Olympic Games

OlympicOlympicsOlympianOlympiansModern Olympic GamesOlympic medalThe OlympicsOlympic athleteworldmodern Olympics
The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (Jeux olympiques ) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.wikipedia
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Ancient Olympic Games

Olympic GamesOlympicOlympics
Their creation was inspired by the ancient Olympic Games, which were held in Olympia, Greece, from the 8th century BC to the 4th century AD.
The Olympic Games (, Olympia, "the Olympics"; also Ὀλυμπιάς, Olympias, "the Olympiad") were a series of athletic competitions among representatives of city-states and one of the Panhellenic Games of ancient Greece.

Multi-sport event

multi-sportmulti-sport eventsmultisport
The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (Jeux olympiques ) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.
The Ancient Olympic Games, first held in 776 BC, was the precursor to the Modern Olympic Games, although its first edition only featured a footrace and the number of sporting competitions expanded at later editions.

International Olympic Committee

IOCOlympic MovementOlympic Committee
Baron Pierre de Coubertin founded the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1894, leading to the first modern Games in Athens in 1896. The IOC is the governing body of the Olympic Movement, with the Olympic Charter defining its structure and authority. The abuse of amateur rules by the Eastern Bloc nations prompted the IOC to shift away from pure amateurism, as envisioned by Coubertin, to allowing participation of professional athletes. The IOC also determines the Olympic programme, consisting of the sports to be contested at the Games.
Founded by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas in 1894, it is the authority responsible for organising the modern Summer and Winter Olympic Games.

Pierre de Coubertin

Baron Pierre de CoubertinBaron de CoubertinCoubertin
Baron Pierre de Coubertin founded the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1894, leading to the first modern Games in Athens in 1896.
He is known as the father of the modern Olympic Games.

Youth Olympic Games

Youth OlympicsSummer Youth OlympicsWinter Youth Olympics
Some of these adjustments include the creation of the Winter Olympic Games for snow and ice sports, the Paralympic Games for athletes with a disability, the Youth Olympic Games for athletes aged 14 to 18, the five Continental games (Pan American, African, Asian, European, and Pacific), and the World Games for sports that are not contested in the Olympic Games.
The games are held every four years in staggered summer and winter events consistent with the current Olympic Games format, though in reverse order with Winter Games held in leap years instead of Summer Games.

Olympiad

Cultural OlympiadOlympiadsfour years
The Olympic Games are held every four years, with the Summer and Winter Games alternating by occurring every four years but two years apart.
A modern Olympiad refers to a four-year period beginning on the opening of the Olympic Games for the summer sports.

World Games

The World Games2017 International World GamesGreat Britain Sevens
Some of these adjustments include the creation of the Winter Olympic Games for snow and ice sports, the Paralympic Games for athletes with a disability, the Youth Olympic Games for athletes aged 14 to 18, the five Continental games (Pan American, African, Asian, European, and Pacific), and the World Games for sports that are not contested in the Olympic Games.
The World Games, first held in 1981, are an international multi-sport event, meant for sports, or disciplines or events within a sport, that are not contested in the Olympic Games.

National Olympic Committee

National Olympic CommitteesNOCNOCs
The Olympic Movement consists of international sports federations (IFs), National Olympic Committees (NOCs), and organising committees for each specific Olympic Games.
Subject to the controls of the International Olympic Committee, NOCs are responsible for organizing their people's participation in the Olympic Games.

Olympic Charter

charterAsian Games charterInternational Olympic Charter
The IOC is the governing body of the Olympic Movement, with the Olympic Charter defining its structure and authority.
The Olympic Charter is a set of rules and guidelines for the organisation of the Olympic Games, and for governing the Olympic movement.

Olympic flame

Olympic torchOlympic cauldronOlympic torch relay
There are several Olympic rituals and symbols, such as the Olympic flag and torch, as well as the opening and closing ceremonies.
Several months before the Olympic Games, the Olympic flame is lit at Olympia, Greece.

Olympic medal

Olympic gold medalgold medalOlympic medalist
The first, second, and third-place finishers in each event receive Olympic medals: gold, silver, and bronze, respectively.
An Olympic medal is awarded to successful competitors at one of the Olympic Games.

Olympic Games ceremony

opening ceremonyopening and closing ceremoniesclosing ceremony
There are several Olympic rituals and symbols, such as the Olympic flag and torch, as well as the opening and closing ceremonies.
Some of the elements of the modern ceremonies harken back to the Ancient Games from which the Modern Olympics draw their ancestry.

