Ophthalmology

ophthalmologistophthalmicoculistophthalmologistsophthalmologicalophthalmic surgeonophthalmologiceye doctorophthamologistEye
Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine and surgery which deals with the diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders.wikipedia
2,271 Related Articles

Eye examination

eye exameye testexamination
Following are examples of methods of diagnosis performed in a eye examination
An eye examination is a series of tests performed by an ophthalmologist (medical doctor), optometrist, or orthoptist, optician, assessing vision and ability to focus on and discern objects, as well as other tests and examinations pertaining to the eyes.

Uveitis

iritisiridocyclitisanterior uveitis
Subspecialty training is undertaken by about 30% of fellows (FRCSC) in a variety of fields from anterior segment, cornea, glaucoma, vision rehabilitation, uveitis, oculoplastics, medical and surgical retina, ocular oncology, Ocular pathology, or neuro-ophthalmology.
Uveitis is an ophthalmic emergency and requires a thorough examination by an ophthalmologist or optometrist and urgent treatment to control the inflammation.

Specialty (medicine)

medical specialtyspecialtyspecialist
An ophthalmologist is a specialist in ophthalmology.

Eye surgery

ophthalmic surgeryeye surgeonvitreoretinal surgery
Eye surgery, also known as ocular surgery, is surgery performed on the eye or its adnexa by an ophthalmologist.
Eye surgery, also known as ocular surgery, is surgery performed on the eye or its adnexa, typically by an ophthalmologist.

Oculoplastics

oculoplasticoculoplastic surgeryOculoplastic surgeon
Subspecialty training is undertaken by about 30% of fellows (FRCSC) in a variety of fields from anterior segment, cornea, glaucoma, vision rehabilitation, uveitis, oculoplastics, medical and surgical retina, ocular oncology, Ocular pathology, or neuro-ophthalmology.
An oculoplastic surgeon is a specialized ophthalmologist who has completed one or two years of additional fellowship training following ophthalmology residency.

Pediatric ophthalmology

pediatric ophthalmologistPaediatric ophthalmologypediatric ophthalmologists
Subspecialty fellowships are also being offered in the fields of pediatric ophthalmology and vitreoretinal ophthalmology.
Pediatric ophthalmology is a sub-speciality of ophthalmology concerned with eye diseases, visual development, and vision care in children.

Neuro-ophthalmology

neuro-ophthalmologicalneuro-ophthalmologistneuro
Subspecialty training is undertaken by about 30% of fellows (FRCSC) in a variety of fields from anterior segment, cornea, glaucoma, vision rehabilitation, uveitis, oculoplastics, medical and surgical retina, ocular oncology, Ocular pathology, or neuro-ophthalmology.
Neuro-ophthalmology is an academically-oriented subspecialty that merges the fields of neurology and ophthalmology, often dealing with complex systemic diseases that have manifestations in the visual system.

Optical coherence tomography

OCTOptical Coherence Tomography (OCT)Gaussian envelope
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a medical technological platform used to assess ocular structures.
Commercially available optical coherence tomography systems are employed in diverse applications, including art conservation and diagnostic medicine, notably in ophthalmology and optometry where it can be used to obtain detailed images from within the retina.

Slit lamp

slit-lampslit-lamp examinationSlit lamp examination
The second trend originated from ophthalmologic practice and aimed at technical perfection and a restriction to useful methods.

Refractive surgery

refractiverefractive eye surgeryrefractive surgical procedure
The first theoretical work on the potential of refractive surgery was published in 1896 by Lendeer Jans Lans, an ophthalmology teacher in the Netherlands.

Medicine

medicalmedical scienceclinical medicine
Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine and surgery which deals with the diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders.
Other medical specialties may employ surgical procedures, such as ophthalmology and dermatology, but are not considered surgical sub-specialties per se.

Cataract surgery

cataract extractioncataractintracapsular cataract extraction
His description of cataract surgery was compatible with the method of couching.
Cataract surgery is generally performed by an ophthalmologist in an ambulatory setting at a surgical center or hospital rather than an inpatient setting.

