A report on Northeast India

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Brahmaputra Valley and Eastern Himalaya in Northeast India
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Brahmaputra river basin
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Asiatic Buffalo at Kaziranga National Park
One-horned rhinoceros at Kaziranga National Park
Mizo girls in Mizo traditional dress
Lahoo Dance of Meghalaya
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Living root bridge, Meghalaya
Inside Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport airport (Guwahati, Assam)
Maharaja Bir Bikram Manikya Agartala airport (Tripura)
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The Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit Transport Project will provide sea access to Northeastern states of India through Myanmar
{{center|Ropeway, Gangtok}}
<center>Aizawl, Mizoram</center>
{{center|Aerial view of Shillong}}
{{center|Neer Mahal of Tripura}}
<center>Dzüko Valley (Borders of Nagaland and Manipur)</center>
<center>Sela Pass, Tawang (Arunachal Pradesh)</center>
<center>Bhalukpong, Arunachal Pradesh</center>
<center>Loktak lake, Manipur</center>
<center>Majuli Island, Assam</center>
<center>Nohkalikai Falls, Cherrapunji, Meghalaya </center>
{{center|British India map of Northeast India by ethnicity, 1891}}
<center>A Naga warrior in 1960</center>
thumb|left|An Ao Naga girl in her traditional attire in Nagaland
<center>Bishnupuriya bride</center>
<center>Shad suk Mynsiem, a Khasi festival</center>
<center>Traditional Hajong Clothing</center>
{{center|Aka tribe, Arunachal Pradesh}}
<center>Mizo school girls</center>
<center>Women selling fruits in Senapati, Manipur</center>
{{center|Princess of Sikkim in traditional royal dress}}
<center>Tripuri woman in traditional attire</center>
Asamiya youth in Bihu attire.
{{center|Naga meal}}
{{center|Bangwi - Tripuri food of Tripura}}
<center>Paknam (Manipur)</center>
<center>Basic Tripuri lunch thali</center>
<center>Smoked freshwater fish (Manipur)</center>
<center>North Sikkim meal</center>
<center>Assamese thali</center>
{{center|Red rice with pork (Arunachal Pradesh)}}
<center>Sattriya dance (Assam)</center>
Assamese youths performing Bihu dance.
<center>Nyokum festival of Nyishi tribe (Arunachal Pradesh)</center>
{{center|Manipuri dance}}
<center>Bagurumba dance of Bodo tribe (Assam)</center>
<center>Wangala dance of Garo tribe (Assam, Meghalaya)</center>
<center>Dance of Angami tribe (Nagaland)</center>
<center>Students performing traditional dance at Jorethang (Sikkim)</center>
{{center|Jhum cultivation}}
<center>Tea garden in Darrang, Assam</center>
{{center|Paddy fields in Manipur}}
<center>Oil palm plantation in Mizoram</center>
<center>Terrace farming in Nagaland</center>
{{center|Local vegetables in Assam}}

Easternmost region of India representing both a geographic and political administrative division of the country.

