Opone

Opone/Xāfūn
This article is about the historic city, for the modern city see Hafun.wikipedia
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Horn of Africa

HornSomali peninsulanortheastern Africa
Opone was an ancient proto-Somali city situated in the Horn of Africa.
In the classical era, several flourishing Somali city-states such as Opone, Mosylon and Malao also competed with the Sabaeans, Parthians and Axumites for the rich Indo-Greco-Roman trade.

Somalia

SomaliFederal Republic of SomaliaSOM
Through archaeological remains, the historic port has been identified with the city of Hafun on the Hafun peninsula in modern-day Northeast Somalia.
During the classical period, the northern Barbara city-states of Mosylon, Opone, Mundus, Isis, Malao, Avalites, Essina, Nikon and Sarapion developed a lucrative trade network, connecting with merchants from Ptolemaic Egypt, Ancient Greece, Phoenicia, Parthian Persia, Saba, the Nabataean Kingdom, and the Roman Empire.

Hafun

Ras HafunChori HordioDante
Through archaeological remains, the historic port has been identified with the city of Hafun on the Hafun peninsula in modern-day Northeast Somalia.
Hafun has been identified as the ancient trading port of Opone, which was described in the 1st century CE Greek travelogue the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea.

Proto-Somali

Opone was an ancient proto-Somali city situated in the Horn of Africa.
After the collapse of Macrobia, several proto-Somali ancient wealthy city-states emerged, such as Malao, Mundus, Mosylon and Opone which competed with the Sabaeans, Parthians and Axumites for the wealthy Indo-Greco-Roman trade, also flourished in Somalia.

Land of Punt

PuntKingdom of PuntPuntite
It is possible that it corresponds to the Land of Punt as known by the ancient Egyptians during the Old, Middle, and New Kingdom.
It is possible that it corresponds to Opone on the Horn of Africa, as later known by the ancient Greeks, while some biblical scholars have identified it with the biblical land of Put or Havilah.

Ras Hafun

Hafun peninsulaPeninsula of HafunRàs Hafun
Through archaeological remains, the historic port has been identified with the city of Hafun on the Hafun peninsula in modern-day Northeast Somalia.
The peninsula is believed to be the location of the old trade emporium of Opone.

Periplus of the Erythraean Sea

Periplus Maris ErythraeiPeriplusPeriplus of the Erythrean Sea
Opone was mentioned by an anonymous Greek merchant in the 1st century AD Periplus of the Erythraean Sea.
Ras Hafun in northern Somalia is believed to be the location of the ancient trade center of Opone.

Phoenicia

PhoeniciansPhoenicianPhoenicio
Opone served as a port of call for merchants from Phoenicia, Egypt, Greece, Persia, Yemen, Nabataea, Azania, the Roman Empire and elsewhere, as it sat at a strategic location along the coastal route from the Mochan trading center of Azania to the Red Sea.
Through the Somali city-states of Mosylon, Opone, Malao, Sarapion, Mundus and Tabae, trade flourished.

Somalis

SomaliSomali peopleSomali clan
In the 1970s, Neville Chittick, a British archaeologist, initiated the British-Somali expedition where he and his Somali colleagues encountered remains of ancient drystone walls, houses with courtyards, and the location of the old harbour.
After the collapse of Macrobia, several ancient city-states, such as Opone, Essina, Sarapion, Nikon, Malao, Damo and Mosylon near Cape Guardafui, which competed with the Sabaeans, Parthians and Axumites for the wealthy Indo-Greco-Roman trade, also flourished in Somalia.

History of Somalia

Campaign of the SultanateshistoryPersecution of the Majeerteen
In the classical period, the Somali city-states of Mosylon, Opone, Malao, Sarapion, Mundus, Essina and Tabae in Somalia developed a lucrative trade network connecting with merchants from Phoenicia, Ptolemic Egypt, Greece, Parthian Persia, Sheba, Nabataea and the Roman Empire.

Indian Ocean

IndianIndoSouthern Indian Ocean
Merchants from as far afield as Indonesia and Malaysia passed through the city, exchanging spices, silks and other goods, before departing south for Azania or north to Yemen or Egypt on the trade routes that spanned the length of the Indian Ocean's rim.
Among these trading settlements were Mosylon and Opone on the Red Sea littoral.

Sarapion

Sarapion/Muqdisho
Sarapion was briefly mentioned in Ptolemy's Geographia as one of the harbours a trader would encounter after sailing southernly on the Indian Ocean, passing along the way by the Market of Spices (Damo) and the emporium of Opone.

Ancient Egypt

EgyptEgyptianAncient Egyptian
It is primarily known for its trade with the Ancient Egyptians, Romans, Greeks, Persians, and the states of ancient India.

Ancient Rome

RomanRomansRome
It is primarily known for its trade with the Ancient Egyptians, Romans, Greeks, Persians, and the states of ancient India.

Persian Empire

PersianPersiaPersians
It is primarily known for its trade with the Ancient Egyptians, Romans, Greeks, Persians, and the states of ancient India.

History of India

ancient IndiaIndiaIndian history
It is primarily known for its trade with the Ancient Egyptians, Romans, Greeks, Persians, and the states of ancient India.

Old Kingdom of Egypt

Old KingdomOldOld Kingdom period
It is possible that it corresponds to the Land of Punt as known by the ancient Egyptians during the Old, Middle, and New Kingdom.

Middle Kingdom of Egypt

Middle KingdomMiddle Kingdom periodMiddle
It is possible that it corresponds to the Land of Punt as known by the ancient Egyptians during the Old, Middle, and New Kingdom.

New Kingdom of Egypt

New KingdomEgyptian EmpireRamesside
It is possible that it corresponds to the Land of Punt as known by the ancient Egyptians during the Old, Middle, and New Kingdom.

Tomb

sepulchrechest tombtombs
Pottery found in Oponean tombs date back to the Mycenaean Kingdom of Greece that flourished between the 16th and 11th century BC.

Mycenaean Greece

MycenaeanMycenaean civilizationMycenaean period
Pottery found in Oponean tombs date back to the Mycenaean Kingdom of Greece that flourished between the 16th and 11th century BC.