Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Aerial view of ORNL's main campus in 2014
Aerial view of ORNL's main campus in 2014
Workers in 1943 loading uranium slugs into the X-10 Graphite Reactor (now a National Historic Landmark)
The core of the Molten Salt Reactor Experiment
Cayce Pentecost, Lyndon B. Johnson, Buford Ellington and Albert Gore Sr. operating mechanical hands at a hot cell at Oak Ridge, on October 19, 1958.
S.R. Sapirie, Senator Albert Gore Sr., Senator Lyndon Johnson and Dr. John Swartout looking at a model of a graphite reactor at Oak Ridge National Lab, on October 19, 1958.
The inside of ORMAK, an early tokamak, was gold plated for reflectivity
The Advanced Microscopy Laboratory at ORNL
Summit, developed at ORNL, was the world's fastest supercomputer from November 2018 to June 2020.

U.S. multiprogram science and technology national laboratory sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and administered, managed, and operated by UT–Battelle as a federally funded research and development center (FFRDC) under a contract with the DOE, located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

- Oak Ridge National Laboratory

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University of Tennessee

Public land-grant research university in Knoxville, Tennessee.

The Hill. The University of Tennessee was established in 1794, making it one of the oldest institutions of higher education in the U.S.
Ayres Hall
Looking west along the Pedestrian Walkway
UT College of Law
View of Europa and the Bull at McClung Plaza
Neyland Stadium
UT athletics logo
Peyton Manning, Hall of Fame NFL quarterback
Dixie Carter, actress
Candace Parker, professional women's basketball player
Lamar Alexander, former US Senator
Scott Kelly, astronaut
Paul Finebaum, sports author and television and radio personality
Jason Witten, NFL tight end
Bob Corker, former U.S. Senator
Arian Foster, NFL running back
Kurt Vonnegut, author
Jim Justice, Governor of West Virginia
Todd Helton, MLB first baseman
Allen West, former Chair of the Texas Republican Party and former US Congressman
Alvin Kamara, NFL running back
Gene Wojciechowski, sportswriter for ESPN
Bill Haslam, 49th Governor of Tennessee

UT's ties to nearby Oak Ridge National Laboratory, established under UT President Andrew Holt and continued under the UT–Battelle partnership, allow for considerable research opportunities for faculty and students.

United States Department of Energy national laboratories

Overview of facilities.

Map of the 17 DOE National Laboratories in 2014.
The official seal of the U.S. Department of Energy.

In the course of the war, the Allied nuclear effort, the Manhattan Project, created several secret sites for the purpose of bomb research and material development, including a laboratory in the mountains of New Mexico directed by Robert Oppenheimer (Los Alamos), and sites at Hanford, Washington and Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

Roane County, Tennessee

County of the U.S. state of Tennessee.

K-25, site of uranium enrichment for the "Little Boy" bomb dropped on Hiroshima
Walden Ridge, with lower Roane County on the right

As a result of the Project, both the K-25 gaseous diffusion plant and the Oak Ridge National Laboratory are located in the county.

Battelle Memorial Institute

Private nonprofit applied science and technology development company headquartered in Columbus, Ohio.

Headquarters in Columbus
View of Columbus facilities from King Ave.

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (through UT-Battelle, LLC – a collaboration between Battelle and the University of Tennessee)

Union Carbide

American chemical corporation wholly owned by Dow Chemical Company.

1922 advertisement for Union Carbide gas lighting. Electric lighting was not yet common in many rural areas of the United States.
Protest in Bhopal, India, 2010

It operated Oak Ridge National Laboratory from 1947 to 1984.

Y-12 National Security Complex

Y-12 Logo
Y-12 Plant, in Oak Ridge TN.
Employees of the Manhattan Project operating calutron control panels at Y-12, in a US government photo by Ed Westcott.
April 2011 OREPA rally at the Y-12 entrance

The Y-12 National Security Complex is a United States Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration facility located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, near the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

Light-water reactor

Type of thermal-neutron reactor that uses normal water, as opposed to heavy water, as both its coolant and neutron moderator; furthermore a solid form of fissile elements is used as fuel.

A simple light-water reactor
The Koeberg nuclear power station, consisting of two pressurized water reactors fueled with uranium
A pressurized water reactor head, with the control rods visible on the top
A nuclear fuel pellet
Nuclear fuel pellets that are ready for fuel assembly completion
Animated diagram of a boiling water reactor
Animated diagram of a pressurized water reactor

For the design of this reactor, experiments were necessary, so a mock-up of the MTR was built at ORNL, to assess the hydraulic performances of the primary circuit and then to test its neutronic characteristics.

Spallation Neutron Source

Accelerator-based neutron source facility in the U.S. that provides the most intense pulsed neutron beams in the world for scientific research and industrial development.

The Spallation Neutron Source delivered its first neutrons in 2006. Since then, 15 one-of-a-kind scientific instruments have been completed for use by researchers from all over the world. The instrument suite will eventually include up to 25 instruments.
Three-dimensional rendering of the Spallation Neutron Source facility layout indicating the national laboratory responsible for each primary part of the facility. The areas in red are constructed underground.

SNS is part of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, which is managed by UT-Battelle for the United States Department of Energy (DOE).

Oak Ridge, Tennessee

City in Anderson and Roane counties in the eastern part of the U.S. state of Tennessee, about 25 mi west of downtown Knoxville.

George Jones Memorial Baptist Church, built by the residents of Wheat in 1901
The Bethel Valley Checking Station
Workers leaving the Manhattan Project's Y-12 plant at shift changing time, 1945
View from the Oak Ridge Summit, a barren knob on the north slope of Pine Ridge; East Fork Ridge is on the left, Blackoak Ridge spans the horizon.
One of the entrances to Y-12
The ORISE building at Oak Ridge Associated Universities

Being the site of Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Y-12 National Security Complex, scientific and technological development still plays a crucial role in the city's economy and culture in general.

United States Department of Energy

Executive department of the U.S. federal government that oversees U.S. national energy policy and manages the research and development of nuclear power and nuclear weapons in the United States.

A map that details the federal land in southern Nevada, showing Nevada Test Site
Sign in front of the United States Department of Energy Forrestal Building on 1000 Independence Avenue in Washington D.C.

Oak Ridge National Laboratory