- Northeast India

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Assam

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Map of Eastern Bengal and Assam during 1907–1909
A map of the British Indian Empire in 1909 during the partition of Bengal (1905–1911), showing British India in two shades of pink (coral and pale) and the princely states in yellow. The Assam Province (initially as the Province of Eastern Bengal and Assam) can be seen towards the north-eastern side of India.
Showing a historical incident at Kanaklata Udyan, Tezpur
Blooming of Kopou Orchid marks the beginning of the festive season of Bihu in Assam.
People gathered at Kamakhya Temple for the Ambubachi Mela
Kamakhya Temple
Basistha Temple in Guwahati.
7th–8th century specimen of Assamese (Kamarupi) literature
Brahmaputra valley region of Assam
1. Tinskia 2. Dibrugarh 3. Dhemaji 4. Charaideo 5. Sivasagar 6.Lakhimpur 7. Majuli 8. Jorhat 9. Biswanath 10. Golaghat 11. Karbi Anglong 12. Sonitpur 13. Nagaon 14. Hojai 15. Karbi Anglong West 16. Dima Hasao 17. Cachar 18. Hailakandi 19. Karimganj 20. Morigaon 21. Udalguri 22. Darrang 23. Kamrup Metro 24. Baksa 25. Nalbari 26. Kamrup 27. Barpeta 28. Chirang 29. Bongaigaon 30. Goalpara 31. Kokrajhar 32. Dhubri 33. South Salmara Mankachar 34. Bajali
Bodoland district map
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The image represent's Dimaraji proposed state map
Barak Valley
Per capita income of Assam since 1950
A paddy field in Assam
A tea garden in Assam: tea is grown at elevations near sea level, giving it a malty sweetness and an earthy flavor, as opposed to the more floral aroma of highland (e.g. Darjeeling, Taiwanese) teas
Assamese women busy planting paddy seedlings in their agricultural field in Pahukata village in the Nagaon district of Assam
A group of 'Husori' for the occasion of Assamese Bohag Bihu in their traditional attire.
Dakhinpat Satra of Majuli
Girl in traditional Mekhela chador dress with a Dhol wrapped with Gamosa
A decorative Assamese Jaapi laid over a Gamosa
A Bihu dancer blowing a pepa (horn)
A beautifully adorned Jaapi
Mising girls dancing during Ali Ai Ligang (Spring Festival)
Actors of Abinaswar Gosthi performs the play "Surjya Mandirot Surjyasta" directed by Dipok Borah
Assamese Thali
An ethnic preparation of Ghost chili chicken curry of Assam
Lakshminath Bezbaroa, one of the foremost figures of Assamese literature.
Imaginary portrait of Srimanta Sankardeva by Bishnu Prasad Rabha
School girls in the classroom, Lakhiganj High School, Assam
Cotton University, Guwahati
Academic complex of IIT Guwahati
National Institute of Technology, Silchar
Jorhat Engineering College of Assam Science and Technology University
Sattriya Dance
Bodo dance Bagurumba
Jhumair dance in Tea garden
Nagara
Bhupen Hazarika
Assamese youth performing Bihu Dance
Statue of Bishnu Prasad Rabha, Jyoti Prasad Agarwala and Phani Sarma at District Library, Guwahati.
Lil Bahadur Chettri
Citra Bhagavata illustration
A folio from the Hastividyarnava manuscript
<center>A page of manuscript painting from Assam; The medieval painters used locally manufactured painting materials such as the colours of hangool and haital and papers manufactured from aloewood bark</center>
Bell metal made sorai and sophura are important parts of culture
Assam Kahor (Bell metal) Kahi

Assam is a state in northeastern India, south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys.

Tripura

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State in northeastern India.

State in northeastern India.

Tripura Sundari Temple in Udaipur.
Rock-cut sculpture of Shiva at Unakoti
Neermahal Palace is the royal palace built by Bir Bikram Kishore Debbarman of the Kingdom of Tripura.
Queen Kanchan Prabha Devi who signed the instrument of accession to India as president of the Council of Regency.
Rice is grown on Tripura's alluvial plains, which include lungas, the narrow valleys that are found mainly in the west of the state.
Tripura Assembly
Tripura district map
Ujjayanta Palace, built in the 19th century as a replacement for a former royal palace destroyed in an earthquake, was used until 2011 as the meeting place of Tripura's State Legislative Assembly.
Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council, pictured, encompasses much of the state
Rice is the major crop in Tripura and accounts for 91 percent of the land under cultivation.
Maharaja Bir Bikram Airport
Agartala Railway Station
The border post between Bangladesh and India in Akhaura
Classrooms built of bamboo in a school. In 2010–11, Tripura had 4,455 schools run by the state government or private organisations. Instruction is mainly in English or Bengali.
Tripuri children preparing for a dance performance.
A Tripuri girl in her traditional attire
East Pakistan refugees (since Bangladesh was not formed yet) coming to Tripura during Bangladesh liberation war.
Durga Puja is the major festival of Tripura
A couple in traditional Tripuri costume.
Tripuri girls in traditional attire
Tripura girls in their traditional attire
Tripuri dance

Tripura is a landlocked state in North East India, where the seven contiguous states – Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura – are collectively known as the Seven Sister States.

