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to its south, and shares maritime borders with Japan to its southeast and with the United States to its northeast.

Korean independence movement

Korean independence activistanti-Japanese struggleKorean independence
Korean resistance groups known as Dongnipgun (Liberation Army) operated along the Sino-Korean border, fighting guerrilla warfare against Japanese forces.
The date of the Surrender of Japan is an annual holiday called Gwangbokjeol ("Restoration of Light Day") in South Korea, and Chogukhaebangŭi nal ("Fatherland Liberation Day") in North Korea.

Blue House raid

assassinate Parkattack the South Korean Blue Houseattacked the Blue House Presidential residence
The North failed in several assassination attempts on South Korean leaders, such as in 1968, 1974 and the Rangoon bombing in 1983; tunnels were found under the DMZ and tensions flared over the axe murder incident at Panmunjom in 1976.
The Blue House raid (also known in South Korea as the January 21 Incident) was an unsuccessful attempt by North Korean commandos to assassinate the South Korean president, Park Chung-hee, in his residence at the Blue House, on January 21, 1968.

North Korea and weapons of mass destruction

North KoreaNorth Korea's nuclear programnuclear weapons program
It possesses nuclear weapons.
North Korea has a military nuclear weapons program and, as of early 2019, is estimated to have an arsenal of approximately 20–30 nuclear weapons and sufficient fissile material for an additional 30–60 nuclear weapons.

Kim Jong-il

Kim Jong Ilhis fatherKim Jong‑il
In 1992, as Kim Il-sung's health began deteriorating, Kim Jong-il slowly began taking over various state tasks.
Kim Jong-il (officially transcribed Kim Jong Il; ; ; 16 February 1941 or 1942 – 17 December 2011) was the second leader of North Korea.

Agreed Framework

U.S.-North Korea Agreed Framework1994 Agreed Framework1994 U.S.-North Korea Agreed Framework
North Korea promised to halt its development of nuclear weapons under the Agreed Framework, negotiated with U.S. president Bill Clinton and signed in 1994.
The Agreed Framework between the United States of America and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea was signed on October 21, 1994, between North Korea (DPRK) and the United States.

Workers' Party of North Korea

Domestic factionGuerrilla factionWorkers Party of North Korea
During the 1956 August Faction Incident, Kim Il-sung successfully resisted efforts by the Soviet Union and China to depose him in favor of Soviet Koreans or the pro-Chinese Yan'an faction.
The Workers' Party of North Korea was a communist party in North Korea from 1946 to 1949 and was a predecessor of the current Workers' Party of Korea.

Goguryeo

KoguryoKoguryŏGoguryeo Kingdom
The name Goryeo itself was first used by the ancient kingdom of Goguryeo (Koguryŏ) which was one of the great powers in East Asia during its time, ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, Manchuria, parts of the Russian Far East and parts of Inner Mongolia, under Gwanggaeto the Great.
According to the 12th-century Samguk sagi and the 13th-century Samgungnyusa, a prince from the Buyeo kingdom named Jumong fled after a power struggle with other princes of the court and founded Goguryeo in 37 BCE in a region called Jolbon Buyeo, usually thought to be located in the middle Yalu and Tongjia River basin, overlapping the current China-North Korea border.