Odilo Globočnik

Odilo GlobocnikGlobocnikGauleiter'' GlobocnikGauleiter'' GlobočnikGLOBOCNIK, OdiloOdilo "Globus" GlobocnikOdilo "Globus" GlobočnikOdilo ‘Globus’ GlobocnikOdilon Globočnik
Odilo Globočnik (21 April 1904 – 31 May 1945) was an Austrian war criminal.wikipedia
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Austria

AUTAustrianRepublic of Austria
Odilo Globočnik (21 April 1904 – 31 May 1945) was an Austrian war criminal.
Though Austrians made up only 8% of the population of the Third Reich, some of the most prominent Nazis were native Austrians, including Adolf Hitler, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Franz Stangl, and Odilo Globocnik, as were over 13% of the SS and 40% of the staff at the Nazi extermination camps.

Operation Reinhard

Aktion ReinhardAktion ReinhardtOperation Reinhardt
As an associate of Adolf Eichmann, he had a leading role in Operation Reinhard, which saw the murder of over one million mostly Polish Jews during the Holocaust in Nazi extermination camps Majdanek, Treblinka, Sobibór and Bełżec.
On 13 October 1941, SS and Police Leader Odilo Globočnik headquartered in Lublin received an oral order from Himmler – anticipating the fall of Moscow – to start immediate construction work on the first killing centre at Bełżec in the General Government territory of occupied Poland.

The Holocaust

HolocaustShoahNazi Holocaust
As an associate of Adolf Eichmann, he had a leading role in Operation Reinhard, which saw the murder of over one million mostly Polish Jews during the Holocaust in Nazi extermination camps Majdanek, Treblinka, Sobibór and Bełżec.
Resettlement continued until January 1941 under SS officer Odilo Globocnik, but further plans for the Lublin reservation failed for logistical and political reasons.

Treblinka extermination camp

TreblinkaTreblinka concentration campTreblinka II
As an associate of Adolf Eichmann, he had a leading role in Operation Reinhard, which saw the murder of over one million mostly Polish Jews during the Holocaust in Nazi extermination camps Majdanek, Treblinka, Sobibór and Bełżec. Having looted some of the German assets stolen from Holocaust victims at death camps in occupied Poland, Globočnik went to Italy with a number of his men who had taken part in Aktion Tiergarten 4 including Franz Stangl from Treblinka and Franz Reichleitner from Sobibor.
Nazi plans to kill Polish Jews from across the General Government during Aktion Reinhard were overseen in occupied Poland by SS-Gruppenführer Odilo Globocnik, a deputy of Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler in Berlin.

Schutzstaffel

SSßNazi SS
He was a member of the National Socialist German Worker's Party and later a high-ranking leader of the Schutzstaffel.
The total value of assets looted from the victims of Operation Reinhard alone (not including Auschwitz) was listed by Odilo Globocnik as 178,745,960.59 Reichsmarks.

Viktor Brack

Victor Brack
Shortly beforehand, in September 1941, Globočnik had been visited by Phillip Bouhler and Victor Brack, the top officials in the Fuhrer Chancellery responsible for the Action T4 "euthanasia" program, which had been using gas chambers disguised as shower rooms to execute many of its victims.
Following this, Brack was one of the men responsible for the gassing of Jews in the extermination camps, and he conferred with Odilo Globočnik about the practical implementation of the Final Solution.

Belzec extermination camp

BelzecBełżecBełżec extermination camp
As an associate of Adolf Eichmann, he had a leading role in Operation Reinhard, which saw the murder of over one million mostly Polish Jews during the Holocaust in Nazi extermination camps Majdanek, Treblinka, Sobibór and Bełżec.
On 13 October 1941, Heinrich Himmler gave the SS-and-Police Leader of Lublin, SS Brigadeführer Odilo Globocnik an order to start Germanizing the area around Zamość, which entailed the removal of Jews from the areas of future settlement.

Majdanek concentration camp

MajdanekMaidanekMajdanek extermination camp
As an associate of Adolf Eichmann, he had a leading role in Operation Reinhard, which saw the murder of over one million mostly Polish Jews during the Holocaust in Nazi extermination camps Majdanek, Treblinka, Sobibór and Bełżec.
Konzentrationslager Lublin was established in October 1941 on the orders of Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler, forwarded to Odilo Globocnik soon after his visit to Lublin on 17–20 July 1941 in the course of Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the Soviet Union.

Lublin Reservation

Nisko PlanLublin districtDistrict Lublin
Before it became an extermination camp, Belzec had been part of Himmler's and Globočnik's Burggraben project.
Gruppenführer Odilo Globočnik, the former Gauleiter of Vienna – appointed the SS and Police Leader of the new Lublin District – was put in charge of the reservation.

Tržič

Municipality of TržičTrzic
He was the second child of Franz Globočnik (also known as Globotschnig), a cavalry lieutenant in the Austro-Hungarian Army who came from a Slovene family from the Upper Carniolan town of Tržič (German: Neumarktl; now in Slovenia).

Białystok Ghetto uprising

Bialystok Ghetto UprisingBiałystokBiałystok Ghetto
The fights in isolated pockets of resistance lasted for several days, but the defence was broken almost instantly with a tank sent into the ghetto by SS Gruppenfuhrer Odilo Globocnik.