Arunachal Pradesh

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The North-East Frontier Tracts in 1946
A 1936 map of Tibet by Survey of India, showing the McMahon Line
Tawang Monastery in Arunachal Pradesh, is the largest monastery in India and second-largest in the world after the Potala Palace in Lhasa, Tibet. It is one of the few monasteries of Tibetan Buddhism that have remained protected from Mao's Cultural Revolution without any damage.
A kettle lake at Se La in Tawang district.
A view from Bhalukpong, a small town by the southern reaches of the Himalayas.
Ziro valley
Nyishi man in traditional dress
Buddhism is practised by 12% of the population. Shown here is a statue of the Buddha in Tawang, Arunachal Pradesh.
The road from Tinsukia to Parshuram Kund
Hunli Signboard
NERIST academic block
NIT Arunachal Pradesh temporary campus in Yupia
St Claret College Ziro

Arunachal Pradesh (, lit. 'Land of Dawn-Lit Mountains') is a state in Northeastern India.

Mizoram

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One of the many battles between British troops and British-aligned tribes of Mizoram against a Lusei clan in Mizoram. This sketch is by Lieutenant Cole in 1889 titled "Looshai expedition".
Tuirihiau falls
Neptunia oleracea
Solomon's Temple, Aizawl
Mizoram Assembly House
Mizoram Peace Accord was signed in June 1986. The Accord granted political freedoms by making Mizoram a full state of India, and included infrastructure provisions such as a High Court and establishment of Mizoram University (shown).
Districts of Mizoram
Aizawl The capital city of Mizoram
A paddy field in Zawlpui, Serchhip
Oil palm in Mamit
Mizoram produces over 7 million tonnes of Anthurium (shown), supplying the domestic market as well as exporting it to UAE, UK and Japan. The majority of producers and income earners from this business are Mizoram women.
A school campus in Mizoram
Lengpui Airport Building
Aizawl Theological College
Darkhuang, Zamluang or jamluang – a traditional musical instrument found in Mizoram.Other instruments include khuang (drum), dar (cymbals), as well as bamboo-based phenglawng, tuium and tawtawrawt.
Dance of Mizoram
Lammual Stadium
Kawpi Waterfall

Mizoram is a state in Northeast India, with Aizawl as its seat of government and capital city.

Nagaland

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A sketch of Angami Naga tribesman from 1875.
A British India 1940 map showing Nagaland and Kohima City as part of Assam.
Kohima War Cemetery, Kohima, Nagaland
Kohima War Cemetery
Prime Minister Narendra Modi with Naga people in Nagaland, December 2014
About a million Amur falcons roost in Nagaland. That is about 50 falcons per square kilometre.
Kopou phool (Rhynchostylis retusa), a type of orchid, in bloom.
Blyth's tragopan or the grey-bellied tragopan
Great hornbill
Mokokchung is one of the most populated places in the northern part of Nagaland
The Catholic Cathedral in Kohima City. About 80% of Nagaland people are Baptists.
Terrace farming at Pfutsero
Hornbill Festival
Sumi Martyrs' Day observed for Sumi Warriors who died during Mukali Siege.
Hornbill Festival, Kohima
The National Highway passing through the Parakhowa forest
Dimapur airport departures
Dimapur railway station
Embroidered textile of Nagaland
A couple posing for a photograph during the festival in their traditional attire
Bhut jolokia

Nagaland is a state in northeastern India.

Meghalaya

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State in northeastern India.

State in northeastern India.

