Norwalk Islands

Cockenoe IslandShea Island
The Norwalk Islands are a chain of more than 25 islands amid partly submerged boulders, reefs and mudflats along a six-mile (10 km) stretch and mostly about a mile off the coast of Norwalk, Connecticut, and southwest Westport, Connecticut, in Long Island Sound.wikipedia
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Norwalk, Connecticut

NorwalkNorwalk, CTWilson Point
The Norwalk Islands are a chain of more than 25 islands amid partly submerged boulders, reefs and mudflats along a six-mile (10 km) stretch and mostly about a mile off the coast of Norwalk, Connecticut, and southwest Westport, Connecticut, in Long Island Sound.
Norwalk's topography is dominated by its coastline along Long Island Sound, the Norwalk River and its eastern and western banks, and the Norwalk Islands.

Long Island Sound

SoundLong Islandshoreline
The Norwalk Islands are a chain of more than 25 islands amid partly submerged boulders, reefs and mudflats along a six-mile (10 km) stretch and mostly about a mile off the coast of Norwalk, Connecticut, and southwest Westport, Connecticut, in Long Island Sound.
The Captain Islands off Greenwich, Connecticut, along with the Norwalk Islands and Falkner Island off Guilford, Connecticut are parts of a recessional moraine.

Westport, Connecticut

WestportWestport, CTSaugatuck
The Norwalk Islands are a chain of more than 25 islands amid partly submerged boulders, reefs and mudflats along a six-mile (10 km) stretch and mostly about a mile off the coast of Norwalk, Connecticut, and southwest Westport, Connecticut, in Long Island Sound.
Cockenoe Island (pronounced "KuhKEEnee") – just off the southeastern coast of the town. Cockenoe Island is an uninhabited island that was purchased by Westport for $212,740 from the United Illuminating Company in 1969 so that the company could not use the land to build a nuclear plant.

Stewart B. McKinney National Wildlife Refuge

Stuart B. McKinney NWR
Ownership of the islands varies, with about a half dozen held in private hands, some owned by the governments of Norwalk or Westport and some are part of the Stewart B. McKinney National Wildlife Refuge.
Chimon Island Unit, Sheffield Island Unit, Goose Island Unit, and Peach Island Unit: These islands among the Norwalk Islands group are located off the shore of Norwalk, Connecticut, approximately 40 mi east of New York City. A ferry to Sheffield Island leaves from Hope Dock, located near the Maritime Aquarium in South Norwalk. A private vessel must be used to reach Chimon Island Unit. The Goose Island and Peach Island units are closed to public visits. The trail at Sheffield Island allows visitors to view a tidal salt water pond which is utilized by egrets and belted kingfishers. The island is also heavily used by white-tailed deer. Adjacent to the refuge on Sheffield Island, the Norwalk Seaport Association maintains an historic stone lighthouse and keepers quarters. Tours are given of the lighthouse by the Norwalk Seaport Association for a nominal charge. These units are at: Chimon 41.065°N, -73.39°W, Sheffield 41.052°N, -73.415°W, Goose 41.071°N, -73.372°W, and Peach 41.083°N, -73.4055°W.

Norwalk Harbor

At 59 acre Chimon is the largest of the islands and is located in the middle of the group and a bit less than a mile to the southeast of the entrance to Norwalk Harbor.
Norwalk Islands which lie at the outer boundary of the harbor.

Sheffield Island Light

Sheffield Islandhistoric stone lighthouse and keepers quarters
Part of the Stewart B. McKinney National Wildlife Refuge, the island is controlled by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, which closes it to the public most of the year in order to protect the bird nesting areas, The public is usually restricted to the 3.5 acre around the Sheffield Island Light, which the Norwalk Seaport Association maintains, although a 2000 yd trail has been created to allow the public controlled access.
Sheffield Island Light is a historic lighthouse located at the southern end of the Norwalk Islands in Norwalk, Connecticut.

Daniel J. Shea

Daniel SheaShea
Once called "Ram Island", the 45 acre isle was renamed after Daniel Shea, a Congressional Medal of Honor recipient from Norwalk who died in the Vietnam War.
Shea Island off the coast of Norwalk is also named for him.

