A report on North West England

Liverpool Chinatown is the oldest Chinese community in Europe.
The Jodrell Bank Lovell 76-m radio telescope in Lower Withington, built in August 1957, is the world's third largest steerable telescope, and was the largest until 1971. It was designed by Sheffield's Sir Charles Husband and built of steel from Scunthorpe
General election results in 2017
Lancaster city centre
Proposed flag for the region designed by Peter Saville
Exhibit of ICI's Fluothane (Halothane), discovered at Widnes, at Catalyst Science Discovery Centre, near Spike Island in Widnes
Rainhill Skew Bridge in 1831
The World of Glass museum in October 2006
Calder Hall in 1973
A Hawker Siddeley Nimrod MR2 (HS 801), built at Woodford (former Avro) and designed in Manchester in the mid-1960s, with XV148 (former Comet 4C) making its first flight on 23 May 1967, flying from Chester (Broughton, which had built many de Havilland fighter jet aircraft) to Woodford; 49 Nimrods were made for the RAF, entering service with 201 Sqn on 6 November 1970, serving until March 2010 with 38 Sqn
JLR at Halewood
Statue of John Lennon of The Beatles at The Cavern Club, Liverpool
Liverpool Anglican Cathedral, the largest religious building in the UK
Queensway Tunnel, Liverpool under the River Mersey to Birkenhead, Wirral peninsula
The M6 motorway is one of the North West's principal roads
Warning signs at Hardknott Pass
Old meets new at the Stockport Viaduct; designed by George W. Buck, it is the largest free-standing brick structure in the UK, built in 1840 when it was the largest viaduct in the world; it features in many L. S. Lowry paintings
A sign marking entry to Scotland located on the M6 motorway crossing the border of Cumbria.
Manchester Airport aerial view
Manchester's Piccadilly station is the largest and busiest railway station in the region.
Regional profile of the North West
Essar Energy's Stanlow Refinery, the 
UK's second largest refinery after Fawley, looking north-east from Wervin
Vauxhall's plant in Ellesmere Port exports 88% of its cars, although many of the components are imported, and has made over 5 million since 1962, also making the Vectra from 1995 to 2008; it makes 686 a day (two a minute, 100,000 a year) and the latest model was designed by Mark Adams and Malcolm Ward. Three million Astras have been sold in the UK since 1979, and featured on the Top Gear test track until 2015; the production is split with the Opel Manufacturing Poland site at Gliwice in southern Poland; the Corsa is made at Opel Zaragoza in north-east Spain, with 3-door versions at Opel Eisenach; the Insignia is made at Opel Rüsselsheim
Ineos ChlorVinyls at Runcorn in 2006; the UK chemicals industry is worth £57bn, with 180,000 people in around 3,000 companies
English Electric Canberra gate guard at BAE's Samlesbury site
Heinz, although based in Hayes in Middlesex, has the largest food processing complex in Europe at a 55 acre site at Kitt Green in Wigan, which produces 1.4 billion cans of food each year; it is accessed to the east of the Orrell Interchange of the M6 (A577); the 38-acre Heinz NDC is next door
Head office of Warburtons in Bolton in April 2006
Kelloggs in Manchester, looking north along the A5181 next to GMFRS's Stretford Area Command HQ; the site is the largest producer of cereals in Europe
JD Sports (in Belfast), the largest company in Bury
The 1938 Littlewood's Building next to Wavertree Technology Park, on Edge Lane, looking east from Liverpool Cathedral
Cereal Partners UK (Nestlé) make Cheerios and Golden Nuggets on the A41 opposite Port Sunlight at Bromborough, also the base of CSM UK, the baking ingredients company based at a former Unilever Stork margarine site.
Unilever Research Laboratory at Port Sunlight (Bebington) looking west, next to the Wirral Line
Former head office of the Girobank in Bootle; it closed in 2003; it was taken over by Alliance & Leicester in 1990; it was established in Bootle in the late 1960s with help from Hugh Baird; it was the first financial institution in Europe to be fully computerised from the start
Winstanley College
Clitheroe Royal Grammar School
Sir John Deane's College
Carmel College
Blackburn College
Trafford College
Manchester City College, Didsbury
Victoria Building, University of Liverpool
Manchester Metropolitan University's Hollings Campus – the Toast Rack
ITV Granada former studios in Castlefield, Manchester
MediaCityUK being built at Salford Quays
Liverpool Echo building
1939 Sir Owen Williams Daily Express Building, Manchester
Grand National, Aintree Racecourse
Mersey Ferry Royal Daffodil
Liverpool Cruise Terminal
Leeds and Liverpool Canal
Isle of Man Steam Packet
Isle of Man Steam Packet route map
Manchester Ship Canal
MS Norbay operates Liverpool to Dublin

