Operation Snow White

Jane KemberHenning HeldtMo Budlongprogram of covert and illegal infiltrationCindy Raymondconspiracy involving the infiltration of U.S. government agencies, wiretapping and the theft of government documentsprogram of criminal infiltrationraided Scientology offices on 8 July 1977raids on the greater organizationRichard Weigand
Operation Snow White was a criminal conspiracy by the Church of Scientology during the 1970s to purge unfavorable records about Scientology and its founder, L.wikipedia
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L. Ron Hubbard

L Ron HubbardRon HubbardLafayette Ronald Hubbard
Operation Snow White was a criminal conspiracy by the Church of Scientology during the 1970s to purge unfavorable records about Scientology and its founder, L. Ron Hubbard. Eleven highly placed Church executives, including Mary Sue Hubbard (wife of founder L. Ron Hubbard and second-in-command of the organization), pleaded guilty and were convicted in federal court of obstructing justice, burglary of government offices, and theft of documents and government property. Kendrick Moxon and L. Ron Hubbard were named unindicted co-conspirators.
In August 1978, 11 high-ranking members of Scientology were indicted on 28 charges for their role in the Church's Operation Snow White, one of the largest infiltrations of the United States government in history, with up to 5,000 covert agents.

Scientology

ScientologistScientologistsInternational Association of Scientologists
Under this program, Scientology operatives committed infiltration, wiretapping, and theft of documents in government offices, most notably those of the U.S. Internal Revenue Service.
During the 1970s Hubbard's followers engaged in a program of criminal infiltration of the U.S. government.

Church of Scientology

ScientologistScientologyScientologists
Operation Snow White was a criminal conspiracy by the Church of Scientology during the 1970s to purge unfavorable records about Scientology and its founder, L. Ron Hubbard.
In 1979, several Scientology members were convicted for their involvement in the church's Operation Snow White, the largest theft of government documents in U.S. history.

United States v. Hubbard

United States v. Mary Sue Hubbard et al
The case was United States v. Mary Sue Hubbard et al., 493 F.Supp.

Office of Special Affairs

Guardian's OfficeGOGuardian Office
The specific branch of Scientology responsible for Operation Snow White was the Guardian's Office.
OSA is the successor to the now-defunct Guardian's Office, which was responsible for Operation Snow White and Operation Freakout; both are in Department 20 in the Scientology organizational chart.

List of Guardian's Office operations

Operation CatOperation Bulldozer LeakOperation Daniel
The purpose of Operation Cat was "to hold up the American security to ridicule, as outlined in the GO by LRH."
Dick Weigand wrote to Mo Budlong to inform him: "A project has been drawn up and is now being implemented to show Easter Seal Society that Orsini (the executive secretary) has been operating as a fraud and has broken laws. This data is intended for a PR (public relations) attack."

Operation Freakout

Margery Wakefield
This operation also exposed the Scientology plot 'Operation Freakout', because Operation Snow White was the case that initiated the U.S. government's investigation of the Church. These included "Operation Freakout", a conspiracy to frame author Paulette Cooper on false bomb-threat charges, and conspiracies to frame Gabe Cazares, mayor of Clearwater, Florida, on false hit-and-run charges.
On June 11, 1976, two Scientology agents—Michael Meisner and Gerald Bennett Wolfe—were caught in the act of attempted burglary at a courthouse in Washington, D.C. as part of the Guardian's Office's ongoing Operation Snow White.

Mary Sue Hubbard

Mary SueMary Sue WhippMary Sue Whipp Hubbard
Eleven highly placed Church executives, including Mary Sue Hubbard (wife of founder L. Ron Hubbard and second-in-command of the organization), pleaded guilty and were convicted in federal court of obstructing justice, burglary of government offices, and theft of documents and government property.
As part of a wider strategy codenamed Operation Snow White, the GO succeeded in infiltrating a Scientologist into the IRS to steal files about the government's litigation strategy against Scientology.

