Online hate speech

hate siteCountering online abusehate speech and harassment onlinehate speech onlinehate speechhateful online content
Online hate speech is a type of speech that takes place online (e.g. the Internet, social media platforms) with the purpose of attacking a person or a group on the basis of attributes such as race, religion, ethnic origin, sexual orientation, disability, or gender.wikipedia
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Stormfront (website)

StormfrontIndependent National SocialismNeo-Nazi website of the same name
Stormfront is considered the first "hate website".
Stormfront is a white nationalist, white supremacist, antisemitic, Holocaust denial, neo-Nazi Internet forum, and the Web's first major racial hate site.

Hate speech

incitement to hatredhatehate-speech
In 2014, the UN Human Rights Council Special Rapporteur on Minority Issues expressed her concern over the spread of misinformation, hate speech and incitement to violence, discrimination and hostility in the media and Internet, particularly targeted against a minority community.
A website that contains hate speech (online hate speech) may be called a hate site.

Internet

onlinethe Internetweb
Online hate speech is a type of speech that takes place online (e.g. the Internet, social media platforms) with the purpose of attacking a person or a group on the basis of attributes such as race, religion, ethnic origin, sexual orientation, disability, or gender. The Internet's speed and reach makes it difficult for governments to enforce national legislation in the virtual world.

Social media

socialsocial media platformsocial media campaign
Online hate speech is a type of speech that takes place online (e.g. the Internet, social media platforms) with the purpose of attacking a person or a group on the basis of attributes such as race, religion, ethnic origin, sexual orientation, disability, or gender.

Race (human categorization)

raceracialraces
Online hate speech is a type of speech that takes place online (e.g. the Internet, social media platforms) with the purpose of attacking a person or a group on the basis of attributes such as race, religion, ethnic origin, sexual orientation, disability, or gender.

Religion

religiousreligionsreligious beliefs
Online hate speech is a type of speech that takes place online (e.g. the Internet, social media platforms) with the purpose of attacking a person or a group on the basis of attributes such as race, religion, ethnic origin, sexual orientation, disability, or gender.

Ethnic origin

ethnic originsethnicityorigin
Online hate speech is a type of speech that takes place online (e.g. the Internet, social media platforms) with the purpose of attacking a person or a group on the basis of attributes such as race, religion, ethnic origin, sexual orientation, disability, or gender.

Sexual orientation

sexualitysexual preferenceorientation
Online hate speech is a type of speech that takes place online (e.g. the Internet, social media platforms) with the purpose of attacking a person or a group on the basis of attributes such as race, religion, ethnic origin, sexual orientation, disability, or gender.

Disability

disableddisabilitieshandicapped
Online hate speech is a type of speech that takes place online (e.g. the Internet, social media platforms) with the purpose of attacking a person or a group on the basis of attributes such as race, religion, ethnic origin, sexual orientation, disability, or gender.

Gender

gender issuessexgenders
Online hate speech is a type of speech that takes place online (e.g. the Internet, social media platforms) with the purpose of attacking a person or a group on the basis of attributes such as race, religion, ethnic origin, sexual orientation, disability, or gender.

Freedom of speech

free speechfreedom of expressionfree expression
Hate speech online is situated at the intersection of multiple tensions: it is the expression of conflicts between different groups within and across societies; it is a vivid example of how technologies with a transformative potential such as the Internet bring with them both opportunities and challenges; and it implies complex balancing between fundamental rights and principles, including freedom of expression and the defense of human dignity. Hate speech lies in a complex nexus with freedom of expression, individual, group and minority rights, as well as concepts of dignity, liberty and equality.

Dignity

human dignityDignifieddesignation
Hate speech online is situated at the intersection of multiple tensions: it is the expression of conflicts between different groups within and across societies; it is a vivid example of how technologies with a transformative potential such as the Internet bring with them both opportunities and challenges; and it implies complex balancing between fundamental rights and principles, including freedom of expression and the defense of human dignity.

Multilateral treaty

treatymultilateralmultilateral agreement
Multilateral treaties such as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) have sought to define its contours.

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

ICCPRInternational Covenant of Civil and Political RightsInternational Convention on Civil and Political Rights
Multilateral treaties such as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) have sought to define its contours.

Multi-stakeholder governance

governancemulti-stakeholder cooperationMulti-stakeholders processes
Multi-stakeholders processes (e.g. the Rabat Plan of Action) have been initiated to bring greater clarity and suggest mechanisms to identify hateful messages.

Facebook

Facebook LiveFacebook.comFacebook, Inc.
Internet intermediaries—organizations that mediate online communication such as Facebook, Twitter, and Google—have advanced their own definitions of hate speech that bind users to a set of rules and allow companies to limit certain forms of expression.

Twitter

tweetedtweettweets
Internet intermediaries—organizations that mediate online communication such as Facebook, Twitter, and Google—have advanced their own definitions of hate speech that bind users to a set of rules and allow companies to limit certain forms of expression.

Google

Google Inc.Google, Inc.Google LLC
Internet intermediaries—organizations that mediate online communication such as Facebook, Twitter, and Google—have advanced their own definitions of hate speech that bind users to a set of rules and allow companies to limit certain forms of expression.

Virtual world

virtual worldsMUVEonline world
The Internet's speed and reach makes it difficult for governments to enforce national legislation in the virtual world.

Politician

statesmanpolitical figurepoliticians
The character of hate speech online and its relation to offline speech and action are widely talked about—by politicians, activists and academics—but the debates tend to be removed from systematic empirical evidence.

Activism

activistpolitical activistsocial activist
The character of hate speech online and its relation to offline speech and action are widely talked about—by politicians, activists and academics—but the debates tend to be removed from systematic empirical evidence.

Discrimination

discriminatoryanti-discriminationdiscriminate
Yet this very focus has also limited deeper attempts to understand the causes underlying the phenomenon and the dynamics through which certain types of content emerge, diffuse and lead—or not—to actual discrimination, hostility or violence.

Hostility

hostileinimicalhostilities
Yet this very focus has also limited deeper attempts to understand the causes underlying the phenomenon and the dynamics through which certain types of content emerge, diffuse and lead—or not—to actual discrimination, hostility or violence.

Violence

violentviolent behaviorphysical violence
Yet this very focus has also limited deeper attempts to understand the causes underlying the phenomenon and the dynamics through which certain types of content emerge, diffuse and lead—or not—to actual discrimination, hostility or violence.

Minority rights

cultural autonomyrights of minoritiesprotection of minorities
Hate speech lies in a complex nexus with freedom of expression, individual, group and minority rights, as well as concepts of dignity, liberty and equality.