Oceania

South PacificPacificOceanicsouthwest PacificSouth SeasSouth Pacific IslandsSouth Pacific regionPacific IslandsAustraliaSouth Pacific Ocean
Oceania is a geographic region comprising Australasia, Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia.wikipedia
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Micronesia

🇫🇲MicronesiansMicronesian
Oceania is a geographic region comprising Australasia, Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia. As an ecozone, Oceania includes all of Micronesia, Fiji, and all of Polynesia except New Zealand. New Zealand, along with New Guinea and nearby islands, part of the Philippine islands, Australia, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, and New Caledonia, constitute the separate Australasian ecozone.
Micronesia (from mikrós "small" and nêsos "island") is a subregion of Oceania, composed of thousands of small islands in the western Pacific Ocean.

Polynesia

South SeasSouth PacificSouth Sea Islands
Oceania is a geographic region comprising Australasia, Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia.
Polynesia (, ; from polys "many" and nēsos "island"; Polynésie, Polenisia, Poronēhia or Poronihia) is a subregion of Oceania, made up of more than 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean.

Australasia

South PacificAustralasian regionAustralia and New Zealand
Oceania is a geographic region comprising Australasia, Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia.
Australasia, a region of Oceania, comprises Australia, New Zealand, neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean and, sometimes, the island of New Guinea (which is usually considered to be part of Melanesia).

Melanesia

MelanesianMelanesian populationhistory of Melanesia
Oceania is a geographic region comprising Australasia, Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia.
Melanesia is a subregion of Oceania extending from New Guinea island in the southwestern Pacific Ocean to the Arafura Sea, and eastward to Fiji.

Chile

🇨🇱ChileanRepublic of Chile
The islands at the geographic extremes of Oceania are the Bonin Islands, a politically integral part of Japan; Hawaii, a state of the United States; Clipperton Island, a possession of France; the Juan Fernández Islands, belonging to Chile; and the Campbell Islands, belonging to New Zealand.
Chilean territory includes the Pacific islands of Juan Fernández, Salas y Gómez, Desventuradas, and Easter Island in Oceania.

Asia-Pacific

APACAsia-Pacific regionAsia Pacific
Situated in the southeast of the Asia-Pacific region, Oceania, when compared to continental regions, is the smallest in land area and the second smallest in population after Antarctica.
The region varies in area depending on which context, but it typically includes much of East Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, and Oceania.

Fiji

🇫🇯Fiji IslandsRepublic of Fiji
Oceania has a diverse mix of economies from the highly developed and globally competitive financial markets of Australia and New Zealand, which rank high in quality of life and human development index, to the much less developed economies that belong to countries such as Kiribati and Tuvalu, while also including medium-sized economies of Pacific islands such as Palau, Fiji and Tonga. As an ecozone, Oceania includes all of Micronesia, Fiji, and all of Polynesia except New Zealand. New Zealand, along with New Guinea and nearby islands, part of the Philippine islands, Australia, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, and New Caledonia, constitute the separate Australasian ecozone.
Fiji (Viti ; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी), officially the Republic of Fiji (Matanitu Tugalala o Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी गणराज्य), is an island country in Melanesia, part of Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean about 1100 nmi northeast of New Zealand's North Island.

Sydney

Sydney, AustraliaSydney, New South WalesGreater Metropolitan Sydney
The largest and most populous country in Oceania is Australia, with Sydney being the largest city of both Oceania and Australia.
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania.

List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Oceania

14country in OceaniaLilist
The largest and most populous country in Oceania is Australia, with Sydney being the largest city of both Oceania and Australia.
This is a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in Oceania. Although it is mostly ocean and spans many continental plates, Oceania is often listed with the continents.

Exploration of the Pacific

Exploration of the Pacific IslandsDiogo da Rochaexploration
Oceania was first explored by Europeans from the 16th century onward.
Other expeditions from Mexico and Peru discovered various archipelagos in the North and South Pacific.

Military history of Oceania

Pacific front
The Pacific front saw major action during the Second World War, mainly between Allied power s the United States and Australia, and Axis power Japan.
Although the military history of Oceania probably goes back thousands of years to the first human settlement in the region, little is known about war in Oceania until the arrival of Europeans.

Europeans in Oceania

Europeansarrival of European settlersEuropean
The arrival of European settlers in subsequent centuries resulted in a significant alteration in the social and political landscape of Oceania.
European exploration and settlement of Oceania began in the 16th century, starting with Portuguese settling the Moluccas and Spanish (Castilian) landings and shipwrecks in the Marianas Islands, east of the Philippines, followed by the Portuguese landing and settling temporarily (due to the monsoons) in the Tanimbar or the Aru Islands and in some of the Caroline Islands and Papua New Guinea, and several Spanish landings in the Caroline Islands and New Guinea.

