Ogaden National Liberation Front

ONLFan ethnic Somali rebel groupOgaden Liberation Front
The Ogaden National Liberation Front (abbreviated ONLF, Jabhadda Wadaniga Xoreynta Ogaadeenya; الجبهة الوطنية لتحرير أوجادين) is a separatist rebel group fighting for the right to self-determination for Somalis in the Somali Region of Ethiopia.wikipedia
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Mohammed Omar Osman

The ONLF is currently led by Chairman Mohammed Omar Osman, who was elected to the post at a 1998 national convention.
Admiral Mohamed Omar Osman (born 1940) is the chairman of the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF).

Ogaden (clan)

OgadenOgaden clanAbaskul
The ONLF is composed mainly of members of the Ogaden clan, specifically "the makaahiil tribe of the Ogaden".
The Ogaden clan "constitutes the backbone of the ONLF".

Abdirahman Mahdi

The ONLF was founded in 1984 by six people: Abdirahman Mahdi, the Chairman of the Western Somali Liberation Movement Youth Union, Mohamed Ismail Omar of the Western Somali Liberation Front (WSLF), Sheikh Ibrahim Abdalla Mohamed (WSLF), Abdi Ibrahim Ghehleh (WSLF-Trade Union), Abdirahman Yusuf Magan (WSLF) and Abdulahi Muhammed Sa'adi (WSLF).
Abdirahman Mahdi is the current Foreign Affairs Secretary and one of the founders of the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF), a political movement determined to allow the people of Ogaden to exercise their right to self-determination in the Horn of Africa.

Alliance for Freedom and Democracy

ONLF became a part of the Alliance for Freedom and Democracy on May 22, 2006 but the alliance has not achieved any progress since its creation.
The Alliance for Freedom and Democracy (AFD) is an Ethiopian political alliance formed 22 May 2006 from the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF), the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF), the Sidama National Liberation Front (SNLF), the Coalition for Unity and Democracy (CUD), and the Ethiopian People's Patriotic Front (EPPF, also known as Arbegnoch Gimbar or Patriot's Front).

Qaran

That said, the ONLF has fostered the creation of a national consciousness among Ethiopia's Somali inhabitants by adopting a national flag for Ogadenia and promoting an Ogaden national anthem, Qaran (before the adoption of Qaran, the Ogaden national anthem used by some separatists was Abab).
Qaran ("Nation") is the national anthem of Ogadenia, a country proposed by the ONLF.

Abab

That said, the ONLF has fostered the creation of a national consciousness among Ethiopia's Somali inhabitants by adopting a national flag for Ogadenia and promoting an Ogaden national anthem, Qaran (before the adoption of Qaran, the Ogaden national anthem used by some separatists was Abab).
Abab ("Raise (Grow)") was the national anthem of Ogadenia, a country proposed by the ONLF.

2007–2008 Ethiopian crackdown in Ogaden

local conflictmilitary crackdown in Ogaden2007–08 Ethiopian crackdown in Ogaden
Shortly after the attack, the Ethiopian Army launched a military crackdown in Ogaden.
The 2007–2008 Ethiopian crackdown in Ogaden was a military campaign by the Ethiopian Army against the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF).

Western Somali Liberation Front

WSLFWest Somali Liberation FrontWestern Somali
The ONLF was founded in 1984 by six people: Abdirahman Mahdi, the Chairman of the Western Somali Liberation Movement Youth Union, Mohamed Ismail Omar of the Western Somali Liberation Front (WSLF), Sheikh Ibrahim Abdalla Mohamed (WSLF), Abdi Ibrahim Ghehleh (WSLF-Trade Union), Abdirahman Yusuf Magan (WSLF) and Abdulahi Muhammed Sa'adi (WSLF).
Siad Barre's decision to restrict the WSLF, led to the exile of Yusuf Dheere in 1989 and to the formation of a WSLF splinter group, the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF), whose headquarters were in Kuwait.

Mohamed Sirad Dolal

The latest action of this crackdown resulted in the death of foreign relations chief Dr. Mohamed Sirad Dolal at the town of Danan as he met with other ONLF members.
Dr. Mohamed Sirad Dolal was an academic and a member of the central committee and executive council of the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF), a liberation movement in Ogaden determined to free its homeland from Ethiopia.

1995 Ethiopian general election

19951995 general elections1995 elections
The ESDL then won the Somali seats in the 1995 general elections, pushing the ONLF out of power.

Ogaden Basin

Ogaden RiftOgaden's oilfields
The Ethiopian military has stepped up its actions against ONLF following the organizations stated that it would attack the Malaysian oil company Petronas, which plans to extract oil from the Ogaden Basin.
In recent years the armed wing of the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) has been active, and the rebel group has stated that they will not allow the resources of the region to be exploited, urging international oil companies not to sign agreements with the Ethiopian government.

