Olivier Messiaenwikipedia
MessiaenOlivier MessiaenMessiaen, OlivierOlivier Messiaen’sMessaienOliver MessiaenMessiaen's later compositionsMessiaen’sOlivier Messian

Pierre Boulez

BoulezPierre BoulezBoulez, Pierre
His many distinguished pupils included George Benjamin, Alexander Goehr, Pierre Boulez, Karlheinz Stockhausen, and Yvonne Loriod, who became his second wife.
Born in Montbrison in the Loire department of France, the son of an engineer, Boulez studied at the Conservatoire de Paris with Olivier Messiaen, and privately with Andrée Vaurabourg and René Leibowitz.

Karlheinz Stockhausen

StockhausenKarlheinz StockhausenStockhausen, Karlheinz
His many distinguished pupils included George Benjamin, Alexander Goehr, Pierre Boulez, Karlheinz Stockhausen, and Yvonne Loriod, who became his second wife.
He was educated at the Hochschule für Musik Köln and the University of Cologne, later studying with Olivier Messiaen in Paris and with Werner Meyer-Eppler at the University of Bonn.

Alexander Goehr

Alexander GoehrGoehr, AlexanderGoehr''', Alexander
His many distinguished pupils included George Benjamin, Alexander Goehr, Pierre Boulez, Karlheinz Stockhausen, and Yvonne Loriod, who became his second wife.
In 1955–56 he joined Olivier Messiaen's masterclass in Paris.

Yvonne Loriod

LoriodYvonne LoriodYvonne Loriod-Messiaen
His many distinguished pupils included George Benjamin, Alexander Goehr, Pierre Boulez, Karlheinz Stockhausen, and Yvonne Loriod, who became his second wife. In 1943, Messiaen wrote Visions de l'Amen ("Visions of the Amen") for two pianos for Yvonne Loriod and himself to perform.
Yvonne Loriod (20 January 1924 – 17 May 2010) was a French pianist, teacher, and composer, and the second wife of composer Olivier Messiaen.

Paul Dukas

DukasPaul DukasDukas, Paul
Messiaen entered the Paris Conservatoire at the age of 11 and was taught by Paul Dukas, Maurice Emmanuel, Charles-Marie Widor and Marcel Dupré, among others.
Later in his life he was appointed professor of composition at the Conservatoire de Paris and the École Normale de Musique; his pupils included Maurice Duruflé, Olivier Messiaen, Manuel Ponce, and Joaquín Rodrigo.

Claude Debussy

DebussyClaude DebussyDebussy, Claude
His interest included the recent music of French composers Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel, and he asked for opera vocal scores for Christmas presents.
His works have strongly influenced a wide range of composers including Béla Bartók, Olivier Messiaen, George Benjamin, and the jazz pianist and composer Bill Evans.

Serialism

serialismserialserial music
For a short period Messiaen experimented with the parametrisation associated with "total serialism", in which field he is often cited as an innovator. The results of these innovations was the "Mode de valeurs et d'intensités" for piano (from the Quatre études de rythme) which has been misleadingly described as the first work of "total serialism".
Other composers such as Béla Bartók, Luciano Berio, Benjamin Britten, John Cage, Aaron Copland, Olivier Messiaen, Arvo Pärt, Walter Piston, Ned Rorem, Alfred Schnittke, Ruth Crawford Seeger, Dmitri Shostakovich, and Igor Stravinsky used serialism only for some of their compositions or only for some sections of pieces, as did some jazz composers such as Yusef Lateef and Bill Evans.

George Benjamin (composer)

George BenjaminBenjamin
His many distinguished pupils included George Benjamin, Alexander Goehr, Pierre Boulez, Karlheinz Stockhausen, and Yvonne Loriod, who became his second wife.
Benjamin was born in London, attended Westminster School and then studied with Olivier Messiaen at the Paris Conservatoire during the second half of the 1970s.

Modes of limited transposition

modes of limited transpositionmode of limited transpositionMessiaen's list
His music is rhythmically complex; harmonically and melodically he employs a system he called modes of limited transposition, which he abstracted from the systems of material generated by his early compositions and improvisations.
They were compiled by the French composer Olivier Messiaen, and published in his book La technique de mon langage musical ("The Technique of my Musical Language").

Preludes (Messiaen)

PréludesHuit PréludesPreludes
While a student he composed his first published works—his eight Préludes for piano (the earlier Le banquet céleste was published subsequently).
Préludes pour piano (Preludes for piano) is an early work for piano by the French composer Olivier Messiaen composed in 1928–1929, when the composer was 20 years old.

La jeune France

Association Jeune-France
In 1936, along with André Jolivet, Daniel-Lesur and Yves Baudrier, Messiaen formed the group La jeune France ("Young France").
La Jeune France was founded in 1936 by André Jolivet along with composers Olivier Messiaen, Jean-Yves Daniel-Lesur and Yves Baudrier, who were attempting to re-establish a more human and less abstract form of composition.

Ondes Martenot

ondes MartenotondistMartenot waves
In response to a commission for a piece to accompany light-and-water shows on the Seine during the Paris Exposition, in 1937 Messiaen demonstrated his interest in using the ondes Martenot, an electronic instrument, by composing Fêtes des belles eaux for an ensemble of six.
The instrument is used in more than 100 classical compositions, most notably by the French composer Olivier Messiaen, who used it in pieces such as his 1949 symphony Turangalîla-Symphonie. Messiaen's sister-in-law Jeanne Loriod was a celebrated player of the instrument.

