Roman walls in Novara.
The Ossuary of Bicocca, in memory of the Battle of Novara
View of Novara
Church of San Nazzaro della Costa
Rice fields around the city
Novara seen from the S11 trunk road
The cupola of the Basilica of San Gaudenzio, symbol of Novara, is {{convert|121|m|ft}} high.
Novara Cathedral
The Broletto

Capital city of the province of Novara in the Piedmont region in northwest Italy, to the west of Milan.

- Novara

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Province of Novara

Novara (It.

View of Novara

Its capital is the city of Novara.

Oscar Luigi Scalfaro

The president of Italy from 1992 to 1999.

Official portrait, 1992
Scalfaro in 2009.

Scalfaro was born in Novara, Province of Novara, on 9 September 1918, son of Guglielmo, Barone Scalfaro (born Naples, 21 December 1888) and wife Rosalia Ussino.

Novara F.C.

Italy's and club's legend Silvio Piola spent 7 seasons with Novara in the post–World War II era

Novara Football Club, commonly referred to as Novara, is an Italian football club based in Novara, Piedmont.

Battle of Novara (1849)

Radetzky and his staff at the battle of Novara. Painting by Albrecht Adam (1855)
Albrecht Adam, Die Schlacht bei Novarra (The Battle of Novara), 1858

The Battle of Novara (or Battle of Bicocca; Bicocca being a borough of Novara) was one of the battles fought between the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Sardinia during the First Italian War of Independence, within the era of Italian unification.

Charles Albert of Sardinia

The King of Sardinia from 27 April 1831 until 23 March 1849.

Portrait by Pietro Ayres, c. 1832, wearing the collar of the Supreme Order of the Most Holy Annunciation
Charles Emmanuel, Prince of Carignano, father of Charles Albert.
Maria Christina of Saxony, mother of Charles Albert.
Youthful portrait of Charles Albert.
Maria Theresa of Austria, Charles Albert's wife.
Charles Albert promised his support to the conspirators behind the 1821 revolution, in a print from 1850 to 1875.
Victor Emmanuel I.
The decree by which Charles Albert announced the Spanish Constitution of 1821.
Charles Albert, Prince of Carignano in a French lithograph of the period.
Charles Albert as a hero of the Battle of Trocadero.
Charles Albert in the assault on Trocadero. From a miniature donated by King Charles X of France.
The facade of Racconigi Castle, the preferred residence of Prince Charles Albert.
Charles Albert returns to Turin in February 1824, after the Spanish Expedition in this
 painting by Horace Vernet, 1834.
Charles Albert after his coronation, by Ferdinando Cavalleri (1831).
Charles Albert at the time of his accession to the throne.
Marie-Caroline de Bourbon-Sicile, duchesse de Berry, whom Charles Albert assisted in a failed attempt to place a Bourbon on the French throne. Portrait by Thomas Lawrence, 1825.
A room in the Turin City Museum of Ancient Art in the Palazzo Madama, founded by Charles Albert in 1832, as the Pinacoteca Regia e della Galleria Reale.
Charles Albert in 1833.
The meeting of Mazzini and Garibaldi at the headquarters of "Young Italy" in Marseilles 1833. Both of them plotted against Charles Albert and his kingdom and were condemned to death in absentia.
Carlo Alberto in the Anti-Austrian period.
The elderly Austrian chancellor, Klemens von Metternich, who requested clarification on the policy of the Kingdom of Sardinia in 1846.
Edict of 8 February 1848 which informed the public of the concession of the Statute and outlined its contents in 14 articles.
Charles Albert signs the Statute on 8 March 1848.
Celebrations in the Piazza San Carlo in Turin at the proclamation of the Albertine Statute in a contemporary print.
Charles decided to adhere to the idea of a united Italian federation under the influence of the Pope.
Italy in 1843, during Charles Albert's reign.
The Milanese Carlo Cattaneo criticised Charles Albert's tardiness in deciding to enter the war.
Charles Albert (with the spyglass) and the Piedmontese commanders at the Battle of Pastrengo.
Charles Albert on the balcony of the Palazzo Greppi in Milan on 5 August 148, attempting to calm forces opposed to the surrender of the city; painting by Carlo Bossoli.
Flag donated by the women of Milan in the summer of 1848. Displayed in the Royal Armoury of Turin.
Charles Albert reopened hostilities with Austria on 20 March 1849, but the second campaign lasted only four days.
Charles Albert abdicates in favour of his son Victor Emmanuel.
Charles Albert in Oporto during the exile. In his hands he holds a work of Gioberti, whose Neo-Guelf ideas he shared. Painting by Antonio Puccinelli (1822-1897).
The death of Charles Albert in a contemporary print.
Charles Albert Square, Oporto, Portugal.
Equestrian statue of Charles Albert at Casale Monferrato.

