Old Sarum

A reconstruction of Old Sarum in the 12th century, housed at Salisbury Cathedral
An 1829 sketch of Old Sarum by John Constable, displaying the site of the abandoned hillfort
A 1916 plan of Old Sarum by the Ordnance Survey (300 ft ≈ 92 m)
Aerial view of Old Sarum
The present ruins: the exposed foundations of the cathedral in the foreground and the Norman central motte behind
The exposed foundations of the cathedral

Now ruined and deserted site of the earliest settlement of Salisbury.

- Old Sarum
A reconstruction of Old Sarum in the 12th century, housed at Salisbury Cathedral

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Sculpture on the west front of Salisbury Cathedral of Richard Poore, holding a model of the Cathedral in his hand.

Richard Poore

Sculpture on the west front of Salisbury Cathedral of Richard Poore, holding a model of the Cathedral in his hand.
Salisbury Cathedral's construction was started by Richard Poore

Richard Poore or Poor (died 15 April 1237) was a medieval English bishop best known for his role in the establishment of Salisbury Cathedral and the City of Salisbury, moved from the nearby fortress of Old Sarum.

Saint Osmund

Norman noble and clergyman.

Norman noble and clergyman.

Saint Osmond

1070–1078) and as the second bishop of Salisbury, or Old Sarum.

Herman (bishop of Salisbury)

Medieval cleric who served as the Bishop of Ramsbury and of Sherborne before and after the Norman conquest of England.

Medieval cleric who served as the Bishop of Ramsbury and of Sherborne before and after the Norman conquest of England.

In 1075, he oversaw their unification and translation to Salisbury (then at Old Sarum).

Wessex

Anglo-Saxon kingdom in the south of Great Britain, from 519 until England was unified by Æthelstan in 927.

Anglo-Saxon kingdom in the south of Great Britain, from 519 until England was unified by Æthelstan in 927.

Imaginary depiction of Cerdic from John Speed's 1611 "Saxon Heptarchy"
The Celtic and Anglo-Saxon kingdoms in around 600
Anglo-Saxon–Viking coin weight, used for trading bullion and hacksilver. The material is lead and it weighs 36 g. Embedded with an Anglo-Saxon sceat (Series K type 32a) dating to 720–750 and minted in Kent. It is edged in a dotted triangle pattern. Its origin is the Danelaw region and dates to 870–930.
England in the late 9th century
Unification of England and Defeat of the Danelaw in the 10th century under Wessex.
The Bayeux Tapestry, depicting the death of Harold II, 14 October 1066. At left can be seen his "Dragon Standard".
Wessex Division Formation patch
map of Thomas Hardy's Wessex

The Saxons attacked Cerdicesford in 519, intending to cross the River Avon and block a road which connected Old Sarum and Badbury Rings, a British stronghold.

Excavations near the Heelstone (The Antiquaries Journal, 1925)

William Hawley

British archaeologist who undertook pioneering excavations at Stonehenge.

British archaeologist who undertook pioneering excavations at Stonehenge.

Excavations near the Heelstone (The Antiquaries Journal, 1925)

Along with William Henry St John Hope and Duncan Hector Montgomerie, Hawley participated in the first major excavations of the Old Sarum hillfort between 1909 and 1915.

A345 road

Secondary A road in Wiltshire, England running from Salisbury to Marlborough and the A4.

Secondary A road in Wiltshire, England running from Salisbury to Marlborough and the A4.

The road begins in Salisbury at the Castle roundabout and travels north out of the city, passing close to Old Sarum castle, taking a predominantly straight line to Boscombe Down and then Amesbury before meeting the A303 at Countess roundabout where it shares Countess Services with the major road.

St Andrew's Church

Laverstock

Village and civil parish on the north-east and east outskirts of Salisbury in the ceremonial county of Wiltshire, England.

Village and civil parish on the north-east and east outskirts of Salisbury in the ceremonial county of Wiltshire, England.

St Andrew's Church

The parish is shaped like a figure 7 and incorporates Ford hamlet, the eastern half of the former manor of Milford, the area near the ancient settlement of Old Sarum, and part of the Hampton Park district on the edge of Salisbury.

A map showing the places where the various chronicles were written, and where they are now kept.

Cynric

King of Wessex from 534 to 560.

King of Wessex from 534 to 560.

A map showing the places where the various chronicles were written, and where they are now kept.

During his reign, as described in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, the Saxons expanded into Wiltshire against strong resistance and captured Searobyrig, or Old Sarum, near Salisbury, in 552.

Old Sarum in Wiltshire, an uninhabited hill which until 1832 elected two Members of Parliament. Painting by John Constable, 1829

Rotten and pocket boroughs

Parliamentary borough or constituency in England, Great Britain, or the United Kingdom before the Reform Act 1832, which had a very small electorate and could be used by a patron to gain unrepresentative influence within the unreformed House of Commons.

Parliamentary borough or constituency in England, Great Britain, or the United Kingdom before the Reform Act 1832, which had a very small electorate and could be used by a patron to gain unrepresentative influence within the unreformed House of Commons.

Old Sarum in Wiltshire, an uninhabited hill which until 1832 elected two Members of Parliament. Painting by John Constable, 1829

For example, in the 12th century Old Sarum had been a busy cathedral city, reliant on the wealth expended by its own Sarum Cathedral within its city precincts, but it was abandoned when the cathedral was moved to create the present Salisbury Cathedral, built on a new site nearby ("New Sarum").

Old Sarum in Wiltshire, an uninhabited hill which elected two Members of Parliament. Painting by John Constable, 1829.

Old Sarum (UK Parliament constituency)

From 1295 to 1832 a parliamentary constituency of England , of Great Britain (until 1800), and finally of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

From 1295 to 1832 a parliamentary constituency of England , of Great Britain (until 1800), and finally of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

Old Sarum in Wiltshire, an uninhabited hill which elected two Members of Parliament. Painting by John Constable, 1829.

The constituency was on the site of what had been the original settlement of Salisbury, known as Old Sarum.