Sobibor extermination camp

SobiborSobibórSobibór extermination camp
As an associate of Adolf Eichmann, he had a leading role in Operation Reinhard, which saw the murder of over one million mostly Polish Jews during the Holocaust in Nazi extermination camps Majdanek, Treblinka, Sobibór and Bełżec. Having looted some of the German assets stolen from Holocaust victims at death camps in occupied Poland, Globočnik went to Italy with a number of his men who had taken part in Aktion Tiergarten 4 including Franz Stangl from Treblinka and Franz Reichleitner from Sobibor.
At a 17 October 1941 meeting in occupied Lublin, SS officials including Hans Frank and Odilo Globočnik discussed plans for the region's Jews to be "evacuated across the Bug".

Nazi Party

NSDAPNazisNazi
He was a member of the National Socialist German Worker's Party and later a high-ranking leader of the Schutzstaffel.

Extermination camp

death campsdeath campextermination camps
There are indications that Globočnik may have been the originator of the extermination camp industrialised murder concept and the one who suggested it to Himmler. Having looted some of the German assets stolen from Holocaust victims at death camps in occupied Poland, Globočnik went to Italy with a number of his men who had taken part in Aktion Tiergarten 4 including Franz Stangl from Treblinka and Franz Reichleitner from Sobibor.
On 13 October 1941, the SS and Police Leader Odilo Globocnik stationing in Lublin received an oral order from Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler – anticipating the fall of Moscow – to start immediate construction work on the killing centre at Bełżec in the General Government territory of occupied Poland.

Anschluss

annexation of AustriaAnschlußannexation
He became a Deputy Gauleiter for Austria in 1933 at the age of 29, and was a key player in the usurpation of the Austrian government by the National Socialists.

Hermann Höfle

Hermann Julius HöfleHermann Hoefle
A unit from the 4th Queen's Own Hussars, found him on the Möslacher Alm, a 1250 m mountain in the Eastern Alps, with seven other wanted Nazis including Georg Michalsen, Friedrich Rainer, Ernst Lerch, Hermann Höfle, Karl Hellesberger, Hugo Herzog and Friedrich Plöb.
He was deputy to Odilo Globočnik in the Aktion Reinhard program, serving as his main deportation and extermination expert.

Risiera di San Sabba

San SabbaSan Sabba concentration and transit campTrieste
Together, they converted an old rice mill on the outskirts of Trieste into a detention centre complete with a crematorium, known as Risiera di San Sabba (in Slovene: Rižarna).
SS members Odilo Globočnik and Karl Frenzel, and Ivan Marchenko are all said to have participated in the killings at this camp.

Operational Zone of the Adriatic Littoral

Operational Zone Adriatic CoastAdriatic LittoralOperation Zone of the Adriatic Littoral
After the Armistice of Cassibile Globočnik was appointed Higher SS and Police Leader of the Operational Zone of the Adriatic Littoral of Italy.
Its commander, Higher SS and Police Leader Odilo Globocnik, had become one of the most feared Nazi leaders in Eastern Europe after liquidating the Jewish ghettoes in Warsaw and Białystok and supervising the operations of the extermination camps at Chełmno, Belzec, Sobibór, Majdanek, and Treblinka.

Fatherland (novel)

FatherlandFatherland'' (novel)the same name
Odilo Globočnik features in the alternate history novel Fatherland by Robert Harris (1992), where he is the main antagonist.

Friedrich Rainer

RAINER, Friedrich
A unit from the 4th Queen's Own Hussars, found him on the Möslacher Alm, a 1250 m mountain in the Eastern Alps, with seven other wanted Nazis including Georg Michalsen, Friedrich Rainer, Ernst Lerch, Hermann Höfle, Karl Hellesberger, Hugo Herzog and Friedrich Plöb.
A close friend of Odilo Globocnik, he joined the Austrian SS at the end of 1933.

Ernst Lerch

A unit from the 4th Queen's Own Hussars, found him on the Möslacher Alm, a 1250 m mountain in the Eastern Alps, with seven other wanted Nazis including Georg Michalsen, Friedrich Rainer, Ernst Lerch, Hermann Höfle, Karl Hellesberger, Hugo Herzog and Friedrich Plöb.
The café, located in Klagenfurt, became a meeting place for Nazis such as Odilo Globočnik and Ernst Kaltenbrunner, who frequented the café.

Franz Stangl

Stangl
Having looted some of the German assets stolen from Holocaust victims at death camps in occupied Poland, Globočnik went to Italy with a number of his men who had taken part in Aktion Tiergarten 4 including Franz Stangl from Treblinka and Franz Reichleitner from Sobibor.
Stangl accepted the posting to Lublin in the General Government, where he would manage Operation Reinhard under Odilo Globočnik.

Slovenian National Defense Corps

Littoral Home Guard
In Slovene Littoral, Slovene Partisans were fought both by Germans and by the Littoral Home Guard, which was also under Globočnik's direct command and provided Germans with lists of locations of Liberation Front of the Slovene Nation hideouts and suspicious individuals (described as propagandists).
Although led by Anton Kokalj, it was directly subordinated to German Nazi commander Odilo Globocnik.

SS and police leader

Higher SS and Police LeaderHSSPFHöherer SS- und Polizeiführer
After the Armistice of Cassibile Globočnik was appointed Higher SS and Police Leader of the Operational Zone of the Adriatic Littoral of Italy. On 9 November 1939, Himmler appointed Globočnik SS and Police Leader in the Lublin district of the General Government territory.