CibaSandozCiba-GeigyNovartis International AGNovartis AGNovartis PharmaceuticalsCIBA VisionCiba-Geigy CorporationCiba GeigySandoz Laboratories
Novartis International AG is a Swiss multinational pharmaceutical company based in Basel, Switzerland.wikipedia
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RitalinMethylphenidate (Ritalin & Concerta)Concerta
imatinib mesylate (Gleevec/Glivec), ciclosporin (Neoral/Sandimmun), letrozole (Femara), methylphenidate (Ritalin), terbinafine (Lamisil), and others.
The original patent was owned by CIBA, now Novartis Corporation.


Syngenta UKNovartis Seed Co.Syngenta Agro GmbH
Novartis divested its agrochemical and genetically modified crops business in 2000 with the spinout of Syngenta in partnership with AstraZeneca, which also divested its agrochemical business.
It was formed in 2000 by the merger of Novartis Agribusiness and Zeneca Agrochemicals.

Hoffmann-La Roche

RocheRoche PharmaceuticalsRoche Laboratories
Novartis AG also holds 33.3% of the shares of Roche however, it does not exercise control over Roche.
Descendants of the founding Hoffmann and Oeri families own slightly over half of the bearer shares with voting rights (a pool of family shareholders 45%, and Maja Oeri a further 5% apart), with Swiss pharma firm Novartis owning a further third of its shares.

Ciba Specialty Chemicals

Other Ciba-Geigy and Sandoz businesses were sold, or, like Ciba Specialty Chemicals, spun off as independent companies.
It was formed as the non-pharmaceuticals elements of Novartis were spun out in 1997, following the merger in the previous year of Ciba-Geigy and Sandoz that created Novartis.


diclofenac sodiumDiclofenac poisoning
Novartis manufactures the drugs clozapine (Clozaril), diclofenac (Voltaren), carbamazepine (Tegretol), valsartan (Diovan),
Diclofenac was first synthesized by Alfred Sallmann and Rudolf Pfister and introduced as Voltaren by Ciba-Geigy (now Novartis) in 1973, now by Glaxo SmithKline.


Novartis manufactures the drugs clozapine (Clozaril), diclofenac (Voltaren), carbamazepine (Tegretol), valsartan (Diovan),
Valsartan (trade name Diovan, Novartis International AG) is mainly used for treatment of high blood pressure, congestive heart failure, and to increase the chances of living longer after a heart attack.


GSKGlaxoSmithKline Beecham
In April 2014, Novartis announced that it would acquire GlaxoSmithKline's cancer drug business for $16 billion as well as selling its vaccines business to GlaxoSmithKline for $7.1 billion.
Established in 2000 by a merger of Glaxo Wellcome and SmithKline Beecham, GSK was the world's sixth largest pharmaceutical company as of 2015, after Pfizer, Novartis, Merck, Hoffmann-La Roche and Sanofi.

Sandoz chemical spill

Sandoz disasterPratteln (Schweizerhalle)Schweizerhalle BL
On 1 November 1986, a fire broke out in a production plant storage room, which led to the Sandoz chemical spill and a large amount of pesticide being released into the upper Rhine river.
The Sandoz chemical spill was a major environmental disaster caused by a fire and its subsequent extinguishing at Sandoz agrochemical storehouse in the Schweizerhalle industrial complex, Basel-Landschaft, Switzerland, on 1 November 1986, which released toxic agrochemicals into the air and resulted in tons of pollutants entering the Rhine river, turning it red.

Genetically modified crops

genetically modifiedtransgenic planttransgenic plants
Novartis divested its agrochemical and genetically modified crops business in 2000 with the spinout of Syngenta in partnership with AstraZeneca, which also divested its agrochemical business.
In 1995 canola with modified oil composition (Calgene), Bt maize (Ciba-Geigy), bromoxynil-tolerant cotton (Calgene), Bt cotton (Monsanto), glyphosate-tolerant soybeans (Monsanto), virus-tolerant squash (Asgrow), and additional delayed ripening tomatoes (DNAP, Zeneca/Peto and Monsanto) were approved.


Clariant UKClariant Oil Services
In 1995, Sandoz spun off its specialty chemicals business to form Clariant.
Clariant is a speciality chemicals company, formed in 1995 as a spin-off from Sandoz.

Access to Medicine Index

In 2012, Novartis ranked 7th on the Access to Medicine Index, which "ranks companies on how readily they make their products available to the world’s poor."