Ethiopian Somali Democratic League

Ethiopian Somali Democratic League (ESDP)
At that time the ruling Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front pushed for a new partner in the region, which led to the founding of the Ethiopian Somali Democratic League (ESDL) at Hurso in 1993.
consulted about the sacking of the president it refused to accept the pressure of the federal government, and instead sacked both the president and the entire executive committee, and elected a new president, Mohammed Ma'alin Ali, from the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF).

Ogaden

Ogaden regionOgaden DesertOgadenia
That said, the ONLF has fostered the creation of a national consciousness among Ethiopia's Somali inhabitants by adopting a national flag for Ogadenia and promoting an Ogaden national anthem, Qaran (before the adoption of Qaran, the Ogaden national anthem used by some separatists was Abab). Writer Mohamed Mohamud Abdi states that the territory has been under occupation since the Scramble for Africa, and that the inhabitants have been unable to choose their own name Ogadenia for the land.
The main rebel group is the Ogaden National Liberation Front under its Chairman Mohamed O. Osman, which is fighting against the Ethiopian government.

Insurgency in Ogaden

Ogaden insurgency
The Insurgency in Ogaden is an ongoing separatist insurgency, waged by the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) against the Ethiopian government.

Ethiopian National Defense Force

Ethiopian ArmyEthiopian troopsEthiopian Armed Forces
Shortly after the attack, the Ethiopian Army launched a military crackdown in Ogaden.
Government forces have been engaged in battle against Ogaden insurgents led by the Ogaden National Liberation Front.

ZPEB

Zhongyuan Petroleum Exploration BureauZhongyuan Petroleum Engineering
On April 24, 2007, members of the ONLF attacked a camp for employees of Zhongyuan Petroleum Engineering, a Chinese oil exploration company, in Obale, Somali Region, killing approximately 65 Ethiopians and 9 Chinese nationals.
At the time the Ogaden National Liberation Front waged an insurgency against the Ethiopian government.

Danan, Ethiopia

DananDhanan
The latest action of this crackdown resulted in the death of foreign relations chief Dr. Mohamed Sirad Dolal at the town of Danan as he met with other ONLF members.
In January 2009, the foreign relations chief of the Ogaden National Liberation Front, Mohammed Sirad, was killed by the Ethiopian Army at Danan where he was meeting with other ONLF members.

Jijiga

Jigjiga
During a national holiday ceremony held at the Ogaden town of Jijiga, the grenade thrown at the podium of the stadium also wounded Somali regional president Abdulahi Hassan Mohammed in the leg.
The Ethiopian government blamed the attack on the Ogaden National Liberation Front.

Shilavo

Shilabo
A second attack on the town of Shilavo left five civilians dead, while an ONLF-planted landmine near Aware in the Degehabur Zone exploded, killing three civilians traveling by automobile.
The mayor of Shilavo, Hassan Ali Omar, was arrested in July 1995, for allegedly being a member of the Ogaden National Liberation Front.

Somali Region

SomaliSomali Regional State eastern Ethiopia
On April 24, 2007, members of the ONLF attacked a camp for employees of Zhongyuan Petroleum Engineering, a Chinese oil exploration company, in Obale, Somali Region, killing approximately 65 Ethiopians and 9 Chinese nationals. The Ogaden National Liberation Front (abbreviated ONLF, Jabhadda Wadaniga Xoreynta Ogaadeenya; الجبهة الوطنية لتحرير أوجادين) is a separatist rebel group fighting for the right to self-determination for Somalis in the Somali Region of Ethiopia.
The 2007 Abole oil field raid, in which 72 Chinese and Ethiopian oilfield workers were killed, has led to a series of military reprisals against the rebel group ONLF Ogaden National Liberation Front.

Werder, Ethiopia

WerderWardheerUarder
The ONLF reported these towns as: Obolka, near Harar; Hamaro, east of Fiq; Higlaaley and Gunogabo near Degehabur; Yucub, 40 kilometers from Werder; Galadiid, 35 kilometers from Kebri Dahar; and Boodhaano near Gode.
Government security forces and members of the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) clashed in Werder on 23 February 1994.

Abbreviation

abbreviatedsyllabic abbreviationabbrev
The Ogaden National Liberation Front (abbreviated ONLF, Jabhadda Wadaniga Xoreynta Ogaadeenya; الجبهة الوطنية لتحرير أوجادين) is a separatist rebel group fighting for the right to self-determination for Somalis in the Somali Region of Ethiopia.

Self-determination

self determinationright to self-determinationnational self-determination
The Ogaden National Liberation Front (abbreviated ONLF, Jabhadda Wadaniga Xoreynta Ogaadeenya; الجبهة الوطنية لتحرير أوجادين) is a separatist rebel group fighting for the right to self-determination for Somalis in the Somali Region of Ethiopia.

Somalia

SomaliFederal Republic of SomaliaSOM
The area of the Somali region stretches at least about 330,000 square kilometres and has over 3 million people, mainly from the Absame Somali tribe.