Oklahoma!

OklahomaRodgers & Hammerstein's Oklahoma!Pore Jud Is DaidAdo AnnieOklahoma (musical)1943 musical of the same nameJud FrymusicalNebraskaO, Sequoyah!
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Rodgers and Hammerstein

Rodgers & HammersteinRichard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein IIcomposer Richard Rodgers and librettist Oscar Hammerstein II
Oklahoma! is the first musical written by the team of composer Richard Rodgers and librettist Oscar Hammerstein II.
Five of their Broadway shows, Oklahoma!, Carousel, South Pacific, The King and I and The Sound of Music, were outstanding successes, as was the television broadcast of Cinderella (1957).

Oklahoma! (1955 film)

Oklahoma!Oklahomafilm version
It was a box-office smash and ran for an unprecedented 2,212 performances, later enjoying award-winning revivals, national tours, foreign productions and an Academy Award-winning 1955 film adaptation.
Oklahoma! is a 1955 American musical film based on the 1943 musical of the same name by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II, starring Gordon MacRae, Shirley Jones (in her film debut), Rod Steiger, Charlotte Greenwood, Gloria Grahame, Gene Nelson, James Whitmore, and Eddie Albert.

Lynn Riggs

R. Lynn RiggsRollie Lynn Riggs
The musical is based on Lynn Riggs' 1931 play, Green Grow the Lilacs.
His play Green Grow The Lilacs was adapted into the landmark musical Oklahoma!.

Musical theatre

musicalmusicalsmusical comedy
Oklahoma! is the first musical written by the team of composer Richard Rodgers and librettist Oscar Hammerstein II.
The Princess Theatre musicals (1915–1918) and other smart shows like Of Thee I Sing (1931) were artistic steps forward beyond revues and other frothy entertainments of the early 20th century and led to such groundbreaking works as Show Boat (1927) and Oklahoma! (1943).

Richard Rodgers

RodgersA Ship Without a SailR. Rodgers
She contacted Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart, whose first successful collaboration, The Garrick Gaieties, had been produced by the Theatre Guild in 1925.
He is best known for his songwriting partnerships with the lyricists Lorenz Hart, with whom he wrote several musicals throughout the 1920s and 1930s, including Pal Joey, A Connecticut Yankee, On Your Toes and Babes in Arms, and Oscar Hammerstein II, with whom he wrote musicals through the 1940s and 1950s such as Oklahoma!, South Pacific, The King and I, and The Sound of Music.

Oh, What a Beautiful Mornin'

Oh, What a Beautiful MorningOh What a Beautiful Mornin'Oh What A Beautiful Morning
Brooks Atkinson wrote in The New York Times that the show's opening number, "Oh, What a Beautiful Mornin'" changed the history of musical theater: "After a verse like that, sung to a buoyant melody, the banalities of the old musical stage became intolerable."
"Oh, What a Beautiful Mornin'" is the opening song from the musical Oklahoma!, which premiered on Broadway in 1943.

Oscar Hammerstein II

Oscar HammersteinHammersteinHammerstein II
Rodgers had asked Oscar Hammerstein II to collaborate with him and Hart.
Hammerstein collaborated with numerous composers, such as Jerome Kern, with whom he wrote Show Boat, Vincent Youmans, Rudolf Friml, Richard A. Whiting, and Sigmund Romberg, but he is best known for his collaborations with Richard Rodgers, as the duo Rodgers and Hammerstein, whose collaborations include Oklahoma!, Carousel, South Pacific, The King and I, and The Sound of Music.

Claremore, Oklahoma

ClaremoreClaremore, OKClaremore, Indian Territory
Set in farm country outside the town of Claremore, Indian Territory, in 1906, it tells the story of farm girl Laurey Williams and her courtship by two rival suitors, cowboy Curly McLain and the sinister and frightening farmhand Jud Fry.
The Rodgers and Hammerstein musical Oklahoma! is set in Claremore and the surrounding area, in 1906 (the year before Oklahoma became a State).

Green Grow the Lilacs (play)

Green Grow the Lilacs
The musical is based on Lynn Riggs' 1931 play, Green Grow the Lilacs.
It is the basis of the 1943 musical Oklahoma!

People Will Say We're in Love

Afraid to tell Jud she won't go with him, Laurey tries to convince Curly (and herself) that she does not love him ("People Will Say We're in Love").
"People Will Say We're In Love" is a show tune from the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical Oklahoma! (1943).

Dream ballet

The production was choreographed by Agnes de Mille (her first time choreographing a musical on Broadway), who provided one of the show's most notable and enduring features: a 15-minute first-act ballet finale (often referred to as the dream ballet) depicting Laurey's struggle to evaluate her suitors, Jud and Curly.
The dream ballet is thought to have originated in Rodgers and Hammerstein's 1943 musical Oklahoma!, which includes an 18-minute first-act dream ballet finale choreographed by Agnes de Mille.

Oklahoma (Rodgers and Hammerstein song)

OklahomaOklahoma!title song
Of the changes made before the show went to Broadway, two would prove significant: the addition of the show-stopping musical number, "Oklahoma" and the decision to retitle the musical after that number.
"Oklahoma" is the title song from the Broadway musical Oklahoma!, named for the setting of the musical play.