Chiron Corporation

ChironPathoGenesis CorporationChiron Research Laboratories
In 2006, Novartis acquired the California-based Chiron Corporation.
Chiron Corporation was an American multinational biotechnology firm based in Emeryville, California that was acquired by Novartis International AG on April 20, 2006.

Novartis v. Union of India & Others

the Indian Supreme Court issued a decisionlegal challenge against India's patent lawNovartis case
In 2013, the Indian Supreme Court issued a decision rejecting Novartis' patent application in India on the final form of Gleevec, Novartis's cancer drug; the case caused great controversy.
Novartis v. Union of India & Others is a landmark decision by a two-judge bench of the Indian Supreme Court on the issue of whether Novartis could patent Gleevec in India, and was the culmination of a seven-year-long litigation fought by Novartis.


In 1967, Sandoz merged with Wander AG (known for Ovomaltine and Isostar).
Ovaltine, a registered trademark of Associated British Foods, is made by Wander AG, a subsidiary of Twinings, which acquired the brand from Novartis in 2002, except in the United States, where Nestlé acquired the rights separately from Novartis later on.


Basel, SwitzerlandBasleBasel (Basle)
Novartis International AG is a Swiss multinational pharmaceutical company based in Basel, Switzerland.
On 16 November 1938, the psychedelic drug LSD was first synthesized by Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann at Sandoz Laboratories in Basel.


ergotamine tartrateergot alkaloids
In 1918, Arthur Stoll isolated ergotamine from ergot; the substance was eventually used to treat migraine and headaches and was introduced under the trade name Gynergen in 1921.
It was first isolated from the ergot fungus by Arthur Stoll at Sandoz in 1918 and marketed as Gynergen in 1921.


dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanep,p'-DDTDichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT)
In 1939, Geigy chemist Paul Hermann Müller discovered that DDT was effective against malaria-bearing insects.
In the United States, it was manufactured by some 15 companies, including Monsanto, Ciba, Montrose Chemical Company, Pennwalt, and Velsicol Chemical Corporation.


Anafranilchlorimipramineclomipramine hydrochloride
Clomipramine was discovered in 1964 by the Swiss drug manufacturer Ciba-Geigy.

Albert Hofmann

Albert HoffmanHofmannHofmann, A.
The psychedelic effects of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) were discovered at the Sandoz laboratories in 1943 by Arthur Stoll and Albert Hofmann.
Hofmann became an employee of the pharmaceutical/chemical department of Sandoz Laboratories (now a subsidiary of Novartis), located in Basel as a coworker with professor Arthur Stoll, founder and director of the pharmaceutical department.


NestleHelados SavorySavory
In 2007, Novartis sold the Gerber Products Company to Nestlé as part of its continuing effort to shed old Sandoz and Ciba-Geigy businesses and focus on healthcare.
Nestlé agreed to sell its controlling stake in Alcon to Novartis on 4 January 2010.

Arthur Stoll

The psychedelic effects of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) were discovered at the Sandoz laboratories in 1943 by Arthur Stoll and Albert Hofmann. Further pharmaceutical research began in 1917 under Arthur Stoll (1887–1971), who is the founder of Sandoz's pharmaceutical department in 1917.
In the same year, he was hired as head of the pharmaceutical department of the Sandoz (now Novartis) chemical factory in Basel.


valsartan/sacubitrilValsartan and sacubitrilEntresto
Sacubitril/valsartan, sold under the brand name Entresto among others, is a combination drug for use in heart failure developed by Novartis.

Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America

PhRMAPharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA)President & CEO of PhRMA
Novartis is a full member of the European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries and Associations (EFPIA), the International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers and Associations (IFPMA), and the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA).
Joaquin Duato, chairman of Johnson & Johnson's pharmaceutical division, is chairman-elect and Joseph Jimenez, CEO of Novartis, is board treasurer.

Timothy Leary

LearyDr. Timothy LearyDr Timothy Leary
The drug became a cultural novelty of the 1960s after psychologist Timothy Leary at Harvard University began to promote its use for recreational and spiritual experiences among the general public.
The compound in question was produced by a process developed by Albert Hofmann of Sandoz Pharmaceuticals, who was famous for synthesizing LSD.


Sandoz acquired the companies Delmark, Wasabröd (a Swedish manufacturer of crisp bread), and Gerber Products Company (a baby food company).
Since 1983 it has been under foreign ownership, first by the Swiss pharmaceutical corporation Sandoz (later merged with Ciba Geigy to become Novartis), and from 1999 by the Italian food producer Barilla Alimentare S.p.A..