October Revolution

Bolshevik RevolutionRussian RevolutionrevolutionOctober Revolution of 1917Great October Socialist RevolutionBolshevik seizure of powerSoviet Revolution1917 October RevolutionrevolutionaryBolshevik coup
The October Revolution, officially known in Soviet historiography as the Great October Socialist Revolution and commonly referred to as the October Uprising, the October Coup, the Bolshevik Revolution, the Bolshevik Coup, or the Red October, was a revolution in Russia led by the Bolshevik Party of Vladimir Lenin that was instrumental in the larger Russian Revolution of 1917–23.wikipedia
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Vladimir Lenin

LeninV. I. LeninVladimir Ilyich Lenin
The October Revolution, officially known in Soviet historiography as the Great October Socialist Revolution and commonly referred to as the October Uprising, the October Coup, the Bolshevik Revolution, the Bolshevik Coup, or the Red October, was a revolution in Russia led by the Bolshevik Party of Vladimir Lenin that was instrumental in the larger Russian Revolution of 1917–23.
After the 1917 February Revolution ousted the Tsar and established a Provisional Government, he returned to Russia to play a leading role in the October Revolution, in which the Bolsheviks overthrew the new regime.

Bolsheviks

BolshevikBolshevismBolshevist
The October Revolution, officially known in Soviet historiography as the Great October Socialist Revolution and commonly referred to as the October Uprising, the October Coup, the Bolshevik Revolution, the Bolshevik Coup, or the Red October, was a revolution in Russia led by the Bolshevik Party of Vladimir Lenin that was instrumental in the larger Russian Revolution of 1917–23.
After forming their own party in 1912, the Bolsheviks took power in Russia in November 1917, overthrowing the liberal Provisional Government of Alexander Kerensky, and became the only ruling party in the subsequent Soviet Russia and its successor regime, the Soviet Union.

Russian Revolution

Russian Revolution of 1917Revolution1917 Revolution
The October Revolution, officially known in Soviet historiography as the Great October Socialist Revolution and commonly referred to as the October Uprising, the October Coup, the Bolshevik Revolution, the Bolshevik Coup, or the Red October, was a revolution in Russia led by the Bolshevik Party of Vladimir Lenin that was instrumental in the larger Russian Revolution of 1917–23.
The situation climaxed with the October Revolution in 1917, a Bolshevik-led armed insurrection by workers and soldiers in Petrograd that successfully overthrew the Provisional Government, transferring all its authority to the Soviets.

All-Russian Congress of Soviets

Second Congress of Soviets2nd All-Russian Congress of SovietsCongress of Soviets
After the Congress of Soviets, the new governing body, had its second session it elected members of the Bolsheviks and other left-wing groups such as the Left Socialist Revolutionaries (Left SR) to important positions within the new state of affairs.
The October Revolution ousted the provisional government, making the Congress of Soviets the sole, and supreme governing body.

Military Revolutionary Committee

Military-Revolutionary CommitteeRevolutionary Military CommitteeCVRK
Bolshevik Red Guards forces under the Military-Revolutionary Committee began the occupation of government buildings on 25 October (O.S.; 7 November, N.S.), 1917.
The Military Revolutionary Committee (Военно-революционный комитет, Voyennо-revolyutsionny komitet), was the name for military organs created by the Bolsheviks under the soviets in preparation for the October Revolution (October 1917 – March 1918).

Russian Constituent Assembly

All-Russian Constituent AssemblyConstituent AssemblyAll Russian Constituent Assembly
The long-awaited Constituent Assembly elections were held on 12 November (O.S., 25 November, (N.S.)) 1917.
The All Russian Constituent Assembly (Всероссийское Учредительное собрание, Vserossiyskoye Uchreditelnoye sobraniye) was a constitutional body convened in Russia after the October Revolution of 1917.

Russian Provisional Government

Provisional GovernmentRussian RepublicProvisional Government of Russia
It followed and capitalized on the February Revolution of the same year, which overthrew the Tsarist autocracy and resulted in a provisional government after a transfer of power proclaimed by Grand Duke Michael, the younger brother of Tsar Nicholas II, who declined to take power after the Tsar stepped down.
The provisional government lasted approximately eight months, and ceased to exist when the Bolsheviks gained power after the October Revolution in October [November, N.S.] 1917.

Petrograd Soviet

Petrograd Soviet of Workers' and Soldiers' DeputiesSoviet of Workers' and Soldiers' DeputiesChairman of the Petrograd Soviet
The revolution was led by the Bolsheviks, who used their influence in the Petrograd Soviet to organize the armed forces.
Its committees were key components during the Russian Revolution and some of them led the armed revolt of the October Revolution.

Soviet Union

SovietUSSRSoviets
As the revolution was not universally recognized, there followed the struggles of the Russian Civil War (1917–22) and the creation of the Soviet Union in 1922.
The Soviet Union had its roots in the 1917 October Revolution, when the Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin, overthrew the Russian Provisional Government which had replaced the autocratic regime of Tsar Nicholas II during World War I.

World War I

First World WarGreat WarWorld War One
It continued to wage World War I, which became increasingly unpopular.
The 1917 February Revolution in Russia replaced the Tsarist autocracy with the Provisional Government, but continuing discontent with the cost of the war led to the October Revolution, the creation of the Soviet Socialist Republic, and the signing of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk by the new government in March 1918, ending Russia's involvement in the war.