List of Olympic Games scandals and controversies

Olympic Games scandals and controversiesassault and batteryboycotted
This growth has created numerous challenges and controversies, including boycotts, doping, bribery, and a terrorist attack in 1972.
The Olympic Games is a major international multi-sport event.

2016 Summer Olympics

2016 Olympics20162016 Olympic Games
Over 14,000 athletes competed at the 2016 Summer Olympics and 2018 Winter Olympics combined, in 35 different sports and over 400 events.
These were the first Olympic Games ever to be held in South America and the fourth to be held in a developing country, after the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico, the 1980 Summer Olympics in the Soviet Union, and the 2008 Summer Olympics in China.

Doping at the Olympic Games

Doping at the OlympicsUse of performance-enhancing drugs in the Olympic Gamesdoping
This growth has created numerous challenges and controversies, including boycotts, doping, bribery, and a terrorist attack in 1972.
This article is about the history of competitors at the Olympic Games using banned athletic performance-enhancing drugs.

Paralympic Games

ParalympicParalympianParalympics
Some of these adjustments include the creation of the Winter Olympic Games for snow and ice sports, the Paralympic Games for athletes with a disability, the Youth Olympic Games for athletes aged 14 to 18, the five Continental games (Pan American, African, Asian, European, and Pacific), and the World Games for sports that are not contested in the Olympic Games.
There are Winter and Summer Paralympic Games, which since the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea, are held almost immediately following the respective Olympic Games.

List of Olympic Games boycotts

Olympic boycottboycottsOlympic boycotts
This growth has created numerous challenges and controversies, including boycotts, doping, bribery, and a terrorist attack in 1972.
The Olympic Games is a major international multi-sport event.

2018 Winter Olympics

2018OG2018 Pyeongchang
Over 14,000 athletes competed at the 2016 Summer Olympics and 2018 Winter Olympics combined, in 35 different sports and over 400 events.
This was the second time that South Korea had hosted the Olympic Games, having previously hosted the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, but it was only the first Winter Olympics to be held in the country.

Olympic Stadium

Athens Olympic Sports ComplexLondonmain stadium
The myth continues that after Heracles completed his twelve labours, he built the Olympic Stadium as an honour to Zeus.
Olympic Stadium is the name usually given to the main stadium of an Olympic Games.

Amateur sports

amateurhigh school sportsamateur football
The abuse of amateur rules by the Eastern Bloc nations prompted the IOC to shift away from pure amateurism, as envisioned by Coubertin, to allowing participation of professional athletes.
By the early 21st century the Olympic Games and all the major team sports accepted professional competitors.

Olympic sports

Olympic sportsportssport
The IOC also determines the Olympic programme, consisting of the sports to be contested at the Games.
The Olympic Charter decrees that Olympic sports for each edition of the Olympic Games should be decided at an IOC Session no later than seven years prior to the Games.

Wenlock Olympian Games

Wenlock Olympian Society Annual GamesWenlock Olympian Societya forerunner of the current Olympic Games
In 1859, Brookes changed the name to the Wenlock Olympian Games.
The Wenlock Olympian Games, dating from 1850, are a forerunner of the modern Olympic Games.

Evangelos Zappas

Evangelis ZappasEvangelosEvangelis
Evangelos Zappas, a wealthy Greek-Romanian philanthropist, first wrote to King Otto of Greece, in 1856, offering to fund a permanent revival of the Olympic Games.
He is recognized today as one of the founders of the modern Olympic Games, who sponsored the Olympic Games of 1859, 1870, 1875, and 1888 and preceded the Olympic Games that came under the auspices of the International Olympic Committee.

William Penny Brookes

Dr William BrookesDr William Penny Brookes
In 1850 an Olympian Class was started by William Penny Brookes at Much Wenlock, in Shropshire, England.
William Penny Brookes (13 August 1809 – 11 December 1895) was an English surgeon, magistrate, botanist, and educationalist especially known for inspiring the modern Olympic Games, the Wenlock Olympian Games and for his promotion of physical education and personal betterment.

Much Wenlock

WenlockBorough of Wenlockthe town of that name
In 1850 an Olympian Class was started by William Penny Brookes at Much Wenlock, in Shropshire, England.
Dr Brookes is credited as a founding father of the modern Olympic Games, and one of the London 2012 Summer Olympics mascots; named Wenlock after the town.