One of nine official regions of England and consists of the administrative counties of Cheshire, Cumbria, Greater Manchester, Lancashire and Merseyside.

- North West England

112 related topics with Alpha


The Countie Pallatine of Lancaster Described and Divided into Hundreds, 1610, a map of Lancashire engraved in around 1627 by John Speed. The map features a street plan of the county town, Lancaster, and side panels containing portraits of kings from the House of Lancaster and the House of York.


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The Countie Pallatine of Lancaster Described and Divided into Hundreds, 1610, a map of Lancashire engraved in around 1627 by John Speed. The map features a street plan of the county town, Lancaster, and side panels containing portraits of kings from the House of Lancaster and the House of York.
The historic county palatine boundaries in red and the ceremonial county in green
Topography of Lancashire
Council logo
Lancashire, County Palatine shown within England
County Hall, Preston
Cattle grazing on the salt marshes of the Ribble Estuary near Banks
The M6 near Carnforth
The Red Rose of Lancaster
The Beatles began in Liverpool before the city's county was changed from Lancashire to Merseyside
Lancashire hotpot
Lancashire cheese
Ashton Memorial, Lancaster
Bank Hall, Bretherton, a Jacobean mansion house, awaiting restoration. Home to Lancashire's oldest Yew tree and one of the two fallen sequoia in the UK.
Blackpool Tower, completed in 1894
Clitheroe Castle
Rivington Pike, near Horwich, atop the West Pennine Moors, is one of the most popular walking destinations in the county; on a clear day the whole of the county can be viewed from here.
Queen Street Mill, the world's only surviving steam-driven cotton weaving shed, located in Burnley

Lancashire (, ; abbreviated Lancs.) is a county in North West England.

Hundreds of Cheshire in Domesday Book. Areas highlighted in pink became part of Flintshire in Wales.


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Hundreds of Cheshire in Domesday Book. Areas highlighted in pink became part of Flintshire in Wales.
Map of Cheshire in 1577.
Wilmslow Church
A resident of Knutsford sanding the street in celebration of May Day in 1920
Lewis Carroll memorial window (featuring the Hatter and March Hare)
Alderley Edge in 1951
Anderton Boat Lift
Chester Weir on the River Dee
Canal cutting by Chester city walls
Manchester Ship Canal from Ellesmere Port Dock towards Stanlow

Cheshire, archaically the County Palatine of Chester, is a historic and ceremonial county (the two with differing boundaries) in North West England.

Former weavers' cottages in Wardle. The development of Greater Manchester is attributed to a shared tradition of domestic cloth production, and textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution.

