North Sea

Norththe North SeaNorthern SeaGerman OceanNorth Sea BasinseaBelgian coastCentral North SeaNorth Sea 1942North-Sea
The North Sea is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain (particularly England and Scotland), Denmark, Norway, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium and France.wikipedia
6,162 Related Articles

Ringkøbing Fjord

Ringkobing Fjord
Skjern River terminates in Ringkøbing Fjord with a large river delta system to the east, and the lagoon is shielded from the North Sea by a long isthmus named Holmsland Dunes to the west.

Rungholt

Chronicles of the time again record more than 100,000 deaths as large parts of the coast were lost permanently to the sea, including the now legendary lost city of Rungholt.
Rungholt reportedly sank beneath the waves of the North Sea when a storm tide (known as the second Grote Mandrenke) hit the coast on 15 or 16 January 1362.

Crangon crangon

brown shrimpcommon shrimpCrago vulgaris
Norway lobster, deep-water prawns, and brown shrimp are all commercially fished, but other species of lobster, shrimp, oyster, mussels and clams all live in the North Sea.
Crangon crangon is a commercially important species of caridean shrimp fished mainly in the southern North Sea, although also found in the Irish Sea, Baltic Sea, Mediterranean Sea, and Black Sea, as well as off much of Scandinavia and parts of Morocco's Atlantic coast.

The Fens

FensfenlandFenlands
Storm surges threaten, in particular, the coasts of the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, and Denmark and low lying areas of eastern England particularly around The Wash and Fens.
The topography of the bed of the North Sea indicates that the rivers of the southern part of eastern England flowed into the Rhine, hence through the English Channel.

Ythan Estuary

estuaries
The coasts of the North Sea are home to nature reserves including the Ythan Estuary, Fowlsheugh Nature Preserve, and Farne Islands in the UK and the Wadden Sea National Parks in Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands.
The Ythan Estuary is the tidal component of the Ythan River, emptying into the North Sea 19 km north of Aberdeen, Scotland.

Haddock

Melanogrammus aeglefinusMelanogrammusaddock
Cod, haddock, whiting, saithe, plaice, sole, mackerel, herring, pouting, sprat, and sandeel are all very common and are fished commercially.
The largest stocks are in the North Sea, off the Faroe Islands, off Iceland and the coast of Norway but these are discrete populations with little interchange between them.

1931 Dogger Bank earthquake

Dogger Bank earthquakelargest earthquake ever recorded in the United Kingdom
The largest earthquake ever recorded in the United Kingdom was the 1931 Dogger Bank earthquake, which measured 6.1 on the Richter magnitude scale and caused a small tsunami that flooded parts of the British coast.
The tremor began at around 1:30 am on 7 June 1931 with its epicentre located at the Dogger Bank, 60 mi off the Yorkshire coast in the North Sea.

Fucus vesiculosus

bladder wrackbladderwrackF. vesiculosus
Plant species in the North Sea include species of wrack, among them bladder wrack, knotted wrack, and serrated wrack.
Fucus vesiculosus, known by the common names bladder wrack, black tang, rockweed, bladder fucus, sea oak, cut weed, dyers fucus, red fucus, and rock wrack is a seaweed found on the coasts of the North Sea, the western Baltic Sea, and the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

Harbor seal

common sealharbour sealharbor seals
Common seals, and harbour porpoises can be found along the coasts, at marine installations, and on islands.
The most widely distributed species of pinniped (walruses, eared seals, and true seals), they are found in coastal waters of the northern Atlantic, Pacific Oceans, Baltic and North Seas.

Cretaceous

Cretaceous PeriodMiddle CretaceousEarly Cretaceous
The rifting that formed the northern part of the Atlantic Ocean during the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods, from about, caused tectonic uplift in the British Isles.
The group is found in England, northern France, the low countries, northern Germany, Denmark and in the subsurface of the southern part of the North Sea.

Wadden Sea National Parks

Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National ParkLower Saxony Wadden Sea National ParkSchleswig-Holsteinisches Wattenmeer National Park
The coasts of the North Sea are home to nature reserves including the Ythan Estuary, Fowlsheugh Nature Preserve, and Farne Islands in the UK and the Wadden Sea National Parks in Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands.
The Wadden Sea National Parks in Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands are located along the German Bight of the North Sea.

Nephrops norvegicus

Norway lobsterlangoustinelangoustines
Norway lobster, deep-water prawns, and brown shrimp are all commercially fished, but other species of lobster, shrimp, oyster, mussels and clams all live in the North Sea.
Nephrops norvegicus is found in the north-eastern Atlantic Ocean and North Sea as far north as Iceland and northern Norway, and south to Portugal.

