One-party state

one-one-partyone-party systemsingle-partysingle partyone-party ruleone-party dictatorshipsingle-party statesole legal partyone party rule
A one-party state, single-party state, one-party system, or single-party system is a type of state in which one political party has the right to form the government, usually based on the existing constitution.wikipedia
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Dominant-party system

one party dominant statedominant-partydominant party
Sometimes the term de facto one-party state is used to describe a dominant-party system that, unlike the one-party state, allows (at least nominally) democratic multiparty elections, but the existing practices or balance of political power effectively prevent the opposition from winning the elections.
Many are de facto one-party systems, and often devolve into de jure one-party systems.

Political party

political partiespartyparties
A one-party state, single-party state, one-party system, or single-party system is a type of state in which one political party has the right to form the government, usually based on the existing constitution.
Many countries, such as Germany and India, have several significant political parties, and some nations have one-party systems, such as China and Cuba.

Communist state

communist regimecommunistcommunist countries
The term “communist state” is often used in the West to apply to states in which the ruling party subscribes to a form of Marxism–Leninism.
A Communist state (sometimes referred to as Marxist–Leninist state or workers' state) is a state that is administered and governed by a single party, guided by Marxist–Leninist philosophy.

Taiwan

🇹🇼FormosaRepublic of China
Others may allow non-party members to run for legislative seats, as was the case with Taiwan’s Tangwai movement in the 1970s and 1980s, as well as the elections in the former Soviet Union.
In the 1980s and early 1990s, it changed from a one-party military dictatorship dominated by the Kuomintang to a multi-party democracy with a semi-presidential system.

Zambia

🇿🇲ZambianNorthern Rhodesia
For example, in reference to the Soviet Union, the Party meant the Communist Party of the Soviet Union; in reference to the pre-1991 Republic of Zambia, it referred to the United National Independence Party.
From 1972 to 1991 Zambia was a one-party state with the UNIP as the sole legal political party under the motto "One Zambia, One Nation".

Socialist state

socialist republicsocialistsocialist countries
However, such states do not use that term themselves, seeing communism as a phase to develop after the full maturation of socialism, and instead often use the titles of “people's republic”, “socialist republic”, or “democratic republic”.
The term "Communist state" is often used interchangeably in the West specifically when referring to single-party socialist states governed by Marxist–Leninist political parties despite being officially socialist states in the process of building socialism; these countries never describe themselves as communist nor as having achieved a communist society.

Benito Mussolini

MussoliniBenitoDuce
2) some type of nationalist or fascist ideology (such as Italy under Benito Mussolini)
After removing all political opposition through his secret police and outlawing labor strikes, Mussolini and his followers consolidated their power through a series of laws that transformed the nation into a one-party dictatorship.

Fascism

fascistfascistsfascistic
2) some type of nationalist or fascist ideology (such as Italy under Benito Mussolini)
Fascists believe that liberal democracy is obsolete and they regard the complete mobilization of society under a totalitarian one-party state as necessary to prepare a nation for armed conflict and to respond effectively to economic difficulties.

Government of the Soviet Union

Soviet governmentCouncil of Ministersgovernment
The Soviet government argued that multiple parties represented the class struggle, which was absent in Soviet society, and so the Soviet Union only had one party, namely the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
However, the USSR was a one-party state governed by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), the power of which was derived from the Constitution of the Soviet Union.

Marxism–Leninism

Marxist-LeninistMarxist–LeninistMarxism-Leninism
1) an ideology of Marxism–Leninism and international solidarity (such as the Soviet Union for most of its existence)
Critical of the Stalinist models of socialism and government in the Soviet Union, the American Marxist Raya Dunayevskaya and the Italian Marxist Amadeo Bordiga dismissed Marxism–Leninism as a type of state capitalism, because: (i) state ownership of the means of production is a form of state capitalism; (ii) the dictatorship of the proletariat is a form of democracy, therefore, single-party rule is undemocratic; and (iii) Marxism–Leninism is neither Marxism nor Leninism nor a philosophic synthesis, but a personal artifice that Stalin used to determine what is communism and what is not communism among the Eastern bloc.

List of political parties in China

eight legally recognised political partiespolitical partyChina
Examples of this are the People's Republic of China under the United Front, the National Front in former East Germany and the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland in North Korea.
Its dominance is such that China is effectively a one-party state.

Communist Party of China

Communist PartyCPCCommunist
The Communist Party is the sole governing party within mainland China, permitting only eight other, subordinated parties to co-exist, those making up the United Front.

Authoritarianism

authoritarianauthoritarian regimeauthoritarian government
One-party states are usually considered to be authoritarian, to the extent that they are politically totalitarian.
Authoritarianism is marked by "indefinite political tenure" of the ruler or ruling party (often in a one-party state) or other authority.

China

🇨🇳ChinesePeople's Republic of China
The Chinese Civil War resulted in a division of territory in 1949, when the Communist Party of China established the People's Republic of China, a unitary one-party sovereign state on Mainland China, while the Kuomintang-led government retreated to the island of Taiwan.

Laos

LaotianLaoLao People's Democratic Republic
It is a one-party socialist republic espousing Marxism–Leninism governed by the Lao People's Revolutionary Party.

Popular front

frontPopular FrontsPopular Front against Fascism
Some one-party states only outlaw opposition parties, while allowing allied parties to exist as part of a permanent coalition such as a popular front.
After World War II, most Central and Eastern European countries became de facto one-party states, but in theory they were ruled by coalitions between several different political parties who voluntarily chose to work together.

United National Independence Party

UNIP
For example, in reference to the Soviet Union, the Party meant the Communist Party of the Soviet Union; in reference to the pre-1991 Republic of Zambia, it referred to the United National Independence Party.
In 1973 the country became a one-party state with UNIP as the sole legal party, with an amended constitution being promulgated on 25 August 1973.

Republican People's Party (Turkey)

Republican People's PartyCHPRepublican People's Party (CHP)
During the one-party period, the CHP became the major political organisation of a one-party state.

Kuomintang

NationalistnationalistsKMT
The KMT fled to Taiwan where it continued to govern as an authoritarian single-party state.

African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde

PAIGCjoint independenceCape Verde
Towards the end of the war, the party established a Marxist–Leninist one-party state, which remained intact until multi-party democracy was introduced in the early 1990s.

Politics of Eritrea

Eritrean GovernmentEritreagovernment of Eritrea
Politics of Eritrea takes place in a framework of a single-party presidential republican totalitarian dictatorship, whereby the Eritrean President is both head of state and head of government and a single-party state, led by the People's Front for Democracy and Justice.

Arab Liberation Movement

The Arab Liberation Movement (حركة التحرر العربي Ḥarakat Al-Tahrir Al-'Arabiy; Mouvement du liberation arabe) was a Syrian political party founded on 25 August 1952 by the President of Syria Adib Shishakli, during his government was the only legal party in Syria until 1954.

North Korea

🇰🇵NorthDemocratic People's Republic of Korea
Examples of this are the People's Republic of China under the United Front, the National Front in former East Germany and the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland in North Korea.
North Korea functions as a highly centralized, one-party state.

Election

electionselectedelectoral
While the role of the Communist Party is enshrined in the constitution, no party is permitted to campaign or run candidates for election, including the Communists.
As far as partisan systems, in some countries, only members of a particular party can be nominated (see one-party state).