Substance used by an organism to survive, grow, and reproduce.- Nutrient
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In the context of nutrition, a mineral is a chemical element required as an essential nutrient by organisms to perform functions necessary for life.
A vitamin is an organic molecule (or a set of molecules closely related chemically, i.e. vitamers) that is an essential micronutrient which an organism needs in small quantities for the proper functioning of its metabolism.
Water-soluble vitamin found in citrus and other fruits and vegetables, and also sold as a dietary supplement.
Vitamin C is an essential nutrient involved in the repair of tissue, the formation of collagen, and the enzymatic production of certain neurotransmitters.
Micronutrients are essential dietary elements required by organisms in varying quantities throughout life to orchestrate a range of physiological functions to maintain health.
Phytochemicals are chemical compounds produced by plants, generally to help them resist fungi, bacteria and plant virus infections, and also consumption by insects and other animals.
As a term, phytochemicals is generally used to describe plant compounds that are under research with unestablished effects on health, and are not scientifically defined as essential nutrients.
In nutrition, biology, and chemistry, fat usually means any ester of fatty acids, or a mixture of such compounds, most commonly those that occur in living beings or in food.
Fats are one of the three main macronutrient groups in human diet, along with carbohydrates and proteins, and the main components of common food products like milk, butter, tallow, lard, salt pork, and cooking oils.
Chemical element with the symbol S and atomic number 16.
Sulfur is one of the core chemical elements needed for biochemical functioning and is an elemental macronutrient for all living organisms.
Proteins are essential nutrients for the human body.
Choline is an essential nutrient for humans and many other animals.
Non-protein chemical compound or metallic ion that is required for an enzyme's role as a catalyst .
Coenzymes are mostly derived from vitamins and other organic essential nutrients in small amounts.