Laitmawsiang landscape, wrapped in fog. Meghalaya is mountainous, and it is the rainiest state of India. The word Meghalaya means, "abode of the clouds".
Tea Plantation in Meghalaya, on the way to Shillong
A sign board in Cherrapunji
Nepenthes khasiana
An aerial view of the state capital, Shillong.
Indian Institute of Management, Shillong Campus
North-Eastern Hill University Campus, Mawlai, Shillong
Autonomous District Councils in Northeast India
Agriculture in Kukon, Meghalaya
View of MCL Cement plant, Thangskai, P.O. Lumshnong, Jaintia Hills
Meghalaya has abundant but undeveloped hydroelectric resources. Above is Mawphlang hydroelectric dam reservoir.
St. Edmund's School, Shillong
Khasi girls
Dance of Meghalaya
Double-Decker Living root bridge, Nongriat village.
Elephant Falls
Krang Suri Waterfall
Umiam Lake, Shillong, Meghalaya, India
Jhum cultivation, or cut-and-burn shift farming, in Nokrek Biosphere Reserve of Meghalaya.
State Highway 5 near Cherapunjee, Meghalaya
Shillong Bypass road
Shillong Airport
A double-decker living root bridge in Nongriat, Meghalaya
Shillong Golf Course, one of the oldest golf courses of India
Nohkalikai Falls
Meghalaya has many limestone caves. Above are in Jaintia Hills

Meghalaya is one of the Seven Sister States of northeast India.

Guwahati

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Biggest city of the Indian state of Assam and also the largest metropolis in northeastern India.

Biggest city of the Indian state of Assam and also the largest metropolis in northeastern India.

A view of Kamakhya Temple
Statue of Lachit Borphukan
The smallest inhabited riverine island in the world, Peacock Island, on the Brahmaputra river
Guwahati's urban morphology
City view from Sarania Hill
Citty Center Mall, GS Road, Guwahati
Guwahati city
The Gauhati High Court
Cotton University
IIT Guwahati
Multi Level Car Parking Facility operated by Assam State Transport Corporation (ASTC) situated at Paltanbazar, Guwahati
Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport
Buses standing at Rupnath Brahma Inter-State Bus Terminal (ISBT), Guwahati
Roads in Jalukbari, Guwahati
Guwahati Ropeway
One-Horned Rhino Statue at Indira Gandhi Stadium
Barsapara Cricket Stadium
Sarusajai Stadium
Nehru Stadium, Guwahati
The Dainik Asom building at Chandmari

Guwahati is the largest city in Northeast India.

Manipur

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The Kangla Sha, the state emblem
Kangla Gate, the west entrance to the Kangla Fort
Loktak Lake, the largest fresh water lake in the state.
A tree amid Manipur hills.
Landscape view for dawn at Senapati, Manipur
Flowers carpeting the foothills
The Dzüko Valley which exists between the boundaries of Manipur and Nagaland has a temperate climate.
Ningthoukhong Gopinath Temple
St. Joseph's Cathedral at Imphal
Sanamahi temple at Kangla
Bamboo is common in Manipur, and an important contributor to its economy as well as cuisine. Above is soibum yendem eromba, a bamboo shoot dish of Manipur.
Imphal airport is the second largest airport in India's northeast.
A view of Imphal City
Sangai, the state animal, at Keibul Lamjao National Park. In the wild, it has a habit of waiting and looking back at viewers.
National Highway 150 in Imphal
The Shrine – the main theatre
Khuman Lampak Main Stadium in Imphal.
The Lai Haraoba, a dance festival showcases the folk dances of Manipur.
Cheiraoba is a celebration of the new year during the spring season. People feast (top), then climb up a hill together later in the day to signify overcoming hurdles and reaching new heights in the new year.
Manipuri dance, one of eight the classical dances of India
Thang Ta, the martial art form of Manipur
Pena is an ancient Manipur musical instrument, particularly popular among the Meitei, the Pangal and the Meitei Christians
The Chorus Repertory Theatre, Imphal, founded by Ratan Thiyam

Manipur is a state in Northeast India, with the city of Imphal as its capital.

Bangladesh

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Country in South Asia. It is the eighth-most populous country in the world, with a population exceeding 165 million people in an area of either 148460 km2 or 147570 km2, making it one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Bangladesh shares land borders with India to the west, north, and east, and Myanmar to the southeast; to the south it has a coastline along the Bay of Bengal. It is narrowly separated from Bhutan and Nepal by the Siliguri Corridor; and from China by 100 km of the Indian state of Sikkim in the north. Dhaka, the capital and largest city, is the nation's economic, political, and cultural hub.

