Ocala Demands

Economist Edward Kellogg was an early advocate of fiat money.

Platform for economic and political reform that was later adopted by the People's Party.

- Ocala Demands

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Ocala, Florida

City in and the county seat of Marion County within the northern region of Florida, United States.

A reconstructed Fort King in 2017.
Downtown Ocala in 1883
Fort King Street in c. 1920
Silver Springs State Park
Eastbound SR 40 as it approaches US 27-301-441 in Ocala.

At the convention, the Alliance adopted a platform that would become known as the "Ocala Demands".

People's Party (United States)

Left-wing agrarian populist late-19th-century political party in the United States.

Economist Edward Kellogg was an early advocate of fiat money.
Charles W. Macune, one of the leaders of the Farmers' Alliance
People's Party candidate nominating convention held at Columbus, Nebraska, July 15, 1890
1892 People's Party campaign poster promoting James Weaver for President of the United States
1892 electoral vote results
In 1896, the 36-year-old William Jennings Bryan was the chosen candidate resulting from the fusion of the Democrats and the People's Party.
People's Party campaign poster from 1904 touting the candidacy of Thomas E. Watson

The Ocala Demands laid out the Populist platform: collective bargaining, federal regulation of railroad rates, an expansionary monetary policy, and a Sub-Treasury Plan that required the establishment of federally controlled warehouses to aid farmers.

Farmers' movement

The farmers' movement was, in American political history, the general name for a movement between 1867 and 1896.

Grange Hall in Solon, Maine, circa 1910

Thus, the Southern Alliance in 1890 (the chief platforms were the one at Ocala, Florida, and that of 1889 at St Louis, Missouri, in conjunction with the Knights of Labor) declared its principles to be:

James B. Weaver

Member of the United States House of Representatives and two-time candidate for President of the United States.

Lieutenant James B. Weaver
Weaver's home, built in 1867 in Bloomfield
Weaver as a candidate for Congress, 1878
Thomas Nast depicts Weaver as an ungainly donkey who is finally recognized by Speaker Samuel J. Randall.
An 1880 cartoon in Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper ridicules the Greenback party as a collection of disparate radicals.
Weaver supported white settlers' right to homesteads in the Unassigned Lands.
Weaver in 1892
1892 People's Party campaign poster
Weaver supported Democrat William Jennings Bryan for president in 1896.
James and Clara Weaver in 1908

Alliance members gathered that December in Ocala, Florida, and formulated a platform, later called the Ocala Demands, that called for looser money, government control of the railroads, a graduated income tax, and the direct election of senators.

History of the United States (1865–1918)

The history of the United States from 1865 until 1918 covers the Reconstruction Era, the Gilded Age, and the Progressive Era, and includes the rise of industrialization and the resulting surge of immigration in the United States.

Reconstruction gave male, Black farmers, businessmen and soldiers the right to vote for the first time in 1867, as celebrated by Harper's Weekly on its front cover, Nov. 16, 1867.
Temporary quarters for Volga Germans in central Kansas, 1875
Map of the United States, 1870–80. Orange indicates statehood, light blue territories, and green unorganized territories
Grange poster hailing the yeoman farmer, 1873.
Blast furnace at Edgar Thomson Steel Works near Pittsburgh, 1915
The 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire killed 146 garment workers.
The Sunday magazine of the New York World appealed to Immigrants with this 1906 cover page celebrating their arrival at Ellis Island
Celebrating ethnic pluralism on 4th of July. 1902 Puck editorial cartoon.
The mob-style lynching of Will James, Cairo, Illinois, 1909.
Alice Paul stands victorious before the Women's Suffrage Amendment's ratification banner.
Republican campaign poster, 1900, compares prosperity now with depression in 1896, and stresses humanitarian foreign policy
Post-Spanish–American War map of "Greater America," including Cuba and the Philippines.
Child laborer, Newberry, South Carolina. 1908.
Cartoonist admires the strict TR who teaches the childish coal barons a lesson; they raised the pay rates for minors, but did not recognize the union. By Charles Lederer
Woodrow Wilson.
Navy poster by Howard Chandler Christy
Woman suffrage parade in Washington March 3, 1913, the day before the inauguration of President Woodrow Wilson

These were known as the Ocala Demands.

1892 South Carolina gubernatorial election

Held on November 8, 1892 to select the governor of the state of South Carolina.

Tillman had forced the state Democratic party to adopt the entire Ocala Platform in order to avoid a challenge from the Populist Party.