Officers' Training Corps

OTCOfficer Training CorpsUOTCGlasgow University Officer Training CorpsOxford University Officers Training CorpsAberdeen UOTCcadet corpsCambridge University Officer Training CorpCambridge University Officer Training CorpsEdinburgh University Officers' Training Corps
The Officers' Training Corps (OTC), more fully called the University Officers' Training Corps (UOTC), are military leadership training units similar to a university club but operated by the British Army.wikipedia
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Haldane Reforms

HaldaneHaldane's Reformsreforms
In October 1908, therefore, authorised by Army Order 160 of July 1908, as part the Haldane Reforms of the Reserve forces, the contingents were formally established as the Officers' Training Corps and incorporated into the new Territorial Force, which was created by the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907.
To encourage the development of military skills, an Officer Training Corps was established in public schools and universities.

Combined Cadet Force

CCFCombined Cadet Force (CCF)Junior Division
The junior divisions, by then renamed the Junior Training Corps, became the Army Sections of the Combined Cadet Force.
Prior to 1948 cadet forces in schools existed as the junior division of the Officers' Training Corps framework, but in 1948 Combined Cadet Force was formed covering cadets affiliated to all three services.

Richard Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane

Richard HaldaneLord HaldaneViscount Haldane
The emergence of the Officers' Training Corps as a distinct unit began in 1906, when the Secretary of State for War, Lord Haldane, first appointed a committee to consider the problem of the shortage of officers in the Militia, the Volunteer Force, the Yeomanry, and the Reserve of Officers.
Haldane's reforms also created the Territorial Force of 14 divisions (the original plan was for 28) and 14 mounted Yeomanry brigades at home, the Officer Training Corps and the Special Reserve.

Officer cadet

naval cadetcadetofficer cadets
UOTC members are classed as officer cadets (OCdt), despite the majority not having passed officer selection, and are members of the Army Reserve, paid when on duty.
In the United Kingdom, the rank is also used by members of University Royal Naval Units, University Officer Training Corps and University Air Squadron however these are not trainee officers and most do not join the armed forces.

Under officer

Junior under officercadet under-officerNational Cadet Under Officer
Officer cadets can gain appointments as a Junior Under Officer (JUO), a Company Under Officer (CUO), or a Senior Under Officer (SUO) and, like civilians, can also apply to the Army Officer Selection Board (AOSB), which, if they pass, leads to the opportunity to attempt the Army Reserve Commissioning Course with the goal of a commission as a second lieutenant.
Under officer is an appointment held by the most senior cadets at some Commonwealth officer training establishments and in University Officers' Training Corps in the United Kingdom, and also a rank used in some Commonwealth cadet forces.

Stable belt

gymnastic beltbeltpistol belt
Each UOTC is effectively an independent regiment, with its own cap badge, its own stable belt, and its own customs and traditions.
colspan=2 width="25%" |'''Aberdeen Universities Officers Training Corps

Birmingham Rifles

1/5th Battalion2/5th Battalion442nd LAA Rgt
In 1900 the University of Birmingham raised a company, sanctioned by the War Office, which was known as U Company of the 1st Volunteer Battalion, Royal Warwickshire Regiment.
When the Volunteers were subsumed into the Territorial Force (TF) in 1908 as part of the Haldane Reforms, the 1st and 2nd Battalions of the Birmingham Rifles became the 5th Battalion, Royal Warwickshire Regiment and 6th Battalion, Royal Warwickshire Regiment respectively and the cyclist company was disbanded, while 'U' Company and the cadet corps became part of the Officer Training Corps.

Queen's Edinburgh Rifles

1st Queen's Edinburgh Rifle Volunteer Brigade1/4th (Queen's Edinburgh Rifles) Royal Scots1/5th (Queen's Edinburgh Rifles) Battalion, Royal Scots
Edinburgh UOTC has its origins in No. 4 Company of the 1st City of Edinburgh Rifle Volunteer Corps (from 1865 the 1st Queen's Edinburgh Rifle Volunteer Brigade), which was raised on 31 August 1859.
A Company of the brigade's 3rd Bn, the old No 4 (Edinburgh University) Company, became the Edinburgh University contingent of the Senior Division of the Officers' Training Corps (OTC) and the Merchiston Castle and George Watson's Cadet Corps joined the Junior Division of the OTC.

Edinburgh City Artillery

1st Edinburgh (City) Artillery Volunteer Corps57th (Lowland) Medium Brigade1st Edinburgh (City) Artillery Volunteers
'A' Company of 3rd Battalion, Queen's Edinburgh Rifles, Royal Scots, (the old No 4 Company) and Left Half of 1st Heavy Battery, 1st Edinburgh (City) Royal Garrison Artillery (also manned by members of the university) transferred to the new contingent.
Members of Edinburgh University who had served in Left Half, 1st Heavy Battery, transferred to the Edinburgh University contingent of the Senior Division of the Officers' Training Corps (OTC)

World War I

First World WarGreat WarFirst
During the First World War, the OTCs became officer producing units and some 20,577 officers and 12,290 other ranks were recruited from the OTCs between August
In Britain in 1914, the Public Schools Officers' Training Corps annual camp was held at Tidworth Pennings, near Salisbury Plain.

