North Macedonia

MacedoniaRepublic of MacedoniaMacedonianRepublic of North MacedoniaR. MacedoniaFYR MacedoniaNorthern MacedoniaFormer Yugoslav Republic of MacedoniaMacedonians North Macedonia
North Macedonia, officially the Republic of North Macedonia, is a country in the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe.wikipedia
8,454 Related Articles

Serbia

SRBRepublic of SerbiaSerbian
A landlocked country, North Macedonia has borders with Kosovo to the northwest, Serbia to the northeast, Bulgaria to the east, Greece to the south, and Albania to the west.
It borders Hungary to the north, Romania to the northeast, Bulgaria to the southeast, North Macedonia to the south, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina to the west, and Montenegro to the southwest.

Bulgaria

BULBulgarianRepublic of Bulgaria
A landlocked country, North Macedonia has borders with Kosovo to the northwest, Serbia to the northeast, Bulgaria to the east, Greece to the south, and Albania to the west.
It is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and North Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea to the east.

Kosovo

Republic of KosovoKosovarKosovan
A landlocked country, North Macedonia has borders with Kosovo to the northwest, Serbia to the northeast, Bulgaria to the east, Greece to the south, and Albania to the west.
Defined in an area of 10887 km2, Kosovo is landlocked in the center of the Balkans and bordered by the uncontested territory of Serbia to the north and east, North Macedonia to the southeast, Albania to the southwest and Montenegro to the west.

Greece

GreekHellenic RepublicGreeks
A landlocked country, North Macedonia has borders with Kosovo to the northwest, Serbia to the northeast, Bulgaria to the east, Greece to the south, and Albania to the west.
It shares land borders with Albania to the northwest, North Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the northeast.

Albania

Republic of AlbaniaAlbanianALB
A landlocked country, North Macedonia has borders with Kosovo to the northwest, Serbia to the northeast, Bulgaria to the east, Greece to the south, and Albania to the west.
It shares land borders with Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo to the northeast, North Macedonia to the east, Greece to the south and maritime borders with Greece, Montenegro and Italy to the west.

Macedonia (region)

Macedoniaregion of MacedoniaMacedonian
It constitutes approximately the northern third of the larger geographical region of Macedonia, and is defined primarily by mountains, valleys, and rivers.
Today the region is considered to include parts of six Balkan countries: Greece, North Macedonia, Bulgaria, Albania, Serbia, and Kosovo.

Serbs of North Macedonia

SerbsSerbianSerbs in Macedonia
Albanians form a significant minority at around 25%, followed by Turks, Romani, Serbs, Bosniaks, and Aromanians.
Serbs (Србите во Северна Македонија, Срби у Северној Македонији / Srbi u Severnoj Makedoniji) are one of the constitutional peoples of North Macedonia.

Macedonians (ethnic group)

MacedoniansMacedonianethnic Macedonians
The majority of the residents are ethnic Macedonians, a South Slavic people.
About two thirds of all ethnic Macedonians live in North Macedonia and there are also communities in a number of other countries.

Turks in North Macedonia

TurksMacedonian TurksTurkish
Albanians form a significant minority at around 25%, followed by Turks, Romani, Serbs, Bosniaks, and Aromanians.
Turks in North Macedonia, also known as Macedonian Turks, (Македонски Турци, Makedonya Türkleri) are the ethnic Turks who constitute the third largest ethnic group in the Republic of North Macedonia.

Paeonia (kingdom)

PaeoniaPaeoniansPaeonian
The history of the region dates back to antiquity, beginning with the kingdom of Paeonia, presumably a mixed Thraco-Illyrian polity.
The exact original boundaries of Paeonia, like the early history of its inhabitants, are obscure, but it is known that it roughly corresponds to most of present-day North Macedonia and north-central parts of Greek Macedonia (i.e. probably the Greek municipalities of Paionia, Almopia, Sintiki, Irakleia, and Serres), and a small part of south-western Bulgaria.

Albanians in North Macedonia

AlbanianAlbaniansMacedonian Albanian
Albanians form a significant minority at around 25%, followed by Turks, Romani, Serbs, Bosniaks, and Aromanians.
The Albanians in North Macedonia (Shqiptarët në Maqedoninë e Veriut, Македонски Албанци) are the second largest ethnic group in North Macedonia.

Macedonia naming dispute

naming disputenaming dispute with Greecedispute
The country became a member of the United Nations in April 1993, but as a result of a dispute with Greece over the name "Macedonia", it was admitted under the provisional description the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (abbreviated as FYR Macedonia and FYROM).
The use of the name "Macedonia" was disputed between the Southeast European countries of Greece and North Macedonia (formerly the Republic of Macedonia, commonly shortened to "Macedonia" in English).

Romani people in North Macedonia

RomaniRomaMacedonian Romani
Albanians form a significant minority at around 25%, followed by Turks, Romani, Serbs, Bosniaks, and Aromanians.
According to the last census from 2002, there were 53 879 people counted as Romani in the now Macedonia, or 2.66% of the population.