1917 Russian Constituent Assembly election

Electedelections1917
The long-awaited Constituent Assembly elections were held on 12 November (O.S., 25 November, (N.S.)) 1917.
Between the finalization of candidate lists and the election, the October Revolution broke out.

Red Guards (Russia)

Red GuardsRed GuardRed Army
Bolshevik Red Guards forces under the Military-Revolutionary Committee began the occupation of government buildings on 25 October (O.S.; 7 November, N.S.), 1917.
Red Guards were a transitional military force of the collapsing Imperial Russian Army and the base formations of Bolsheviks during the October Revolution and the first months of the Russian Civil War.

Pravda

Soviet pressdefunct newspaperMcPravda
On 5–6 July, attacks were made on the editorial offices and printing presses of Pravda and on the Palace of Kshesinskaya, where the Central Committee and the Petrograd Committee of the Bolsheviks were located.
It emerged as a leading newspaper of the Soviet Union after the October Revolution.

Baku

Baku, AzerbaijanBakıBaky
In September and October 1917, there were mass strike actions by the Moscow and Petrograd workers, miners in the Donbas, metalworkers in the Urals, oil workers in Baku, textile workers in the Central Industrial Region, and railroad workers on 44 railway lines.
In 1917, after the October Revolution and amidst the turmoil of World War I and the breakup of the Russian Empire, Baku came under the control of the Baku Commune, which was led by veteran Bolshevik Stepan Shahumyan.

Alexander Kerensky

KerenskyAleksandr KerenskyA.F. Kerensky
The second coalition government was formed on 24 July, chaired by Alexander Kerensky.
On 7 November, his government was overthrown by the Lenin-led Bolsheviks in the October Revolution.

Yekaterinburg

SverdlovskEkaterinburgYekaterinburg, Russia
They were supported by strikes and protest rallies by workers in Kiev, Kharkov, Nizhny Novgorod, Ekaterinburg, and other cities.
Following the October Revolution, the family of deposed Tsar Nicholas II was sent to internal exile in Yekaterinburg where they were imprisoned in the Ipatiev House in the city.

Soviet (council)

Sovietsovietscouncil
During this time, urban workers began to organize into councils (soviets) wherein revolutionaries criticized the provisional government and its actions.
Russian Marxists made them a medium for organizing against the state, and in 1917, between the February and October Revolutions, the Petrograd Soviet became a powerful force.

July Days

July eventsrebellion in Saint PetersburgBolshevik coup fails in Saint Petersburg
On 17 July, over 500,000 people participated in what was intended to be a peaceful demonstration in Petrograd, the so-called July Days.
The outcome of the July Days represented a temporary decline in the growth of Bolshevik power and influence in the period before the October Revolution.

Baltic Fleet

Russian Baltic FleetBalticRed Banner Baltic Fleet
In September, the garrisons in Petrograd, Moscow, and other cities, the Northern and Western fronts, and the sailors of the Baltic Fleet declared through their elected representative body Tsentrobalt that they did not recognize the authority of the Provisional Government and would not carry out any of its commands.
During the October Revolution the sailors of the Baltic Fleet (renamed "Naval Forces of the Baltic Sea" in March 1918) were among the most ardent supporters of Bolsheviks, and formed an elite among Red military forces.

Nizhny Novgorod

GorkyNizhniy NovgorodNizhni Novgorod
They were supported by strikes and protest rallies by workers in Kiev, Kharkov, Nizhny Novgorod, Ekaterinburg, and other cities.
There were no permanent bridges over the Volga or Oka before the October Revolution in 1917.

Kharkiv

KharkovKharkov, UkraineKharkiv, Ukraine
They were supported by strikes and protest rallies by workers in Kiev, Kharkov, Nizhny Novgorod, Ekaterinburg, and other cities.
One of the best representatives of it was the already mentioned Derzhprom, the Building of the Red Army, the Ukrainian Polytechnic Institute of Distance Learning (UZPI), the City Council building, with its massive asymmetric tower, the central department store that was opened on the 15th Anniversary of the October Revolution.

House of Romanov

RomanovHolstein-Gottorp-RomanovRomanov dynasty
On 17 July 1918, the Tsar and his family were executed.
In the October Revolution of 1917 the Bolsheviks ousted the Provisional government.

Saint Petersburg

St. PetersburgLeningradSt Petersburg
It took place through an armed insurrection in Petrograd on 25 October (Old Style, O.S.; 7 November, New Style or N.S.) 1917.
After the October Revolution, Bolsheviks moved their government to Moscow.

Samara

KuybyshevSamara, RussiaKuibyshev
The Bolsheviks won a majority in the soviets of Briansk, Samara, Saratov, Tsaritsyn, Minsk, Kiev, Tashkent, and other cities.
During the October Revolution of 1917, Samara was seized by the Bolsheviks.

Leon Trotsky

TrotskyLev TrotskyLeo Trotsky
The Bolsheviks created a revolutionary military committee within the Petrograd soviet, led by the soviet's president, Trotsky.
Initially supporting the Menshevik-Internationalists faction within the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, he joined the Bolsheviks ("majority") just before the 1917 October Revolution, immediately becoming a leader within the Communist Party.