Glaucoma

open-angle glaucomaangle closure glaucomaacute angle-closure glaucoma
Subspecialty training is undertaken by about 30% of fellows (FRCSC) in a variety of fields from anterior segment, cornea, glaucoma, vision rehabilitation, uveitis, oculoplastics, medical and surgical retina, ocular oncology, Ocular pathology, or neuro-ophthalmology.
Screening for glaucoma is usually performed as part of a standard eye examination performed by optometrists and ophthalmologists.

Ophthalmic pathology

pathology
Ophthalmic pathology is the subspecialty of surgical pathology and also a subspecialty of ophthalmology which deals with the diagnosis and characterization of neoplastic and non-neoplastic diseases of the eyes.

Residency (medicine)

residencyresidentresidents
The credentials include a degree in medicine, followed by additional four to five years of ophthalmology residency training.
Students may be matched to programs very low on their rank list, especially when the highest priorities consist of competitive specialties like radiology, neurosurgery, plastic surgery, dermatology, ophthalmology, orthopedics, otolaryngology, radiation oncology, and urology.

Medical ultrasound

ultrasoundultrasonographymedical ultrasonography
Ultrasonography of the eyes may be performed.

François Pourfour du Petit

Petit
In the 17th and 18th centuries, hand lenses were used by Malpighi, and microscopes by Leeuwenhoek, preparations for fixing the eye for study by Ruysch, and later the freezing of the eye by Petit.
François Pourfour du Petit (June 24, 1664 – June 18, 1741) was a French anatomist, ophthalmologist and surgeon who was a native of Paris.

Georg Joseph Beer

Georg Joseph Beer (1763–1821) was an Austrian ophthalmologist and leader of the First Viennese School of Medicine.
Georg Joseph Beer (23 December 1763 – 11 April 1821) was an Austrian ophthalmologist.

Stewart Duke-Elder

William Stewart Duke-ElderSir Stewart Duke-ElderDuke-Elder
Clinical developments at Moorfields and the founding of the Institute of Ophthalmology (now part of the University College London) by Sir Stewart Duke-Elder established the site as the largest eye hospital in the world and a nexus for ophthalmic research.
Sir William Stewart Duke-Elder (22 April 1898 – 27 March 1978), a Scottish ophthalmologist who was a dominant force in his field for more than a quarter of a century.

Albrecht von Graefe

von GraefeAlbrecht von GräfeFriedrich Wilhelm Ernst Albrecht von Graefe
In Berlin, Albrecht von Graefe introduced iridectomy as a treatment for glaucoma and improved cataract surgery, he is also considered the founding father of the German Ophthalmological Society.
Friedrich Wilhelm Ernst Albrecht von Gräfe, often Anglicized to Graefe (22 May 1828 – 20 July 1870), was a Prussian pioneer of German ophthalmology.

Eye neoplasm

eye cancerocular oncologyocular cancer
Subspecialty training is undertaken by about 30% of fellows (FRCSC) in a variety of fields from anterior segment, cornea, glaucoma, vision rehabilitation, uveitis, oculoplastics, medical and surgical retina, ocular oncology, Ocular pathology, or neuro-ophthalmology.

Joseph Igersheimer

A representative leader was Joseph Igersheimer (1879–1965), best known for his discoveries with arsphenamine for the treatment of syphilis.
Joseph Igersheimer(1879–1965) was a German born ophthalmologist known for his work on arsphenamine for the treatment of syphilis.

Diabetic retinopathy

diabetic macular edemaretinopathydamage to the eyes
Before using the laser, the ophthalmologist dilates the pupil and applies anaesthetic drops to numb the eye.

Moorfields Eye Hospital

Royal Westminster Ophthalmic HospitalMoorfieldsRoyal London Ophthalmic Hospital
The first dedicated ophthalmic hospital opened in 1805 in London; it is now called Moorfields Eye Hospital.
Moorfields Eye Hospital is a major centre for postgraduate training of ophthalmologists, orthoptists, optometrists, and nurses.

Refraction

refractedrefractiverefract
In medicine, particularly optometry, ophthalmology and orthoptics, refraction (also known as refractometry) is a clinical test in which a phoropter may be used by the appropriate eye care professional to determine the eye's refractive error and the best corrective lenses to be prescribed.