North Rhine-Westphalia

Nordrhein-WestfalenNRWNorthrhine-WestphaliaNorth Rhine WestphaliaNorth Rhine-WestfaliaNorth Rhine–WestphaliaNorth-Rhine WestphaliaWestphaliaNorth Rhine-Westphalia, GermanyNorthrhine-Westfalia
North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen, ; Low Franconian: Noordrien-Wesfale; Noodrhing-Wäßßfaale, commonly shortened to NRW in both written and spoken language) is a state of Germany.wikipedia
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Düsseldorf

Düsseldorf, GermanyDusseldorfDüsseldorf, West Germany
The state capital is Düsseldorf. North Rhine-Westphalia features 30 of the 81 German cities with over 100,000 inhabitants, including Cologne (over 1 million), Düsseldorf, Dortmund and Essen (all between 580,000 and 620,000 inhabitants) and other cities predominantly located in the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan area, the largest urban area in Germany and the third-largest on the European continent.
Düsseldorf (, ; often } in English sources; Low Franconian and Düsseldörp ; archaic Dusseldorp) is the capital and second-largest city of the most populous German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia after Cologne, as well as the seventh-largest city in Germany, with a population of 617,280.

Cologne

KölnCologne, GermanyKöln, Germany
North Rhine-Westphalia features 30 of the 81 German cities with over 100,000 inhabitants, including Cologne (over 1 million), Düsseldorf, Dortmund and Essen (all between 580,000 and 620,000 inhabitants) and other cities predominantly located in the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan area, the largest urban area in Germany and the third-largest on the European continent.
Cologne (Köln ; Kölle ) is the largest city of Germany's most populous federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the fourth-most populous city in Germany.

Dortmund

Dortmund, GermanyCounty of DortmundDortmund WCT
North Rhine-Westphalia features 30 of the 81 German cities with over 100,000 inhabitants, including Cologne (over 1 million), Düsseldorf, Dortmund and Essen (all between 580,000 and 620,000 inhabitants) and other cities predominantly located in the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan area, the largest urban area in Germany and the third-largest on the European continent.
Dortmund (, also,, ; Düörpm ; Tremonia) is, with a population of 586,600 (2017), the third-largest city of Germany's most populous federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia after Cologne and Düsseldorf, and Germany's eighth-largest city.

Essen

Essen, GermanyAltenessenEssen-Kray
North Rhine-Westphalia features 30 of the 81 German cities with over 100,000 inhabitants, including Cologne (over 1 million), Düsseldorf, Dortmund and Essen (all between 580,000 and 620,000 inhabitants) and other cities predominantly located in the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan area, the largest urban area in Germany and the third-largest on the European continent.
Its population of 583,393 makes it the ninth largest city of Germany, as well as the fourth largest city of the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

States of Germany

stateGerman statefederal state
North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen, ; Low Franconian: Noordrien-Wesfale; Noodrhing-Wäßßfaale, commonly shortened to NRW in both written and spoken language) is a state of Germany.
Initially, in 1949, the states of the Federal Republic were Baden (until 1952), Bavaria (in German: Bayern), Bremen, Hamburg, Hesse (Hessen), Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen), Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz), Schleswig-Holstein, Württemberg-Baden (until 1952), and Württemberg-Hohenzollern (until 1952).

Rhine-Ruhr

Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan RegionRhein-RuhrRhine
North Rhine-Westphalia features 30 of the 81 German cities with over 100,000 inhabitants, including Cologne (over 1 million), Düsseldorf, Dortmund and Essen (all between 580,000 and 620,000 inhabitants) and other cities predominantly located in the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan area, the largest urban area in Germany and the third-largest on the European continent.
It covers an area of 7,268 km2 and lies entirely within the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

Bonn

Bonn, GermanyBonn, West GermanyBonn-Beuel
North Rhine-Westphalia became a state of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1949, and the city of Bonn served as the federal capital until the reunification of Germany in 1990 and as the seat of government until 1999.
The Federal City of Bonn is a city on the banks of the Rhine in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, with a population of over 300,000.

Bructeri

Bructeri Minores
North of the Sigambri and the Rhine region were the Bructeri.
The Bructeri (Greek Βρούκτεροι; but Βουσάκτεροι in Strabo) were a Germanic tribe in Roman imperial times, located in northwestern Germany, in present-day North Rhine-Westphalia.

Lotharingia

LorraineLotharingianDuchy of Lotharingia
On the division of the Carolingian Empire at the Treaty of Verdun, the part of the province to the east of the river fell to East Francia, while that to the west remained with the kingdom of Lotharingia.
Lotharingia (Latin: regnum Lotharii, regnum Lothariense, Lotharingia, French: Lorraine, German: Lothringen) was a medieval successor kingdom of the Carolingian Empire and a later duchy of the Ottonian Empire, comprising the present-day Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany), Rhineland-Palatinate (Germany), Saarland (Germany), and Lorraine (France).

