Balto-Slavic languages.
Example of the Cyrillic alphabet: excerpt from the manuscript "Bdinski Zbornik" written in Old Slavonic, 1360
Areas where Eastern South Slavic dialects are spoken:
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A page from the Gospel of Miroslav, Serbian medieval manuscript, a 12th-century Byzantine-Slavonic book, National Library of Serbia.
The Introduction of the Slavonic Liturgy in Great Moravia (1912), by Alphonse Mucha, The Slav Epic
"Simeon I of Bulgaria, the Morning Star of Slavonic Literature". (1923), by Alphonse Mucha, The Slav Epic

The first South Slavic language to be written (also the first attested Slavic language) was the variety of the Eastern South Slavic spoken in Thessaloniki, now called Old Church Slavonic, in the ninth century.

- South Slavic languages

Old Church Slavonic spread to other South-Eastern, Central, and Eastern European Slavic territories, most notably Croatia, Serbia, Bohemia, Lesser Poland, and principalities of the Kievan Rus' – while retaining characteristically South Slavic linguistic features.

- Old Church Slavonic

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Balto-Slavic language tree.

Slavic languages

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The Slavic languages, also known as the Slavonic languages, are Indo-European languages spoken primarily by the Slavic peoples and their descendants.

The Slavic languages, also known as the Slavonic languages, are Indo-European languages spoken primarily by the Slavic peoples and their descendants.

Balto-Slavic language tree.
Ethnographic Map of Slavic and Baltic Languages
Baška tablet, 11th century, Krk, Croatia.
14th-century Novgorodian children were literate enough to send each other letters written on birch bark.
10th–11th century Codex Zographensis, canonical monument of Old Church Slavonic
Map and tree of Slavic languages, according to Kassian and A. Dybo
West Slav tribes in 9th–10th centuries
Linguistic maps of Slavic languages
Map of all areas where the Russian language is the language spoken by the majority of the population.

The Slavic languages are conventionally (that is, also on the basis of extralinguistic features) divided into three subgroups: East, South, and West, which together constitute more than 20 languages.

Old Church Slavonic

The Codex Zographensis is one of the oldest manuscripts in the Old Bulgarian language, dated from the late 10th or early 11th century

Bulgarian language

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The Codex Zographensis is one of the oldest manuscripts in the Old Bulgarian language, dated from the late 10th or early 11th century
Cyrillic
Map of the Bulgarian dialects within Bulgaria
Extent of Bulgarian dialects according to the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences shown encompassing the Eastern South Slavic dialects. Subregions are differentiated by pronunciation of man and tooth.
Areas of Eastern South Slavic languages.
Bulgarian cursive alphabet

Bulgarian (, ; български, ) is a South Slavic language spoken in Southeastern Europe, primarily in Bulgaria.

Old Bulgarian (9th to 11th centuries, also referred to as "Old Church Slavonic") – a literary norm of the early southern dialect of the Proto-Slavic language from which Bulgarian evolved. Saints Cyril and Methodius and their disciples used this norm when translating the Bible and other liturgical literature from Greek into Slavic.

The Freising manuscripts, dating from the late 10th or the early 11th century, are considered the oldest documents in Slovene.

Slovene language

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The Freising manuscripts, dating from the late 10th or the early 11th century, are considered the oldest documents in Slovene.
A schematic map of Slovene dialects, based on the map by Fran Ramovš and other sources
Vowels of Slovene, from . is not shown.
Tombstone of Jožef Nahtigal in Dobrova with archaic Slovene onikanje in indirect reference. Literal translation "Here lie [počivajo] the honorable Jožef Nahtigal ... they were born [rojeni] ... they died [umerli] ... God grant them [jim] eternal peace and rest."
A schematic map of Slovene dialects, based on the map by Tine Logar, Jakob Rigler and other sources

Slovene ( or ), or alternatively Slovenian (slovenski jezik or slovenščina), is a South Slavic language.

Like all Slavic languages, Slovene traces its roots to the same proto-Slavic group of languages that produced Old Church Slavonic.

Cyrillic letter yat, set in several fonts. Note that in cursive writing, the small yat has a considerably different shape.

Yat

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Thirty-second letter of the old Cyrillic alphabet.

Thirty-second letter of the old Cyrillic alphabet.

Cyrillic letter yat, set in several fonts. Note that in cursive writing, the small yat has a considerably different shape.
Bulgarian "yat border".
Pre-revolution typewriter with Yat on the bottom row, between Ч and С.
Cover of 1880 edition of Turgenev's Fathers and Sons, with yat in the title; in modern orthography, дѣти is spelled дети.
In 1914, Serbian philologist Aleksandar Belić's map showed the contemporary Serbian point of view where the Yat border separated Serbian from Bulgarian.

