Nunavut

NUGovernment of NunavutNunavut TerritoryNunavut ActNunavut, CanadaNunavut Land Claims Agreement ActPolitics of NunavutTerritory of Nunavut NU Canada
Nunavut is the newest, largest, and most northerly territory of Canada.wikipedia
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Northwest Territories

North-West TerritoriesNTNorth West Territories
It was separated officially from the Northwest Territories on April 1, 1999, via the Nunavut Act and the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Act, though the boundaries had been drawn in 1993.
Its current borders date from April 1, 1999, when the territory was subdivided to create Nunavut to the east, via the Nunavut Act and the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement.

Iqaluit

Iqaluit, NunavutFrobisher BayIqualuit
The capital Iqaluit (formerly "Frobisher Bay"), on Baffin Island in the east, was chosen by the 1995 capital plebiscite.
Iqaluit, meaning "place of fish", is the capital of the Canadian territory of Nunavut, its largest community, and its only city.

Baffin Island

BaffinBaffin LandBaffin Island herds
The capital Iqaluit (formerly "Frobisher Bay"), on Baffin Island in the east, was chosen by the 1995 capital plebiscite.
Baffin Island (ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓗᒃ, Qikiqtaaluk, Île de Baffin, Terre de Baffin), in the Canadian territory of Nunavut, is the largest island in Canada and the fifth-largest island in the world.

Northern Canada

Canadian Arcticnorthern CanadianArctic Canada
Nunavut comprises a major portion of Northern Canada, and most of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
Politically, the term refers to three territories of Canada: Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut.

Newfoundland and Labrador

NewfoundlandNLNewfoundland & Labrador
The creation of Nunavut resulted in the first major change to Canada's political map since incorporating the province of Newfoundland in 1949. Through its small satellite territories in the southeast, it has short land borders with Newfoundland and Labrador on Killiniq Island, with Ontario in two locations in James Bay – the larger located west of Akimiski Island, and the smaller around the Albany River near Fafard Island – and with Quebec in many locations, such as near Eastmain and near Inukjuak.
Labrador's extreme northern tip, at 60°22′N, shares a short border with Nunavut.

Arctic Archipelago

Canadian Arctic ArchipelagoCanadian arctic islandsArctic Islands
Nunavut comprises a major portion of Northern Canada, and most of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
Situated in the northern extremity of North America and covering about 1424500 km2, this group of 36,563 islands in the Arctic Sea comprises much of the territory of Northern Canada—most of Nunavut and part of the Northwest Territories.

Cambridge Bay

Cambridge Bay, NunavutCanadian High Arctic Research Station
Other major communities include the regional centres of Rankin Inlet and Cambridge Bay.
Cambridge Bay (Inuinnaqtun: Iqaluktuuttiaq Inuktitut: ᐃᖃᓗᒃᑑᑦᑎᐊᖅ; 2016 population 1,766; population centre 1,619 ) is a hamlet located on Victoria Island in the Kitikmeot Region of Nunavut, Canada.

Victoria Island (Canada)

Victoria IslandVictoriaVictoria Land
Nunavut also includes Ellesmere Island to the far north, as well as the eastern and southern portions of Victoria Island in the west, and all islands in Hudson, James and Ungava Bays, including Akimiski Island far to the southeast of the rest of the territory.
Victoria Island (or Kitlineq) is a large island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago that straddles the boundary between Nunavut and the Northwest Territories of Canada.

Ellesmere Island

EllesmereEllesmere LandEllsemere Island
Nunavut also includes Ellesmere Island to the far north, as well as the eastern and southern portions of Victoria Island in the west, and all islands in Hudson, James and Ungava Bays, including Akimiski Island far to the southeast of the rest of the territory.
Ellesmere Island (Inuktitut: Umingmak Nuna, meaning "land of muskoxen"; Île d'Ellesmere) is part of the Qikiqtaaluk Region in the Canadian territory of Nunavut.

Rankin Inlet

Rankin Inlet, Nunavut
Other major communities include the regional centres of Rankin Inlet and Cambridge Bay.
Rankin Inlet (Kangiqliniq; Inuktitut syllabics: ᑲᖏᕿᓂᖅ or Kangirliniq, ᑲᖏᖅᖠᓂᖅ, or Kangir&iniq meaning deep bay/inlet) is an Inuit hamlet on Kudlulik Peninsula in Nunavut, Canada.

Inuit

InukInuit peopleEskimos
One of the world's most remote, sparsely settled regions, it has a population of 35,944, mostly Inuit, spread over a land area of just over 1877787 km2, [[List of political and geographic subdivisions by total area in excess of 1,000,000 square kilometers|or slightly smaller than Mexico]] (excluding water surface area).
Inuit Sign Language is a critically endangered language isolate used in Nunavut.

Alert, Nunavut

AlertAlert, Ellesmere Island, Nunavutdied in a crash
Nunavut is also home to the world's northernmost permanently inhabited place, Alert.
Alert, in the Qikiqtaaluk Region, Nunavut, Canada, is the northernmost permanently inhabited place in the world, at latitude 82°30'05" north, 817 km from the North Pole. The entire population of the census subdivision Baffin, Unorganized is located here. (Baffin Region is the Statistics Canada name for Qikiqtaaluk.) As of the 2016 census, the population was reported as 62, an increase of 57 over the 2011 census. It takes its name from, which wintered 10 km east of the present station, off what is now Cape Sheridan, in 1875–1876.