Patrick Wilson (American actor)

Patrick Wilson Patrick Wilson
Only two of the London cast, Josefina Gabrielle as Laurey and Shuler Hensley as Jud, were in the production, which also featured Patrick Wilson as Curly and Andrea Martin as Aunt Eller.
He is a two-time Tony Award nominee for his roles in The Full Monty (2000–2001) and Oklahoma! (2002).

Rouben Mamoulian

Mamoulian´sRouben Mamulian
Though Theresa Helburn, codirector of the Theatre Guild, suggested Shirley Temple as Laurey and Groucho Marx as Ali Hakim, Rodgers and Hammerstein, with director Rouben Mamoulian's support, insisted that performers more dramatically appropriate for the roles be cast.
Mamoulian was also the first to stage such notable Broadway works as Oklahoma! (1943), Carousel (1945) and Lost in the Stars (1949).

It's a Scandal! It's a Outrage!

Hakim and the other men lament the unfairness of the situation ("It's a Scandal! It's a Outrage!").
It's a Outrage!' is a song from the musical Oklahoma!.

Alfred Drake

It starred Alfred Drake (Curly), Joan Roberts (Laurey), Celeste Holm (Ado Annie), Howard Da Silva (Jud Fry), Betty Garde (Aunt Eller), Lee Dixon (Will Parker), Joseph Buloff (Ali Hakim), Jane Lawrence (Gertie), Barry Kelley (Ike) and George S. Irving (Joe).
He is best known for his leading roles in the original Broadway productions of Oklahoma!; Kiss Me, Kate; Kismet; and for playing Marshall Blackstone in the original production of Babes in Arms, (in which he sang the title song) and Hajj in Kismet, for which he received the Tony Award.

Many a New Day

Laurey tells her friends that she doesn't really care about Curly ("Many a New Day").
"Many a New Day" is a song from the musical Oklahoma!, written by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II.

Howard Da Silva

Howard DaSilvaHoward SilverblattNote
It starred Alfred Drake (Curly), Joan Roberts (Laurey), Celeste Holm (Ado Annie), Howard Da Silva (Jud Fry), Betty Garde (Aunt Eller), Lee Dixon (Will Parker), Joseph Buloff (Ali Hakim), Jane Lawrence (Gertie), Barry Kelley (Ike) and George S. Irving (Joe).
Adept at both drama and musicals on the stage, he originated the role of Jud Fry in the original 1943 run of the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical Oklahoma!, and also portrayed the prosecuting attorney in the 1957 stage production of Compulsion.

Ridge Bond

Ridge Bond played Curly, Patricia Northrop played Laurey, Henry Clarke was Jud, and Jacqueline Sundt played Ado Annie.
Ridgely McClure "Ridge" Bond (July 12, 1922 – May 6, 1997) was an American actor, singer and businessman, who is best known for playing the role of Curly in the musical Oklahoma! on Broadway and on tour.

Betty Jane Watson

It starred Howard Keel (then known as Harold Keel) and Betty Jane Watson, opening at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane on April 30, 1947 to rave press reviews and sellout houses, running for 1,543 performances.
Elizabeth Jane Watson (December 28, 1921 – February 21, 2016) was an American actress and singer known for her roles in musical theatre, especially Laurey in Oklahoma!, creating the role in the London premiere.

Joan Roberts

It starred Alfred Drake (Curly), Joan Roberts (Laurey), Celeste Holm (Ado Annie), Howard Da Silva (Jud Fry), Betty Garde (Aunt Eller), Lee Dixon (Will Parker), Joseph Buloff (Ali Hakim), Jane Lawrence (Gertie), Barry Kelley (Ike) and George S. Irving (Joe).
Joan Roberts (July 15, 1917 – August 13, 2012) was an American actress, most famous for creating the role of Laurey in the original Broadway production of Oklahoma! in 1943.

Howard Keel

It starred Howard Keel (then known as Harold Keel) and Betty Jane Watson, opening at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane on April 30, 1947 to rave press reviews and sellout houses, running for 1,543 performances.
In 1945, he briefly understudied for John Raitt in the Broadway hit Carousel before being assigned to Oklahoma!, both written by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II.

All Er Nuthin'

All Er Nothin'All Er Nuthin
Later that night, Will and Annie work out their differences, as she reluctantly agrees not to flirt with other men ("All Er Nuthin'").
"All Er Nuthin'" is a tune from the musical play Oklahoma!, written by composer Richard Rodgers and lyricist Oscar Hammerstein II.

Kansas City (Oklahoma!)

Kansas CityKansas City" (''Oklahoma!'')
Meanwhile, cowboy Will Parker returns bedazzled and souvenir-laden from a trip to modern Kansas City ("Kansas City").
"Kansas City" is a song from the musical Oklahoma!.

Betty Garde

It starred Alfred Drake (Curly), Joan Roberts (Laurey), Celeste Holm (Ado Annie), Howard Da Silva (Jud Fry), Betty Garde (Aunt Eller), Lee Dixon (Will Parker), Joseph Buloff (Ali Hakim), Jane Lawrence (Gertie), Barry Kelley (Ike) and George S. Irving (Joe).
A tall woman, standing 5'10", she was cast as Aunt Eller in the original 1943 Broadway production of Oklahoma! She also portrayed Mrs. Gordon in Agatha Sue, I Love You (1966).