Greater Manchester

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Former weavers' cottages in Wardle. The development of Greater Manchester is attributed to a shared tradition of domestic cloth production, and textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution.
Greater Manchester lies at the conjunction of the ancient county boundaries of Cheshire, Lancashire and the West Riding of Yorkshire.
The Greater Manchester Exhibition Centre (better known as the G-Mex centre and now rebranded as Manchester Central) was the converted former Manchester Central railway station in Manchester city centre used for hosting the county's cultural events.
Stockport Bus Station in 1988. Greater Manchester Transport (later GM Buses) operated bus services throughout the county, from 1974 to 1993.
GMC County Hall (now known as Westminster House) in Manchester housed the Greater Manchester County Council until its abolition in 1986.
An aerial photograph of Greater Manchester, looking west
The Greater Manchester Urban Area, as defined in 2001, highlighted in red against the boundaries of the Metropolitan County
A view over the borough of Tameside, towards Manchester city centre circa 2008.
Common cottongrass (Eriophorum angustifolium), seen here at Light Hazzles Reservoir near Littleborough, was voted the county flower of Greater Manchester in 2002
Andy Burnham has served as the inaugural Mayor of Greater Manchester since May 2017.
A bus stop in Denton bearing the logo of Transport for Greater Manchester (TfGM). TfGM is a functional executive body of the Greater Manchester Combined Authority and has responsibilities for public transport in Greater Manchester.
The population of Greater Manchester increased from around 328 thousand in 1801, to 2.68M in 2011, peaking in 1971 at 2.7M.
Much of Greater Manchester's housing stock consists of terraced houses constructed as low-cost dwellings for the populations of local factory towns.
Population density map
Oldham, painted during the Industrial Revolution by J. H. Carse. Many towns in Greater Manchester were built around the mills.
The Trafford Centre in Trafford is one of the largest shopping centres in the United Kingdom.
The M60 motorway, seen here at Failsworth, is an orbital motorway in Greater Manchester.
A Metrolink tram in Radcliffe, part of Greater Manchester's light rail network.
First Greater Manchester operate bus services in northern-Greater Manchester.
Old Trafford, home to Manchester United F.C.
Bolton Wanderers F.C. are based at the University of Bolton Stadium, in Horwich
The main entrance of Old Trafford Cricket Ground
The City of Manchester Stadium, the main venue of the 2002 Commonwealth Games and home to Manchester City F.C.
Eccles cake is a small round flaky pastry cake filled with currants, sugar and spice. It is native to Eccles.
The Imperial War Museum North in Trafford Park was designed by Daniel Libeskind, and is one of the Imperial War Museum's five branches.
The Lowry is a combined theatre and exhibition centre at Salford Quays, and is Greater Manchester's most visited tourist attraction.
The arms of the Greater Manchester County Council, depicted here, became redundant with the abolition of the council in 1986 (though similar arms are used by the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service).

Greater Manchester is a metropolitan county and combined authority area in North West England, with a population of 2.8 million; comprising ten metropolitan boroughs: Manchester, Salford, Bolton, Bury, Oldham, Rochdale, Stockport, Tameside, Trafford and Wigan.


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City and metropolitan borough in Merseyside, England.

City and metropolitan borough in Merseyside, England.