Western Hemisphere

westernhemisphereAmericas
Spanning the eastern and western hemispheres, Oceania covers an area of 8,525,989 km2 and has a population of million.
The Western Hemisphere consists of the Americas, the western portions of Eurasia and Africa, the extreme eastern tip of Siberia (Russia), numerous territories in Oceania, and a portion of Antarctica, while excluding some of the Aleutian Islands to the southwest of the Alaskan mainland.

Australia

🇦🇺AUSAustralian
As an ecozone, Oceania includes all of Micronesia, Fiji, and all of Polynesia except New Zealand. New Zealand, along with New Guinea and nearby islands, part of the Philippine islands, Australia, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, and New Caledonia, constitute the separate Australasian ecozone.
It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area.

New Guinea

PapuaPapua New GuineanNew Guinea island
As an ecozone, Oceania includes all of Micronesia, Fiji, and all of Polynesia except New Zealand. New Zealand, along with New Guinea and nearby islands, part of the Philippine islands, Australia, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, and New Caledonia, constitute the separate Australasian ecozone.
It is the world's second-largest, after Greenland, covering a land area of, and the largest wholly or partly within the Southern Hemisphere and Oceania.

Western New Guinea

West PapuaPapuaWestern Papua
In the geopolitical conception used by the United Nations, by the International Olympic Committee, and by many atlases, Oceania includes Australia and the nations of the Pacific from Papua New Guinea east, but not Indonesian New Guinea.
Since the island is also named as Papua, the region is sometimes called West Papua. Lying to the west of the independent state of Papua New Guinea, it is the only Indonesian territory to be situated in Oceania.

Pacific Ocean

PacificWestern PacificSouth Pacific
Oceania has a diverse mix of economies from the highly developed and globally competitive financial markets of Australia and New Zealand, which rank high in quality of life and human development index, to the much less developed economies that belong to countries such as Kiribati and Tuvalu, while also including medium-sized economies of Pacific islands such as Palau, Fiji and Tonga.
About 3000 BC, the Austronesian peoples on the island of Taiwan mastered the art of long-distance canoe travel and spread themselves and their languages south to the Philippines, Indonesia, and maritime Southeast Asia; west towards Madagascar; southeast towards New Guinea and Melanesia (intermarrying with native Papuans); and east to the islands of Micronesia, Oceania and Polynesia.

Australia (continent)

AustraliaAustralian continentSahul
It is believed that the first early human migration to Australia was achieved when this landmass formed part of the Sahul continent, connected to the island of New Guinea via a land bridge.
Situated in the geographical region of Oceania, it is the smallest of the seven traditional continents in the English conception.

Pacific Islands

PacificPacific Islandislands
Most Oceanian countries have a parliamentary representative democratic multi-party system, with tourism being a large source of income for the Pacific Islands nations.
Depending on the context, Pacific Islands may refer to countries and islands with common Austronesian origins, islands once or currently colonized, or Oceania.

List of continents by population

3rd6th1st
Situated in the southeast of the Asia-Pacific region, Oceania, when compared to continental regions, is the smallest in land area and the second smallest in population after Antarctica.

Polynesians

PolynesianPolynesian peopleEastern Polynesian
They are believed to have been Polynesian.
Polynesians are an ethnolinguistic group of closely related peoples who are native to Polynesia (Polynesian Triangle), an expansive region of Oceania in the Pacific Ocean.

Southeast Asia

south-east AsiaSoutheastSouth East Asia
The first people of the Northern Mariana Islands navigated to the islands at some period between 4000 BC to 2000 BC from South-East Asia.
Southeast Asia is bordered to the north by East Asia, to the west by South Asia and the Bay of Bengal, to the east by Oceania and the Pacific Ocean, and to the south by Australia and the Indian Ocean.

Prehistory

prehistoricprehistoric timesprehistorian
The Polynesian people are considered to be by linguistic, archaeological and human genetic ancestry a subset of the sea-migrating Austronesian people and tracing Polynesian languages places their prehistoric origins in the Malay Archipelago, and ultimately, in Taiwan.
The three-age system of division of prehistory into the Stone Age, followed by the Bronze Age and Iron Age, remains in use for much of Eurasia and North Africa, but is not generally used in those parts of the world where the working of hard metals arrived abruptly with contact with Eurasian cultures, such as the Americas, Oceania, Australasia and much of Sub-Saharan Africa.

Conrad Malte-Brun

Malte-BrunMalte-Brun, ConradMalte Brun
The geographer Conrad Malte-Brun coined the French term Océanie c.
Today he is perhaps best remembered for coining the name for the geographic region Oceania (French Océanie) around 1812.

List of countries and dependencies by area

Arealand areaTotal area
Situated in the southeast of the Asia-Pacific region, Oceania, when compared to continental regions, is the smallest in land area and the second smallest in population after Antarctica.