Open data

Open government dataopendataOpen Data Commonsavailabilityclosed dataData accessfree access to research datafreedom of research datafreely available to the community
Open data is the idea that some data should be freely available to everyone to use and republish as they wish, without restrictions from copyright, patents or other mechanisms of control.wikipedia
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Open government

government transparencytransparencyTransparency of government
The goals of the open-source data movement are similar to those of other "open(-source)" movements such as open-source software, hardware, open content, open education, open educational resources, open government, open knowledge, open access, open science, and the open web.
Harlan Yu and David G. Robinson specify the distinction between Open Data and open government in their paper “The New Ambiguity of “Open Government”.

Data.gov.uk

Home Office Data Hub
The philosophy behind open data has been long established (for example in the Mertonian tradition of science), but the term "open data" itself is recent, gaining popularity with the rise of the Internet and World Wide Web and, especially, with the launch of open-data government initiatives such as Data.gov, Data.gov.uk and Data.gov.in.
data.gov.uk is a UK Government project to make available non-personal UK government data as open data.

Open science

open-scienceopen peer reviewopen scientific
The goals of the open-source data movement are similar to those of other "open(-source)" movements such as open-source software, hardware, open content, open education, open educational resources, open government, open knowledge, open access, open science, and the open web.
According to the FOSTER taxonomy Open science can often include aspects of Open access, Open data and the open source movement whereby modern science requires software in order to process data and information.

Open knowledge

openopen concept
The goals of the open-source data movement are similar to those of other "open(-source)" movements such as open-source software, hardware, open content, open education, open educational resources, open government, open knowledge, open access, open science, and the open web.
Open knowledge can be seen as being a superset of open data, open content and libre open access with the aim of highlighting the commonalities between these different groups.

Data.gov.in

The philosophy behind open data has been long established (for example in the Mertonian tradition of science), but the term "open data" itself is recent, gaining popularity with the rise of the Internet and World Wide Web and, especially, with the launch of open-data government initiatives such as Data.gov, Data.gov.uk and Data.gov.in.
Open Government Data (OGD) Platform India or data.gov.in is a platform for supporting Open data initiative of Government of India.

Data.gov

Open Government Directive
The philosophy behind open data has been long established (for example in the Mertonian tradition of science), but the term "open data" itself is recent, gaining popularity with the rise of the Internet and World Wide Web and, especially, with the launch of open-data government initiatives such as Data.gov, Data.gov.uk and Data.gov.in.
The site introduced the philosophy of digital open data to the U.S. federal government, an approach which according to the book Democratizing Data will have benefits for states including "rebuilding confidence in government and business".

Open science data

dataopen dataopenness
While the open-science-data movement long predates the Internet, the availability of fast, ubiquitous networking has significantly changed the context of Open science data, since publishing or obtaining data has become much less expensive and time-consuming.
Open science data is a type of open data focused on publishing observations and results of scientific activities available for anyone to analyze and reuse.

Data set

datasetdatasetsdata sets
However, the lack of a license makes it difficult to determine the status of a data set and may restrict the use of data offered in an "Open" spirit.
In the open data discipline, data set is the unit to measure the information released in a public open data repository.

Open content

open-contentopen licenceopen licenses
The goals of the open-source data movement are similar to those of other "open(-source)" movements such as open-source software, hardware, open content, open education, open educational resources, open government, open knowledge, open access, open science, and the open web.
The later Open Definition by the Open Knowledge Foundation (now known as Open Knowledge International) define open knowledge with open content and open data as sub-elements and draws heavily on the Open Source Definition; it preserves the limited sense of open content as free content, unifying both.

International Open Data Charter

In October 2015, the Open Government Partnership launched the International Open Data Charter, a set of principles and best practices for the release of governmental open data formally adopted by seventeen governments of countries, states and cities during the OGP Global Summit in Mexico.
The International Open Data Charter is a set of principles and best practices for the release of governmental open data.

Linked data

Linked Open DataLODDereferenceable Uniform Resource Identifier
Open data can also be linked data; when it is, it is linked open data.
Linked data may also be open data, in which case it is usually described as linked open data (LOD).

EU Open Data Portal

EU Open Datathe European Open Data Portal
The European Commission has created two portals for the European Union: the EU Open Data Portal which gives access to open data from the EU institutions, agencies and other bodies and the PublicData portal that provides datasets from local, regional and national public bodies across Europe.

Copyright

copyright lawcopyrightscopyrighted
Control may be through access restrictions, licenses, copyright, patents and charges for access or re-use.
Concerns are often couched in the language of digital rights, digital freedom, database rights, open data or censorship.

Open Data Institute

ODI
Other definitions, including the Open Data Institute's " Open data is data that anyone can access, use or share", have an accessible short version of the definition but refer to the formal definition.

Open-notebook science

Open Notebook Science
Open notebook science can therefore be described as part of a wider open science movement that includes the advocacy and adoption of open access publication, open data, crowdsourcing data, and citizen science.

Open research

transparentresearchTransparency
Providing open data is a necessary but not sufficient condition for open research, because although the data may be used by anyone, there is no requirement for subsequent research to take place openly.

Wellcome Trust

Wellcome FoundationThe Wellcome TrustWellcome
Other bodies active in promoting the deposition of data as well as fulltext include the Wellcome Trust.

Open energy system databases

energydata.infoOpen Data RTEOpen Energy Platform
Open energy system database projects employ open data methods to collect, clean, and republish energy-related datasets for open use.

Urban informatics

In addition to geographic data / spatial data, most common sources of data relevant to urban informatics can be divided into three broad categories: government data (census data, open data, etc.); personal data (social media, quantified self data, etc.), and; sensor data (transport, surveillance, CCTV, Internet of Things devices, etc.).

International Open Data Day

International Open Data Day is an annual event that promotes awareness and use of open data.

Wikidata

WikibaseWikidata item
It is a common source of open data that Wikimedia projects such as Wikipedia can use, and anyone else, under a public domain license.

Open Knowledge Foundation

Open Knowledge InternationalOpen KnowledgeThe Open Knowledge Foundation
The Open Knowledge Foundation Advisory Council includes people from the areas of open access, open data, open content, open science, data visualization and digital rights.

Open access

open-accessopen access journalopen-access journal
The goals of the open-source data movement are similar to those of other "open(-source)" movements such as open-source software, hardware, open content, open education, open educational resources, open government, open knowledge, open access, open science, and the open web.

Open-source-software movement

open-source movementopen source communityopen source movement
The goals of the open-source data movement are similar to those of other "open(-source)" movements such as open-source software, hardware, open content, open education, open educational resources, open government, open knowledge, open access, open science, and the open web.