Old Sarum

A reconstruction of Old Sarum in the 12th century, housed at Salisbury Cathedral
An 1829 sketch of Old Sarum by John Constable, displaying the site of the abandoned hillfort
A 1916 plan of Old Sarum by the Ordnance Survey (300 ft ≈ 92 m)
Aerial view of Old Sarum
The present ruins: the exposed foundations of the cathedral in the foreground and the Norman central motte behind
The exposed foundations of the cathedral

Now ruined and deserted site of the earliest settlement of Salisbury.

- Old Sarum
A reconstruction of Old Sarum in the 12th century, housed at Salisbury Cathedral

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A reconstruction of Old Sarum in the 12th century

Salisbury

Cathedral city in Wiltshire, England, with a population of 40,302, at the confluence of the rivers Avon, Nadder and Bourne.

Cathedral city in Wiltshire, England, with a population of 40,302, at the confluence of the rivers Avon, Nadder and Bourne.

A reconstruction of Old Sarum in the 12th century
Salisbury viewed from Old Sarum
The Great West Front of Salisbury Cathedral
The 15th-century Doom painting in St Thomas' church
A picture of Minster Street, c. 1870
Secret Spitfire Memorial, view from the south
Salisbury Guildhall, completed in 1795, is now the meeting place of the City Council
Queen Elizabeth Gardens, showing part of the River Avon diverted through the gardens
The 15th-century Poultry Cross marked the section of the market trading in poultry
Butchers Row in the city centre
Salisbury High Street
St Martin's Church (Church of England)
Salisbury Museum, housed in the King's House.
Salisbury bus station in 2010 (since closed)
Salisbury Racecourse with the cathedral in the distance

The hilltop at Old Sarum lies near the Neolithic sites of Stonehenge and Avebury and shows some signs of early settlement.

Stonehenge in July 2007

Stonehenge

Prehistoric monument on Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire, England, 2 mi west of Amesbury.

Prehistoric monument on Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire, England, 2 mi west of Amesbury.

Stonehenge in July 2007
Plan of Stonehenge in 2004. After Cleal et al. and Pitts. Italicised numbers in the text refer to the labels on this plan. Trilithon lintels omitted for clarity. Holes that no longer, or never, contained stones are shown as open circles. Stones visible today are shown coloured.
Stonehenge 1. After Cleal et al.
Graffiti on the sarsen stones include ancient carvings of a dagger and an axe
Sketch showing the tongue and groove and mortise and tenon joints used in the outer Sarsen circle
Plan of the central stone structure today; after Johnson 2008
Computer rendering of the overall site
The southwest face of the Heel Stone in May 2016
The sun behind the Heel Stone on the Summer solstice, shortly after sunrise
The oldest known depiction of Stonehenge, from the second quarter of the 14th century. A giant helps Merlin build Stonehenge. From a manuscript of the Roman de Brut by Wace in the British Library (Egerton 3028).
The earliest-known realistic painting of Stonehenge, drawn on site with watercolours by Lucas de Heere between 1573 and 1575
Farm waggons near the site, c. 1885
10th Battalion, CEF marches past the site, winter 1914–15 (the First World War); Background: Preservation work on stones, propped up by timbers
Sunrise at Stonehenge on the summer solstice, 21 June 2005
Dancing inside the stones, 1984 Stonehenge Free Festival
Stonehenge at sunset
The visitor centre at Stonehenge
17th-century depiction of Stonehenge from the Atlas van Loon
As painted by John Constable, 1835
An early photograph of Stonehenge taken July 1877
The monument from a similar angle in 2008 showing the extent of reconstruction
A contemporary newspaper depiction of the 1920 restoration

During the 1920 restoration William Hawley, who had excavated nearby Old Sarum, excavated the base of six stones and the outer ditch.

Corfe Castle, captured and destroyed by Cromwell's army in 1646

Dorset

County in South West England on the English Channel coast.

County in South West England on the English Channel coast.

Corfe Castle, captured and destroyed by Cromwell's army in 1646
Geological map of Dorset
Durdle Door, a natural arch near Lulworth Cove
The beach near Bournemouth Pier. Dorset's coastline is a major attraction for tourists.
The Keep Military Museum in Dorchester
Traction engines on display at the Great Dorset Steam Fair
Thomas Hardy
Sherborne Abbey

Founded in AD 705 by Aldhelm, the Abbey contained the chair of the Bishop of Sherborne and was granted cathedral status until 1075 when the diocese was transferred to Old Sarum.

