Stonehenge, the most famous antiquity on Salisbury Plain
A reconstruction of Old Sarum in the 12th century, housed at Salisbury Cathedral
Rough map of military training area (green) on Salisbury Plain within Wiltshire (blue) (it accounts for about half the area of Salisbury Plain)
An 1829 sketch of Old Sarum by John Constable, displaying the site of the abandoned hillfort
Stonehenge, on Salisbury Plain
A 1916 plan of Old Sarum by the Ordnance Survey (300 ft ≈ 92 m)
Military use makes some areas of the plain inaccessible to the public.
Aerial view of Old Sarum
Typical grassland at Netheravon Down.
The present ruins: the exposed foundations of the cathedral in the foreground and the Norman central motte behind
The burnt-tip orchid (Neotinea ustulata) can be found on Salisbury Plain
The exposed foundations of the cathedral
The Duke of Burgundy butterfly (Hamearis lucina)
The cuckoo bee Nomada armata
The fairy shrimp Chirocephalus diaphanus
The stone curlew

This heyday of the settlement lasted for around 300 years until disputes between the Sheriff of Wiltshire and the Bishop of Salisbury finally led to the removal of the church into the nearby plain.

- Old Sarum

Roman roads are visible features, probably serving a settlement near Old Sarum.

- Salisbury Plain
Stonehenge, the most famous antiquity on Salisbury Plain

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A reconstruction of Old Sarum in the 12th century

Salisbury

Cathedral city in Wiltshire, England, with a population of 40,302, at the confluence of the rivers Avon, Nadder and Bourne.

Cathedral city in Wiltshire, England, with a population of 40,302, at the confluence of the rivers Avon, Nadder and Bourne.

A reconstruction of Old Sarum in the 12th century
Salisbury viewed from Old Sarum
The Great West Front of Salisbury Cathedral
The 15th-century Doom painting in St Thomas' church
A picture of Minster Street, c. 1870
Secret Spitfire Memorial, view from the south
Salisbury Guildhall, completed in 1795, is now the meeting place of the City Council
Queen Elizabeth Gardens, showing part of the River Avon diverted through the gardens
The 15th-century Poultry Cross marked the section of the market trading in poultry
Butchers Row in the city centre
Salisbury High Street
St Martin's Church (Church of England)
Salisbury Museum, housed in the King's House.
Salisbury bus station in 2010 (since closed)
Salisbury Racecourse with the cathedral in the distance

Salisbury is in the southeast of Wiltshire, near the edge of Salisbury Plain.

The hilltop at Old Sarum lies near the Neolithic sites of Stonehenge and Avebury and shows some signs of early settlement.

River Avon, Hampshire

In the south of England, rising in Wiltshire, flowing through that county's city of Salisbury and then west Hampshire, before reaching the English Channel through Christchurch Harbour in the Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole conurbation of Dorset.

In the south of England, rising in Wiltshire, flowing through that county's city of Salisbury and then west Hampshire, before reaching the English Channel through Christchurch Harbour in the Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole conurbation of Dorset.

The start of the lower half, near Fordingbridge
The 17th-century navigation channel near Britford is still in water
Longford Castle overlooks the river
Hale Park
Breamore House

Many prehistoric sites and broader "landscapes" are found on either side of the river, the largest being the World Heritage Site zone of Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites, followed by the Old Sarum knoll fortification and the Thornham Down prehistoric and medieval landscape.

The two branches merge at Upavon, flowing southwards across Salisbury Plain through Durrington, Amesbury and Salisbury.

Stonehenge in July 2007

Stonehenge

Stonehenge in July 2007
Plan of Stonehenge in 2004. After Cleal et al. and Pitts. Italicised numbers in the text refer to the labels on this plan. Trilithon lintels omitted for clarity. Holes that no longer, or never, contained stones are shown as open circles. Stones visible today are shown coloured.
Stonehenge 1. After Cleal et al.
Graffiti on the sarsen stones include ancient carvings of a dagger and an axe
Sketch showing the tongue and groove and mortise and tenon joints used in the outer Sarsen circle
Plan of the central stone structure today; after Johnson 2008
Computer rendering of the overall site
The southwest face of the Heel Stone in May 2016
The sun behind the Heel Stone on the Summer solstice, shortly after sunrise
The oldest known depiction of Stonehenge, from the second quarter of the 14th century. A giant helps Merlin build Stonehenge. From a manuscript of the Roman de Brut by Wace in the British Library (Egerton 3028).
The earliest-known realistic painting of Stonehenge, drawn on site with watercolours by Lucas de Heere between 1573 and 1575
Farm waggons near the site, c. 1885
10th Battalion, CEF marches past the site, winter 1914–15 (the First World War); Background: Preservation work on stones, propped up by timbers
Sunrise at Stonehenge on the summer solstice, 21 June 2005
Dancing inside the stones, 1984 Stonehenge Free Festival
Stonehenge at sunset
The visitor centre at Stonehenge
17th-century depiction of Stonehenge from the Atlas van Loon
As painted by John Constable, 1835
An early photograph of Stonehenge taken July 1877
The monument from a similar angle in 2008 showing the extent of reconstruction
A contemporary newspaper depiction of the 1920 restoration

Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument on Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire, England, 2 mi west of Amesbury.

During the 1920 restoration William Hawley, who had excavated nearby Old Sarum, excavated the base of six stones and the outer ditch.

Danebury Fort – aerial image

Hampshire

County in South East England on the coast of the English Channel.

County in South East England on the coast of the English Channel.

Danebury Fort – aerial image
Plaque on Freemantle Common marking the route of the Roman Road from Chichester to Bitterne
Portchester combined Roman and Norman castles
Portsmouth historic dockyard, 2005
South West Hampshire & South East Dorset green belt (shown in green)
New Forest Pony in Burley
Winchester Cathedral
Hampshire County Council offices and Jubilee Fountain
Eastleigh railway works
Southampton Docks
The M3 near Basingstoke
County flag of Hampshire
Milestones Museum, Basingstoke
Ageas Bowl cricket ground, West End, 2010
Fratton Park football ground, Portsmouth, from Milton End, 2006
Former Hampshire Chronicle office in Winchester, circa 1999

Two major Roman roads, Ermin Way and Port Way, cross the north of the county connecting Calleva Atrebatum with Corinium Dobunnorum, modern Cirencester, and Old Sarum respectively.

Hampshire played a crucial role in both World Wars due to the large Royal Navy naval base at Portsmouth, the army camp at Aldershot, and the military Netley Hospital on Southampton Water, as well as its proximity to the army training ranges on Salisbury Plain and the Isle of Purbeck.

A345 road

Secondary A road in Wiltshire, England running from Salisbury to Marlborough and the A4.

Secondary A road in Wiltshire, England running from Salisbury to Marlborough and the A4.

The road is a main south–north link across Salisbury Plain, which is renowned for its rich archaeology, and passes many ancient points of interest along its way.

The road begins in Salisbury at the Castle roundabout and travels north out of the city, passing close to Old Sarum castle, taking a predominantly straight line to Boscombe Down and then Amesbury before meeting the A303 at Countess roundabout where it shares Countess Services with the major road.