Transcription (music)

transcriptiontranscriptionstranscribed
He found birdsong fascinating, notating bird songs worldwide and incorporating birdsong transcriptions into his music.
The French composer Olivier Messiaen transcribed birdsong in the wild, and incorporated it into many of his compositions, for example his Catalogue d'oiseaux for solo piano.

Turangalîla-Symphonie

Turangalîla SymphonyTurangalîla-symphonieTurangalila
This was the ten-movement Turangalîla-Symphonie.
The Turangalîla-Symphonie is a large-scale piece of orchestral music by Olivier Messiaen (1908–92).

La Nativité du Seigneur

Dieu Parmi NousLa Nativite du Seigneur
He arranged his orchestral suite L'ascension ("The Ascension") for organ, replacing the orchestral version's third movement with an entirely new movement, Transports de joie d'une âme devant la gloire du Christ qui est la sienne ("Ecstasies of a soul before the glory of Christ which is the soul's own") . He also wrote the extensive cycles La Nativité du Seigneur ("The Nativity of the Lord") and Les corps glorieux ("The glorious bodies").
La Nativité du Seigneur (The Nativity of the Lord or The Birth of the Saviour) is a work for organ, written by the French composer Olivier Messiaen in 1935.

L'ascension

L'Ascension
He arranged his orchestral suite L'ascension ("The Ascension") for organ, replacing the orchestral version's third movement with an entirely new movement, Transports de joie d'une âme devant la gloire du Christ qui est la sienne ("Ecstasies of a soul before the glory of Christ which is the soul's own") . He also wrote the extensive cycles La Nativité du Seigneur ("The Nativity of the Lord") and Les corps glorieux ("The glorious bodies").
L'Ascension ("The Ascension") is a piece for orchestra, composed by Olivier Messiaen in 1932–33.

Trois petites liturgies de la présence divine

Trois petites liturgies
Again for Loriod, he wrote Trois petites liturgies de la présence divine ("Three small liturgies of the Divine Presence") for female chorus and orchestra, which includes a difficult solo piano part.
Trois petites liturgies de la présence divine (in English, Three Small Liturgies of the Divine Presence) is a piece by Olivier Messiaen for women's voices, piano solo, ondes Martenot, and orchestra (without winds), in three movements.

Apparition de l'église éternelle

In 1932, he composed the Apparition de l'église éternelle for organ.
Apparition de l'église éternelle (Apparition of the eternal church) is a work for organ, written by the French composer Olivier Messiaen in 1932.

Claire Delbos

Delbos, Claire
He married the violinist and composer Claire Delbos also in 1932.
Claire Delbos (2 November 1906 – 22 April 1959) was a French violinist and composer, and first wife of the composer Olivier Messiaen.

Quatre Études de rythme

Mode de valeurs et d'intensitésNeumes rythmiquesMode de Valeurs et Dintensites
The results of these innovations was the "Mode de valeurs et d'intensités" for piano (from the Quatre études de rythme) which has been misleadingly described as the first work of "total serialism".
Quatre Études de rythme (Four Rhythm Studies) is a set of four piano compositions by Olivier Messiaen, written in 1949 and 1950.

Catalogue d'oiseaux

Catalogue d'Oiseaux
From this period onwards, Messiaen incorporated birdsong into all of his compositions and composed several works for which birds provide both the title and subject matter (for example the collection of thirteen pieces for piano Catalogue d'oiseaux completed in 1958, and La fauvette des jardins of 1971).
Catalogue d'oiseaux ("Catalogue of birds") is a work for piano solo by Olivier Messiaen composed of thirteen pieces, written between October 1956 and September 1958 and devoted to birds and his second wife Yvonne Loriod.

Le Banquet Céleste

While a student he composed his first published works—his eight Préludes for piano (the earlier Le banquet céleste was published subsequently).
Le Banquet Céleste (The Heavenly Feast or The Celestial Banquet) is a work for organ, written by the French composer Olivier Messiaen in 1928.

Sainte-Trinité, Paris

Église de la Sainte-TrinitéSainte-TrinitéÉglise de la Sainte-Trinité, Paris
He was appointed organist at the Église de la Sainte-Trinité, Paris, in 1931, a post held until his death.
The church is accessible by the Métro (the nearby station, Trinité, is named after it) and is known internationally for its former organist, the French composer Olivier Messiaen.

Visions de l'Amen

In 1943, Messiaen wrote Visions de l'Amen ("Visions of the Amen") for two pianos for Yvonne Loriod and himself to perform.
Visions de l'Amen ("Visions of the Amen") is a suite of seven pieces for two pianos by the French composer Olivier Messiaen (1908–1992), commissioned for the Concerts de la Pléiade that were held during the German occupation of Paris.

Harawi (Messiaen)

HarawiHarawi: Chants d'amour et de mort
Two years after Visions de l'Amen, Messiaen composed the song cycle Harawi, the first of three works inspired by the legend of Tristan and Isolde.
Harawi is a song cycle for soprano and piano, written by Olivier Messiaen in 1945.