Opus Dei

Prelature of the Holy Cross and Opus DeiPrelature of Opus DeiPersonal Prelature of Opus DeiCatholic institution of the same nameODOpus Dei (The Prelature of the Holy Cross and Opus Dei)Opus Dei centerOpus Dei PrelaturePrelature of the Holy CrossSedes Sapientiae
Opus Dei, formally known as The Prelature of the Holy Cross and Opus Dei (Praelatura Sanctae Crucis et Operis Dei), is an institution of the Roman Catholic Church which teaches that everyone is called to holiness and that ordinary life is a path to sanctity.wikipedia
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Josemaría Escrivá

Saint Josemaría EscriváSt. Josemaría EscriváJosemaría Escrivá de Balaguer
Opus Dei was founded in Spain in 1928 by Catholic saint and priest Josemaría Escrivá and was given final Catholic Church approval in 1950 by Pope Pius XII.
Saint Josemaría Escrivá de Balaguer y Albás (9 January 1902 – 26 June 1975) was a Spanish Roman Catholic priest who founded Opus Dei, an organization of laypeople and priests dedicated to the teaching that everyone is called to holiness by God and that ordinary life can result in sanctity.

List of members of Opus Dei

Toni Zweifel
There are other members whose process of beatification has been opened: Ernesto Cofiño, a father of five children and a pioneer in pediatric research in Guatemala; Montserrat Grases, a teenage Catalan student who died of cancer; Toni Zweifel, a Swiss engineer; Tomás Alvira and wife, Paquita Domínguez, a Spanish married couple; Isidoro Zorzano Ledesma, an Argentinian engineer; Dora del Hoyo, a domestic worker; and Father José Luis Múzquiz de Miguel.
This is a list of prominent Opus Dei members. It is intended to include people whose membership in Opus Dei is documented in published sources, and therefore a matter of public record.

Montserrat Grases

María Montserrat Grases Garcia
There are other members whose process of beatification has been opened: Ernesto Cofiño, a father of five children and a pioneer in pediatric research in Guatemala; Montserrat Grases, a teenage Catalan student who died of cancer; Toni Zweifel, a Swiss engineer; Tomás Alvira and wife, Paquita Domínguez, a Spanish married couple; Isidoro Zorzano Ledesma, an Argentinian engineer; Dora del Hoyo, a domestic worker; and Father José Luis Múzquiz de Miguel.
María Montserrat Grases García (10 July 1941 – 26 March 1959) was a Spanish secular member of Opus Dei.

Personal prelature

personalpersonal prelateprelate
St. John Paul II made it a personal prelature in 1982 by the apostolic constitution Ut sit; that is, the jurisdiction of its own bishop covers the persons in Opus Dei wherever they are, rather than geographical dioceses.
The first personal prelature is Opus Dei.

Javier Echevarría Rodríguez

Javier EchevarríaHF1Monsignor Javier Echevarria
In 1994, Javier Echevarria became Prelate upon the death of his predecessor.
Until his death, he was the head of the Prelature of the Holy Cross and Opus Dei.

Isidoro Zorzano Ledesma

There are other members whose process of beatification has been opened: Ernesto Cofiño, a father of five children and a pioneer in pediatric research in Guatemala; Montserrat Grases, a teenage Catalan student who died of cancer; Toni Zweifel, a Swiss engineer; Tomás Alvira and wife, Paquita Domínguez, a Spanish married couple; Isidoro Zorzano Ledesma, an Argentinian engineer; Dora del Hoyo, a domestic worker; and Father José Luis Múzquiz de Miguel.
Isidoro Zorzano Ledesma (13 September 1902 – 15 July 1943) was a Spanish Roman Catholic member of Opus Dei.

The Da Vinci Code

Da Vinci Codethe bookbook
During that same year, Opus Dei received some unwanted attention due to the extraordinary success of the novel The Da Vinci Code, in which both Opus Dei and the Catholic Church itself are depicted negatively. In recent years, Opus Dei has received international attention due to the novel The Da Vinci Code and its film version of 2006, both of which prominent Christians and non-believers criticized as misleading, inaccurate and anti-Catholic.
It follows "symbologist" Robert Langdon and cryptologist Sophie Neveu after a murder in the Louvre Museum in Paris causes them to become involved in a battle between the Priory of Sion and Opus Dei over the possibility of Jesus Christ having been a companion to Mary Magdalene.

The Way (book)

The WayThe Way'' (book)
In 1939, Escrivá published The Way, a collection of 999 maxims concerning spirituality for people involved in secular affairs.
The Way (Camino) is a book about spirituality composed by Josemaría Escrivá, the initiator of the Roman Catholic religious organization Opus Dei.

Dora del Hoyo

There are other members whose process of beatification has been opened: Ernesto Cofiño, a father of five children and a pioneer in pediatric research in Guatemala; Montserrat Grases, a teenage Catalan student who died of cancer; Toni Zweifel, a Swiss engineer; Tomás Alvira and wife, Paquita Domínguez, a Spanish married couple; Isidoro Zorzano Ledesma, an Argentinian engineer; Dora del Hoyo, a domestic worker; and Father José Luis Múzquiz de Miguel.
Dora del Hoyo Alonso (11 January 1914 - 10 January 2004; born Salvadora Honorata del Hoyo Alonso in Leon, Spain) was one of the first women members of Opus Dei.

Julián Herranz Casado

Cardinal Julian HerranzHerranz, Julián
During the pontificate of John Paul II, two members of Opus Dei, Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne and Julián Herranz Casado, were made cardinals.
One of two cardinals – along with Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne – who belong to Opus Dei, Herranz Casado is the organisation's highest-ranking member in the Church's hierarchy.

Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne

Juan Luis Cipriani
During the pontificate of John Paul II, two members of Opus Dei, Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne and Julián Herranz Casado, were made cardinals.
He was ordained as a priest for Opus Dei on 21 August 1977.

Álvaro del Portillo

Father Álvaro del PortilloFather Álvaro del Portillo y Diez de SolanoMsgr. Álvaro del Portillo
In 1975, Escriva died and was succeeded by Álvaro del Portillo. In 2014, Pope Francis through a delegate beatified Alvaro del Portillo and said that "he teaches us that in the simplicity and ordinariness of our life we can find a sure path to holiness.
He served as the prelate of Opus Dei between 1982 and 1994 as the successor to Saint Josemaría Escrivá.

Fernando Ocáriz Braña

Fernando Ocáriz Fernando Ocáriz Braña
Fernando Ocáriz.
Fernando Ocáriz Braña (born 27 October 1944) is a Roman Catholic priest who serves as the current Prelate of Opus Dei.

Francoist Spain

SpainFrancoistNationalist
Despite this, Opus Dei flourished during the years of the Franquismo, spreading first throughout Spain, and after 1945, expanding internationally.
After World War II, the Falange opposed free capital markets, but the ultimately prevailing technocrats, some of whom were linked with Opus Dei, eschewed syndicalist economics and favoured increased competition as a means of achieving rapid economic growth and integration with wider Europe.

Pope Francis

FrancisJorge Mario BergoglioJorge Bergoglio
In 2014, Pope Francis through a delegate beatified Alvaro del Portillo and said that "he teaches us that in the simplicity and ordinariness of our life we can find a sure path to holiness.
The pope has approved beatifications for a range of men and women including the likes of Álvaro del Portillo of Opus Dei (27 September 2014), the martyred archbishop Óscar Romero (23 May 2015) and several large groups of Spanish martyrs.

Opus Dei in society

Corporate Works of Opus DeiOpus Dei universities
Opus Dei is also responsible for a variety of non-profit institutions called "Corporate Works of Opus Dei".
Opus Dei in society refers to the social mission, general social strategy, social activities, work, relationship with politics and other aspects of Opus Dei.

Francisco Franco

FrancoGeneral FrancoFrancoist
After the civil war was won by General Francisco Franco, Escrivá was able to return to Madrid.
His administration marginalised fascist ideologues in favor of technocrats, many of whom were linked with Opus Dei, who promoted economic modernisation.

Controversies about Opus Dei

controversialCriticisms against Opus DeiOpus Dei
Criticisms against Opus Dei have prompted Catholic scholars and writers like Piers Paul Read and Vittorio Messori to call Opus Dei a sign of contradiction, in reference to the biblical quote of Jesus as a "sign that is spoken against".
Opus Dei is a personal prelature within the Roman Catholic Church that has been the subject of numerous controversies.

Apostolic constitution

apostolic briefdogmatic constitutionapostolic
St. John Paul II made it a personal prelature in 1982 by the apostolic constitution Ut sit; that is, the jurisdiction of its own bishop covers the persons in Opus Dei wherever they are, rather than geographical dioceses.
Ut sit (1982) Pope John Paul II's Apostolic Constitution raising Opus Dei (Latin for "The Work of God") to the rank of a Personal Prelature (similar to a diocese, but grouping people by some peculiar pastoral reason instead of by where they live)

Priestly Society of the Holy Cross

of Opus Dei
These figures do not include the diocesan priest members of Opus Dei's Priestly Society of the Holy Cross, estimated to number 2,000 in the year 2005.
The Priestly Society of the Holy Cross is an association of Catholic diocesan priests which is integrally united to the Prelature of Opus Dei.

Prelate

prelatesSub-Prelateprelature
The majority of its membership are lay people; the remainder are secular priests under the governance of a prelate elected by specific members and appointed by the Pope.
The first, and presently only, personal prelature is Opus Dei, which Pope Saint John Paul II erected as such in 1982 by the Apostolic constitution Ut sit.

Types of membership of Opus Dei

numerarynumerariescooperator
Numerary assistants are a type of numerary that exists in the Women's Branch of Opus Dei.
The Catholic organisation Opus Dei is made up of several different types of membership:

University of Navarra

Universidad de Navarra clinicUniversity of NavarreNavarra
The University of Navarra in Pamplona, Spain or the Austral University in Buenos Aires, Argentina are both examples of the corporate work of Opus Dei.
It was founded in 1952 by St. Josemaría Escrivá de Balaguer, the founder of Opus Dei, as a corporate work of the apostolate of Opus Dei.

Canonization of Josemaría Escrivá

canonization of EscriváEscriva was canonizedEscrivá's canonization
One-third of the world's bishops petitioned for the canonization of Escrivá.
Canonization of Josemaría Escrivá de Balaguer discusses John Paul II's decision to canonize Josemaría Escrivá, founder of the Prelature of the Holy Cross and Opus Dei, more commonly known as Opus Dei.

The Da Vinci Code (film)

The Da Vinci CodeDa Vinci Codefilm adaptation
In recent years, Opus Dei has received international attention due to the novel The Da Vinci Code and its film version of 2006, both of which prominent Christians and non-believers criticized as misleading, inaccurate and anti-Catholic.
Also searching for the Grail is a secret cabal within Opus Dei, an actual prelature of the Holy See, who wish to keep the true Grail a secret to prevent the destruction of Christianity.