Opus Deiwikipedia
Opus Dei, formally known as The Prelature of the Holy Cross and Opus Dei (Praelatura Sanctae Crucis et Operis Dei), is an institution of the Roman Catholic Church which teaches that everyone is called to holiness and that ordinary life is a path to sanctity.
Prelature of the Holy Cross and Opus DeiOpus DeiPrelature of Opus Deipersonal prelature of Opus DeiCatholic institution of the same nameOpus Dei centerOpus Dei PrelatureSedes SapientiaeODPrelature of the Holy Cross

Josemaría Escrivá

Saint Josemaría EscriváSt. Josemaría EscriváJosemaría Escrivá
Opus Dei was founded in Spain in 1928 by Catholic saint and priest Josemaría Escrivá and was given final Catholic Church approval in 1950 by Pope Pius XII.
Saint Josemaría Escrivá de Balaguer y Albás (9 January 1902 – 26 June 1975) was a Roman Catholic priest from Spain who initiated Opus Dei, an organization of laypeople and priests dedicated to the teaching that everyone is called to holiness by God and that ordinary life can result in sanctity.

Priestly Society of the Holy Cross

Priestly Society of the Holy Crossof Opus Dei
These figures do not include the diocesan priest members of Opus Dei's Priestly Society of the Holy Cross, estimated to number 2,000 in the year 2005.
The Priestly Society of the Holy Cross is an association of Catholic diocesan priests which is integrally united to the Prelature of Opus Dei.

List of members of Opus Dei

Toni Zweifel
There are other members whose process of beatification has been opened: Ernesto Cofiño, a father of five children and a pioneer in pediatric research in Guatemala; Montserrat Grases, a teenage Catalan student who died of cancer; Toni Zweifel, a Swiss engineer; Tomás Alvira and wife, Paquita Domínguez, a Spanish married couple; Isidoro Zorzano Ledesma, an Argentinian engineer; Dora del Hoyo, a domestic worker; and Father José Luis Múzquiz de Miguel.
It is intended to include people whose membership in Opus Dei is documented in published sources, and therefore a matter of public record.

Montserrat Grases

María Montserrat Grases Garcia
There are other members whose process of beatification has been opened: Ernesto Cofiño, a father of five children and a pioneer in pediatric research in Guatemala; Montserrat Grases, a teenage Catalan student who died of cancer; Toni Zweifel, a Swiss engineer; Tomás Alvira and wife, Paquita Domínguez, a Spanish married couple; Isidoro Zorzano Ledesma, an Argentinian engineer; Dora del Hoyo, a domestic worker; and Father José Luis Múzquiz de Miguel.
María Montserrat Grases García (10 July 1941 – 26 March 1959) was a Spanish secular member of Opus Dei.

Javier Echevarría Rodríguez

Javier EchevarríaMonsignor Javier EchevarriaHF1
In 1994, Javier Echevarria became Prelate upon the death of his predecessor.
Until his death, he was the head of the Prelature of the Holy Cross and Opus Dei.

The Da Vinci Code

Da Vinci Codethe booknovel
During that same year, Opus Dei received some unwanted attention due to the extraordinary success of the novel The Da Vinci Code, in which both Opus Dei and the Catholic Church itself are depicted negatively. In recent years, Opus Dei has received international attention due to the novel The Da Vinci Code and its film version of 2006, both of which prominent Christians and non-believers criticized as misleading, inaccurate and anti-Catholic.
It follows "symbologist" Robert Langdon and cryptologist Sophie Neveu after a murder in the Louvre Museum in Paris causes them to become involved in a battle between the Priory of Sion and Opus Dei over the possibility of Jesus Christ having been a companion to Mary Magdalene.

Isidoro Zorzano Ledesma

There are other members whose process of beatification has been opened: Ernesto Cofiño, a father of five children and a pioneer in pediatric research in Guatemala; Montserrat Grases, a teenage Catalan student who died of cancer; Toni Zweifel, a Swiss engineer; Tomás Alvira and wife, Paquita Domínguez, a Spanish married couple; Isidoro Zorzano Ledesma, an Argentinian engineer; Dora del Hoyo, a domestic worker; and Father José Luis Múzquiz de Miguel.
Isidoro Zorzano Ledesma (13 September 1902 – 15 July 1943) was a Spanish Roman Catholic member of Opus Dei.

Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne

Juan Luis Cipriani
During the pontificate of John Paul II, two members of Opus Dei, Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne and Julián Herranz Casado, were made cardinals.
He is one of two cardinals who are members of Opus Dei, the other being Julián Herranz Casado.

Álvaro del Portillo

Álvaro del PortilloFather Álvaro del PortilloFather Álvaro del Portillo y Diez de Solano
In 1975, Escriva died and was succeeded by Álvaro del Portillo. In 2014, Pope Francis through a delegate beatified Alvaro del Portillo and said that "he teaches us that in the simplicity and ordinariness of our life we can find a sure path to holiness.
He served as the prelate of Opus Dei between 1982 and 1994 as the successor to Saint Josemaría Escrivá.

Julián Herranz Casado

Herranz, JuliánCardinal Julian Herranz
During the pontificate of John Paul II, two members of Opus Dei, Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne and Julián Herranz Casado, were made cardinals.
One of two cardinals – along with Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne – who belong to Opus Dei, Herranz Casado is the organisation's highest-ranking member in the Church's hierarchy.

