Office of Military Government, United States

OMGUSAmerican military governmentOffice of Military GovernmentUS military governmentMilitary GovernmentAmerican military government in GermanyheadquarteredOffice of Military Government for GermanyOffice of Military Government for Germany, U.S. (OMGUS)U.S. Office of Military Government
The Office of Military Government, United States (OMGUS; Amt der Militärregierung für Deutschland (U.S.)) was the United States military-established government created shortly after the end of hostilities in occupied Germany in World War II. Under General Lucius D. Clay, it administered the area of Germany and sector of Berlin controlled by the United States Army.wikipedia
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Allied-occupied Germany

GermanyBritish occupation zoneoccupied Germany
The Office of Military Government, United States (OMGUS; Amt der Militärregierung für Deutschland (U.S.)) was the United States military-established government created shortly after the end of hostilities in occupied Germany in World War II.
The headquarters of the American military government was the former IG Farben Building in Frankfurt am Main.

Lucius D. Clay

Lucius ClayClayGeneral Clay
Under General Lucius D. Clay, it administered the area of Germany and sector of Berlin controlled by the United States Army.
On March 15, 1947, Clay succeeded Eisenhower as military governor (or "high commissioner" ) of occupied Germany—the head of the OMGUS, the "Office of Military Government, United States".

Allied Control Council

Four PowersAlliedAllied Control Commission
The Allied Control Council comprised military authorities from the United States, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union and France.
Within each zone each power ran its own administration, such as the Gouvernement Militaire de la Zone Française d'Occupation en Allemagne (GMZFO) in Karlsruhe, the Soviet Military Administration in Germany (Советская военная администрация в Германии, СВАГ; Sovetskaia Voennaia Administratsia v Germanii, SVAG) in East Berlin, the Control Commission for Germany - British Element (CCG/BE) in Bad Oeynhausen and the Office of Military Government, United States (OMGUS) in West Berlin and Frankfurt.

Denazification

de-NazificationdenazifiedDefunct
The US Army tasked with the occupation, denazification, and democratization of post-war Germany was plagued by numerous problems immediately following the capitulation of Germany and the cessation of hostilities.
Artists were also restricted in which new art they were allowed to create; "OMGUS was setting explicit political limits on art and representation".

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Dwight EisenhowerEisenhowerPresident Eisenhower
The invasion and occupation of Sicily in 1943 saw the creation of a Military Government Provisional Section (G-5 Civil-Affairs Staff Office) within the 7th Army on the order of Supreme Allied Commander for the Allied Expeditionary forces (SHAEF) Dwight D. Eisenhower, which would become the basis for military government in occupied Germany.
Following the German unconditional surrender, Eisenhower was appointed military governor of the American occupation zone, located primarily in Southern Germany, and headquartered at the IG Farben Building in Frankfurt am Main.

Information Control Division

American military governmentInformation Control Division (ICD)
Much of this campaign was carried out by the Information Control Division (ICD).
The Information Control Division (ICD) was a department of the Office of Military Government, United States (OMGUS) during the early part of the American occupation of Germany following World War II.

United States

AmericanU.S.USA
The Office of Military Government, United States (OMGUS; Amt der Militärregierung für Deutschland (U.S.)) was the United States military-established government created shortly after the end of hostilities in occupied Germany in World War II.

Government

Form of governmentgovernmentsgovernmental
The Office of Military Government, United States (OMGUS; Amt der Militärregierung für Deutschland (U.S.)) was the United States military-established government created shortly after the end of hostilities in occupied Germany in World War II.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
The Office of Military Government, United States (OMGUS; Amt der Militärregierung für Deutschland (U.S.)) was the United States military-established government created shortly after the end of hostilities in occupied Germany in World War II.

Germany

GermanGERFederal Republic of Germany
Under General Lucius D. Clay, it administered the area of Germany and sector of Berlin controlled by the United States Army.

Berlin

Berlin, GermanyState of BerlinGerman capital
Under General Lucius D. Clay, it administered the area of Germany and sector of Berlin controlled by the United States Army.

United States Army

U.S. ArmyUS ArmyArmy
Under General Lucius D. Clay, it administered the area of Germany and sector of Berlin controlled by the United States Army. The US Army tasked with the occupation, denazification, and democratization of post-war Germany was plagued by numerous problems immediately following the capitulation of Germany and the cessation of hostilities.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
The Allied Control Council comprised military authorities from the United States, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union and France.

Soviet Union

SovietUSSRSoviets
The Allied Control Council comprised military authorities from the United States, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union and France.

France

FrenchFRAFrench Republic
The Allied Control Council comprised military authorities from the United States, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union and France.

Die Neue Zeitung

Neue Zeitung
OMGUS in 1945 began its own newspaper based in Munich, Die Neue Zeitung.

Democratization

democratisationdemocratic reformdemocratic transition
The US Army tasked with the occupation, denazification, and democratization of post-war Germany was plagued by numerous problems immediately following the capitulation of Germany and the cessation of hostilities.

Command hierarchy

chain of commandcommand structurechains of command
One such problem was confusion emanating from the numerous chain of command and military authorities that succeeded the German occupation from May 1945 onwards.

Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force

SHAEFAllied Expeditionary ForceSupreme Commander
The invasion and occupation of Sicily in 1943 saw the creation of a Military Government Provisional Section (G-5 Civil-Affairs Staff Office) within the 7th Army on the order of Supreme Allied Commander for the Allied Expeditionary forces (SHAEF) Dwight D. Eisenhower, which would become the basis for military government in occupied Germany.

United States Army Central

Third ArmyThird United States ArmyU.S. Third Army
Compounding the issue were unstable boundaries of US Army divisions at the time of Germany's capitulation, in which the US Third Army assumed direct command of the administration of the Eastern Military District (Bavaria) under General George S. Patton, and the US Seventh Army commanding the Western Military District (Greater Hesse, and Wurttemberg-Baden), with the civil-affairs staff of each Army reporting to their commanding officer.

George S. Patton

George PattonGeneral PattonPatton
Compounding the issue were unstable boundaries of US Army divisions at the time of Germany's capitulation, in which the US Third Army assumed direct command of the administration of the Eastern Military District (Bavaria) under General George S. Patton, and the US Seventh Army commanding the Western Military District (Greater Hesse, and Wurttemberg-Baden), with the civil-affairs staff of each Army reporting to their commanding officer.

Seventh United States Army

Seventh ArmyU.S. Seventh Army7th Army
Compounding the issue were unstable boundaries of US Army divisions at the time of Germany's capitulation, in which the US Third Army assumed direct command of the administration of the Eastern Military District (Bavaria) under General George S. Patton, and the US Seventh Army commanding the Western Military District (Greater Hesse, and Wurttemberg-Baden), with the civil-affairs staff of each Army reporting to their commanding officer.

Brigadier general (United States)

brigadier generalBrig. Gen.BG
Internally, each of the Office of Military Government Offices in the US Zone was commanded by a brigadier general.

Radio Luxembourg

208 Radio LuxembourgLuxembourgLuxembourg English service
As such, US media sources were the only mass media available in occupied Germany, provided primarily by Radio Luxembourg, US Army information fliers (Mitteilungblätter), and Army newspapers.

Hilde Purwin

Felizitas BeetzFrau BeetzFrau Beetz, born as Hildegard Burkhardt
In 1946 the United States military administration in Germany employed her as a simultaneous translator and recruited her for intelligence work.