A report on Old Church Slavonic

Example of the Cyrillic alphabet: excerpt from the manuscript "Bdinski Zbornik" written in Old Slavonic, 1360
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A page from the Gospel of Miroslav, Serbian medieval manuscript, a 12th-century Byzantine-Slavonic book, National Library of Serbia.
The Introduction of the Slavonic Liturgy in Great Moravia (1912), by Alphonse Mucha, The Slav Epic
"Simeon I of Bulgaria, the Morning Star of Slavonic Literature". (1923), by Alphonse Mucha, The Slav Epic

The first Slavic literary language.

- Old Church Slavonic

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South Slavs

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South Slavs are Slavic peoples who speak South Slavic languages and inhabit a contiguous region of Southeast Europe comprising the eastern Alps and the Balkan Peninsula.

South Slavs are Slavic peoples who speak South Slavic languages and inhabit a contiguous region of Southeast Europe comprising the eastern Alps and the Balkan Peninsula.

Admixture analysis of autosomal SNPs of the Balkan region in a global context on the resolution level of 7 assumed ancestral populations: the African (brown), South/West European (light blue), Asian (yellow), Middle Eastern (orange), South Asian (green), North/East European (dark blue) and beige Caucasus component.
Autosomal analysis presenting the historical contribution of different donor groups in some European populations. Polish sample was selected to represent the Slavic influence, and it is suggesting a strong and early impact in Greece (30-37%), Romania (48-57%), Bulgaria (55-59%), and Hungary (54-84%).

They created the Glagolitic script and the first Slavic written language, Old Church Slavonic, which they used to translate Biblical works.

Moravia

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Historical region in the east of the Czech Republic and one of three historical Czech lands, with Bohemia and Czech Silesia.

Historical region in the east of the Czech Republic and one of three historical Czech lands, with Bohemia and Czech Silesia.

Rolling hills of the Králický Sněžník massif, Horní Morava, near the border with Bohemia
Šance Dam on the Ostravice River in the Moravian-Silesian Beskids; the river forms the border with Silesia.
Steppe landscape near Mohelno
Venus of Vestonice, the oldest surviving ceramic figurine in the world
Pálava mountains with Věstonice Reservoir, area of palaeolithic settlement
Territory of Great Moravia in the 9th century: area ruled by Rastislav (846–870) map marks the greatest territorial extent during the reign of Svatopluk I (871–894), violet core is origin of Moravia.
Saint Wenceslas Cathedral in Olomouc, seat of bishops of Olomouc since the 10th century and the current seat of the Archbishopric of Olomouc, the Metropolitan archdiocese of Moravia
Moravian nationality, as declared by people in the 1991 census
Moravian Slovak costumes (worn by men and women) during the Jízda králů ("Ride of the Kings") Festival held annually in the village of Vlčnov (southeastern Moravia)
Old ethnic division of Moravians according to an encyclopaedia of 1878
Lednice Castle
Punkevní Cave in the Moravian Karst
Bohemia and Moravia in the 12th century
Church of St. Thomas in Brno, mausoleum of Moravian branch House of Luxembourg, rulers of Moravia; and the old governor's palace, a former Augustinian abbey
12th century Romanesque St. Procopius Basilica in Třebíč
The Moravian banner of arms, which first appeared in the medieval era<ref>{{cite conference|first1 = Zbyšek|last1 = Svoboda|first2 = Pavel|last2 = Fojtík|first3 = Petr|last3 = Exner|first4 = Jaroslav|last4 = Martykán|title = Odborné vexilologické stanovisko k moravské vlajce|book-title = Vexilologie. Zpravodaj České vexilologické společnosti, o.s. č. 169|pages = 3319, 3320|publisher = Česká vexilologická společnost|date = 2013|location = Brno|url = http://www.moravska-vlajka.eu/dokumenty/vexilologie-169.pdf}}</ref><ref>{{cite conference|first = František|last = Pícha|title = Znaky a prapory v kronice Ottokara Štýrského|book-title = Vexilologie. Zpravodaj České vexilologické společnosti, o.s. č. 169|pages = 3320–3324|publisher = Česká vexilologická společnost|date = 2013|location = Brno|url = http://www.moravska-vlajka.eu/dokumenty/vexilologie-169.pdf}}</ref>
Habsburg Empire Crown lands: growth of the Habsburg territories and Moravia's status
Administrative division of Moravia as crown land of Austria in 1893
Jan Černý, president of Moravia in 1922–1926, later also Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia
A general map of Moravia in the 1920s
In 1928, Moravia was merged into Moravia-Silesia, one of four lands of Czechoslovakia, together with Bohemia, Slovakia and Subcarpathian Rus.
The Tatra 77 (1934)
WIKOV Supersport (1931)
Thonet No. 14 chair
The speed train Tatra M 290.0 Slovenská strela 1936
Zlín XIII aircraft on display at the National Technical Museum in Prague
Zetor 25A tractor
Comenius
Gregor Mendel
František Palacký
Jaromír Mundy
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Leoš Janáček
Sigmund Freud
Edmund Husserl
Alphonse Mucha
Adolf Loos
Tomáš Baťa
Kurt Gödel
Emil Zátopek
Milan Kundera
Ivan Lendl
Electron microscope Brno
Aeroplane L 410 NG by Let Kunovice
Precise rifle scope by MeOpta
The (modern) BREN gun M 2 11
The modern street car EVO 2
Diesel railway coach class Bfhpvee295