River Avon, Hampshire

In the south of England, rising in Wiltshire, flowing through that county's city of Salisbury and then west Hampshire, before reaching the English Channel through Christchurch Harbour in the Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole conurbation of Dorset.

In the south of England, rising in Wiltshire, flowing through that county's city of Salisbury and then west Hampshire, before reaching the English Channel through Christchurch Harbour in the Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole conurbation of Dorset.

The start of the lower half, near Fordingbridge
The 17th-century navigation channel near Britford is still in water
Longford Castle overlooks the river
Hale Park
Breamore House

Many prehistoric sites and broader "landscapes" are found on either side of the river, the largest being the World Heritage Site zone of Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites, followed by the Old Sarum knoll fortification and the Thornham Down prehistoric and medieval landscape.

Stonehenge, the most famous antiquity on Salisbury Plain

Salisbury Plain

Chalk plateau in the south western part of central southern England covering 300 sqmi.

Chalk plateau in the south western part of central southern England covering 300 sqmi.

Stonehenge, the most famous antiquity on Salisbury Plain
Rough map of military training area (green) on Salisbury Plain within Wiltshire (blue) (it accounts for about half the area of Salisbury Plain)
Stonehenge, on Salisbury Plain
Military use makes some areas of the plain inaccessible to the public.
Typical grassland at Netheravon Down.
The burnt-tip orchid (Neotinea ustulata) can be found on Salisbury Plain
The Duke of Burgundy butterfly (Hamearis lucina)
The cuckoo bee Nomada armata
The fairy shrimp Chirocephalus diaphanus
The stone curlew

Roman roads are visible features, probably serving a settlement near Old Sarum.

The coat of arms displayed by Herbert Poore, Bishop of Salisbury, at the signing of the Magna Charta

Herbert Poore

Medieval English clergyman who held the post of Bishop of Salisbury during the reigns of Richard I and John.

Medieval English clergyman who held the post of Bishop of Salisbury during the reigns of Richard I and John.

The coat of arms displayed by Herbert Poore, Bishop of Salisbury, at the signing of the Magna Charta

It was Herbert's idea to move the see from Old Sarum to the Salisbury Plain and he received permission from Richard to that effect, but the plan had to be abandoned after King John came to the throne.

Bishop of Salisbury

Ordinary of the Church of England's Diocese of Salisbury in the Province of Canterbury.

Ordinary of the Church of England's Diocese of Salisbury in the Province of Canterbury.

The English dioceses 950–1035

Following the Norman conquest, the 1075 Council of London united his two sees as a single diocese and translated them to the then-larger settlement around the royal castle at Old Sarum.

The site in 2000, showing the exposed foundations of the former cathedral

Old Sarum Cathedral

The site in 2000, showing the exposed foundations of the former cathedral
A 1927 model of the former cathedral now displayed in its replacement

Old Sarum Cathedral was a Catholic and Norman cathedral at old Salisbury, now known as Old Sarum, between 1092 and 1220.

Danebury Fort – aerial image

Hampshire

County in South East England on the coast of the English Channel.

County in South East England on the coast of the English Channel.

Danebury Fort – aerial image
Plaque on Freemantle Common marking the route of the Roman Road from Chichester to Bitterne
Portchester combined Roman and Norman castles
Portsmouth historic dockyard, 2005
South West Hampshire & South East Dorset green belt (shown in green)
New Forest Pony in Burley
Winchester Cathedral
Hampshire County Council offices and Jubilee Fountain
Eastleigh railway works
Southampton Docks
The M3 near Basingstoke
County flag of Hampshire
Milestones Museum, Basingstoke
Ageas Bowl cricket ground, West End, 2010
Fratton Park football ground, Portsmouth, from Milton End, 2006
Former Hampshire Chronicle office in Winchester, circa 1999

Two major Roman roads, Ermin Way and Port Way, cross the north of the county connecting Calleva Atrebatum with Corinium Dobunnorum, modern Cirencester, and Old Sarum respectively.

Map of the dioceses of the Church of England showing Salisbury diocese in red

Diocese of Salisbury

Church of England diocese in the south of England, within the ecclesiastical Province of Canterbury.

Church of England diocese in the south of England, within the ecclesiastical Province of Canterbury.

Map of the dioceses of the Church of England showing Salisbury diocese in red

In 1075 he obtained approval to move the see to Old Sarum.