Oaxaca

Oaxaca, MexicoState of OaxacaOaxaca StateOaxaca regionEstado Libre y Soberano de OaxacaGuadalupe la MexicanaHistoric Centre of OaxacaMexican state of the same nameMX-OAXOaxaca state, Mexico
Oaxaca (, also, ; from Huāxyacac ), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Oaxaca (Estado Libre y Soberano de Oaxaca), is one of the 31 states which, along with Mexico City, make up the 32 federative entities of Mexico.wikipedia
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Municipalities of Oaxaca

municipalitymunicipalitiesmunicipalities in Oaxaca
It is divided into 570 municipalities, of which 418 (almost three quarters) are governed by the system of usos y costumbres (customs and traditions) with recognized local forms of self-governance.
Oaxaca is a state in Southwest Mexico that is divided into 570 municipalities, more than any other state.

Puebla

State of PueblaPuebla StatePuebla, Mexico
It is bordered by the states of Guerrero to the west, Puebla to the northwest, Veracruz to the north, and Chiapas to the east.
It is bordered by the states of Veracruz to the north and east, Hidalgo, México, Tlaxcala and Morelos to the west, and Guerrero and Oaxaca to the south.

Veracruz

Veracruz, MexicoVera CruzState of Veracruz
It is bordered by the states of Guerrero to the west, Puebla to the northwest, Veracruz to the north, and Chiapas to the east.
Veracruz is bordered by the states of Tamaulipas to the north, San Luis Potosí and Hidalgo to the west, Puebla to the southwest, Oaxaca and Chiapas to the south, and Tabasco to the southeast.

Chiapas

Chiapas, MexicoChiapanState of Chiapas
It is bordered by the states of Guerrero to the west, Puebla to the northwest, Veracruz to the north, and Chiapas to the east.
It is located in Southeastern Mexico, and it borders the states of Oaxaca to the west, Veracruz to the northwest and Tabasco to the north, and by the Petén, Quiché, Huehuetenango and San Marcos departments of Guatemala to the east and southeast.

Guerrero

Guerrero, MexicoState of GuerreroGuerrero State
It is bordered by the states of Guerrero to the west, Puebla to the northwest, Veracruz to the north, and Chiapas to the east.
It is bordered by the states of Michoacán to the north and west, México and Morelos to the north, Puebla to the northeast and Oaxaca to the east.

Mitla

Most live in the Central Valleys region, which is also an economically important area for tourism, with people attracted for its archeological sites such as Monte Albán, and Mitla, and its various native cultures and crafts.
Mitla is the second most important archeological site in the state of Oaxaca in Mexico, and the most important of the Zapotec culture.

Puerto Ángel

Puerto AngelPuerto Angel, MexicoPuerto Angel, Oaxaca
Another important tourist area is the coast, which has the major resort of Huatulco and sandy beaches of Puerto Escondido, Puerto Ángel, Zipolite, Bahia de Tembo, and Mazunte.
Puerto Ángel is a small coastal town in the Mexican state of Oaxaca located in the municipality of San Pedro Pochutla.

Huatulco

Huatulco, MexicoBahías de HuatulcoGuatulco, Mexico
Another important tourist area is the coast, which has the major resort of Huatulco and sandy beaches of Puerto Escondido, Puerto Ángel, Zipolite, Bahia de Tembo, and Mazunte.
It is located on the Pacific coast in the state of Oaxaca.

Monte Albán

Monte AlbanArchaeological Site of Monte Albán
Most live in the Central Valleys region, which is also an economically important area for tourism, with people attracted for its archeological sites such as Monte Albán, and Mitla, and its various native cultures and crafts.
Monte Albán is a large pre-Columbian archaeological site in the Santa Cruz Xoxocotlán Municipality in the southern Mexican state of Oaxaca (17.043° N, 96.767°W).

Mazunte

Mazunte, Oaxaca
Another important tourist area is the coast, which has the major resort of Huatulco and sandy beaches of Puerto Escondido, Puerto Ángel, Zipolite, Bahia de Tembo, and Mazunte.
Mazunte is a small beach town on the Pacific coast in Oaxaca, Mexico (15.66485°N, -96.55388°W).

Guilá Naquitz Cave

Guila Naquitz CaveGuilá NaquitzCueva de Guilá Naquitz
Evidence of human habitation dating back to about 11,000 years BC has been found in the Guilá Naquitz cave near the town of Mitla.
Guilá Naquitz Cave in Oaxaca, Mexico is the site of early domestication of several food crops, including teosinte (an ancestor of maize), squash from the genus Cucurbita, bottle gourds (Lagenaria siceraria), and beans.

Zapotec peoples

ZapotecZapotecsZapotec people
The most numerous and best known are the Zapotecs and the Mixtecs, but there are sixteen that are officially recognized.
The population is concentrated in the southern state of Oaxaca, but Zapotec communities also exist in neighboring states.