Charles Felix himself, however, had responded very badly to the news of his brother's abdication, which he considered an "abominable act of violence" and, from Modena, he sent an order to Charles Albert, ordering him to come to Novara, and declaring any actions taken in the name of the king after the abdication of his brother, including the concession of the Spanish Constitution, to be null and void.


Region in northwest Italy, one of the 20 regions of the country.

A Montferrat landscape, with the distant Alps in the background.
The Kingdom of Sardinia in 1856.
Maserati Levante
The campus of the Polytechnic University of Turin.
Rice fields between Novara and Vercelli.
Provinces of Piedmont.
The Juventus Stadium in Turin is the home of Juventus F.C., throughout the years the most successful Serie A club.
The Palazzina di caccia of Stupinigi, in Nichelino, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Sacra di San Michele, a symbol of Piedmont
Excavator New Holland E 215B
Telescopic Handler Merlo Roto
Robot Comau Aura
High-speed train Alstom AGV
Eurofighter Typhoon
Alenia C27J Spartan
Vega C
Bulgari factory in Valenza
Cartier: Bismarck sapphire necklace
Cartier: Mackay emerald and diamond necklac
Vermouth Martini
Chocolate Gianduiotto
White Truffles from Alba
Risotto ai funghi porcini

Silicon wafer production is in Novara by MEMC.

Battle of Novara (1513)

Illustration of the Battle of Novara in the cronicle of Johannes Stumpf, 1548

The Battle of Novara (also known as the battle of Ariotta) was a battle of the War of the League of Cambrai fought on 6 June 1513, near Novara, in Northern Italy.

War of the League of Cambrai

Fought from February 1508 to December 1516 as part of the Italian Wars of 1494–1559.

Northern Italy in 1494; by the start of the war in 1508, Louis XII had expelled the Sforza from the Duchy of Milan and added its territory to France.
Pope Julius II, painted by Raphael (oil on wood, c. 1511). Julius attempted to secure Papal authority in Italy by creating the League of Cambrai, an alliance aimed at curbing Venetian power.
Alfonso I d'Este, Duke of Ferrara; excommunicated by Julius, he inflicted a number of defeats on the Papal forces
Pope Julius II on the walls of the conquered city of Mirandola (oil on canvas by Raffaello Tancredi, 1890, City Hall of Mirandola)
The death of Gaston de Foix during the Battle of Ravenna heralded a long period of defeats for France.
In 1515, the Franco-Venetian alliance decisively defeated the Holy League at the Battle of Marignano.
The Triumph of Venice (oil on canvas by Pompeo Batoni, 1737) depicts Leonardo Loredan, Doge of Venice during the war.

The unpopularity of Maximilian Sforza, who was seen by the Milanese as a puppet of his Swiss mercenaries, enabled the French to move through Lombardy with little resistance; Trémoille, having seized Milan, besieged the remaining Swiss in Novara.


City in the Saône-et-Loire department in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in eastern France.

A general view of Chalon-sur-Saône
Tribute to Nicéphore Niépce
Nicéphore Niépce
Chalon Cathedral

🇮🇹 Novara, Italy

Visconti of Milan

The Visconti of Milan are a noble Italian family.

Depiction of the biscione swallowing a child, the coat of arms of the House of Visconti, on the Archbishop's palace in Piazza Duomo in Milan, Italy
March 1, 1162, Ottone Visconti is the first Milanese appearing in the list of authorities surrendering to the Barbarossa after the capitulation of the city (19th-century engraving)
January 21, 1277, after the victory obtained against the Della Torre in Desio, the archbishop Ottone Visconti enters in Milan (14th-century fresco in the Rocca Borromeo di Angera)
Petrarch lived in Milan from 1353 to 1361, providing first-hand accounts from the Visconti court in his letters (portrait by Altichiero da Verona)
May 6, 1385, Bernabò Visconti is arrested by the men of his nephew Gian Galeazzo Visconti (19th-century engraving)
The twin façades of Santa Maria Incoronata in Milan reveals the addition of a second church, erected by Bianca Maria Visconti as a sign of the indissolubility of her marriage to Francesco Sforza, builder of the original church
The Visconti dominions around the middle of the 14th century
The Visconti dominions (in dark green) in 1402, the year of Gian Galeazzo's death
Coat of arms of Visconti di Modrone

Regimes in favour of the Visconti were installed in Como, Novara and Pavia.