Liverpool in 1680, the earliest known image of Liverpool.
A map of Liverpool's original seven streets (north to the left).
Liverpool's Lime Street area pictured from above in 1946
Inaugural journey of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway in 1830, the first-ever commercial railway line.
Lime Street, Liverpool, in the 1890s, St.George's Hall to the left, Great North Western Hotel to the right, Walker Art Gallery and Sessions House in the background. Statues of Prince Albert, Disraeli, Queen Victoria and Wellington's Column in the middle ground.
Liverpool was the port of registry of the ill-fated ocean liner Titanic. The ship sank on its maiden voyage in April 1912, with the loss of 1,517 lives (including numerous Liverpudlians). A Memorial to the Engine Room Heroes of the Titanic is located on the city's waterfront.
Mathew Street is one of many tourist attractions related to the Beatles, and the location of Europe's largest annual free music festival.
The Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, the first such school in the world
Oriel Chambers, the first "modern" building in the world
The late Georgian Liverpool Town Hall
Satellite imagery showing Liverpool Bay, Liverpool and the wider Merseyside area
Chinatown Gate, Chinatown, Liverpool
Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral of Christ the King
The Al-Rahma Mosque in the Toxteth area of Liverpool
Apartment buildings within Liverpool's new commercial district
Liverpool One has helped move the city into the top five retail destinations in the UK
The Range Rover Evoque is manufactured at Jaguar Land Rover's plant at Halewood.
Liverpool's Three Graces, the Royal Liver Building, Cunard Building and Port of Liverpool Building at the Pier Head
The Albert Dock contains the UK's largest collection of Grade I listed buildings as well as being the most visited multi-use attraction outside London
Bluecoat Chambers, the oldest building in Liverpool city centre
Victoria Street like many streets in the city centre is lined with dozens of listed buildings
The neo-classical St George's Hall
Municipal Buildings
Speke Hall Tudor manor house is one of Liverpool's oldest buildings
West Tower has been the city's tallest building since completion in 2008
Liverpool Cathedral is regarded as one of the greatest buildings of the twentieth century and is one of the largest church buildings in the world
The Wallasey entrance to the Kingsway Tunnel. Liverpool's skyline is visible in the background
Liverpool Lime Street Station
Liverpool John Lennon Airport terminal building
The Merseyrail network has extensive underground sections within the city centre. Liverpool Central is the UK's busiest underground station outside London
MV Royal Iris of the Mersey is one of three ferries that provide cross river services between Liverpool and the Wirral
The Beatles statue in their home city Liverpool. The group are the most commercially successful and critically acclaimed band in popular music.
Philharmonic Hall, home of the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic
William Brown Street, also known as the Cultural Quarter was a World Heritage Site consisting of the World Museum, Central Library, Picton Reading Room and Walker Art Gallery
Nelson Monument at Exchange Flags. The other British hero of the Napoleonic Wars is commemorated in Wellington's Column
The Empire Theatre has the largest two-tier auditorium in the UK
University of Liverpool's Victoria Building
Liverpool John Moores University's James Parsons Building
Liverpool Community College's Arts Centre
The Merseyside derby is the football match between the two biggest clubs in the city, Liverpool in red and Everton in blue.
Anfield, home of Liverpool F.C.
Goodison Park, home of Everton F.C.
The Earl of Derby Stand at Aintree Racecourse; home of the Grand National
The Royal Liverpool Golf Club, Hoylake
The M&S Bank Arena hosts numerous sporting events and was formerly the home of British Basketball League team, the Mersey Tigers
Radio City Tower, home to Radio City and a number of subsidiary stations

The Economy of Liverpool is one of the largest within the United Kingdom, sitting at the centre of one of the two core economies within the North West of England.

The Castlerigg stone circle dates from the late Neolithic age and was constructed by some of the earliest inhabitants of Cumbria


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The Castlerigg stone circle dates from the late Neolithic age and was constructed by some of the earliest inhabitants of Cumbria
Topographic map of Cumbria
BAE Systems Submarine Solutions in Barrow-in-Furness has a workforce of around 5,000 people.
The entrance to Whinlatter Forest Park
Sizergh Castle
Muncaster Castle
The University of Cumbria's Fusehill Campus in Carlisle
The M6 motorway and West Coast Main Line near Grayrigg Forest
Brunton Park, the home of Carlisle United
Craven Park, home of Barrow Raiders
Furness Abbey
Lake Windermere
Stan Laurel
Beatrix Potter
William Wordsworth

Cumbria is a ceremonial and non-metropolitan county in North West England, bordering Scotland.

Northern England

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Most northern area of England.

Most northern area of England.

