Obelisk

obelisksobelisk erecting experimentsobelisqueEgyptian obelisksEgyptian style pointgugliaobeloiphallic sculptures
An obelisk (from obeliskos; diminutive of ὀβελός obelos, "spit, nail, pointed pillar" ) is a tall, four-sided, narrow tapering monument which ends in a pyramid-like shape or pyramidion at the top.wikipedia
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Washington Monument

Monumentthe one in Washington, D.C.Washington
Most modern obelisks are made of several stones; some, like the Washington Monument, are buildings.
The Washington Monument is an obelisk on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., built to commemorate George Washington, once commander-in-chief of the Continental Army and the first President of the United States.

Monolith

monolithsmonolithic monolithic rock
Ancient obelisks are monolithic; that is, they consist of a single stone.
In architecture, the term has considerable overlap with megalith, which is normally used for prehistory, and may be used in the contexts of rock-cut architecture that remains attached to solid rock, as in monolithic church, or for exceptionally large stones such as obelisks, statues, monolithic columns or large architraves, that may have been moved a considerable distance after quarrying.

Unfinished obelisk

the Unfinished Obelisk
A number of ancient Egyptian obelisks are known to have survived, plus the "Unfinished Obelisk" found partly hewn from its quarry at Aswan.
The unfinished obelisk is the largest known ancient obelisk and is located in the northern region of the stone quarries of ancient Egypt in Aswan, Egypt.

Pyramidion

Benben stonepyramidia
An obelisk (from obeliskos; diminutive of ὀβελός obelos, "spit, nail, pointed pillar" ) is a tall, four-sided, narrow tapering monument which ends in a pyramid-like shape or pyramidion at the top.
A pyramidion (plural: pyramidia) is the uppermost piece or capstone of an Egyptian pyramid or obelisk, in archaeological parlance.

Ancient Egypt

EgyptEgyptianEgyptians
These were originally called tekhenu by their builders, the Ancient Egyptians.
The many achievements of the ancient Egyptians include the quarrying, surveying and construction techniques that supported the building of monumental pyramids, temples, and obelisks; a system of mathematics, a practical and effective system of medicine, irrigation systems and agricultural production techniques, the first known planked boats, Egyptian faience and glass technology, new forms of literature, and the earliest known peace treaty, made with the Hittites.

Cleopatra's Needle, London

Cleopatra's NeedleLondonthe Obelisk
The best-known examples outside Rome are the pair of 21 m 187 MT Cleopatra's Needles in London (69 ft) and New York City (70 ft) and the 75 ft 227 MT obelisk at the Place de la Concorde in Paris.
Cleopatra's Needle in London is one of three similarly named Egyptian obelisks and is located in the City of Westminster, on the Victoria Embankment near the Golden Jubilee Bridges.

List of obelisks in Rome

obeliskobelisks in RomeEgyptian obelisk
Rome — 8 ancient Egyptian obelisks (see List of obelisks in Rome)
The city of Rome harbours the most obelisks in the world.

Philae obelisk

Pharaoh Ptolemy IX, Philae obelisk, at Kingston Lacy, near Wimborne Minster, Dorset
The Philae obelisk is one of twin obelisks discovered in 1815 at Philae in Upper Egypt.

Luxor Obelisk

Obelisk of Luxorthe obeliskObelisk
The best-known examples outside Rome are the pair of 21 m 187 MT Cleopatra's Needles in London (69 ft) and New York City (70 ft) and the 75 ft 227 MT obelisk at the Place de la Concorde in Paris.
The Luxor Obelisk (French: Obélisque de Louxor) is a 23 m high Ancient Egyptian obelisk standing at the centre of the Place de la Concorde in Paris, France.

Obelisk of Theodosius

another obeliskobeliskobelisk erected to the memory of Theodosius I
Pharaoh Tuthmosis III, the Obelisk of Theodosius in the Hippodrome, Istanbul, along with the Byzantine Walled Obelisk and the Serpent Column
The Obelisk of Theodosius (Dikilitaş) is the Ancient Egyptian obelisk of Pharaoh Thutmose III re-erected in the Hippodrome of Constantinople (known today as At Meydanı or Sultanahmet Meydanı, in the modern city of Istanbul, Turkey) by the Roman emperor Theodosius I in the 4th century AD.

King Ezana's Stela

stelae
Together with (21 m) King Ezana's Stele, the last erected one and the only unbroken, the most famous example of axumite obelisk is the so-called (24 mh) Obelisk of Axum.
King Ezana's Stela is an obelisk in the ancient city of Axum, Ethiopia.