The result was the mission of Saints Cyril and Methodius who translated liturgical books into Slavonic, which had lately been elevated by the Pope to the same level as Latin and Greek.

Codex Zographensis with the beginning of Mark's Gospel "ⰵⰲⰰⰳⰳ[ⰵ]ⰾⰻⰵ ⱁⱅⱏ ⰿⰰⱃⱏⰽⰰ (Єваггєлїе отъ Маръка)" (Saint Petersburg, National Library of Russia, Ms. глаг. 1, f.77r)

Codex Zographensis

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Codex Zographensis with the beginning of Mark's Gospel "ⰵⰲⰰⰳⰳ[ⰵ]ⰾⰻⰵ ⱁⱅⱏ ⰿⰰⱃⱏⰽⰰ (Єваггєлїе отъ Маръка)" (Saint Petersburg, National Library of Russia, Ms. глаг. 1, f.77r)
Codex Zographensis with the Gospel of St John (Zograf monastery, Ms. глаг. 1, f.225r)
A page from the Codex Zographensis with text of the Gospel according to St Luke XIV, 19-24 (Zograf monastery, Ms. глаг. 1, f.187v)

The Codex Zographensis (or Tetraevangelium Zographense; scholarly abbreviation Zo) is an illuminated Old Church Slavonic canon manuscript.

A page from the oldest (1348) copy

Chernorizets Hrabar

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Bulgarian monk, scholar and writer who worked at the Preslav Literary School at the end of the 9th and the beginning of the 10th century.

Bulgarian monk, scholar and writer who worked at the Preslav Literary School at the end of the 9th and the beginning of the 10th century.

A page from the oldest (1348) copy

Chernorizets Hrabar is (as far as is known) the author of only one literary work, "On the Letters" (О писмєньхъ, O pismenĭhŭ, За буквите), one of the most admired and popular works of literature written in Old Church Slavonic.

Palatization mark

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The palatization mark is one of the historic signs of Cyrillic that was used in Old Church Slavonic to indicate the palatalization of the base consonant.

Locative case

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Grammatical case which indicates a location.

Grammatical case which indicates a location.

In Old Church Slavonic, the locative is mostly used with preposition.

Constantine of Preslav

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Medieval Bulgarian scholar, writer and translator, one of the most important men of letters working at the Preslav Literary School at the end of the 9th and the beginning of the 10th century.

Medieval Bulgarian scholar, writer and translator, one of the most important men of letters working at the Preslav Literary School at the end of the 9th and the beginning of the 10th century.

He was one of the most prolific and important writers in Old Bulgarian (the Bulgarian recension of Old Church Slavonic).

Miroslav Gospel

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362-page Serbian illuminated manuscript Gospel Book on parchment with very rich decorations.

362-page Serbian illuminated manuscript Gospel Book on parchment with very rich decorations.

A copy of the Miroslav Gospel at the Cathedral of Saint Sava

It is one of the oldest surviving documents written in the Serbian recension of Church Slavonic.

F.6r of the Enina Apostle, showing coloured headpiece and decorative initial.

Enina Apostle

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F.6r of the Enina Apostle, showing coloured headpiece and decorative initial.

The Enina Apostle or Enina Apostolos (scholarly abbreviation Enin) is an 11th-century Old Church Slavonic Cyrillic manuscript.

Glagolita Clozianus

Glagolita Clozianus

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Glagolita Clozianus

The Glagolita Clozianus is a 14-folio Glagolitic Old Church Slavonic canon miscellany, written in the eleventh century.