South Slavs

South SlavicSouth SlavSlavic
The majority of the residents are ethnic Macedonians, a South Slavic people.
They are the main population of the Eastern and Southeastern European countries of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia and Slovenia.

Accession of North Macedonia to NATO

NATOpro-NATOAccession of Macedonia to NATO
Since 2005, it has also been a candidate for joining the European Union and has applied for NATO membership; it is expected to join the latter by the end of 2019.
North Macedonia is currently in the process of acceding to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) as a member state.

Socialist Republic of Macedonia

SR MacedoniaMacedoniaPeople's Republic of Macedonia
Later, during the Second World War (1941–1944), it was ruled by Bulgaria again, and in 1945 it was established as a constituent state of communist Yugoslavia, which it remained until its peaceful secession in 1991.
After the transition of the political system to parliamentary democracy in 1990, the Republic changed its official name to Republic of Macedonia in 1991, and with the beginning of the breakup of Yugoslavia, it declared itself an independent country on 8 September 1991.

2018 Macedonian referendum

referendum2018 Macedonian name-change referendum2018
A non-binding national referendum on the matter passed with 90% approval but did not reach the required 50% turnout due to a boycott, leaving the final decision with parliament to ratify the result.
A referendum was held in the Republic of Macedonia on 30 September 2018, with voters asked whether they supported EU and NATO membership by accepting the Prespa agreement between Macedonia and Greece in June 2018, which aimed to settle the 27-year naming dispute, which had prevented Macedonia from joining both the European Union and NATO.

Revolutions of 1989

fall of communismthe fall of the Iron Curtaincollapse of communism
After the fall of Communism, with the beginning of the breakup of Yugoslavia, this federal entity declared independence and changed its official name to Republic of Macedonia in 1991.
By 1992, Yugoslavia had split into five successor states, namely Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Slovenia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which was later renamed Serbia and Montenegro in 2003 and eventually split in 2006 into two states, Serbia and Montenegro.

Southeast Europe

Southeastern EuropeSouth-Eastern EuropeSouth Eastern Europe
North Macedonia, officially the Republic of North Macedonia, is a country in the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe.
Sovereign states and territories that are included in the region are, in alphabetical order: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, and East Thrace (part of Turkey).

Bitola

MonastirManastirManastır
Historical records document that in c. 680 a group of Bulgars, Slavs and Byzantines led by a Bulgar called Kuber settled in the region of the Keramisian plain, centred on the city of Bitola, forming a second route for the Bulgar definitive settlement on the Balkan Peninsula at the end of the 7th century. The bishoprics of Skopje, Debar, Bitola, Ohrid, Veles, and Strumica voted to join the Bulgarian Exarchate after it was established in 1870.
Bitola is a city in the southwestern part of North Macedonia.

Moesia

Moesia InferiorMoesia SuperiorLower Moesia
Roman expansion brought the Scupi area under Roman rule in the time of Domitian (81–96 AD), and it fell within the Province of Moesia.
It included most of the territory of modern-day Central Serbia, Kosovo and the northern parts of the modern North Macedonia (Moesia Superior), Northern Bulgaria and Romanian Dobrudja (Moesia Inferior).

Central European Free Trade Agreement

CEFTACentral European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA)CEFTA (Central European Free Trade Agreement)
A unitary parliamentary constitutional republic, North Macedonia is a member of the UN, Council of Europe, World Bank, OSCE, PfP, CEFTA, and the WTO.
Founded by representatives of Poland, Hungary and Czechoslovakia, CEFTA expanded to Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Moldova, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia and the UNMIK (on behalf of Kosovo in accordance with UNSCR 1244).

Stobi

Stoboi
By the time of Diocletian, the province had been subdivided between Macedonia Prima ("first Macedonia") on the south, encompassing most of the kingdom of Macedon, and Macedonia Salutaris (known also as Macedonia Secunda, "second Macedonia") on the north, encompassing partially Dardania and the whole of Paeonia; most of the country's modern boundaries fell within the latter, with the city of Stobi as its capital.
Stobi, or Stoboi, was an ancient town of Paeonia, later conquered by Macedon, and later turned into the capital of the Roman province of Macedonia Salutaris (now near Gradsko in North Macedonia).

Ohrid

AchridaOchridLychnidos
The bishoprics of Skopje, Debar, Bitola, Ohrid, Veles, and Strumica voted to join the Bulgarian Exarchate after it was established in 1870.
Ohrid is a city in North Macedonia, the seat of Ohrid Municipality.

Strumica

StrumitsaStrumitzaStromnitsa
The bishoprics of Skopje, Debar, Bitola, Ohrid, Veles, and Strumica voted to join the Bulgarian Exarchate after it was established in 1870.
Strumica is the largest city in eastern North Macedonia, near the Novo Selo-Petrich border crossing with Bulgaria.