Opioid overdose

heroin overdoseopioid-overdoseoverdosedrug overdoseHeroin intoxicationMorphine type abusenon-dependent drug abuseOD'ingopiate overdoseopiate toxicity
An opioid overdose is toxicity due to excessive opioids.wikipedia
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Naloxone

NarcanNaloxone hydrochlorideEvzio
Naloxone is then recommended among those who are not breathing to reverse the opioid's effects.
It is commonly used for decreased breathing in opioid overdose.

Heroin

diamorphinediacetylmorphinesmack
Examples of opioids include morphine, heroin, fentanyl, tramadol, and methadone.
Heroin overdose is usually treated with the opioid antagonist, naloxone.

Opioid use disorder

heroin addictionopioid addictionheroin addict
Risk factors for opioid overdose include opioid dependence, use of opioids by injection, use of high doses of opioids, mental disorders, and use of opioids together with alcohol, benzodiazepines, or cocaine.
Complications may include opioid overdose, suicide, HIV/AIDS, hepatitis C, marriage problems, or unemployment.

Opioid

opioidsopioid-induced constipationopioid analgesic
An opioid overdose is toxicity due to excessive opioids.
Other medical uses include suppression of diarrhea, replacement therapy for opioid use disorder, reversing opioid overdose, suppressing cough, as well as for executions in the United States.

Drug overdose

overdoseoverdosingoverdosed
In 2017, opioid deaths represented more than 65% of all drug overdose related deaths in the United States.
A person experiencing an opioid overdose might also have muscle spasms, seizures and decreased consciousness.

Codeine

codeine phosphatecodeine hydrochlorideCod'ine
In mothers who take codeine during breastfeeding, opioid overdoses have occurred in their baby.
Care should be used during breastfeeding, as it may result in opiate toxicity in the baby.

Hypoventilation

respiratory depressiondecreased effort to breathedecreased breathing
Symptoms include insufficient breathing, small pupils, and unconsciousness.
If the respiratory depression occurs from opioid overdose, usually an opioid antagonist, most likely naloxone, will be administered.

Prescription monitoring program

prescription drug monitoring programchanges to prescription-writingIllinois Prescription Drug Monitoring Program
A prescription monitoring program may help determine if an individual is receiving a high doses of opioids or combinations of medications such as benzodiazepines and opioids that put them at high risk.
PMPs help to prevent adverse drug-related events through opioid overdoses, drug diversion, and substance abuse by decreasing the amount and/or frequency of opioid prescribing.

Toxicity

toxicnon-toxicnontoxic
An opioid overdose is toxicity due to excessive opioids.

Morphine

morphiamorphine addictionmorphine sulfate
Examples of opioids include morphine, heroin, fentanyl, tramadol, and methadone.

Fentanyl

ActiqDuragesicfentanyl citrate
Examples of opioids include morphine, heroin, fentanyl, tramadol, and methadone.

Tramadol

UltramUltracetUltram ER
Examples of opioids include morphine, heroin, fentanyl, tramadol, and methadone.

Methadone

Methadone treatmentAmidonAmidones
Examples of opioids include morphine, heroin, fentanyl, tramadol, and methadone.

Miosis

mioticconstricted pupilsmiotics
Symptoms include insufficient breathing, small pupils, and unconsciousness.

Unconsciousness

unconsciousloss of consciousnessnarcosis
Symptoms include insufficient breathing, small pupils, and unconsciousness.

Rhabdomyolysis

muscle breakdownrapid muscle breakdownbreakdown of skeletal muscle
Among those who initially survive, complications can include rhabdomyolysis, pulmonary edema, compartment syndrome, and permanent brain damage.

Pulmonary edema

pulmonary oedemapulmonary congestionacute pulmonary edema
Among those who initially survive, complications can include rhabdomyolysis, pulmonary edema, compartment syndrome, and permanent brain damage.

Compartment syndrome

compartmental syndromecompartment syndromesacute compartment syndrome
Among those who initially survive, complications can include rhabdomyolysis, pulmonary edema, compartment syndrome, and permanent brain damage.

Traumatic brain injury

traumatic brain injuriesbrain traumabrain injury
Among those who initially survive, complications can include rhabdomyolysis, pulmonary edema, compartment syndrome, and permanent brain damage.

Mental disorder

mental illnessnervous breakdownmentally ill
Risk factors for opioid overdose include opioid dependence, use of opioids by injection, use of high doses of opioids, mental disorders, and use of opioids together with alcohol, benzodiazepines, or cocaine.

Ethanol

alcoholbioethanolethyl alcohol
Risk factors for opioid overdose include opioid dependence, use of opioids by injection, use of high doses of opioids, mental disorders, and use of opioids together with alcohol, benzodiazepines, or cocaine.

Benzodiazepine

benzodiazepinesbenzodiazapinesbenzo
Risk factors for opioid overdose include opioid dependence, use of opioids by injection, use of high doses of opioids, mental disorders, and use of opioids together with alcohol, benzodiazepines, or cocaine.

Cocaine

cokecocaine traffickingcrack
Risk factors for opioid overdose include opioid dependence, use of opioids by injection, use of high doses of opioids, mental disorders, and use of opioids together with alcohol, benzodiazepines, or cocaine.

Detoxification

detoxdetoxifydetoxifying
Risk of overdose is particularly high following detoxification.

Chronic pain

chronicpainChronic pain syndrome
Dependence on prescription opioids can occur from their use to treat chronic pain.