A report on Online shopping

Michael Aldrich, pioneer of online shopping in the 1980s.
Foodora's home delivery by bicycle in Tampere, Finland
An automated online assistant, with potential to enhance user interface on shopping sites.

Form of electronic commerce which allows consumers to directly buy goods or services from a seller over the Internet using a web browser or a mobile app.

- Online shopping
Michael Aldrich, pioneer of online shopping in the 1980s.

20 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Store closing flags outside a Toys R Us in Deptford, New Jersey. Despite investments, the chain struggled to win market share in the age of digital commerce.

E-commerce

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Activity of electronically buying or selling of products on online services or over the Internet.

Activity of electronically buying or selling of products on online services or over the Internet.

Store closing flags outside a Toys R Us in Deptford, New Jersey. Despite investments, the chain struggled to win market share in the age of digital commerce.
An example of an older generation of avatar-style automated online assistant on a merchandising website.

There are three areas of e-commerce: online retailing, electronic markets, and online auctions.

Bricks and mortar retail shops on Marylebone High Street, London

Brick and mortar

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Organization or business in a building or other structure.

Organization or business in a building or other structure.

Bricks and mortar retail shops on Marylebone High Street, London
The Galanterie-, Kurz- und Spielwaren-Laden store in Uetersen, Germany in 1901
A fruit stand at a village market in Afghanistan.
Bricks and mortar retail shops along the Fredrikinkatu street in the center of Helsinki, Finland

This term is usually used to contrast with a transitory business or an Internet-only presence, such as fully online shops, which have no physical presence for shoppers to visit, talk with staff in person, touch and handle products and buy from the firm in person.

Amazon (company)

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American multinational technology company which focuses on e-commerce, cloud computing, digital streaming, and artificial intelligence.

American multinational technology company which focuses on e-commerce, cloud computing, digital streaming, and artificial intelligence.

The company's largest campus outside the United States was inaugurated in Hyderabad, India in September 2019.
Homepage
Homepage
Amazon founder Jeff Bezos in 2016
Twitch at the Electronic Entertainment Expo
Whole Foods Market store in Ann Arbor, Michigan
400x400px
A sticker expressing an anti-Amazon message is pictured on the back of a street sign in Seattle.
Amazon.fr fulfillment center in Lauwin-Planque, France
Amazon.es fulfillment center in San Fernando de Henares, Spain
Amazon.co.uk fulfillment center in Glenrothes, Scotland, UK
Amazon.de fulfillment center in Graben, Germany
Amazon.co.jp fulfillment center in Ichikawa, Japan
Amazon fulfillment center in Macon, Georgia, U.S.

As of 2021, it is the world's largest online retailer and marketplace, smart speaker provider, cloud computing service through AWS, live-streaming service through Twitch, and Internet company as measured by revenue and market share.

The Internet Messenger by Buky Schwartz, located in Holon, Israel

Internet

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Global system of interconnected computer networks that uses the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to communicate between networks and devices.

Global system of interconnected computer networks that uses the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to communicate between networks and devices.