Dora del Hoyo

There are other members whose process of beatification has been opened: Ernesto Cofiño, a father of five children and a pioneer in pediatric research in Guatemala; Montserrat Grases, a teenage Catalan student who died of cancer; Toni Zweifel, a Swiss engineer; Tomás Alvira and wife, Paquita Domínguez, a Spanish married couple; Isidoro Zorzano Ledesma, an Argentinian engineer; Dora del Hoyo, a domestic worker; and Father José Luis Múzquiz de Miguel.
Dora del Hoyo Alonso (11 January 1914 - 10 January 2004; born Salvadora Honorata del Hoyo Alonso in Leon, Spain) was one of the first women members of Opus Dei.

Personal prelature

personal prelatureprelatepersonal prelate
St. John Paul II made it a personal prelature in 1982 by the apostolic constitution Ut sit; that is, the jurisdiction of its own bishop covers the persons in Opus Dei wherever they are, rather than geographical dioceses.
The first personal prelature is Opus Dei.

The Way (book)

The WayThe Way'' (book)
In 1939, Escrivá published The Way, a collection of 999 maxims concerning spirituality for people involved in secular affairs.
The Way (Camino) is a book about spirituality composed by Josemaría Escrivá, the initiator of the Roman Catholic religious organization Opus Dei.

Fernando Ocáriz Braña

Fernando Ocáriz Fernando Ocáriz Braña
Fernando Ocáriz.
Fernando Ocáriz Braña (born 27 October 1944) is a Roman Catholic priest who serves as the current Prelate of Opus Dei.

Opus Dei in society

Opus Dei universitiesCorporate Works of Opus Dei
Opus Dei is also responsible for a variety of non-profit institutions called "Corporate Works of Opus Dei".
Opus Dei in society refers to the social mission, general social strategy, social activities, work, relationship with politics and other aspects of Opus Dei.

Controversies about Opus Dei

Opus DeiCriticisms against Opus Deicontroversial
Criticisms against Opus Dei have prompted Catholic scholars and writers like Piers Paul Read and Vittorio Messori to call Opus Dei a sign of contradiction, in reference to the biblical quote of Jesus as a "sign that is spoken against".
Opus Dei is a personal prelature within the Roman Catholic Church that has been the subject of numerous controversies.

Canonization of Josemaría Escrivá

canonization of EscriváJosemaría EEscrivá's canonizationEscriva was canonized
One-third of the world's bishops petitioned for the canonization of Escrivá.
Canonization of Josemaría Escrivá de Balaguer discusses John Paul II's decision to canonize Josemaría Escrivá, founder of the Prelature of the Holy Cross and Opus Dei, more commonly known as Opus Dei.

Francoist Spain

SpainFrancoistNationalist
Despite this, Opus Dei flourished during the years of the Franquismo, spreading first throughout Spain, and after 1945, expanding internationally.
After World War II, the Falange opposed free capital markets, but the ultimately prevailing technocrats, some of whom were linked with Opus Dei, eschewed syndicalist economics and favoured increased competition as a means of achieving rapid economic growth and integration with wider Europe.

Types of membership of Opus Dei

numerarynumerariescooperator
Numerary assistants are a type of numerary that exists in the Women's Branch of Opus Dei.
The Catholic organisation Opus Dei is made up of several different types of membership:

The Da Vinci Code (film)

The Da Vinci Codefilm adaptationDa Vinci Code
In recent years, Opus Dei has received international attention due to the novel The Da Vinci Code and its film version of 2006, both of which prominent Christians and non-believers criticized as misleading, inaccurate and anti-Catholic.
Also searching for the Grail is a secret cabal within Opus Dei, an actual prelature of the Holy See, who wish to keep the true Grail a secret to prevent the destruction of Christianity.

Criticism of The Da Vinci Code

Criticisms of ''The Da Vinci CodeNumerous works were writteninaccurate
In recent years, Opus Dei has received international attention due to the novel The Da Vinci Code and its film version of 2006, both of which prominent Christians and non-believers criticized as misleading, inaccurate and anti-Catholic.
For example, a front-page article in The Independent on May 10, 2006 stated that Ruth Kelly, a senior British Government Minister, was questioned about her affiliations: "Ms Kelly's early days as Education Secretary were dogged with questions about her religion, and her membership of the conservative Opus Dei organization which features in the best-selling novel The Da Vinci Code."

Pope Francis

FrancisPope FrancisJorge Mario Bergoglio
In 2014, Pope Francis through a delegate beatified Alvaro del Portillo and said that "he teaches us that in the simplicity and ordinariness of our life we can find a sure path to holiness.
The pope has approved beatifications for a range of men and women including the likes of Álvaro del Portillo of Opus Dei (27 September 2014), the martyred archbishop Óscar Romero (23 May 2015) and several large groups of Spanish martyrs.

University of Navarra

University of NavarreUniversidad de NavarraNavarra
The University of Navarra in Pamplona, Spain or the Austral University in Buenos Aires, Argentina are both examples of the corporate work of Opus Dei.
It was founded in 1952 by St. Josemaría Escrivá de Balaguer, the founder of Opus Dei, as a corporate work of the apostolate of Opus Dei.

Antonio Fontán

Also, there were notable members of Opus Dei who were vocal critics of the Franco Regime such as Rafael Calvo Serer and Antonio Fontán, who was the first President of the Senate in Spain, following the adoption of a democratic Constitution.
He was also a well-known Roman Catholic member of Opus Dei.

Juan Ignacio Larrea Holguín

Archbishop Emeritus Juan Ignacio Larrea Holguín (August 10, 1927 – August 27, 2006), was archbishop of Guayaquil for ten years, and the first member of the prelature of Opus Dei in Ecuador.