Playa Zipolite

Zipolite
Another important tourist area is the coast, which has the major resort of Huatulco and sandy beaches of Puerto Escondido, Puerto Ángel, Zipolite, Bahia de Tembo, and Mazunte.
Playa Zipolite is a beach community located in San Pedro Pochutla municipality on the southern coast of Oaxaca state in Mexico between Huatulco and Puerto Escondido.

Mexico

MexicanMéxicoMEX
Oaxaca (, also, ; from Huāxyacac ), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Oaxaca (Estado Libre y Soberano de Oaxaca), is one of the 31 states which, along with Mexico City, make up the 32 federative entities of Mexico.
During the early post-classic, Central Mexico was dominated by the Toltec culture, Oaxaca by the Mixtec, and the lowland Maya area had important centers at Chichén Itzá and Mayapán.

Santo Domingo Yanhuitlán

YanhuitlánYanhuitlan
The oldest known major settlements, such as Yanhuitlán and Laguna Zope are located in this area as well. Important Zapotec and Mixtec sites include Yagul, Zaachila, Inguiteria, Yanhuitlan, Tamazulapan, Tejupan, and Teposcolula.
Santo Domingo Yanhuitlán is a village and municipality in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico, located northeast of Oaxaca city.

Oto-Manguean languages

Oto-MangueanOto-MangueOto-Manguean language family
The major native language family, Oto-Manguean, is thought to have been spoken in northern Oaxaca around 4400 BC and to have evolved into nine distinct branches by 1500 BC.
The highest number of speakers of Oto-Manguean languages today are found in the state of Oaxaca where the two largest branches, the Zapotecan and Mixtecan languages, are spoken by almost 1.5 million people combined.

Administrative divisions of Mexico

StateMexican stateMexican States
Oaxaca (, also, ; from Huāxyacac ), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Oaxaca (Estado Libre y Soberano de Oaxaca), is one of the 31 states which, along with Mexico City, make up the 32 federative entities of Mexico.
In total there are 2438 municipalities in Mexico; the state with the highest number of municipalities is Oaxaca, with 570, and the state with the lowest number is Baja California, with only 5.

Guadalupe Etla

GuadalupeEtla
Other important settlements from the same time period include Tierras Largas, San José Mogote and Guadalupe, whose ceramics show Olmec influence.
Guadalupe Etla is a village and municipality in the Mexican state of Oaxaca.

Costa Region

Costa ChicaCosta Chica of OaxacaOaxaca
Eventually, this would prompt the Spanish to import African slaves to some regions of the state, mostly in the Costa Chica.
The Costa Region or Costa Chica lies on the Pacific coast of the state of Oaxaca, Mexico, south of the more mountainous Sierra Sur inland from the coast.

San José Mogote

San Jose Mogote
Other important settlements from the same time period include Tierras Largas, San José Mogote and Guadalupe, whose ceramics show Olmec influence.
San José Mogote is a pre-Columbian archaeological site of the Zapotec, a Mesoamerican culture that flourished in the region of what is now the Mexican state of Oaxaca.

Hernán Cortés

CortésHernan CortesCortez
Moctezuma II had informed Hernando Cortes that the area had gold.
After he overthrew the Aztec Empire, Cortés was awarded the title of Marqués del Valle de Oaxaca, while the more prestigious title of Viceroy was given to a high-ranking nobleman, Antonio de Mendoza.

San Juan Teposcolula

Teposcolula
Important Zapotec and Mixtec sites include Yagul, Zaachila, Inguiteria, Yanhuitlan, Tamazulapan, Tejupan, and Teposcolula.
San Juan Teposcolula is a town and municipality in the State of Oaxaca, Mexico, often known simply as Teposcolula.

Benito Juárez

Benito JuarezJuarezJuárez
He and commandant Luis Quintanar persecuted liberals in the state, including Benito Juárez.
Benito Pablo Juárez García (21 March 1806 – 18 July 1872) was a Mexican lawyer and president of Mexico, of Zapotec origin from Oaxaca.

Marquisate of the Valley of Oaxaca

Marquesado del Valle de OaxacaMarquis of the Valley of OaxacaMarques del Valle de Oaxaca
Their reports about the area prompted Cortés to seek the title of the Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca from the Spanish Crown.
Despite its name, the marquisate covered a much larger area than the Valley of Oaxaca, comprising a vast stretch of land in the present-day Mexican states of Oaxaca, Morelos, Veracruz, Michoacán and Mexico.

San Pablo Villa de Mitla

Mitla
Evidence of human habitation dating back to about 11,000 years BC has been found in the Guilá Naquitz cave near the town of Mitla.
The name “San Pablo” is in honor of Saint Paul, and “Mitla” is a hispanization of the Nahuatl name “Mictlán.” This is the name the Aztecs gave the old pre-Hispanic city before the Spanish arrived and means “land of the dead.” It is located in the Central Valleys regions of Oaxaca, 46 km from the city of Oaxaca, in the District of Tlacolula.