Country in South Asia. It is the eighth-most populous country in the world, with a population exceeding 165 million people in an area of either 148460 km2 or 147570 km2, making it one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Bangladesh shares land borders with India to the west, north, and east, and Myanmar to the southeast; to the south it has a coastline along the Bay of Bengal. It is narrowly separated from Bhutan and Nepal by the Siliguri Corridor; and from China by 100 km of the Indian state of Sikkim in the north. Dhaka, the capital and largest city, is the nation's economic, political, and cultural hub.

Vanga Kingdom and erstwhile neighbours in ancient South Asia
7th century buddhist monastery. Known as Somapura Mahavihara
The Pala Empire was an imperial power during the Late Classical period on the Indian subcontinent, which originated in the region of Bengal.
The Sixty Dome Mosque is the largest mosque in the UNESCO protected Mosque City of Bagerhat.
Choto Sona Mosque, built during the reign of Sultan Alauddin Hussain Shah
Kusumba Mosque
Shipbuilding was a major industry in the Bengal Sultanate and later in Mughal Bengal
The Bibi Mariam Cannon (Lady Mary Cannon) was used by the Mughals to defend their bases.
Lalbagh Fort was the residence of the Mughal viceroy Shaista Khan.
Portuguese envoys (top left) at the imperial court of emperor Akbar. The Portuguese settlement in Chittagong flourished until the Mughals expelled the Portuguese in 1666.
Lord Clive meeting with Mir Jafar after the Battle of Plassey, which led to the overthrow of the last independent Nawab of Bengal
Founding conference of the All India Muslim League in Dhaka, 1906
The Dominion of Pakistan in 1947, with East Bengal its eastern part
Women students of Dhaka University marching in defiance of the Section 144 prohibition on assembly during the Bengali Language Movement in early 1953
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (left) and Munier Chowdhury (centre) visiting Matiul Islam (right), an East Bengali student at Harvard during the late 1950s
Museum of Independence, Dhaka
Sheikh Mujib casting his ballot during a general election. He was given the popular title of Bangabandhu (Friend of Bengal) and is regarded as Bangladesh's founding leader.
Ziaur Rahman with members of the Dutch royal family in 1978
Muhammad Yunus (center) celebrating the Nobel Peace Prize in 2006 with his family in Oslo, Norway
Rohingya refugees entering Bangladesh from Myanmar
Physical map of Bangladesh
A Bengal tiger, the national animal, in the Sundarbans
Bangabhaban, the official residence of the President of Bangladesh, was built in 1905 during the British Raj for use by the Viceroy of India and the Governor of Bengal.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi during bilateral talks with Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina at the Prime Minister's Office in Dhaka
The National Parliament of Bangladesh
The Supreme Court of Bangladesh
Map of Bangladesh UN Peacekeeping Force deployments
First South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) meeting in 1985 in Dhaka (l-r, top row: the presidents of Pakistan and the Maldives, the king of Bhutan, the president of Bangladesh, the prime minister of India, the king of Nepal and the president of Sri Lanka)
U.S. Special Presidential Envoy for Climate John Kerry meeting Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina at her residence in Dhaka in April 2021
The Rapid Action Battalion has been sanctioned by the United States for human rights abuses
Historical development of GDP per capita
Construction of Padma Bridge, the longest bridge on the Ganges, by China Major Bridge Engineering Co. Ltd. The bridge was designed by AECOM.
Hotels and office blocks in an upmarket neighborhood of Dhaka
Paddy fields dominate the country's farmland. Bangladesh is a top global producer of rice (3rd), potatoes (7th), tropical fruits (6th), jute (2nd), and farmed fish (5th).
A Boeing 777 of the national flag carrier Biman Bangladesh Airlines
Coal and natural-gas fields in Bangladesh, 2011
In 2018, the first payload of SpaceX's Falcon 9 Block 5 rocket was the Bangabandhu-1 satellite built by Thales Alenia Space
The Charyapada scrolls are the oldest surviving text of the Bengali language. The photograph was taken at the Rajshahi College Library
Chakma alphabets are indigenous to the Chittagong Hill Tracts
Eid prayers for Muslims at Barashalghar, Debidwar, Comilla
Bangladeshis celebrating Pahela Baishakh as a mark of the beginning of Bengali new year
Literacy rates in Bangladesh districts
Faculty of Sciences at the University of Dhaka; The Curzon Hall
A Bangladeshi nurse in Kutupalong Refugee Camp
Historical development of life expectancy in Bangladesh
A preserved cloth of historic Bengali fine muslin, which is now extinct
Syed Mujtaba Ali
Muslim feminist Begum Rokeya and her husband in 1898
The 18th century terracotta Hindu Kantanagar Temple in Dinajpur
A Baul from Lalon Shah's shrine in Kushtia
Embroidery on Nakshi kantha (embroidered quilt), centuries-old Bengali art tradition
Traditional Bangladeshi Meal: Mustard seed Ilish Curry, Dhakai Biryani and Pitha
A Nouka Baich boat race
Bangladesh team on practice session at Sher-e-Bangla National Cricket Stadium
Anwar Hossain playing Siraj-ud-Daulah, the last independent Nawab of Bengal, in the 1967 film Nawab Sirajuddaulah
Beds of zamindars kept at the Bangladesh National Museum