Northern England (red) as defined along historic county boundaries. Cheshire (purple) is also often included.
Relief map of Northern England, showing the Pennines and river valleys.
Scafell Pike, England's highest peak, alongside Wastwater, its deepest lake
Urban sprawl in the southern Pennines and north east coast is clearly visible in night-time imagery.
Although Manchester has a reputation as a rainy city, it is far from the wettest in the North.
The vowel sound in sun across England. All of Northern England, as well as part of the Midlands, is included inside the /ʊ/ isogloss.
The daffodils of the Lake District are immortalised in Wordsworth's "I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud".
Rudston Monolith, from the late Neolithic or early Bronze Age, is the tallest megalith in Great Britain.
Hadrian's Wall, one of the most famous Roman remains in Northern England, is now a World Heritage Site.
Great Britain in 878:
Durham Castle, half of the Durham World Heritage Site, was a symbol of Norman power in the North.
The ruins of Fountains Abbey, now another World Heritage Site
Salts Mill in Saltaire, West Yorkshire, one of two industrial World Heritage Sites in the North
Pier Head, now part of the Liverpool Maritime Mercantile City former World Heritage Site, greeted migrants from around the world.
The Baltic Centre for Contemporary Art, formerly an industrial building, is a symbol of the regeneration of Gateshead.
As of the 2011 census, around one quarter of the UK population lived in Northern England.
Bilingual English/Chinese signage in Liverpool Chinatown
Life expectancy at birth for boys in 2012-2014 by local authority district in England and Wales. Lighter colours indicate longer life expectancy.
Sheep, such as these Teeswaters, are a major part of Northern English agriculture.
Regeneration has seen Leeds become the second largest financial and legal hub in the UK.
Crowded beaches at Blackpool in the 1890s
Connecting Cumbria is one of many projects to bring fibre broadband to the North.
Angel of the North, near Gateshead
The flat cap stereotypically associated with Northern England
Northumbrian pipers at Alwinton Border Shepherds Show.
The Harrogate Band playing in Leeds
Headingley in Leeds is one of the main stadia in the North for both cricket and rugby.
The Liverpool–Everton Merseyside derby is the longest running top-flight rivalry in English football.
Preston North End fans 'mourn' relegation with the long-running Burial of the Coffin ceremony.
Every Boxing Day, Leeds Rhinos host Wakefield Trinity for a local derby.
The pavilion at Lancashire's Old Trafford Cricket Ground is an icon of the game.
Labour held the majority of Northern constituencies at the 2019 general election, but saw its traditional Northern heartlands reduced.
The Durham Miners' Gala is one of the largest trade union events in Europe.
Percentage of registered Catholics in the population in 1715–1720.
A former Methodist church in Leeds, now converted into a Sikh temple
Wilmslow Road bus corridor in Manchester is one of the busiest in Europe.
Trains from Northern and TransPennine Express at Preston
French cruise ship MV Horizon and Manx ferry HSC Manannan in Liverpool Cruise Terminal

It is split into three statistical regions: the North East, the North West, and Yorkshire and the Humber.

Northern England and adjoining areas, showing the general extent of the Pennines


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Northern England and adjoining areas, showing the general extent of the Pennines
Scenery in the Forest of Bowland
Stanage Edge in the Peak District
Croasdale Fell, Forest of Bowland
Kinder Downfall, a waterfall on Kinder Scout, Dark Peak
Limestone scenery: Thor's Cave, Staffordshire, from the Manifold Way. Limestone is common in the White Peak and Yorkshire Dales, making those areas distinct from other parts of the Pennines.
A prehistoric settlement on Harkerside Moor in Swaledale
The Pennines are traversed by several passes, mostly aligned with major rivers.
A train in British Rail blue about to enter the western portal of Woodhead 3, shortly before closure in 1981
The National Parks of England and Wales; two include areas of the Pennines, those marked as 7 and 1
England, Wales and Northern Ireland AONBs. The Pennines host three, with a large one protecting the North Pennines.
Shooting of red grouse is an economically important activity in the Pennines.

The Pennines, also known as the Pennine Chain or Pennine Hills, are a range of uplands running between three regions of Northern England: North West England on the west, and North East England and Yorkshire and the Humber on the east.

Diorama of the Roman Legionary fortress Deva Victrix in Grosvenor Museum, Chester


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Walled cathedral city in Cheshire, England.

