A report on Northern Paiute people

Chief Winnemucca, Chief of the Paiutes. He was also named Poito.
Sarah Winnemucca, Paiute writer and lecturer
Captain John, Leader of the Yosemite-Mono Lake Paiutes

Now eastern California, western Nevada, and southeast Oregon.

- Northern Paiute people

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Rabbit-Tail

Shoshone

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They traditionally speak the Shoshoni language, part of the Numic languages branch of the large Uto-Aztecan language family.

They traditionally speak the Shoshoni language, part of the Numic languages branch of the large Uto-Aztecan language family.

Rabbit-Tail
A Shoshone encampment in the Wind River Mountains of Wyoming, photographed by W. H. Jackson, 1870
Reported picture of Mike Daggett February 26,1911
Sheriff Charles Ferrel with the surviving members of Mike Daggett's family ( Dagget's daughter Heney (Louise, 17), and two of his grandchildren, Cleveland (Mosho, 8), Hattie (Harriet Mosho, 4))
Dagget grandchild Mary Jo Estep {1909/1910-1992} age 5 in 1916
Tindoor, Lemhi Shoshone chief and his wife, ca. 1897, photographed by Benedicte Wrensted
"Shoshone at Ft. Washakie, Wyoming Native American reservation. Chief Washakie (at left) extends his right arm." Some of the Shoshones are dancing as the soldiers look on, 1892

Their peoples have become members of federally recognized tribes throughout their traditional areas of settlement, often co-located with the Northern Paiute people of the Great Basin.

Nevada

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State in the Western region of the United States.

State in the Western region of the United States.

Mexico in 1824. Alta California included today's Nevada.
Sculpture representing a steam locomotive, in Ely, Nevada. Early locomotives played an important part in Nevada's mining industry.
Nevada territory in 1861
Mountains west of Las Vegas in the Mojave Desert
A valley near Pyramid Lake
Topographic map of Nevada
Little Finland rock formation in Nevada
Köppen climate types of Nevada, using 1991-2020 climate normals.
The Las Vegas Strip looking South
Carson City Mint in Carson City. Carson City is an independent city and the capital of Nevada.
Red Rock Canyon National Conservation Area, Calico basin
Great Basin National Park
The quartzite of Doso Doyabi in Great Basin National Park
Valley of Fire State Park
Mount Charleston
Population density map of Nevada
The Winnemucca Sand Dunes, north of Winnemucca
Downtown Reno
East Las Vegas suburbs
Nevada quarter
MGM Grand, with sign promoting it as The City of Entertainment
Lake Tahoe on the Nevada–California border
Goldstrike (Post-Betze) Mine in the Carlin Trend, the largest Carlin-type deposit in the world, containing more than 35000000 ozt gold
Cattle near the Bruneau River in Elko County
Ranching in Washoe County
State route shield
U.S. Route50, also known as "The Loneliest Road in America"
The Nevada State Legislative Building in Carson City
The courthouse of the Supreme Court of Nevada
A map that details the federal land in southern Nevada, showing Nellis Air Force Base Complex and Nevada Test Site
Party registration by county (February 2021):

Native American tribes in Nevada are the Northern and Southern Paiute, Western Shoshone, Goshute, Hualapai, Washoe, and Ute tribes.

Washoe woman

Washoe people

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The Washoe or Wašišiw ("people from here", or transliterated in older literature as Wa She Shu) are a Great Basin tribe of Native Americans, living near Lake Tahoe at the border between California and Nevada.

The Washoe or Wašišiw ("people from here", or transliterated in older literature as Wa She Shu) are a Great Basin tribe of Native Americans, living near Lake Tahoe at the border between California and Nevada.

Washoe woman
Louisa Keyser (Dat So La Lee), Washoe basketweaver

The Washoe people and the neighboring Northern Paiute people were culturally and linguistically very different, and these two tribes were sometimes in conflict.

The tufa formation that gives Pyramid Lake its name.

Pyramid Lake (Nevada)

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Geographic sink of the basin of the Truckee River, 40 mi northeast of Reno, Nevada, United States.