Aachen

Aix-la-ChapelleAachen, GermanyAix
After the Congress of Vienna, Prussia was awarded the entire Rhineland, which included the Grand Duchy of Berg, the ecclesiastic electorates of Trier and Cologne, the free cities of Aachen and Cologne, and nearly a hundred small lordships and abbeys.
Aachen (, ; Oche ), also known as Bad Aachen ("Aachen Spa"), and in French and English as Aix-la-Chapelle, is a spa and border city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Germania Inferior

Lower GermanyGermania SecundaInferior
The Ubii and some other Germanic tribes such as the Cugerni were later settled on the west side of the Rhine in the Roman province of Germania Inferior.
The territory included modern Luxembourg, the southern Netherlands, part of Belgium, and part of North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany, west of the Rhine.

Paderborn

Paderborn, GermanyNeuhausSchloß Neuhaus
Charlemagne is thought to have spent considerable time in Paderborn and nearby parts.
Paderborn (Westphalian: Paddaboan) is a city in eastern North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, capital of the Paderborn district.

Ripuarian Franks

RipuarianRipuariansFranks
As the power of the Roman empire declined, many of these tribes came to be seen collectively as Ripuarian Franks and they pushed forward along both banks of the Rhine, and by the end of the fifth century had conquered all the lands that had formerly been under Roman influence.
In the chaotic years after the definitive collapse of Roman power in western Europe, they managed to occupy the Roman city of Cologne and the lower and middle Rhineland in present-day North Rhine-Westphalia.

Bielefeld

BrackwedeBethelBielefeld, Germany
Popular legends link his adversary Widukind to places near Detmold, Bielefeld, Lemgo, Osnabrück, and other places in Westphalia.
Bielefeld is a city in the Ostwestfalen-Lippe Region in the north-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Detmold

Detmold, GermanyPivitsheideSchloss Detmold
Popular legends link his adversary Widukind to places near Detmold, Bielefeld, Lemgo, Osnabrück, and other places in Westphalia.
Detmold is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, with a population of about 73,400 (2013).

Lemgo

Lemgo, GermanyReinhard Wilmbusse
Popular legends link his adversary Widukind to places near Detmold, Bielefeld, Lemgo, Osnabrück, and other places in Westphalia.
Lemgo is a small university town in the Lippe district of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, 25km east of Bielefeld and 70 km west of Hannover.

Lippe (river)

LippeLippe RiverRiver Lippe
The Duchy of Westphalia comprised only a small area south of the Lippe River.
The Lippe is a river in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Moselle

Moselle RiverMoselRiver Moselle
973), both banks of the Rhine had become part of the Holy Roman Empire, and the Rhenish territory was divided between the duchies of Upper Lorraine on the Moselle and Lower Lorraine on the Meuse.
The German state of Rhineland-Palatinate has, the Saarland, Luxembourg, Wallonia in Belgium and North Rhine-Westphalia,.

Germany

GermanGERFederal Republic of Germany
North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen, ; Low Franconian: Noordrien-Wesfale; Noodrhing-Wäßßfaale, commonly shortened to NRW in both written and spoken language) is a state of Germany.
The largest conurbation is the Rhine-Ruhr region (11.7 million ), including Düsseldorf (the capital of North Rhine-Westphalia), Cologne, Bonn, Dortmund, Essen, Duisburg, and Bochum.

Rhineland

RhenishRheinlandThe Rhineland
After the Congress of Vienna, Prussia was awarded the entire Rhineland, which included the Grand Duchy of Berg, the ecclesiastic electorates of Trier and Cologne, the free cities of Aachen and Cologne, and nearly a hundred small lordships and abbeys.
In 1822 the Prussian administration reorganized the territory as the Rhine Province (Rheinprovinz, also known as Rhenish Prussia), a tradition that continued in the naming of the current German states of Rhineland-Palatinate and North Rhine-Westphalia.

Duchy of Westphalia

WestphaliaDuke of WestphaliaWestphalian
The Duchy of Westphalia comprised only a small area south of the Lippe River.
It was located in the greater region of Westphalia, originally one of the three main regions in the German stem duchy of Saxony and today part of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

Angria

EngernEngriaAngrarii
Along with Eastphalia and Engern, Westphalia (Westfalahi) was originally a district of the Duchy of Saxony.
Angria or Angaria (Engern, ) is a historical region in the present-day German states of Lower Saxony and North Rhine-Westphalia.

Allied-occupied Germany

GermanyBritish occupation zoneoccupied Germany
North Rhine-Westphalia was established in 1946 after World War II from the Prussian provinces of Westphalia and the northern part of Rhine Province (North Rhine), and the Free State of Lippe by the British military administration in Allied-occupied Germany.

Enger

Widukind was buried in Enger, which is also a subject of a legend.
Enger is a town in the Herford district, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Province of Westphalia

WestphaliaWestphalian17. Westphalia North
North Rhine-Westphalia was established in 1946 after World War II from the Prussian provinces of Westphalia and the northern part of Rhine Province (North Rhine), and the Free State of Lippe by the British military administration in Allied-occupied Germany.
After the end of World War II, the province was merged with the northern half of the Rhine Province to form the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia in 1946, with the addition of the former state of Lippe in 1947.