Northern Ontario

NorthernNorth OntarioNew OntarioNOThe NorthFar North area of the provinceN. Ont.northnorthern section
Northern Ontario is a primary geographic and administrative region of the Canadian province of Ontario, the other primary region being Southern Ontario.wikipedia
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Southern Ontario

SouthernGreat LakesOntario
Northern Ontario is a primary geographic and administrative region of the Canadian province of Ontario, the other primary region being Southern Ontario.
Southern Ontario is a primary region of the province of Ontario, Canada, the other primary region being Northern Ontario.

Ontario

Ontario, CanadaONProvince of Ontario
Northern Ontario is a primary geographic and administrative region of the Canadian province of Ontario, the other primary region being Southern Ontario.
Ontario is sometimes conceptually divided into two regions, Northern Ontario and Southern Ontario.

Northeastern Ontario

NortheasternnorthwesternNortheast
For some purposes, Northern Ontario is further subdivided into Northeastern and Northwestern Ontario.
Northeastern Ontario is a secondary region of Northern Ontario which lies north of Lake Huron and east of Lake Superior.

French River (Ontario)

French RiverFrench River Provincial ParkFrench
Most of the core geographic region is located on part of the Superior Geological Province of the Canadian Shield, a vast rocky plateau located mainly north of Lake Huron (including Georgian Bay), the French River, Lake Nipissing, and the Mattawa River.
The river largely follows the boundary between the Parry Sound District and the Sudbury District, and in most contexts is considered the dividing line between Northern Ontario and Southern Ontario.

Northwestern Ontario

northwesternNorthwest OntarioNorthwest
For some purposes, Northern Ontario is further subdivided into Northeastern and Northwestern Ontario.
Northwestern Ontario is a secondary region of Northern Ontario which lies north and west of Lake Superior, and west of Hudson Bay and James Bay.

Upper Canada

UpperProvince of Upper CanadaUpper Canadian
Those areas which formed part of New France in the pays d'en haut, essentially the watersheds of the Ottawa River, Lake Huron and Lake Superior, had been acquired by the British by the Treaty of Paris (1763) and became part of Upper Canada in 1791, and then the Province of Canada between 1840 and 1867.
Upper Canada included all of modern-day Southern Ontario and all those areas of Northern Ontario in the Pays d'en Haut which had formed part of New France, essentially the watersheds of the Ottawa River or Lakes Huron and Superior, excluding any lands within the watershed of Hudson Bay.

Albany River

AlbanyAlbany River Provincial Park
The region was confirmed as belonging to Ontario by decision of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in 1884, and confirmed by the Canada (Ontario Boundary) Act, 1889 of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which set the province's new northern boundary at the Albany River.
The Albany River is a river in Northern Ontario, Canada, which flows northeast from Lake St. Joseph in Northwestern Ontario and empties into James Bay.

Greater Sudbury

SudburySudbury, OntarioSudbury, Canada
The single-tier municipality of Greater Sudbury — which is not politically part of the District of Sudbury — is the only census division in Northern Ontario where county-level services are offered by a local government rather than the province.
It is the largest city in Northern Ontario by population, with a population of 161,531 at the 2016 Canadian Census.

Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario

Sault Ste. MarieSault Ste MarieSault Ste Marie, Ontario
It is the seat of the Algoma District and the third largest city in Northern Ontario, after Sudbury and Thunder Bay.

Thunder Bay

Thunder Bay, OntarioThunder Bay, ONFort William
It is the most populous municipality in Northwestern Ontario with a population of 107,909 as of the Canada 2016 Census, and the second most populous in Northern Ontario after Greater Sudbury.

Elliot Lake

Elliot Lake, OntarioElliott LakeElliot Lake, ON
It is north of Lake Huron, midway between the cities of Sudbury and Sault Ste. Marie in the Northern Ontario region.

Sudbury District

SudburySudbury District, OntarioDistrict of Sudbury
Statistically, the districts in Northern Ontario (which appear in red on the location map) are Rainy River, Kenora, Thunder Bay, Cochrane, Timiskaming, Algoma, Sudbury, Nipissing and Manitoulin.
Because the districts of Northern Ontario are unincorporated territorial divisions, unlike the counties or regional municipalities of Southern Ontario, the city of Greater Sudbury is legally defined as part of the district in the geographic sense.

Parry Sound District

Parry SoundDistrict of Parry SoundParry Sound District, Ontario
As well, for administrative purposes, the districts of Muskoka and Parry Sound are treated as part of Northern Ontario even though they are geographically in Southern or Central Ontario.
It is geographically in Southern Ontario, but the Ontario and federal governments treat it as it part of Northern Ontario.

Central Ontario

CentralSouth Central Ontario
As well, for administrative purposes, the districts of Muskoka and Parry Sound are treated as part of Northern Ontario even though they are geographically in Southern or Central Ontario.
The Parry Sound territorial or judicial district and Muskoka district municipality are geographically within Central Ontario but are treated as part of Northern Ontario by federal economic development programs because of these districts' special economic circumstances.

