Operation Musketeer (1956)

Operation MusketeerSuez OperationSuez CrisisOperation ''MusketeerMusketeerFrench interventionNear EastSuez1956 war with EgyptAnglo-French
Operation Musketeer (Opération Mousquetaire) was the Anglo-French plan for the invasion of the Suez canal zone to capture the Suez Canal during the Suez Crisis in 1956.wikipedia
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Anthony Eden

Sir Anthony EdenEdenAnthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon
Prime Minister Sir Anthony Eden called a ceasefire, without Israeli or French officials being notified.
Two months after ordering an end to the Suez operation, he resigned as prime minister on grounds of ill health and because he was widely suspected of having misled the House of Commons over the degree of collusion with France and Israel.

Suez Crisis

Suez WarSinai WarSinai Campaign
Operation Musketeer (Opération Mousquetaire) was the Anglo-French plan for the invasion of the Suez canal zone to capture the Suez Canal during the Suez Crisis in 1956. Headed by British Army General Charles Keightley, it was conducted in November 1956 in close coordination with the Israeli armoured thrust into the Sinai, which was called Operation Kadesh.
Stockwell offered up Operation Musketeer, which was to begin with a two-day air campaign that would see the British gain air superiority.

Quintin Hogg, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone

Quintin HoggLord HailshamLord Hailsham of St Marylebone
This led to the First Lord of the Admiralty (Hailsham) sending a memo to Eden on 2 October 1956 proposing the use of the light cruiser HMS Royalist for Cordage as well as Musketeer.
Nevertheless, once Operation Musketeer had been launched, he thought that Britain could not retreat until the Suez Canal had been captured.

Vickers Valiant

ValiantVickers Valiant B.1Vickers Valiant BK.1
Valiants were used for conventional bombing missions over Egypt for Operation Musketeer during the Suez Crisis of 1956.

Parachute Regiment (United Kingdom)

Parachute RegimentThe Parachute RegimentBritish paratroopers
In the same time period, the regular army battalions have taken part in operations in Suez, Cyprus, Borneo, Aden, Northern Ireland, the Falklands, the Kosovo War, the Balkans, Sierra Leone, Iraq and Afghanistan, at times being reinforced by men from the reserve battalion.

Suez Canal

Suez Canal ZoneSuezCanal Zone
Operation Musketeer (Opération Mousquetaire) was the Anglo-French plan for the invasion of the Suez canal zone to capture the Suez Canal during the Suez Crisis in 1956.
According to the pre-agreed war plans under the Protocol of Sèvres, Israel invaded the Sinai Peninsula on 29 October, forcing Egypt to engage them militarily, and allowing the Anglo-French partnership to declare the resultant fighting a threat to stability in the Middle East and enter the war - officially to separate the two forces but in reality to regain the Canal and bring down the Nasser government.

HMS Royalist (89)

HMNZS ''RoyalistHMS ''RoyalistHMNZS ''Royalist'' (C89)
This led to the First Lord of the Admiralty (Hailsham) sending a memo to Eden on 2 October 1956 proposing the use of the light cruiser HMS Royalist for Cordage as well as Musketeer.
Royalist modernization for AA/AW and particularly AD support of RN carrier fighters and strike aircraft was ideal for Musketeer and likely future operations of the RN carriers focused on the Indian Ocean and Singapore.

El Gamil

Gamil AirfieldEl Gamil Airfield
The capture of the airfield at El Gamil and the surrounding area was an essential element in Operation Musketeer, the joint Anglo-French airborne and amphibious assault on Port Said, with the ultimate aim of gaining control of the Suez Canal.

Charles Keightley

Charles Frederic KeightleySir Charles KeightleyC. F. Keightley
Headed by British Army General Charles Keightley, it was conducted in November 1956 in close coordination with the Israeli armoured thrust into the Sinai, which was called Operation Kadesh.
His tenure at Middle East Land Forces included the period of the Suez Crisis and Keightley was C-in-C of Operation Musketeer in 1956.

3 Commando Brigade

3rd Commando Brigade3rd Special Service BrigadeRoyal Marines Commandos
* 3rd Commando Brigade Royal Marines
During Operation Musketeer, units of the brigade made a helicopter-borne assault.

De Havilland Venom

VenomVenomsDe Havilland D.H. 112 Venom
The Anglo-French invasion, codenamed Operation Musketeer, took place in response to the nationalisation of the Suez Canal by Egypt's leader, General Nasser.

HMS Bulwark (R08)

HMS ''BulwarkHMS BulwarkBulwark
In 1956, Bulwark took part in her first operation, during the Suez Crisis, when she launched up to 600 sorties in what was then known as Operation Musketeer.

No. 39 Squadron RAF

No. 39 Squadron39 SquadronNo. 39 (Home Defence) Squadron
On 31 October, the British and French launched Operation Musketeer, an series of heavy air attacks against Egyptian targets followed by landings on 6 November.

HMS Jamaica (44)

JamaicaHMS ''JamaicaHMS ''Jamaica'' (C44)
In 1956 the ship participated in Operation Musketeer, the Anglo-French invasion of Egypt to seize control of the Suez Canal.

HMS Agincourt (D86)

HMS ''Agincourt
In 1956 Agincourt she formed part of the Royal Navy force which took part in the Suez Crisis.

HMS Delight (D119)

DelightDelight'' (ex-''Disdain'', ex-''Ypres'')HMS ''Delight
In 1956 she formed part of the Royal Navy's force used during the Suez Operation.

HMS Wizard (R72)

HMS ''WizardWizard
In 1956 Wizard was part of the 5th Frigate Squadron and was deployed to the eastern Mediterranean as part of the Royal Navy force which took part in the Suez Crisis.

HMS Corunna (D97)

CorunnaHMS ''CorunnaHMS ''Corunna'' (D97)
Corunna, with the rest of the Squadron, returned to the region in 1956 and took took part in the Suez Crisis.

HMS Chevron (R51)

HMS ''ChevronChevronHMS ''Chevron'' (R51)
In 1956 she was briefly recommissioned and served as part of the 1st Destroyer Squadron in Operation Musketeer during the Suez Crisis.

HMS Barrosa (D68)

HMS ''Barrosa'' (D68)HMS ''Barrosa
In November 1956 Barrosa formed part of the Royal Navy force deployed in the eastern Mediterranean during the Suez Crisis, as part of the 4th Destroyer Squadron.

HMS Wakeful (1943)

HMS ''WakefulWakefulHMS ''Wakeful'' (R59)
During this time she took part in Operation Musketeer, the Anglo-French assault on Port Said to take control of the Suez Canal.

HMS Ursa (R22)

HMS ''UrsaUrsa
In November 1956, with the rest of the squadron, Ursa formed part of the Royal Navy's force used during the Suez Operation.

HMS Urania (R05)

HMS ''UraniaUraniaHMS ''Urania'' (R05)
They collectively took part in the Suez Operation and Cyprus emergency before returning home.

HMS Diamond (D35)

HMS ''Diamond
In 1956 Diamond was sent into Port Said to show the flag prior to the Franco-British assault, but the Egyptian government was unmoved and she sailed out to join the main attack force for the Suez landings at Port Said.

HMS St. Kitts (D18)

HMS ''St. KittsHMS ''St. Kitts'' (D18)HMS St. Kitts
During Operation Musketeer, the invasion of Egypt, St. Kitts performed a variety of duties, including escorting the carrier, as well as participating in the naval bombardment of Port Said.