Obelisk of Axum

Aksum obeliskAxum ObeliskAxum Obelisks
Together with (21 m) King Ezana's Stele, the last erected one and the only unbroken, the most famous example of axumite obelisk is the so-called (24 mh) Obelisk of Axum.
The Obelisk of Axum is a 4th-century AD, 24-metre-tall (79-feet) granite stele/obelisk, weighing 160 tonnes, in the city of Axum in Ethiopia.

Boboli obelisk

Rome lost one of its obelisks, the Boboli obelisk which had decorated the temple of Isis, where it was uncovered in the 16th century.
The Boboli obelisk, previously called the Obelisco Mediceo, is an ancient Egyptian granite obelisk, which was moved in the 18th century from Rome to Florence, where it was erected in the Boboli Gardens.

Cleopatra's Needle (New York City)

Cleopatra's Needleancient obelisk in Central ParkNew York
Pharaoh Tuthmosis III, "Cleopatra's Needle", in Central Park, New York
Cleopatra's Needle in New York City is one of three similar named Egyptian obelisks and was erected in Central Park (at 40.77963°N, -73.9654°W, west of the Metropolitan Museum of Art) on 22 February 1881.

Caesarea obelisk

Caesarea obelisk
The Caesarea obelisk is a red granite Obelisk 12 metres high (10.5 + 1.4 m), which was erected in the hippodrome of Herod the Great's new-built city in Judea, Caesarea Maritima.

Obélisque d'Arles

Arles Obelisk
Arles, France —the Arles Obelisk, in Place de la République, a 4th-century obelisk of Roman origin
The Obélisque d'Arles ("Arles Obelisk") is a 4th-century Roman obelisk, erected in the center of the Place de la République, in front of the town hall of Arles, France.

St. Peter's Square

St Peter's SquarePiazzaPiazza San Pietro
All fell after the Roman period except for the Vatican obelisk and were re-erected in different locations.
At the centre of the square is an ancient Egyptian obelisk, erected at the current site in 1586.

Aswan

SyeneAssuanAswan, Egypt
A number of ancient Egyptian obelisks are known to have survived, plus the "Unfinished Obelisk" found partly hewn from its quarry at Aswan.
They furnished the colossal statues, obelisks, and monolithal shrines that are found throughout Egypt, including the pyramids; and the traces of the quarrymen who worked in these 3,000 years ago are still visible in the native rock.

St George's Circus

St. George's Circus
At its centre, which is now a traffic roundabout, is a historic obelisk, designed by Robert Mylne (1733–1811), in his role as surveyor and architect of Blackfriars Bridge.

Obelisk at Slottsbacken

The Obelisk at Slottsbacken adjacent to the southern entrances of the Royal Palace in Stockholm Old Town is considered to be the very centre point of the Swedish capital Stockholm.

Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III

Black ObeliskAssyrian recordsBlack Obelisk of Shalmaneser
The Black Obelisk was discovered by Sir Austen Henry Layard in 1846 on the citadel of Kalhu.
It is the most complete Assyrian obelisk yet discovered, and is historically significant because it is thought to display the earliest ancient depiction of a biblical figure – Jehu, King of Israel.

Spencer Monument

The Spencer Monument is a restored obelisk monument on the way to Valletta, in Blata l-Bajda, Malta, erected for Captain Sir Robert Cavendish Spencer, R.N., a cousin of the Governor of Malta,

Archbasilica of St. John Lateran

Lateran BasilicaSt. John LateranLateran
The largest standing and tallest Egyptian obelisk is the Lateran Obelisk in the square at the west side of the Lateran Basilica in Rome at 105.6 ft tall and a weight of 455 MT. Three more obelisks were erected in Rome under Sixtus V: the one behind Santa Maria Maggiore (1587), the giant obelisk at the Lateran Basilica (1588), and the one at Piazza del Popolo (1589).
On the square in front of the Lateran Palace is the largest standing obelisk in the world, known as the Lateran Obelisk.

Wellington Monument, Somerset

Wellington Monument
The Wellington Monument is a 175 ft triangular obelisk located on a point of the Blackdown Hills, 3 km south of Wellington in the English county of Somerset.

Piazza del Popolo

Flaminian Gategemelli'' churchesnorthern entrance
Three more obelisks were erected in Rome under Sixtus V: the one behind Santa Maria Maggiore (1587), the giant obelisk at the Lateran Basilica (1588), and the one at Piazza del Popolo (1589).
An Egyptian obelisk of Sety I (later erected by Rameses II) from Heliopolis stands in the centre of the Piazza.