One explanation is that the dialect of Thessaloniki (on which the Old Church Slavonic literary language was based), and other South Slavic dialects shifted from to independently from the Northern and Western branches.

However, modern Serbian linguists such as Pavle Ivic have accepted that the main isoglosses bundle dividing Eastern and Western South Slavic runs from the mouth of the Timok river alongside Osogovo mountain and Sar Mountain.

Thessaloniki

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Second-largest city in Greece, with over 1 million inhabitants in its metropolitan area, and the capital of the geographic region of Macedonia, the administrative region of Central Macedonia and the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace.

Second-largest city in Greece, with over 1 million inhabitants in its metropolitan area, and the capital of the geographic region of Macedonia, the administrative region of Central Macedonia and the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace.

Inscription reading "To Queen Thessalonike, (Daughter) of Philip", Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki
GDP of the Thessaloniki regional unit 2000–2011
Ancient coin depicting Cassander, son of Antipater, and founder of the city of Thessaloniki
The 4th-century AD Rotunda of Galerius, one of several Roman monuments in the city and a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Section of the Walls of Thessaloniki
Church of the Acheiropoietos (5th century) at the city's centre
A mosaic of Saint George in Saint Demetrios Church
Hot chamber of the men's baths in the Bey Hamam (1444).
Demographics of Thessaloniki between 1500-1950
The White Tower of Thessaloniki, on the edge of Nikis Avenue, a prominent Ottoman addition to the city walls, built in 1430 and rebuilt in 1535, and symbol of the city
Constantine I of Greece with George I of Greece and the Hellenic army enter the city.
Allied armies in Thessaloniki, World War I
The 1st Battalion of the Army of National Defence marches on its way to the Macedonian front.
Aerial photograph of the Great Fire of 1917
Registration of the male Jews of Thessaloniki in July 1942, Eleftherias Square. 96% of deported Jews perished in Nazi concentration camps.
Part of Eleftherias Square and Stein mansion during the Axis occupation
Indian troops sweep for mines in Salonika 1944
Thessaloniki's urban and metropolitan areas
Mayor Yiannis Boutaris (2011-19)
The Government House, now the Ministry for Macedonia and Thrace, designed by Vitaliano Poselli in 1891
The Prefecture building (Villa Allatini)
Plan for central Thessaloniki by Ernest Hébrard. Much of the plan can be seen in today's city center.
The old Hotel Astoria on Tsimiski Street, typical beaux-arts architecture of the post-fire architecture boom
A street in Ladadika district
Xirokrini neighbourhood.
The cultural center (including MOMus–Museum of Modern Art–Costakis Collection and two theatres of the National Theatre of Northern Greece), former Catholic Lazarist Monastery (Moni Lazariston).
Villa Mordoch (arch. Xenophon Paionidis) on Vasilissis Olgas Avenue
The church of Saint Demetrius, patron saint of the city, built in the 4th century, is the largest basilica in Greece and one of the city's most prominent Paleochristian monuments.
Panagia Chalkeon church in Thessaloniki (1028 AD), one of the 15 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the city
The Byzantine Bath of the Upper Town.
The equestrian statue of Alexander the Great on the promenade
Aerial view of the newest section of the promenade (Nea Paralia), which was opened to the public in January 2014
The old building of Banque de Salonique, now Stoa Malakopi
A building of the Bank of Greece
View of the port
The GDP of Thessaloniki in comparison to that of Attica and the rest of the country (2012)
Paths of Jewish immigration to the city
Jewish family of Salonika in 1917
"Jews not welcomed" sign during the Axis occupation
Monastir Synagogue
The building of the Society of Macedonian studies, seat of the National Theatre of Northern Greece.
Thessaloniki Concert Hall
Marina of Aretsou
Part of the coastline of the southeastern suburb of Peraia on the Thermaic Gulf, with views towards Thessaloniki
View of the Museum of Byzantine Culture
View of the Thessaloniki Science Center and Technology Museum (also known as NOESIS) on the road to Thermi
View of the Roman Forum (Ancient Agora)
Olympion Theatre, seat of the International Film Festival
Kaftanzoglio National Stadium
Mosaic of Saint Demetrius of Thessaloniki in the Church of Saint Demetrius in Thessaloniki
Frappé coffee
Bougatsa, typical Thessalonian treat
Hotel Luxemvourgo on Komninon Street (1924, arch. Eli Modiano)
View of the Makedonia Palace on the promenade
Aerial view of the campus of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (to the right), the largest university in Greece and the Balkans
The old tram lines on Agiou Mina Street
An OASTH bus
Map of the Thessaloniki Metro under construction (Lines 1 and 2), and its planned extensions
Suburban Railway services
Thessaloniki International Airport
New railway station
Road map of Thessaloniki and its suburbs from OpenStreetMap
Part of the ring road (Peripheriaki Odos)
Taxi in Thessaloniki
Commemorative stele in Melbourne