List of northernmost settlements

Northernmost settlementsnorthernmostnorthernmost city
Nunavut is also home to the world's northernmost permanently inhabited place, Alert.

List of country subdivisions by area

List of the largest country subdivisions by areathird largest subnational governing body by area8th largest country subdivision
Its vast territory makes it the fifth-largest country subdivision in the world, as well as North America's second-largest (after Greenland).

Hudson Bay

Hudson's BayHudsonBaie d'Hudson
The territory includes part of the mainland, most of the Arctic Archipelago, and all of the islands in Hudson Bay, James Bay, and Ungava Bay, including the Belcher Islands, all of which belonged to the Northwest Territories from which Nunavut was separated.
It drains a very large area, about 3861400 km2, that includes parts of southeastern Nunavut, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Ontario, Quebec, all of Manitoba and indirectly through smaller passages of water parts of North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, and Montana.

Manitoba

MBManitoba, CanadaProvince of Manitoba
Nunavut has long land borders with the Northwest Territories on the mainland and a few Arctic islands, and with Manitoba to the south of the Nunavut mainland; it also meets Saskatchewan to the southwest at a quadripoint.
The province is bordered by the provinces of Ontario to the east and Saskatchewan to the west, the territories of Nunavut to the north, and Northwest Territories to the northwest, and the U.S. states of North Dakota and Minnesota to the south.

Saskatchewan

SKSaskatchewan, CanadaProvince of Saskatchewan
Nunavut has long land borders with the Northwest Territories on the mainland and a few Arctic islands, and with Manitoba to the south of the Nunavut mainland; it also meets Saskatchewan to the southwest at a quadripoint.
Saskatchewan is bordered on the west by Alberta, on the north by the Northwest Territories, on the east by Manitoba, to the northeast by Nunavut, and on the south by the U.S. states of Montana and North Dakota.

Ontario

Ontario, CanadaONProvince of Ontario
Through its small satellite territories in the southeast, it has short land borders with Newfoundland and Labrador on Killiniq Island, with Ontario in two locations in James Bay – the larger located west of Akimiski Island, and the smaller around the Albany River near Fafard Island – and with Quebec in many locations, such as near Eastmain and near Inukjuak.
Ontario is fourth-largest jurisdiction in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included.

Akimiski Island

Akimiski
Nunavut also includes Ellesmere Island to the far north, as well as the eastern and southern portions of Victoria Island in the west, and all islands in Hudson, James and Ungava Bays, including Akimiski Island far to the southeast of the rest of the territory. Through its small satellite territories in the southeast, it has short land borders with Newfoundland and Labrador on Killiniq Island, with Ontario in two locations in James Bay – the larger located west of Akimiski Island, and the smaller around the Albany River near Fafard Island – and with Quebec in many locations, such as near Eastmain and near Inukjuak.
Akimiski Island is the largest island in James Bay (a southeasterly extension of Hudson Bay), Canada, which is part of the Qikiqtaaluk Region of the territory of Nunavut.

Inuktitut

Inuktitut languageInuktitukInuktitut writing
Nunavut means "our land" in the native language Inuktitut.
It is spoken in all areas north of the tree line, including parts of the provinces of Newfoundland and Labrador, Quebec, to some extent in northeastern Manitoba as well as the Northwest Territories and Nunavut.

James Bay

JamesbayJames Bay Rivers
The territory includes part of the mainland, most of the Arctic Archipelago, and all of the islands in Hudson Bay, James Bay, and Ungava Bay, including the Belcher Islands, all of which belonged to the Northwest Territories from which Nunavut was separated. Through its small satellite territories in the southeast, it has short land borders with Newfoundland and Labrador on Killiniq Island, with Ontario in two locations in James Bay – the larger located west of Akimiski Island, and the smaller around the Albany River near Fafard Island – and with Quebec in many locations, such as near Eastmain and near Inukjuak.
Islands within the bay, the largest of which is Akimiski Island, are part of Nunavut.

Quebec

QuébecProvince of QuebecQC
Through its small satellite territories in the southeast, it has short land borders with Newfoundland and Labrador on Killiniq Island, with Ontario in two locations in James Bay – the larger located west of Akimiski Island, and the smaller around the Albany River near Fafard Island – and with Quebec in many locations, such as near Eastmain and near Inukjuak.
Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger.

Eureka, Nunavut

EurekaEurkaFort Eureka
Eureka, a weather station also on Ellesmere Island, has the lowest average annual temperature of any Canadian weather station.
Eureka is a small research base on Fosheim Peninsula, Ellesmere Island, Qikiqtaaluk Region, in the Canadian territory of Nunavut.

Nunavut Land Claims Agreement

creation of Nunavutland claims actland claims issues
It was separated officially from the Northwest Territories on April 1, 1999, via the Nunavut Act and the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Act, though the boundaries had been drawn in 1993.
This agreement gave the Inuit of the central and eastern Northwest Territories a separate territory called Nunavut.

Belcher Islands

BelcherBelcher Island
The territory includes part of the mainland, most of the Arctic Archipelago, and all of the islands in Hudson Bay, James Bay, and Ungava Bay, including the Belcher Islands, all of which belonged to the Northwest Territories from which Nunavut was separated.
Administratively, they belong to the Qikiqtaaluk Region of the territory of Nunavut, Canada.