Walled cathedral city in Cheshire, England.

Diorama of the Roman Legionary fortress Deva Victrix in Grosvenor Museum, Chester
Castle Gate, Chester c. 1781
Chester Castle c. 1781
Photochrom of the Chester Rows as seen from the Cross, 1895
The Falcon Inn after restoration
Arms of Chester City
An aerial photograph of central Chester and the River Dee
Chester Town Hall
Black-and-white architecture at 29–31 Northgate
The north side of Eastgate Street painted by Louise Rayner. On the far right is the 17th-century Boot Inn.
Curzon Park as seen from Grosvenor Bridge across the River Dee
Eastgate Street painted by Louise Rayner, c. 1880
Eastgate Street and the lower end of St Werburgh Street
Chester Weir on the River Dee
Dee bridge disaster, May 1847
Canal cutting by Chester city walls
Map showing the proposed extensions of the Ellesmere Canal to Chester and Shrewsbury
The defunct Chester City in action in 2007. The Deva Stadium, now used by Chester F.C., is on the border between England and Wales

From the 14th century to the 18th century the city's prominent position in North West England meant that it was commonly also known as Westchester.

Port of Liverpool docks, at Seaforth. Merseyside lies at the Mersey Estuary


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Port of Liverpool docks, at Seaforth. Merseyside lies at the Mersey Estuary
An aerial photograph of Merseyside
Coat of arms of the former Merseyside County Council.

Merseyside is a metropolitan and ceremonial county in North West England, with a population of 1.38 million.


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City in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 547,627 in 2018.

City in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 547,627 in 2018.

Manchester Cathedral, a grade I listed building which is the Anglican cathedral and parish church of Manchester and the mother church of the Diocese of Manchester
Cotton mills in Ancoats about 1820
The Peterloo massacre of 1819 resulted in 15 deaths and several hundred injured
An oil painting of Oxford Road, Manchester in 1910 by Valette
Corporation Street after the Manchester bombing on 15 June 1996. There were no fatalities, but it was one of the most expensive man-made disasters. A large rebuilding project of Manchester ensued.
Oxford Road, one of the main thoroughfares into Manchester city centre
Manchester Town Hall in Albert Square, seat of local government, is an example of Victorian era Gothic revival architecture
The City of Manchester. The land use is overwhelmingly urban
The population of Manchester shown with other boroughs in the Greater Manchester county from 1801 to 2011
The Great Jackson Street skyscraper district under construction in Central Manchester
Neo-baroque Lancaster House. Manchester is known for opulent warehouses from the city's textile trade.
Map of tram lines, railways and main bus routes in Greater Manchester
Manchester Piccadilly railway station, the busiest of the four major railway stations in the Manchester station group with over 32 million passengers using the station in 2019/20.
Manchester Metrolink is the largest tram system in the UK, with a total route length of 57 mi.
Free buses operate on three Manchester Metroshuttle routes around Manchester city centre
The Gallagher brothers of Oasis
The Manchester Arena, the city's premier indoor multi-use venue and one of the largest purpose-built arenas in Europe
The Opera House, one of Manchester's largest theatre venues
Manchester Art Gallery
The Science and Industry Museum
Gaskell House, where Mrs Gaskell wrote most of her novels. The house is now a museum.
Canal Street, one of Manchester's liveliest nightspots, part of the city's gay village
Whitworth Hall at the University of Manchester. With approximately 44,000 students, it is the second largest university in the UK in terms of enrolment.
The Etihad Stadium is home to Premier League club Manchester City FC and host stadium for the 2002 Commonwealth Games
The 1930s Daily Express Building, Manchester, a remnant of Britain's "second Fleet Street"
Granada Studios, the former headquarters of Granada Television

Another attempt was made with the North West Enquirer, which hoped to provide a true "regional" newspaper for the North West, much in the same vein as the Yorkshire Post does for Yorkshire or The Northern Echo does for the North East; it folded in October 2006.