Numeral (linguistics)

numeralnumeralsnumber namescollective numeralnumber systembase-6 numeral systemcardinal numbersnumber wordnumber wordsnumeral systems
In linguistics, a numeral is a member of a part of speech characterized by the designation of numbers; some examples are the English word 'two' and the compound 'seventy-seventh'.wikipedia
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Number

number systemnumericalnumeric
In linguistics, a numeral is a member of a part of speech characterized by the designation of numbers; some examples are the English word 'two' and the compound 'seventy-seventh'.
In common usage, number may refer to a symbol, a word, or a mathematical abstraction.

Part of speech

parts of speechclosed classword class
In linguistics, a numeral is a member of a part of speech characterized by the designation of numbers; some examples are the English word 'two' and the compound 'seventy-seventh'.
Commonly listed English parts of speech are noun, verb, adjective, adverb, pronoun, preposition, conjunction, interjection, and sometimes numeral, article, or determiner.

Romanian numbers

Romanian distributive numbersabovenumber six in the Romanian language
In linguistics, however, numerals are classified according to purpose: examples are ordinal numbers (first, second, third, etc.; from 'third' up, these are also used for fractions), multiplicative numbers (once, twice, and thrice), multipliers (single, double, and triple), and distributive numbers (singly, doubly, and triply). Georgian, Latin, and Romanian (see Romanian distributive numbers) have regular distributive numbers, such as Latin singuli "one-by-one", bini "in pairs, two-by-two", terni "three each", etc. In languages other than English, there may be other kinds of number words.
The Romanian numbers are the system of number names used in Romanian to express counts, quantities, ranks in ordered sets, fractions, multiplication, and other information related to numbers.

Quantifier (linguistics)

quantifiersquantifierquantification
Such words are called quantifiers.
In linguistics and grammar, a quantifier is a type of determiner, such as all, some, many, few, a lot, and no, (but not numerals) that indicates quantity.

Ordinal number (linguistics)

ordinal numberordinal numbersordinal
In linguistics, however, numerals are classified according to purpose: examples are ordinal numbers (first, second, third, etc.; from 'third' up, these are also used for fractions), multiplicative numbers (once, twice, and thrice), multipliers (single, double, and triple), and distributive numbers (singly, doubly, and triply). Georgian, Latin, and Romanian (see Romanian distributive numbers) have regular distributive numbers, such as Latin singuli "one-by-one", bini "in pairs, two-by-two", terni "three each", etc. In languages other than English, there may be other kinds of number words.
In traditional grammar, all numerals, including ordinal numerals, are grouped into a separate part of speech (nomen numerale, hence, "noun numeral" in older English grammar books); however, in modern interpretations of English grammar, ordinal numerals are usually conflated with adjectives.

Polish grammar

PolishPolish declensionPolish-grammar
For example, in Slavic languages there are collective numbers which describe sets, such as pair or dozen in English (see Russian numerals, Polish numerals).
Distinctive features include the different treatment of masculine personal nouns in the plural, and the complex grammar of numerals and quantifiers.

Chinese numerals

ChineseChinese numeralChinese numeral characters
In many languages, such as Chinese, numerals require the use of numeral classifiers.
The more familiar indigenous system is based on Chinese characters that correspond to numerals in the spoken language.

Classifier (linguistics)

classifierclassifiersnumeral classifier
In many languages, such as Chinese, numerals require the use of numeral classifiers.
In languages that have classifiers, they are often used when the noun is being counted, that is, when it appears with a numeral.

Japanese numerals

JapaneseJapanJapanese numeral
An example is Japanese, which uses either native or Chinese-derived numerals depending on what is being counted.
The system of Japanese numerals is the system of number names used in the Japanese language.

Attributive

Numerals may be attributive, as in two dogs, or pronominal, as in I saw two (of them).
or other part of speech, such as an attributive numeral.

Declension

declinedcasecases
In Old Church Slavonic, the cardinal numbers 5 to 10 were feminine nouns; when quantifying a noun, that noun was declined in the genitive plural like other nouns that followed a noun of quantity (one would say the equivalent of "five of people").
Declensions may apply to nouns, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, numerals, and articles to indicate number (at least singular and plural), case (nominative or subjective, genitive or possessive, etc.), and/or gender.

English numerals

cardinal numberscardinal numbercardinals
Western system: based on thousands, with variants (see English numerals)
English number words include numerals and various words derived from them, as well as a large number of words borrowed from other languages.

Cardinal number (linguistics)

cardinal numbercardinal numberscardinal
(Note that *dozen dogs played in the park is not grammatical, so 'dozen' is not a numeral in this sense.) English numerals indicate cardinal numbers.
Cardinal numbers are classified as definite numerals and are related to ordinal numbers, such as first, second, third, etc.

Multiplier (linguistics)

multipliermultipliersmultiplier numeral
In linguistics, however, numerals are classified according to purpose: examples are ordinal numbers (first, second, third, etc.; from 'third' up, these are also used for fractions), multiplicative numbers (once, twice, and thrice), multipliers (single, double, and triple), and distributive numbers (singly, doubly, and triply). Georgian, Latin, and Romanian (see Romanian distributive numbers) have regular distributive numbers, such as Latin singuli "one-by-one", bini "in pairs, two-by-two", terni "three each", etc. In languages other than English, there may be other kinds of number words.
Numeral (linguistics)

Kanum language

KanumBädi KanumKanume
Kanum is one these languages.
Kanum has a base-6 numeral system.

Proto-Indo-European numerals

Indo-EuropeannumeralsProto-Indo-European
Proto-Indo-European numerals
The numerals and derived numbers of the Proto-Indo-European language (PIE) have been reconstructed by modern linguists based on similarities found across all Indo-European languages.

Numeral prefix

numerical prefixtetra-bi-
Numeral prefix
Numeral or number prefixes are prefixes derived from numerals or occasionally other numbers.

Janji language

Janjijni
Nigerian Middle Belt areas such as Janji, Kahugu and the Nimbia dialect of Gwandara.
Janji has, or had, a duodecimal number system.

Gbiri-Niragu language

Gbiri-NiraguKahugugrh
Nigerian Middle Belt areas such as Janji, Kahugu and the Nimbia dialect of Gwandara.
Gbiri-Niragu has, or had, a duodecimal number system.

Korean numerals

Koreannumbering systemKorea
Korean numerals
The Korean language has two regularly used sets of numerals, a native Korean system and Sino-Korean system.

Hindustani numerals

Hindustani
In Hindustani, the numerals between 10 and 100 have developed to the extent that they need to be learned independently.
Like many Indo-Aryan languages, Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu) has a decimal numeral system that is contracted to the extent that nearly every number 1–99 is irregular, and needs to be memorized as a separate numeral.

Balinese numerals

Balinese numerals
The Balinese language has an elaborate decimal numeral system.

Javanese numerals

Javanese
Javanese numerals
The Javanese language has a decimal numeral system with distinct words for the 'tweens' from 21 to 29, called likuran.

Yoruba numerals

Yoruba
Yoruba numerals
According to Lounge, the Yoruba language has a rather elaborate vigesimal (base-20) numeral system that involves both addition and subtraction and multiplication.

Names of large numbers

quintillionquadrillionsextillion
In English, these higher words are hundred 10 2, thousand 10 3, million 10 6, and higher powers of a thousand (short scale) or of a million (long scale—see names of large numbers).
Number names