Bangladesh is vital to ensuring stability and security in northeast India.

Bhutan

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Landlocked country in the Eastern Himalayas, located in Southern Asia between China and India.

Landlocked country in the Eastern Himalayas, located in Southern Asia between China and India.

Bhutan, shaded in green in the center of three Himalayan regions, shown on a 1912 map of Western Asia
The dzong in the Paro valley, built in 1646.
Trashigang Dzong, built in 1659.
Sketch of Bhutan's interior, 1783
Painting of Bhutan, 1813
British envoys in Bhutan's royal court in 1905
A thrikhep (throne cover) from the 19th century. Throne covers were placed atop the temple cushions used by high lamas. The central circular swirling symbol is the gankyil in its mode as the "Four Joys".
Leaders of Afghanistan, Bhutan, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Maldives and Nepal at the 16th SAARC Summit in Thimphu, 2010
A topographic map of Bhutan.
Snowfall in Bhutan
The takin is Bhutan's national animal.
Himalayan Marmot at Tshophu Lake, Bhutan
Himalayan black bear
King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck and Queen consort Jetsun Pema of Bhutan with the then Emperor of Japan Akihito
The permanent mission of Bhutan to the United Nations in New York City
Prime Minister of Bhutan Tshering Tobgay with U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry in 2015.
A map of Bhutan showing its borders with China and India.
A royal guard of Bhutan in 1905
The Royal Bhutan Army Chief of Staff (left) and Indian Army Chief of Staff (right) in 2006
Women of Bhutan
Ethnic Nepalese ("Lhotshampa") migrants that were forcefully expelled from Bhutan, and arrived in Nepal in the early 1990s.
A proportional representation of Bhutan exports, 2019
The Bhutan Power Corporation headquarters in Thimphu. Bhutan's principal export is hydroelectricity.
Modern and traditional bridges over a river in Panbang
GDP per capita development in Bhutan, since 1990.
Rice terraces in one of Bhutan's fertile valleys.
Office of the SAARC Development Fund in Thimphu
Bhutan electricity production by year
The Le Méridien Thimphu is part of Bhutan's burgeoning tourism industry.
A Druk Air Airbus A319 in Paro Airport
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The ILCS Campus Taktse Bhutan.
Bhutanese thanka of Mt. Meru and the Buddhist universe (19th century, Trongsa Dzong, Trongsa, Bhutan)
The National Library of Bhutan during snowfall
Chaam, sacred masked dances, are annually performed during religious festivals.
Traditional dish with lemon glazed chicken, sauteed spinach and steamed Bhutanese red rice
Changlimithang Stadium during a parade.
Taekwondo between Bhutan and Vietnam
A Bhutanese archery competition
Gangkar Puensum, the highest mountain in Bhutan
Sub-alpine Himalayan landscape
A Himalayan peak from Bumthang
Jigme Dorji National Park
The Haa Valley in Western Bhutan

During the 17th century, Bhutan controlled large parts of northeast India, Sikkim and Nepal; it also wielded significant influence in Cooch Behar State.