It is the basis for the city's name in other languages: Солѹнъ (Solunŭ) in Old Church Slavonic, סאלוניקו (Saloniko) in Judeo-Spanish, סלוניקי (Saloniki) in Hebrew, سلانیك (Selânik) in Ottoman Turkish and Selânik in modern Turkish, Salonicco in Italian, Solun or Солун in the local and neighboring South Slavic languages, Салоники (Saloníki) in Russian, and Sãrunã in Aromanian.

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Yer

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Either of two letters in Cyrillic alphabets, ъ and ь (ѥрь, jerĭ).

Either of two letters in Cyrillic alphabets, ъ and ь (ѥрь, jerĭ).

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They originally represented phonemically the "ultra-short" vowels in Slavic languages, including Old Church Slavonic, and are collectively known as the yers.

In all West Slavic languages, the yer either disappeared or changed to in strong positions, and in South Slavic languages, the strong yer reflexes differ widely, according to dialect.

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East Slavic languages

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The East Slavic languages constitute one of the three regional subgroups of Slavic languages.

The East Slavic languages constitute one of the three regional subgroups of Slavic languages.

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Speakers of East Slavic languages far out-number the West Slavic and South Slavic language families.

After the conversion of the East Slavic region to Christianity the people used service books borrowed from Bulgaria, which were written in Old Church Slavonic.

Map of the Bulgarian dialects within Bulgaria

Bulgarian dialects

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Map of the Bulgarian dialects within Bulgaria
The yat (*ě) split in the Bulgarian language.
Map of the big yus (*ǫ) isoglosses in Eastern South Slavic and eastern Torlakian according to the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences' atlas from 2001. 
Pronunciation of man and tooth, derived from proto-Slavic words *mǫžь and *zǫbъ on the map: 
1., (see зъб) 
2., (see заб) 
3. ,  
4. ,  
5. ,  
6. ,  
7. ,  
8. ,  
9. ,
isogloss clockwise (right or down/left or up of the line) 1. vat- bachva, bochva, etc./bąchva 2.yellow- zhąlt, zhląt, zhąt, etc./zhelt 3. road- pat, put, pot/pąt 4.paw- shąpa, shapa, shaka, etc./shepa
isogloss (clockwise) 1. thirsty- zhąden, zhaden, etc./zheden 2. red- tsraven, tsąrven/cherven, chirven 3. me, you- me, te/mą, tą, etc. 4. white- bel/byal (Yat border)
isogloss (clockwise) 1. meadows- polani/poleni 2. drunk- piyani/piyeni 3. cups- chashi/cheshi 4. caps- shapki/shepki
isogloss (clockwise) 1. frogs- zhabi/zhebi 2. I wait-chekam/chakam, 3.Yat border
isogloss (clockwise) 1. rings- prąstene, prąsteną/prasteni 2. I read- chetem/chetą 3. we read- cheteme, chitami, chetemo, etc./chetem, chitem, etc. 4. Yat border
isogloss (clockwise) 1. leg- noga/krak 2. loom- razboy/stan 3. shirt- koshula/riza 4. hot- zhezhko/goreshto
isogloss (clockwise) 1. don't- nemoy/nedey 2. I- ya, yaz, ye/az 3.he- on/toy 4. Yat border
isogloss (clockwise) 1. meat- méso/mesó 2. I read- chéta, chetem/chetá 3. pick- béri/berí 4. Yat border
Names of Watermelon- dinya, lubenica, karpuza, boston
Names of Melon- papesh, pipon, kavun, moravec

Bulgarian dialects are the regional varieties of the Bulgarian language, a South Slavic language.

The main isogloss separating the Bulgarian dialects into Eastern and Western is the yat border, marking the different mutations of the Old Bulgarian yat form (ѣ, *ě), pronounced as either /ʲa/ or /ɛ/ to the east (byal, but plural beli in Balkan dialects, "white") and strictly as /ɛ/ to the west of it (bel, plural beli) throughout former Yugoslavia.

Slavic liquid metathesis and pleophony

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The Slavic liquid metathesis refers to the phenomenon of metathesis of liquid consonants in the Common Slavic period in the South Slavic and West Slavic area.

On the other hand, the change had already been completed in the earliest Old Church Slavonic documents.