Kendrick Moxon

Kendrick Moxon and L. Ron Hubbard were named unindicted co-conspirators.
He worked out of the Scientology intelligence agency known as the Guardian's Office (GO), and was named as an unindicted co-conspirator after the Federal Bureau of Investigation's investigation into criminal activities by Scientology operatives called "Operation Snow White".

Paulette Cooper

These included "Operation Freakout", a conspiracy to frame author Paulette Cooper on false bomb-threat charges, and conspiracies to frame Gabe Cazares, mayor of Clearwater, Florida, on false hit-and-run charges.
On July 8, 1977, the FBI raided Church of Scientology facilities in D.C. and Los Angeles in response to Operation Snow White, the church's program to collect intelligence and steal documents related to Scientology from federal agencies.

Scientology controversies

Scientology controversyDead Agentingdead agent
In 1978, a number of Scientologists, including L. Ron Hubbard's wife Mary Sue Hubbard (who was second in command in the organization at the time), were convicted of perpetrating what was at the time the largest incident of domestic espionage in the history of the United States, called "Operation Snow White".

Gabe Cazares

Gabriel Cazares
These included "Operation Freakout", a conspiracy to frame author Paulette Cooper on false bomb-threat charges, and conspiracies to frame Gabe Cazares, mayor of Clearwater, Florida, on false hit-and-run charges.
The raid revealed "Operation Snow White," where the Church of Scientology planned to infiltrate federal and state government offices in order to steal documents which reflected negatively on L. Ron Hubbard, or the Church of Scientology.

David Gaiman

David Bernard Gaiman
In 1981 he was promoted to the position of Guardian (i.e. head of the Guardian's Office), replacing Jane Kember following her criminal conviction for conspiracy against the US Government (she had been part of Scientology's Operation Snow White).

Infiltration tactics

infiltrationhurricane bombardmentinfiltrate
Under this program, Scientology operatives committed infiltration, wiretapping, and theft of documents in government offices, most notably those of the U.S. Internal Revenue Service.

Telephone tapping

wiretapwiretappingwiretaps
Under this program, Scientology operatives committed infiltration, wiretapping, and theft of documents in government offices, most notably those of the U.S. Internal Revenue Service.

Food and Drug Administration

FDAU.S. Food and Drug AdministrationUnited States Food and Drug Administration
In the early 1970s, the Church of Scientology was increasingly scrutinized by US federal agencies, having already been raided by the Food and Drug Administration in 1963.

Internal Revenue Service

IRSinternal revenueBureau of Internal Revenue
Under this program, Scientology operatives committed infiltration, wiretapping, and theft of documents in government offices, most notably those of the U.S. Internal Revenue Service. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) claimed the Church owed millions of dollars in taxes and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) sent agents into the organization.

Federal Bureau of Investigation

FBIFBI agentF.B.I.
The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) claimed the Church owed millions of dollars in taxes and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) sent agents into the organization.

Saint Hill Manor

Saint HillScientology centre
At the time of Operation Snow White, the Guardian's Office had its worldwide headquarters (Guardian's Office WW) located at Saint Hill Manor in England.

Los Angeles

Los Angeles, CaliforniaLos Angeles, CALos Angeles, United States
Headquarters in the United States (Guardian's Office US) were in Los Angeles, California, though smaller offices existed in Washington, D.C. (Guardian's Office DC) and other cities throughout the United States.

California

CAState of CaliforniaCalifornia, USA
Headquarters in the United States (Guardian's Office US) were in Los Angeles, California, though smaller offices existed in Washington, D.C. (Guardian's Office DC) and other cities throughout the United States.

Washington, D.C.

Washington, DCWashington D.C.District of Columbia
Headquarters in the United States (Guardian's Office US) were in Los Angeles, California, though smaller offices existed in Washington, D.C. (Guardian's Office DC) and other cities throughout the United States.

Interpol

International Criminal Police OrganizationInternational PoliceInternational Criminal Police Organisation
Worried about Scientology's long-term reputation, the Guardian's Office decided to infiltrate Interpol to obtain documents related to Scientology, as well as those connecting L. Ron Hubbard to criminal activity.