Drill hall

Cardiff Drill Halldrill shedCarmarthen Drill Hall
This unit later became the 5th Battalion of the Cameronians (Scottish Rifles), based at West Princes Street drill hall in the Woodlands area of Glasgow.
Some Officer Training Corps, Army Cadet Force and Air Training Corps units are also co-located on the site of modern Army Reserve Centres, for example Blackheath drill hall.

Yeomanry House, Bloomsbury

Handel StreetYeomanry House
It has been based at Yeomanry House in Handel Street, London since 1992.
The whole complex was taken over by 3 Military Intelligence Battalion in 1965 and by London University Officers' Training Corps in 1992.

Army Riding School, Newcastle upon Tyne

Army Riding SchoolNorthumberland RoadYeomanry Drill Hall
Following the creation of Newcastle University (formerly King's College, Durham University) in 1963, the unit became the "Northumbrian Universities Officers Training Corps": it was initially based at the Yeomanry Drill Hall in Northumberland Road in Newcastle, but moved to St George's Army Reserve Centre in Sandyford Road, Jesmond in 1975 and then moved again to St. Cuthbert's Keep at Holland Drive in Fenham in the 1990s.
Instead, the riding school became known as the Yeomanry Drill Hall and, in that capacity, served as a drill hall for the Northumbrian Universities Officers' Training Corps in the 1960s.

John Acland (British Army officer)

Sir John AclandJohn AclandJohn
Initially based at Higher Barracks, Exeter, the UOTC moved to Wyvern Barracks in February 1988, when Major-General Sir John Acland, its first honorary colonel, opened the Acland Building.
He was made honorary colonel of the Royal Devon Yeomanry in 1983 and was granted the same rank also of the Exeter University Officer's Training Corps in 1986 and of the Royal Wessex Yeomanry in 1989.

Carlton Place drill hall, Southampton

Carlton PlaceRiding School at Carlton Place
The UOTC was reformed in October 1979 and moved to its present premises at Carlton Place in Southampton in 1981.
Southampton Universities Officers' Training Corps moved to the drill hall in 1981.

British Army

ArmyBritishBritish troops
The Officers' Training Corps (OTC), more fully called the University Officers' Training Corps (UOTC), are military leadership training units similar to a university club but operated by the British Army.

Secretary of State for War

War SecretarySecretaries of State for WarWar Minister
The emergence of the Officers' Training Corps as a distinct unit began in 1906, when the Secretary of State for War, Lord Haldane, first appointed a committee to consider the problem of the shortage of officers in the Militia, the Volunteer Force, the Yeomanry, and the Reserve of Officers.

Militia (United Kingdom)

MilitiaMilitiamenSpecial Reserve
The emergence of the Officers' Training Corps as a distinct unit began in 1906, when the Secretary of State for War, Lord Haldane, first appointed a committee to consider the problem of the shortage of officers in the Militia, the Volunteer Force, the Yeomanry, and the Reserve of Officers.

Yeomanry

Yeomanry CavalryYeomanYeoman Cavalry
The emergence of the Officers' Training Corps as a distinct unit began in 1906, when the Secretary of State for War, Lord Haldane, first appointed a committee to consider the problem of the shortage of officers in the Militia, the Volunteer Force, the Yeomanry, and the Reserve of Officers.

Public school (United Kingdom)

public schoolpublic schoolsPublic
The Corps was to be in two divisions: a junior division in public schools and a senior division in the universities.

Territorial Force

territorialTFT.F.
In October 1908, therefore, authorised by Army Order 160 of July 1908, as part the Haldane Reforms of the Reserve forces, the contingents were formally established as the Officers' Training Corps and incorporated into the new Territorial Force, which was created by the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907.

Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907

military reformsSpecial Reserve of OfficersTerritorial and Reserve Forces Act
In October 1908, therefore, authorised by Army Order 160 of July 1908, as part the Haldane Reforms of the Reserve forces, the contingents were formally established as the Officers' Training Corps and incorporated into the new Territorial Force, which was created by the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907.

Munich Agreement

Munich CrisisMunichMunich Conference
The Munich Crisis saw a huge increase in recruitment to military units generally and OTCs in particular as large numbers of people volunteered for military service in the prelude to the Second World War.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
The Munich Crisis saw a huge increase in recruitment to military units generally and OTCs in particular as large numbers of people volunteered for military service in the prelude to the Second World War.

Home Guard (United Kingdom)

Home GuardLocal Defence VolunteersBritish Home Guard
At the start of the Second World War the UOTCs became Senior Training Units (STCs) and their membership automatically joined the Home Guard and in 1948 they became University Training Units (UTCs).