The Internet Messenger by Buky Schwartz, located in Holon, Israel
T3 NSFNET Backbone, c. 1992.
ICANN headquarters in the Playa Vista neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, United States.
2007 map showing submarine fiberoptic telecommunication cables around the world.
Packet routing across the Internet involves several tiers of Internet service providers.
Number of mobile cellular subscriptions 2012–2016
As user data is processed through the protocol stack, each abstraction layer adds encapsulation information at the sending host. Data is transmitted over the wire at the link level between hosts and routers. Encapsulation is removed by the receiving host. Intermediate relays update link encapsulation at each hop, and inspect the IP layer for routing purposes.
Conceptual data flow in a simple network topology of two hosts (A and B) connected by a link between their respective routers. The application on each host executes read and write operations as if the processes were directly connected to each other by some kind of data pipe. After the establishment of this pipe, most details of the communication are hidden from each process, as the underlying principles of communication are implemented in the lower protocol layers. In analogy, at the transport layer the communication appears as host-to-host, without knowledge of the application data structures and the connecting routers, while at the internetworking layer, individual network boundaries are traversed at each router.
A DNS resolver consults three name servers to resolve the domain name user-visible "www.wikipedia.org" to determine the IPV4 Address 207.142.131.234
Creating a subnet by dividing the host identifier
This NeXT Computer was used by Tim Berners-Lee at CERN and became the world's first Web server.
Share of population using the Internet. See or edit source data.
Internet users per 100 population members and GDP per capita for selected countries.
Internet users per 100 inhabitants Source: International Telecommunication Union.
Internet users in 2015 as a percentage of a country's population Source: International Telecommunication Union.
'''Fixed broadband Internet subscriptions in 2012
as a percentage of a country's population''' Source: International Telecommunication Union.
'''Mobile broadband Internet subscriptions in 2012
as a percentage of a country's population''' Source: International Telecommunication Union.
Banner in Bangkok during the 2014 Thai coup d'état, informing the Thai public that 'like' or 'share' activities on social media could result in imprisonment (observed 30 June 2014).
Internet users by language<ref name=NIUBL-IWS>{{cite web|url=http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats7.htm|title=Number of Internet Users by Language|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120426122721/http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats7.htm|archive-date=26 April 2012|website=Internet World Stats, Miniwatts Marketing Group|date=31 May 2011|access-date=22 April 2012}}</ref>
Website content languages<ref name=UofCLBWApril2013>{{cite web|title=Usage of content languages for websites|url=http://w3techs.com/technologies/overview/content_language/all|work=W3Techs.com|access-date=26 April 2013|archive-url=https://www.webcitation.org/66ZQzUXh6?url=http://w3techs.com/technologies/overview/content_language/all|archive-date=31 March 2012|url-status=live}}</ref>

Online shopping has grown exponentially for major retailers, small businesses, and entrepreneurs, as it enables firms to extend their "brick and mortar" presence to serve a larger market or even sell goods and services entirely online.

A grocery and cosmetics store in Tangier, Morocco

Retail

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Sale of goods and services to consumers, in contrast to wholesaling, which is sale to business or institutional customers.

Sale of goods and services to consumers, in contrast to wholesaling, which is sale to business or institutional customers.

A grocery and cosmetics store in Tangier, Morocco
Marketplace at Trajan's Forum, the earliest known example of permanent retail shopfronts
Grand Bazaar, Istanbul (interior). Established in 1455, it is thought to be the oldest continuously operating covered market
The retail service counter was an innovation of the eighteenth century
Galeries de bois at au Palais-Royal, one of the earliest shopping arcades in Europe
Department stores, such as Le Bon Marché of France, appeared from the mid nineteenth century
Retailers make many strategic decisions – store type, market served, product assortment and customer services
The retailer also considers the overall strategic position and retail image
The retail marketing mix or the 6 Ps of retailing
A typical supermarket carries an assortment of between 30,000 and 60,000 different products
Sellers of souvenirs are typically located in high traffic areas such as this London souvenir stand situated near a railway station on a busy street corner
Extensive use of the terminal digit 'nine' suggests that psychological pricing is at play
One of the most well-known cross-selling sales scripts comes from McDonald's. "Would you like fries with that?"
Modern technologies are often displayed in clean environments with much empty space.
The retail servicescape includes the appearance, equipment, display space, retail counters, signage, layout and functionality of a retail outlet. Pictured: Harrods food court
People who shop for pleasure are known as recreational shoppers. The recreational shopper has its origins in the grand European shopping arcades. Pictured: The gentry in a Dutch lace shop in the 17th century
Australia's Officeworks is a category killer, retailing everything for the home office or small commercial office; stationery, furniture, electronics, communications devices, copying, printing and photography services, coffee, tea and light snacks
Apple's concept stores include video walls, Wi-Fi and desks to provide an immersive customer experience
A general store in Scarsdale, Victoria, Australia operates as a post-office, newsagent, petrol station, video hire, grocer and take-away food retailer
A local store named "Luovon puoji" in the Hailuoto Island, Finland
U.S. Monthly Retail Sales, 1992–2010
The two largest supermarkets chains in Switzerland, Migros and Coop, are cooperatives.
Japan has the largest number of vending machines per capita.