Holland

DutchStates of Hollandwestern
A maritime region, Holland lies on the North Sea at the mouths of the Rhine and the Meuse (Maas).

History of the North Sea

North Seavarious names
The North Sea has had various names through history.
The North Sea, though often an area of conflict, has an extensive history of maritime commerce and trade routes between its coastal nations whose economies and industries were also able to exploit its resources.

Frisia

FrieslandFrisian coastMiddle Frisia
The name "North Sea" probably came into English, however, via the Dutch "Noordzee", who named it thus either in contrast with the Zuiderzee ("South Sea"), located south of Frisia, or because the sea is generally to the north of the Netherlands.
Frisia (, Dutch and ) is a coastal region along the southeastern corner of the North Sea in what today is mostly a large part of the Netherlands, including modern Friesland and smaller parts of northern Germany.

Calais

Calais, FranceGovernor of CalaisCalais Eurotunnel
This event caused extensive damage in Calais both through its tremors and possibly triggered a tsunami, though this has never been confirmed.
Calais is located on the Pas de Calais, which marks the boundary between the English Channel and North Sea and located at the opposite end of the Channel Tunnel, 34 km from Dover.

Zuiderzee

Zuider ZeeZuyder ZeeZuyderzee
The name "North Sea" probably came into English, however, via the Dutch "Noordzee", who named it thus either in contrast with the Zuiderzee ("South Sea"), located south of Frisia, or because the sea is generally to the north of the Netherlands.
The Zuiderzee or Zuider Zee (, also, ; old spelling Zuyderzee or Zuyder Zee) was a shallow bay of the North Sea in the northwest of the Netherlands, extending about 100 km (60 miles) inland and at most 50 km (30 miles) wide, with an overall depth of about 4 to 5 metres (13–16 feet) and a coastline of about 300 km (200 miles).

Plaice

plaices
Cod, haddock, whiting, saithe, plaice, sole, mackerel, herring, pouting, sprat, and sandeel are all very common and are fished commercially.
European plaice have been fished from the North Sea for hundreds of years.

Saxons

SaxonSassenachSaxon people
When the Romans abandoned Britain in 410, the Germanic Angles, Saxons, and Jutes began the next great migration across the North Sea during the Migration Period.
The Saxons (Saxones, Sachsen, Seaxe, Sassen, Saksen) were a Germanic people whose name was given in the early Middle Ages to a large country (Old Saxony, Saxonia) near the North Sea coast of what is now Germany.

Fowlsheugh

Fowlsheugh Nature Reserve
The coasts of the North Sea are home to nature reserves including the Ythan Estuary, Fowlsheugh Nature Preserve, and Farne Islands in the UK and the Wadden Sea National Parks in Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands.
The sheer cliffs of Fowlsheugh are actually undercut in some places by erosive force of the North Sea wave action and associated strong marine winds, giving rise to cliff overhangs in numerous stretches of the blufftop trail.

British Isles

BritainBritishThe British Isles
The North Sea receives freshwater from a number of European continental watersheds, as well as the British Isles.
The English Channel and the southern North Sea are the busiest seaways in the world.

Harbour porpoise

harbor porpoisePhocoena phocoenacommon porpoise
Common seals, and harbour porpoises can be found along the coasts, at marine installations, and on islands.
Although conjoined twins are rarely seen in wild mammals, the first known case of a two-headed harbour porpoise was documented in May 2017 when Dutch fishermen in the North Sea caught them by chance.

The Wash

WashcoastCrown Jewels of England
Storm surges threaten, in particular, the coasts of the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, and Denmark and low lying areas of eastern England particularly around The Wash and Fens.
William Camden characterized The Washes as "a very large arme" of the "German Ocean" (the North Sea), "at every tide and high sea covered all with water, but when the sea ebbeth, and the tide is past, a man may pass over it as on dry land, but yet not without danger", as King John learned not without his loss (see below).

Mandal, Norway

MandalMandahlMandal municipality
Mandal borders the North Sea to the south, the municipality of Lindesnes to the west and northwest, the municipality of Marnardal to the north, and the municipality of Søgne to the east.

Battle of Dogger Bank (1915)

Battle of Dogger BankDogger BankBattle of the Dogger Bank
Major battles included the Battle of Heligoland Bight, the Battle of the Dogger Bank, and the Battle of Jutland.
The Battle of Dogger Bank was a naval engagement on 24 January 1915, near the Dogger Bank in the North Sea, during the First World War, between squadrons of the British Grand Fleet and the German High Seas Fleet.