William Kidd

Captain KiddCaptain William KiddWilliam "Captain" Kidd
An early rumor about the island was that William Kidd buried a treasure there.
It also gave impetus to the constant treasure hunts conducted on Oak Island in Nova Scotia; in Suffolk County, Long Island in New York where Gardiner's Island is located; Charles Island in Milford, Connecticut; the Thimble Islands in Connecticut; Cockenoe Island in Westport, Connecticut; and on the island of Grand Manan in the Bay of Fundy.

Cockenoe

It is named after the prominent Indian translator, Cockenoe.
There is currently a Cockenoe Island off of Connecticut in the Norwalk Islands of Long Island Sound named after him.

Coastal Barrier Resources Act

Coastal Barrier Resources Act of 1982
Various laws protect the islands, including town ordinances, the Coastal Barrier Resources Act, the National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966, and the Endangered Species Act.

National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966

National Wildlife Refuge System ActNational Wildlife Refuge System Administration ActNWRS Administration Act of 1966
Various laws protect the islands, including town ordinances, the Coastal Barrier Resources Act, the National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966, and the Endangered Species Act.

Endangered Species Act of 1973

Endangered Species Actendangered speciesendangered species list
Various laws protect the islands, including town ordinances, the Coastal Barrier Resources Act, the National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966, and the Endangered Species Act.

Moraine

morainesglacial driftmorainic
Geologists generally consider the islands to be terminal moraines —material left by glaciers—deposited about 17,500 years ago as the ice cap paused in its retreat northward.

Greenwich, Connecticut

GreenwichGreenwich, CTConnecticut
The Captain islands in Greenwich to the west are part of the same moraine (but not the Fish islands in Darien), and submerged parts of the same moraine are located between the Norwalk Islands and Charles Island, off Milford, to the east.

Darien, Connecticut

DarienDarien, CTNoroton
The Captain islands in Greenwich to the west are part of the same moraine (but not the Fish islands in Darien), and submerged parts of the same moraine are located between the Norwalk Islands and Charles Island, off Milford, to the east.

Milford, Connecticut

MilfordMilford, CTAlan Jepson
The Captain islands in Greenwich to the west are part of the same moraine (but not the Fish islands in Darien), and submerged parts of the same moraine are located between the Norwalk Islands and Charles Island, off Milford, to the east.

Cobblestone

cobbledcobblescobble
Some historians have speculated that rocks from the islands were used as ballast for sailing ships returning to New York, where the rocks may have been used for cobblestones.

The United Illuminating Company

United Illuminating CompanyAVANGRID (The United Illuminating Company)The United Illuminating Company (UI)
In the 1960s, The United Illuminating Company planned to build a nuclear power plant on Cockenoe.

Nuclear power plant

nuclear power stationnuclear power plantsnuclear plant
In the 1960s, The United Illuminating Company planned to build a nuclear power plant on Cockenoe.

Eminent domain

compulsory purchaseexpropriatedcondemnation
Due to concerned local residents and the threat of eminent domain, Westport bought the island for $200,000 in 1967.

Medal of Honor

Medals of HonorU.S. Medal of HonorCongressional Medal of Honor
Once called "Ram Island", the 45 acre isle was renamed after Daniel Shea, a Congressional Medal of Honor recipient from Norwalk who died in the Vietnam War.

Vietnam War

Vietnamwar in Vietnamwar
Once called "Ram Island", the 45 acre isle was renamed after Daniel Shea, a Congressional Medal of Honor recipient from Norwalk who died in the Vietnam War.

Maritime Aquarium at Norwalk

Maritime AquariumNorwalk Maritime AquariumThe Maritime Aquarium
The Maritime Aquarium at Norwalk organizes boat trips circling the islands, including a cruise to see the fall foliage and a winter cruise to see harbor seals and waterfowl (see Wildlife section for more information).

United States Fish and Wildlife Service

U.S. Fish and Wildlife ServiceFish and Wildlife ServiceUS Fish and Wildlife Service
Part of the Stewart B. McKinney National Wildlife Refuge, the island is controlled by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, which closes it to the public most of the year in order to protect the bird nesting areas, The public is usually restricted to the 3.5 acre around the Sheffield Island Light, which the Norwalk Seaport Association maintains, although a 2000 yd trail has been created to allow the public controlled access.

Clambake

clam bakeClam bakesNative American clambake
On Thursday nights, clambakes and on Friday nights, sunset cruises are held.