List of census divisions of Ontario

DistrictCountyList of Ontario census divisions
The single-tier municipality of Greater Sudbury — which is not politically part of the District of Sudbury — is the only census division in Northern Ontario where county-level services are offered by a local government rather than the province.
Districts are regional areas in Northern Ontario that do not serve any municipal government purpose.

Regional Municipality of Sudbury

SudburySudbury regionSudbury Regional Council
Until the City of Greater Sudbury was created in 2001, Thunder Bay had a larger population than the old city of Sudbury, but the Regional Municipality of Sudbury was the larger Census Metropolitan Area as Sudbury had a much more populous suburban belt (including the city of Valley East, formerly the region's sixth-largest city.) However, as the former Regional Municipality of Sudbury is now governed as a single city, it is both the region's largest city and the region's largest CMA.
It served as an upper tier of municipal government, aggregating municipal services of region-wide interest like the counties and regional municipalities of Southern Ontario, and was the only upper tier municipal government ever created in Northern Ontario.

Valley East

HanmerVal CaronBlezard Valley
Until the City of Greater Sudbury was created in 2001, Thunder Bay had a larger population than the old city of Sudbury, but the Regional Municipality of Sudbury was the larger Census Metropolitan Area as Sudbury had a much more populous suburban belt (including the city of Valley East, formerly the region's sixth-largest city.) However, as the former Regional Municipality of Sudbury is now governed as a single city, it is both the region's largest city and the region's largest CMA.
Before the amalgamation, Valley East was Northern Ontario's sixth-largest city, ranking after Timmins and before Kenora.

Northern Ontario Heritage Fund

Northern Ontario Heritage Fund Corporation
In 2004, finance minister Greg Sorbara removed Muskoka from the jurisdictional area of the Ministry of Northern Development and Mines and the Northern Ontario Heritage Fund, to which it had been added in 2000 by his predecessor Ernie Eves, but the province continues to treat Parry Sound as a Northern Ontario division under both programs.
The Northern Ontario Heritage Fund Corporation (NOHFC) is a Crown corporation and development agency of the Ministry of Northern Development and Mines in the Canadian province of Ontario, whose purpose is to provide funding and program support to foster economic development in the economically disadvantaged Northern Ontario region.

Highways in Ontario

provincially maintained highwayprovincially maintained secondary highwaysecondary highway
For example, districts have provincially maintained secondary highways instead of county roads.
On rural portions of the Trans-Canada Highway, on RIRO and at-grade expressways, and on certain other highways in Northern Ontario, the speed limit is 90 km/h (56 mph).

North Bay, Ontario

North BayNorth Bay, ONNorth Bay, Ontario, Canada
North Bay, critically situated at the junctions of Highway 11 and Highway 17, remains a major transportation centre for Northern Ontario.

Science North

As well, many of Northern Ontario's major tourist attractions (e.g. Science North, Dynamic Earth, the Sault Locks, etc.) are agencies of the provincial or federal governments.
The science centre, which is Northern Ontario's most popular tourist attraction, consists of two snowflake-shaped buildings on the southwestern shore of Ramsey Lake, just south of the city's downtown core, and a former ice hockey arena which includes the complex's entrance and an IMAX theatre.

Federal Economic Development Initiative for Northern Ontario

FedNorMinister responsible for the Federal Economic Development Initiative for Northern Ontariothe federal economic development initiative for Northern Ontario
The federal government continues to retain both more southerly districts in the service area of FedNor.
The Federal Economic Development Initiative for Northern Ontario (or FedNor) is a program of Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada whose mission is to address the economic development, diversification and job creation in Northern Ontario.

NorOntair

(This coincides with the discontinuation of the operation of the subsidized government airline norOntair in March 1996.) Although the cities have tried with mixed results to diversify their economies in recent years, most communities in the region are resource-based economies, whose economic health is very dependent on "boom and bust" resource cycles.
The airline was created by the administration of Premier Bill Davis to create east-west links across Northern Ontario.

Ontario Highway 400

Highway 400400Highways 400
Major political issues in recent years have included the economic health of the region, the extension of Highway 400 from Parry Sound to Sudbury, issues pertaining to the quality and availability of health care services, mining development in the Ring of Fire region around McFaulds Lake, the closure of Ontario Northland, the Algo Centre Mall roof collapse of 2012, and a controversial but now-defunct plan to ship Toronto's garbage to the Adams Mine, an abandoned open pit mine in Kirkland Lake.
King's Highway 400, commonly referred to as Highway 400, historically as the Toronto–Barrie Highway, and colloquially as the 400, is a 400-series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario linking the city of Toronto in the urban and agricultural south of the province with the scenic and sparsely populated central and northern regions.

2018 Ontario general election

2018 provincial election2018 election2018
For the 2018 election, the province further diverged from the federal electoral districts in the region, creating the special districts of Kiiwetinoong and Mushkegowuk—James Bay to accommodate the unique political concerns of the rural far north.
The Electoral Boundaries Act, 2015 increased the number of electoral districts from 107 to 122, following the boundaries set out by the federal 2013 Representation Order for Ontario, while preserving the special boundaries of the 11 seats in Northern Ontario set out in the 1996 redistribution.