Olympic sports

sportsOlympic sportsportOlympicdisciplinessports and disciplinesOlympic programOlympic disciplinemedal sportmodern Olympics
Olympic sports are contested in the Summer Olympic Games and Winter Olympic Games.wikipedia
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List of international sports federations

Sports federationFederation of national associationsInternational
Each Olympic sport is represented by an international governing body, namely an International Federation (IF).
Each Olympic sport is represented by its respective international sport federation, which in turn help administer their respective events during the Games.

2016 Summer Olympics

2016 Olympics20162016 Olympic Games
The 2016 Summer Olympics included 28 sports, with five additional sports due to be added to the 2020 Summer Olympics program; the 2014 Winter Olympics included seven sports.
With 306 sets of medals, the games featured 28 Olympic sports, including rugby sevens and golf, which were added to the Olympic program in 2009.

Snowboarding at the Winter Olympics

Snowboardinghalf-pipe snowboardingcase of snowboarding
On some occasions, notably in the case of snowboarding, the IOC agreed to add a sport that previously had a separate international federation to the Olympics on condition that they dissolve their governing body and instead affiliate with an existing Olympic sport federation, therefore not increasing the number of Olympic sports.
Snowboarding is a sport at the Winter Olympic Games.

Karate at the Summer Olympics

Summer Olympicskaratekarate as an Olympic sport
Baseball was discontinued after the 2008 Olympics in Beijing, only to be revived again for the forthcoming 2020 Olympics in Tokyo, which will see the introduction of new disciplines within a number of existing Summer Olympics sports as well as several new sports, such as karate and skateboarding, making their Olympic debuts.
In 2009, in the 121st International Olympic Committee voting, karate did not receive the necessary two-thirds majority vote to become an Olympic sport.

Olympic Games

OlympicOlympicsOlympian
The Olympic Charter decrees that Olympic sports for each edition of the Olympic Games should be decided at an IOC Session no later than seven years prior to the Games.
The IOC also determines the Olympic programme, consisting of the sports to be contested at the Games.

Figure skating at the Olympic Games

OlympicsWinter Olympicsfigure skating
The only winter sports that were included in all Winter Olympic Games are skiing (only nordic skiing), skating (figure skating and speed skating), and ice hockey.
Figure skating was first contested as an Olympic sport at the 1908 Summer Olympics, in London, United Kingdom.

Diving at the Summer Olympics

DivingOlympic GamesOlympic
Diving was first introduced in the official programme of the Summer Olympic Games at the 1904 Games of St. Louis and has been an Olympic sport since.

Baseball

playerbaseball playerbaseball team
Some such sports, like baseball and curling, were added to the official Olympic program (in 1992 and 1998, respectively). On August 3, 2016, the IOC voted to add baseball/softball, karate, sport climbing, surfing, and skateboarding for the 2020 Summer Olympics.
After being admitted to the Olympics as a medal sport beginning with the 1992 Games, baseball was dropped from the 2012 Summer Olympic Games at the 2005 International Olympic Committee meeting.

1948 Summer Olympics

19481948 Olympic Games1948 London
A record 59 nations were represented by 4,104 athletes, 3,714 men and 390 women, in 19 sport disciplines.

Softball

softball playerDesignated playerslow-pitch softball
On August 3, 2016, the IOC voted to add baseball/softball, karate, sport climbing, surfing, and skateboarding for the 2020 Summer Olympics.
The 117th meeting of the International Olympic Committee, held in Singapore in July 2005, voted to drop softball and baseball as Olympic sports for the 2012 Summer Olympic Games, but will be back in the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo.

Softball at the Summer Olympics

softballOlympic GamesOlympic Softball
The only sports that have been dropped from the Olympics since 1936 are baseball and softball, which were both voted out by the IOC Session in Singapore on July 11, 2005, a decision that was reaffirmed on February 9, 2006.
Softball was introduced as an Olympic sport for women only in the 1996 Summer Olympics.

Sailing at the Summer Olympics

SailingOlympic sailorOlympic Games
Sailing (also known as yachting until 2000) has been one of the Olympic sports since the Games of the I Olympiad, held in Athens, Greece, in 1896.

International Olympic Committee

IOCInternational Olympic Committee (IOC)Olympic Committee
The International Olympic Committee (IOC) establishes a hierarchy of sports, disciplines, and events.
In February 2013, the IOC did not include wrestling as one of its core Olympic sports for the Summer Olympic programme for the 2020 Olympics.

2020 Summer Olympics

20202020 Tokyo Olympics2020 Tokyo
The 2016 Summer Olympics included 28 sports, with five additional sports due to be added to the 2020 Summer Olympics program; the 2014 Winter Olympics included seven sports. Baseball was discontinued after the 2008 Olympics in Beijing, only to be revived again for the forthcoming 2020 Olympics in Tokyo, which will see the introduction of new disciplines within a number of existing Summer Olympics sports as well as several new sports, such as karate and skateboarding, making their Olympic debuts. On August 3, 2016, the IOC voted to add baseball/softball, karate, sport climbing, surfing, and skateboarding for the 2020 Summer Olympics.

2014 Winter Olympics

2014OG2014 Sochi Olympics
The 2016 Summer Olympics included 28 sports, with five additional sports due to be added to the 2020 Summer Olympics program; the 2014 Winter Olympics included seven sports.

1972 Summer Olympics

19721972 Munich Olympics1972 Olympic Games
Some sports that were competed at the early Games and later dropped by the IOC, have managed to return to the Olympic program, for example Archery, which made a come-back in 1972, and tennis, which was reintroduced in 1988.

1998 Winter Olympics

19981998 NaganoNagano
Some such sports, like baseball and curling, were added to the official Olympic program (in 1992 and 1998, respectively).

1988 Summer Olympics

19881988 Seoul Olympics1988 Olympics
Some sports that were competed at the early Games and later dropped by the IOC, have managed to return to the Olympic program, for example Archery, which made a come-back in 1972, and tennis, which was reintroduced in 1988.

Demonstration sport

demonstration eventdemonstrationinvitational sport
The Olympics have often included one or more demonstration sports, normally to promote a local sport from the host country or to gauge interest in an entirely new sport.
Olympic sports

1992 Summer Olympics

19921992 Barcelona Olympics1992 Olympic Games
Some such sports, like baseball and curling, were added to the official Olympic program (in 1992 and 1998, respectively).

2008 Summer Olympics

20082008 Beijing Olympics2008 Olympic Games
Baseball was discontinued after the 2008 Olympics in Beijing, only to be revived again for the forthcoming 2020 Olympics in Tokyo, which will see the introduction of new disciplines within a number of existing Summer Olympics sports as well as several new sports, such as karate and skateboarding, making their Olympic debuts.

Synchronized skating

synchronised skatingSynchronizedprecision skating
Skating is a winter Olympic sport represented by the International Skating Union, and includes four disciplines: figure skating, speed skating (on a traditional long track), short track speed skating, and synchronized skating (the latter is a non-Olympic discipline).
Although not currently an Olympic sport, it has already been reviewed for Olympic eligibility.

1952 Winter Olympics

19521952 Oslo1952 Olympics
The Games attracted 694 athletes representing 30 countries, who participated in four sports and 22 events.

Judo at the Summer Olympics

JudoOlympic GamesOlympic Judo
After not being included in 1968, judo has been an Olympic sport in each Olympiad since then.