In the digital age, an increasing number of retailers are seeking to reach broader markets by selling through multiple channels, including both bricks and mortar and online retailing.

Aldrich in 2010

Michael Aldrich

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English inventor, innovator and entrepreneur.

English inventor, innovator and entrepreneur.

Aldrich in 2010

In 1979 he invented online shopping to enable online transaction processing between consumers and businesses, or between one business and another, a technique known later as e-commerce.

Pretail

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Pretail (also referred to as pre-tail, pre-retail, pre-launch, or pre-commerce) is a sub-category of e-commerce and online retail for introducing new products, services, and brands to market by pre-launching online, from creating an interest waitlist of signups before launch to collecting reservations or pre-orders in limited quantity before release, realization, or commercial availability.

Videotex example screen showing its graphics capabilities, 1978. As in teletext, predefined, fixed-width graphics characters in multiple colors could be used to create an image.

Videotex

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One of the earliest implementations of an end-user information system.

One of the earliest implementations of an end-user information system.

Videotex example screen showing its graphics capabilities, 1978. As in teletext, predefined, fixed-width graphics characters in multiple colors could be used to create an image.
Minitel was perhaps the most successful videotex service worldwide, using this terminal, circa 1982.
An Alex terminal, photographed in 2006

Using a prototype domestic television equipped with the Prestel chip set, Michael Aldrich of Redifon Computers Ltd demonstrated a real-time transaction processing in 1979 or online shopping as it is now called.

United Parcel Service

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American multinational shipping & receiving and supply chain management company founded in 1907.

American multinational shipping & receiving and supply chain management company founded in 1907.

Merchants Parcel Delivery delivery vehicles in 1916
Ford Model T UPS delivery vehicle in 1921
Mail Boxes Etc., Inc. was re-branded as The UPS Store in 2001.
UPS Access Point in a New York City street
UPS delivery van with packages in 2013
UPS has service worldwide, including at Israel's Ben Gurion International Airport (pictured above).
UPS Boeing 747-400BCF landing at Hong Kong International Airport in 2014
1990s Grumman Olson/Navistar package car, showing 1965-design rounded nose and upper fascia
2000s propane-fueled package car in Montreal, Quebec.
Early 2010s package car in Ontario
Utilimaster-body package car on Isuzu Reach chassis in New York City
Ram ProMaster package car
Modec electric-powered van in Germany
Iveco Daily package car in Leamington Spa, United Kingdom
UPS 1990 Ford LN8000 in Seattle, Washington.
2017 Ford F-650 in New York City
UPS International 9000 towing triple trailers in Beatty, Nevada.
UPS DAF LF cabover straight truck in Plymouth, United Kingdom
UPS MAN TGL truck in Denmark
UPS e-drive electric-assisted cargo tricycle in Hamburg, Germany
UPS e-drive electric-assisted cargo tricycle in Cologne, Germany
A Boeing 767-34AF/ER aircraft (N358UP) of United Parcel Service (UPS) at Helsinki-Vantaa Airport

More recently, the continued growth of online shopping, combined with increasing awareness of the role of transportation (including package delivery) on the environment, has contributed to the rise of emerging competition from niche carriers or rebranded incumbents.

Shopping cart software

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Piece of e-commerce software on a web server that allows visitors to have an Internet site to select items for eventual purchase.

Piece of e-commerce software on a web server that allows visitors to have an Internet site to select items for eventual purchase.

The software allows online shopping customers to accumulate a list of items for purchase.