Olympic Games ceremony

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Olympic Games ceremonies of the Ancient Olympic Games were an integral part of these Games; the modern Olympic games have opening, closing, and medal ceremonies.wikipedia
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Olympic Games

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Some of the elements of the modern ceremonies harken back to the Ancient Games from which the Modern Olympics draw their ancestry.
There are several Olympic rituals and symbols, such as the Olympic flag and torch, as well as the opening and closing ceremonies.

2010 Winter Olympics opening ceremony

opening ceremonyVancouver 2010 Olympic Winter Games Opening Ceremonyopening ceremonies
In the 2010 Winter Olympics, teams entered in English alphabetical order, although the languages of the Olympics are also the languages of the host country, Canada, because English is the more dominant of the two in Vancouver and in the host province of British Columbia.
This was the first Olympic opening ceremony to be held indoors.

2002 Winter Olympics

20022002 Salt Lake City2002 Olympic Winter Games
Recent editions of the Winter Games have seen a trend of using the first version instead of the second, which happened in both the 2002 and 2010 Winter Games.
The opening ceremony was held on February 8, 2002, and sporting competitions were held up until the closing ceremony on February 24, 2002.

1928 Summer Olympics

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Traditionally, since the 1928 Summer Olympics Greece always enters first and leads the parade due to the historical status as the progenitor of the Olympics, and the host nation enters last.

1980 Summer Olympics

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Since the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, the artistic presentations have continued to grow in scale and complexity.
Because of the U.S. boycott, changes were made to the traditional elements of the closing ceremony that represent the handover to the host city of the next Summer Olympics in Los Angeles.

2012 Summer Olympics opening ceremony

opening ceremonyopeningKatie Kirk
At most games, the flag has been carried into the stadium by prominent athletes of the host nation, but in 2012, it was carried by an international group of athletes and non-athletes famous for promoting Olympic values, including Muhammad Ali as a symbolic flag-bearer.
The opening ceremony of the 2012 Summer Olympics took place on the evening of Friday 27 July 2012 in the Olympic Stadium, London.

Olympic Oath

Judge's OathAthlete's OathOfficial's Oath
The flag bearers of all countries then circle a rostrum, where one athlete of the host nation (since the 1920 Summer Olympics), and one judge of the host nation (since the 1972 Summer Olympics) speak the Olympic Oath, declaring they will compete and judge according to the rules of their respective sport.
The Olympic Oath (distinct from the Olympic creed) is a solemn promise made by one athlete, judge or official, and one coach at the Opening Ceremony of each Olympic Games.

Olympic Hymn

Olympic Anthemorganizational anthemThe Olympic Hymn
Next, the Olympic flag is carried horizontally (since the 1960 Summer Olympics) into the stadium and hoisted as the Olympic Hymn is played.
The anthem was performed in English at the 1960 Winter Olympics in Squaw Valley and since then it has been played at each Olympic Games: during the opening ceremony when the Olympic flag is hoisted, and during the closing ceremony when the Olympic flag is lowered.

Olympic flame

Olympic torchOlympic cauldronOlympic torch relay
Finally, the Torch is brought into the stadium, passed from athlete to athlete during the torch relay, until it reaches the last carrier; often a well-known athlete from the host nation, who lights the fire in the stadium's cauldron.
This ceremony starts the Olympic torch relay, which formally ends with the lighting of the Olympic cauldron during the opening ceremony of the Olympic Games.

Olympic symbols

Olympic flagOlympic ringsCitius, Altius, Fortius
Next, the Olympic flag is carried horizontally (since the 1960 Summer Olympics) into the stadium and hoisted as the Olympic Hymn is played.
On the final day of the torch relay, the day of the Opening Ceremony, the Flame reaches the main stadium and is used to light a cauldron situated in a prominent part of the venue to signify the beginning of the Games.

2016 Summer Olympics opening ceremony

opening ceremonyopeningOpening Ceremonies
In the 2016 ceremony, children with dove shaped kites were seen running with the first Olympic Laurel winner, Kipchoge Keino.
The opening ceremony of the 2016 Summer Olympics took place on the evening of Friday 5 August 2016 in the Maracanã Stadium, Rio de Janeiro, starting at 20:00 BRT (23:00 UTC).

Ancient Olympic Games

Olympic GamesOlympicOlympics
Olympic Games ceremonies of the Ancient Olympic Games were an integral part of these Games; the modern Olympic games have opening, closing, and medal ceremonies.

2016 Summer Olympics

2016 Olympics20162016 Olympic Games
For the Rio Games in 2016, the flowers were replaced by a small 3D model of the Games' logo and Pyeongchang Games in 2018 a stuffed animal.
The closing ceremony of the 2016 Summer Olympics was held on 21 August 2016 from 20:00 to 22:50 BRT at the Maracanã Stadium.

1960 Winter Olympics

19601960 Squaw Valley1960 Games
(In 2006, the athletes marched in with their countrymen, then dispersed and mingled as the ceremonies went on.) The Winter Olympics followed suit in 1960.
The chairman of the Pageantry Committee was Walt Disney, who was responsible for producing both the opening and closing ceremonies.

2012 Summer Olympics

20122012 London Olympics2012 Olympic Games
Since the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, continuing with the tradition started at the 2010 Summer Youth Olympics a coach from the host nation speaks out the Olympic Oath.
A new orchestration of the film's theme tune was played during each medal presentation of the Games.

Avery Brundage

Brundage, Averythe art he loved
For their actions, IOC president Avery Brundage demanded their expulsion from the Olympics.
At the Opening Ceremony at Rome, Italian President Giovanni Gronchi marveled, much to Brundage's delight, that the IOC had obtained the German reunification which politicians had been unable to secure; Brundage responded, "But in sport, we do such things."

Winter Olympic Games

Winter OlympicsOlympicsOlympic
The opening ceremony was held in a blizzard while warm weather conditions plagued sporting events throughout the rest of the games.

Hymn to Liberty

Greek national anthemNational Anthem of GreeceÝmnos is tin Eleftherían
"Hymn to Liberty", the national anthem of Greece, has been performed at every closing ceremony of the Olympic Games.
"Hymn to Liberty" has been performed at every closing ceremony of the Olympic Games, to pay tribute to Greece as the birthplace of the Olympic Games.

Greece

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An example of this is the prominence of Greece in both the opening and closing ceremonies.

2004 Summer Olympics

20042004 Olympic Games2004 Olympics
During the 2004 Games, the medal winners received a crown of olive branches, which was a direct reference to the Ancient Games, in which the victor's prize was an olive wreath.

Olive wreath

kotinoscrown of olive leavesolive leaf wreaths
During the 2004 Games, the medal winners received a crown of olive branches, which was a direct reference to the Ancient Games, in which the victor's prize was an olive wreath.

International Olympic Committee

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This requirement of seeking the approval of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) includes the artistic portion of opening and closing ceremonies.

2028 Summer Olympics

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The 2028 Los Angeles Olympics organisers propose that the opening and closing ceremonies will each, for the first time, be staged across two different stadiums.

Association football

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For example, the football competitions for both men and women at the 2008 Summer Olympics began two days prior to the opening ceremonies.