Geographic sink of the basin of the Truckee River, 40 mi northeast of Reno, Nevada, United States.

The tufa formation that gives Pyramid Lake its name.
Aerial view from the south of the Truckee River where it drains to Pyramid Lake
Timothy H. O'Sullivan, Tufa Domes, Pyramid Lake, Nevada, 1867
Water levels in the years 1887–2019

A remnant of the Pleistocene Lake Lahontan (~890 feet deep), the lake area has long been inhabited by the Paiute, who ancestrally fished the Tui chub and Lahontan cutthroat trout from the lake.

Sarah Winnemucca

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Numaga, or "Young Winnemucca", Sarah Winnemucca's cousin and war leader of the Paiute in the Pyramid Lake War.
Sarah Winnemucca, performing as "Princess Winnemucca", daughter of Chief Winnemucca
Sarah Winnemucca

Sarah Winnemucca Hopkins (born Thocmentony, meaning "Shell Flower; also seen as "Tocmetone" in Northern Paiute; c. 1844 – October 17, 1891) was a Northern Paiute author, activist (lecturer) and educator (school organizer). Her maiden name is Winnemucca.

Harney Basin looking from Wright's Point north towards Burns, Oregon, and to the Blue Mountains in the distance.

Malheur Indian Reservation

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Harney Basin looking from Wright's Point north towards Burns, Oregon, and to the Blue Mountains in the distance.
Map of the Malheur Reservation drawn by the U.S. General Land Office

The Malheur Indian Reservation was an American Indian reservation established for the Northern Paiute in eastern Oregon and northern Nevada from 1872 to 1879.

Duck Valley Indian Reservation

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The Duck Valley Indian Reservation (Shoshoni language: Tokkapatih ) was established in the 19th century for the federally recognized Shoshone-Paiute Tribe.

Elderly Klamath woman by Edward S. Curtis, 1924

Klamath people

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The Klamath people are a Native American tribe of the Plateau culture area in Southern Oregon and Northern California.

The Klamath people are a Native American tribe of the Plateau culture area in Southern Oregon and Northern California.

Elderly Klamath woman by Edward S. Curtis, 1924
A Klamath man
Klamath people in dugout canoes, 19th century

North of their tribal territory lived the Molala (Kuikni maklaks), in the northeast and east in the desert-like plains were various Northern Paiute bands (Shá'ttumi, collective term for Northern Paiute, Bannock and Northern Shoshone) - among them the Goyatöka Band ("Crayfish Eaters"), direct south their Modoc kin (Mo'dokni maklaks - "Southern People, i.e. Tule Lake People") with whom they shared the Modoc Plateau, in the southwest were living Shasta peoples (S[h]asti maklaks) and the Klamath River further downstream the Karuk and Yurok (both: Skatchpalikni - "People along the Scott River"), in the west and northwest were the Latgawa ("Upland Takelma") (according to Spier: Walumskni - "Enemy") and Takelma/Dagelma ("Lowland/River Takelma") (more likely both were called: Wálamsknitumi, Wálamskni maklaks - “Rogue River People”).

Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe Reservation

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United States reservation in northwestern Nevada, approximately 35 mi northeast of Reno, in Washoe, Storey, and Lyon counties.

United States reservation in northwestern Nevada, approximately 35 mi northeast of Reno, in Washoe, Storey, and Lyon counties.

Pyramid Lake Museum

It is governed by the federally recognized Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe, which represents two Northern Paiute bands, the larger Kuyuidökadö (Cui Yui Ticutta) ("Cui-ui-Fish-Eaters") and the smaller Tasiget tuviwarai ("Those who live amidst the mountains").

Lovelock, Nevada

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County seat of Pershing County, Nevada, United States, in which it is the only incorporated city.

County seat of Pershing County, Nevada, United States, in which it is the only incorporated city.

Pershing County Court House in Lovelock
Cowpoke Cafe in Lovelock

Some 20 miles outside the town is the Lovelock Native Cave, a horseshoe-shaped cave of about 35 ft and 150 ft where Northern Paiute natives anciently deposited a number of duck decoys and other artifacts.