Oncology

oncologistmedical oncologyoncologicaloncologistscancer careoncologiccancercancer researchermedical oncologistcancer treatment
See cancer for the biology of the disease, as well as a list of malignant diseases.wikipedia
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Medicine

medicalmedical scienceclinical medicine
Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer.
These include trauma centers, burn treatment centers, advanced neonatology unit services, organ transplants, high-risk pregnancy, radiation oncology, etc.

Acute myeloid leukemia

acute myelogenous leukemiaacute myeloid leukaemiaAML
Acute leukemias includes acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
Each of the WHO categories contains numerous descriptive subcategories of interest to the hematopathologist and oncologist; however, most of the clinically significant information in the WHO schema is communicated via categorization into one of the subtypes listed below.

Radiation therapy

radiotherapyradiation oncologyradiation
Cancers are often managed through discussion on multi-disciplinary cancer conferences where medical oncologists, surgical oncologists, radiation oncologists, pathologists, radiologists, and organ specific oncologists meet to find the best possible management for an individual patient considering the physical, social, psychological, emotional, and financial status of the patient.
Radiation therapy or radiotherapy, often abbreviated RT, RTx, or XRT, is therapy using ionizing radiation, generally as part of cancer treatment to control or kill malignant cells and normally delivered by a linear accelerator.

Hormonal therapy (oncology)

hormonal therapyhormone therapyhormonal antineoplastic agent
Hormonal therapy in oncology is hormone therapy for cancer and is one of the major modalities of medical oncology (pharmacotherapy for cancer), others being cytotoxic chemotherapy and targeted therapy (biotherapeutics).

Tumors of the hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues

blood cancerhematological malignanciesblood cancers
Haematological malignancies are malignant neoplasms ("cancer"), and they are generally treated by specialists in hematology and/or oncology.

Head and neck cancer

throat cancerhead and neckneck cancer
The person will typically undergo a needle biopsy of this lesion, and a histopathologic information is available, a multidisciplinary discussion of the optimal treatment strategy will be undertaken between the radiation oncologist, surgical oncologist, and medical oncologist.

Chemotherapy

chemotherapeuticantineoplasticantineoplastic agent
Chemotherapy is one of the major categories of the medical discipline specifically devoted to pharmacotherapy for cancer, which is called medical oncology.

Pancreatic cancer

pancreaticpancreaspancreatic carcinoma
Specialists advise that the management of pancreatic cancer should be in the hands of a multidisciplinary team including specialists in several aspects of oncology, and is, therefore, best conducted in larger centers.

Surgical oncology

surgical oncologistcancer surgerysurgery
Surgical oncology is the branch of surgery applied to oncology; it focuses on the surgical management of tumors, especially cancerous tumors.

Robot-assisted surgery

robotic surgerysurgical robotrobotic
This includes the use of the da Vinci surgical system in benign gynecology and gynecologic oncology.

Molecular oncology

Molecular
Molecular oncology is an interdisciplinary medical specialty at the interface of medicinal chemistry and oncology that refers to the investigation of the chemistry of cancer and tumors at the molecular scale.

Bladder cancer

bladderbladder carcinomacancer of the bladder

X-ray

X-raysX raysoft X-ray
Imaging tests like X-ray, ultrasonography, computerised tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and PET CT.
The ionizing capability of X-rays can be utilized in cancer treatment to kill malignant cells using radiation therapy.

Comparative oncology

Comparative oncology integrates the study of oncology in non-human animals into more general studies of cancer biology and therapy.

Testicular cancer

testiculartesticular tumortesticular carcinoma
Surgery is performed by urologists; radiation therapy is administered by radiation oncologists; and chemotherapy is the work of medical oncologists.

Medical ultrasound

ultrasoundultrasonographymedical ultrasonography
Imaging tests like X-ray, ultrasonography, computerised tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and PET CT.
Finally, applications in quantitative perfusion (relative measurement of blood flow ) emerge for identifying early patient response to an anti-cancerous drug treatment (methodology and clinical study by Dr Nathalie Lassau in 2011 ), enabling to determine the best oncological therapeutic options.

American Society of Clinical Oncology

American Society for Clinical OncologyASCOAmerican Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)
The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) is a professional organization representing physicians of all oncology sub-specialties who care for people with cancer.

Tumor marker

tumor markerstumour markerantigens, tumor-associated, carbohydrate
There are many different tumor markers, each indicative of a particular disease process, and they are used in oncology to help detect the presence of cancer.