Open science data

dataopen dataopennessraw data
Open science data is a type of open data focused on publishing observations and results of scientific activities available for anyone to analyze and reuse.wikipedia
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Open data

Open government dataopendata
Open science data is a type of open data focused on publishing observations and results of scientific activities available for anyone to analyze and reuse.
While the open-science-data movement long predates the Internet, the availability of fast, ubiquitous networking has significantly changed the context of Open science data, since publishing or obtaining data has become much less expensive and time-consuming.

Journal Article Tag Suite

JATSJATS (Journal Article Tag Suite)
Much data is made available through scholarly publication, which now attracts intense debate under "Open Access" and semantically open formats – like to offer the scientific articles in JATS format.

Scholarly peer review

peer reviewpeer-reviewedrefereed
In an effort to address issues with the reproducibility of research results, some scholars are asking that authors agree to share their raw data as part of the scholarly peer review process.
In an effort to address issues with the reproducibility of research results, some scholars are asking that authors agree to share their raw data as part of the peer review process.

Open science

open-scienceopen peer reviewopen scientific

Internet

onlinethe Internetweb
While the idea of open science data has been actively promoted since the 1950s, the rise of the Internet has significantly lowered the cost and time required to publish or obtain data.

World Data Center

World Data Centres
The concept of open access to scientific data was institutionally established with the formation of the World Data Center system (now the World Data System), in preparation for the International Geophysical Year of 1957–1958.

ISC World Data System

World Data SystemICSU World Data System
The concept of open access to scientific data was institutionally established with the formation of the World Data Center system (now the World Data System), in preparation for the International Geophysical Year of 1957–1958.

International Geophysical Year

IGYearly polar expeditionsG.O. Fizzickle
The concept of open access to scientific data was institutionally established with the formation of the World Data Center system (now the World Data System), in preparation for the International Geophysical Year of 1957–1958.

International Council for Science

ICSUInternational Council of Scientific UnionsInternational Council for Science (ICSU)
The International Council of Scientific Unions (now the International Council for Science) established several World Data Centers to minimize the risk of data loss and to maximize data accessibility, further recommending in 1955 that data be made available in machine-readable form.

Education Resources Information Center

ERICEducational Resources Information CenterEducation Resources Information Center (ERIC)
The first initiative to create a database of electronic bibliography of open access data was the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) in 1966.

MEDLINE

MEDLARSIndex Medicus/MEDLINEMedical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online
In the same year, MEDLINE was created – a free access online database managed by the National Library of Medicine and the National Institute of Health (USA) with bibliographical citations from journals in the biomedical area, which later would be called PubMed, currently with over 14 million complete articles.

United States National Library of Medicine

National Library of MedicineUS National Library of MedicineNLM
In the same year, MEDLINE was created – a free access online database managed by the National Library of Medicine and the National Institute of Health (USA) with bibliographical citations from journals in the biomedical area, which later would be called PubMed, currently with over 14 million complete articles.

National Institutes of Health

NIHNational Institute of HealthNational Institutes of Health (NIH)
In the same year, MEDLINE was created – a free access online database managed by the National Library of Medicine and the National Institute of Health (USA) with bibliographical citations from journals in the biomedical area, which later would be called PubMed, currently with over 14 million complete articles.

PubMed

PMIDEntrez PubMedMEDLINE
In the same year, MEDLINE was created – a free access online database managed by the National Library of Medicine and the National Institute of Health (USA) with bibliographical citations from journals in the biomedical area, which later would be called PubMed, currently with over 14 million complete articles.

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOrganisation for European Economic Co-operationOrganisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
In 2004, the Science Ministers of all nations of the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development), which includes most developed countries of the world, signed a declaration which essentially states that all publicly funded archive data should be made publicly available.

Tragedy of the anticommons

It was reported that the amount of micro-protection of data (e.g. by license) in areas such as biotechnology was creating a Tragedy of the anticommons.

Panton Principles

In 2010 the Panton Principles launched, advocating Open Data in science and setting out for principles to which providers must comply to have their data Open.

Royal Society

FRSRoyal Society of LondonThe Royal Society
In 2012, the Royal Society published a major report, "Science as an Open Enterprise", advocating open scientific data and considering its benefits and requirements.

Open Knowledge Foundation

Open Knowledge InternationalOpen KnowledgeThe Open Knowledge Foundation

Intellectual property

intellectual property rightsIPintellectual property law

Semantic Web

Web 3.0semanticsemantics
Much data is made available through scholarly publication, which now attracts intense debate under "Open Access" and semantically open formats – like to offer the scientific articles in JATS format.

Open access

open-accessopen access journalopen-access journal
Much data is made available through scholarly publication, which now attracts intense debate under "Open Access" and semantically open formats – like to offer the scientific articles in JATS format.